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9. Sir William Temple being a fine show. His orange-trees
a lately gone to live in Farnham, about fourteen feet wide, enclosed his garden and green-house at with a timber frame about seven West Sheene, where he has lived feet high, and set with silver firs of late years, are not so well kept hedge-wise, which are as high as as they have bee'n, many of his the frame, and this to secure them orange-trees, and other greens, from wind and tempesi, and somebeing given to sir John Temple, times from the scorching sun. His his brother at Easi Sheene, and terrace-walk, bare in the middle, other gentlemen; but his greens and grass on either side, with a that are remaining (being as good hedge of rue on one side next a low
а a stock as most green houses have) wall, and a row of dwarf trees on are very fresh and thriving, the the other, shews very fine ; and so room they stand in suiring well with do, from thence, his yew hedges, them, and being well contriyed, with trees of the same at equal if it be no defect in it, that the distance, kept in pretty shapes with floor is a foot at least within the tonsure. His flowers and fruits ground, as is also the floor of the are of the best, for the advantage dwelling house. He had attempted of which two parallel walls, about to have orange-trees to grow in the 14 feet high, were now raised and ground (as at Beddington), and for almost finished. If the ground that purpose had enclosed a square were not a little irregular, it would of ten feet wide with a low brick excel in other points as well as in wall, and sheltered them with furniture. wood, but they would not no. 11. Sir Stephen Fox's garden at His orange-trees in summer stand Chiswick, being of but five years. not in any particular square of standing, is brought to great perenclosure, under some shelter, as fection for the time. It excels for most others do, but are disposed a fair gravel walk betwixt two yew on pedestals of Portland stone; at hedges, with rounds and spires of "equal distance, on a board over. the same, all under smooth tonsure. ' against a south wall, where is his Ac the far end of this garden are best fruit and fairest walk. two myrtle hedges that cross the
10. Sir Henry Capell's Garden garden ; they are about three feet at Kew has as curious greens, and high, and covered in winter with is as well f.epi, as any about Lon. painted board cases.
The other don. His two lentiscus-trees (for gardens are full of flowers and salwhich he paid forty pounds to Ves. Icting, and the walls well clad. :prit) are said to be the best in Eng- The green-house is well built, well land, not only of their kind, but set, and well furnished. of greens. He has four white striped 12. Sir Thomas Cook's garden .hollies, about four feet above meir at Hackney, is very large, and not
cases, kept round and regular, which so fine at present, because of his cost him five pounds a tree this intending to be at three choulast year į and six laurestinuses he' 'sand pouods charge with it this has, with large round equal heads, next summer, as his gardener which are very flowery and inake said. There are two greenhouses
ait, but the greens are not extra- forces nature to obey him. His gar. rdinary; for one of the roofs being dens are big enough, but strangely aade a receptacle for water, over. irregular, his chief walk not being harged with weight, fell down level, but rising in the middle, and ast year upon the greens, and made falling much more at one end than Igreat destruction among the the other; neither is the wall carried
rees and pots. In one part of it by a line either on the top or sides, I warren, containing about two but ruris like an ordinary park wall, icres, and very full oi coneys, built as the ground goes; he built a though there was but a couple put gnol green house, but se: it so that in a few years since. There is a ihe hiiis in winter keep the sun pond or a mote round about them, from it; so that they place their and on the outside of that a brick greens in a house on higher ground wall four feet hig?r, both which I not built for that purpose. His think will not keep them within dwelling house stands very low, their compass. There is a large surrounded with great hills; and fish-pond lying on the south to a yet they have
yet they have no water but what brick wall, which is finely clad is forced from a deep well into a with philaria. Water brought from water-house, whence they are fur. far in pipes, furnishes his several nished at pleasure. ponds as they want it.
15. The archbishop of Canter13. Sir Josiah Child's plantations bury's Garden at Lambeth, has litof walnut and other trees at tle in it but walks, the late arch. Wansted, are mnch more worth bishop not delighting in one; but seeing than his gardens, which they are now making it better; are but indifferent. Besides the and they have already made a green- . great number of fruit trees he has house, one of the finest and cost. planted in his enclosures with licst about the town. It is of three great regularity, he has vast number rooms, the middle having a stove of elms, ashes, limes, &c. planted under it: the foresides of the rooms“ in rows on Epping.forest. "Before are almost all glass, the roof covered his outgate, which is above twelve with lead the whole part (to adorn score feet distance from his house, the building) rising gravel-wise are two large fish-ponds on the higher than the rest; but it is forest, in the way from his house, placed so near Lambeth church, with trees on either side lying be. that the sun shines most on it in twixt them; in the middle of winter after eleven o'clock; a faulo either pond is an island betwixt 20 owned by the gardener, but not and 30 yards over; in the middle of thought on by the conirivers. each a house, the one like the other. Most of the greens are oranges, and They are said to be well stocked lemons, which have very large ripe with fish, and so they had need to fruits on them. be, if they cost him goool. as it is 16. Dr. Uvedale, of Enfield, is said they did; as also that his plane a great lover of plants, and, hav. tations cost twice as much.
ing an extraordinary art in manag. 14. Sir Robert Clayton has a ing them, is become master of the great plantation at Morden in greatesta nd choicest collection of Surrey, in a soil not very benign to exotic greens that is perhaps any plants; but with great charge he where in this land. His greers
take up six or seven houses or this summer with three rooms roomsteads. His orange trees and (somewhat like the archbishop of largest myrtles fill up his biggest Canterbury's), the middle with a house, and another house is filled stove under it and a skylight above, with myrtles of a less size; and those and both of them of glass on the more nice and curious plants that foreside, with shutters within, and need closer keeping are in warmer the roof finely covered with Irish rooms, and some of them stoved slate. But this fine house is under when he thinks fit. His flowers the same great fault with three are choice, his stock numerous, before (Number 8, 14, 15): they and his culture of them very me. built it in summer, and thought thodical and curious ; but, to speak not of winter; the dwelling-house of the garden in the whole, it does on the south side interposing be. not lie fine to please the eye; his twixt the sun and it, now when its delight and care lying more in the beams should refresh plants. ordering particular plants, than in 20. Brompton Park Garden, te. the pleasing view and form of his longing to Mr. London and Mr, garden.
Wise, has a large long green house, 17. Dr. Tillotson's Garden near the front all glass and board, the Enfield is a pleasurable place for northside brick. Here the King's walks, and some good walls there greens, which were in summer at are too ;' but the tall aspin trees, Kensington, are placed : but they and the many ponds in the heart of take but little room in comparison it, are not so agreeable. He has of their own. Their garden is two houses for greens, but had few chiefly a nursery for all sorts of in them, all the rest being removed plants, of which they are very full. to Lambeth. The house moated 21. Mr. Raynton's Garden at about.
Enfield is observable for nothing 18. Mr. Evelyn has a pleasant but his green house, which he has pilla at Deptford, a fine garden had for many years.
His orange, for walks and hedges (especially his lemon, and myrtle trees are as full holly ore, which he writes of in his and furnished as any in cases. He Sylva) and a pretty little green-house has a myrtle cut in shape of a chaise, with an indifferent stock in it. In that is at least six feet high from his garden he has four large, round the case, but the lower part is philareas, smooth clipped, raised thin of leaves. The rest of the on a single stalk from the ground, garden is very ordinary, and on a fashion now much used. Part of the outside of his garden he has a his garden is very woody and shady warren, which makes the ground for walking; but his garden not about his seat lie rudely, and somebeing walled has little of the best times the coneys work under the fruits.
wall into the garden. 19. Mr. Watts's house and 22. Mr. Richardson at East den made near Enfield are new ; Barnet, has a pretty garden, with but the garden for the time is very fine-walks and good Howers; buc fine, and large, and regularly laid the garden not being walled about out, with a fair fish.pond in the they have less summer fruit, yet are middle. He built a green-house therefore the more industrious in
nanaging the peach ani apricot stocked with all manner of flowers, lwart ,
tandards, which they say, fruit trees, and other garden uifiy nem plentınday with very plants, with lime trees, which are good fruit. There is a good fish.
There is 4 good fish. now much planted; and, for a sale Jond in the middle of it, from garden, he has a very good green. which a broad gravel walk leads to house, and well, filled with fresh the highway, where a fair pair of greens ;
besides which he has broad gates, with a narrower on
another room very full of greens either side, open at the top to look in pots. He has a greater stock of through small bars, well wrought Assyrian thyme than any body else; and well painted, are a great orna. for besides many pots of it, he has munt to the gården. They have beds abroad, with plenty of roots, orange and lemon trees; but the which they cover with mats and wife and son being the managers straw in winter. He sells his of the garden (the husband being things with the dearest, and not gouty, and not minding it) they taking due care to have his plants cannot prevail for a house for them prove well, he is supposed to have other than a barn end.
lost much of his custom. 23. Captain Forster's Garden at 26. Pearson has not near so large Lambeth has many curiosities in it. a ground as Ricketts (on whom he His green-house is full of fresh and almost joins), and therefore he has flourishing plants, and before it is not so many trees; but of powers the finest striped holly hedge that he has great choice, and of anemoperhaps is in England. He has nies · he avers he has the best many myrtles, not the greatest, about London, and sells them only but of the most fanciful shapes, that to gentlemen. He has no greenare any where else. He has a house, yet has abundance of myr. framed walk of timber covered with tle and striped philareas, with vines, which with others, running oranges and other greens, which on most of his walls without preju. he keeps safe enough under sheds dice to his lower trees, yield him a sunk a foot within ground, and deal of wine. Of Aowers he has a covered with straw. He has abun. good choice, and his Virginia and dance of cypresses, which at three other birds in a great variety, with feet high, he sells for four-pence his glass hive, add much to the a-piece to those that take any pleasure of his garden.
number.. He is moderate in his 24. Monsieur Anthony Vesprit prices, and accounted very honest has a little garden of very choice in his dealing, which gets him-much things. His green-house has no very chapmanry. great number of plants, but what 27. Darby, at Hoxton, has but he has are of the best sort, and a little garden, but is master of very well ordered. His orange and several curious greens that other lemon (fruit and tree) are extraor- sale gardeners want, and which dinary fair, and for lentiscuses and he saves from cold and winter wea. Roman bayes he has choice above ther in green houses of his own others.
making. His Fritalaria Crassa (a 25. Ricketts at Hoxton has a green) had a flower on it of the large ground, and abundantly breadth of half a crown, like an
G g 4
embroidered star of several colours; of the old Testament*. The cos, I saw not i he like any where, no not quests of Alexander seem to have at Dr. Uvedale's, though he has opened the discovery of it to the the same plant. He raises many westem parts of the world. striped hoilies by inoculation, Nearebus +, his admiral, found though Captain Foster grafts them the sugar care in the East-Indies, as we do apple-trees. He is very as appears from his account of it, curious in propagating greens, but quoted by Strabo, It is not how. is dear with them. He - has a ever, clear, from what he says, folio paper book, in which he has that any art was used in bringing pasted the leaves and flowers of al. the juice of the cane to the con. most all manner of plants, which sistence of sugar. make a pretty show, and are more Theophrastus, who lived not instructive than any cuts in Her. long after, seems to have had some bals.
knowledge of sugar, at least of the 28. Clements, at Mile-end, has cane from which it is prepared, no bigger a garden than Darby, but In enumerating the different kinds has more greens, yet not of such of honey, he mentions one that is curious' sorts. He keeps them in found in reeds, which must have a green-house made with a light been meant of some of those kinds charge. He has vines in many places, which produce sugar. about old trees, which they wind Eratosthenes, also, is quoted by about. He made wine this year Strabo, as speaking of the roots of of his wbite muscadine, and white large reeds found in India, which frontinac, better, I thought, than were sweet to the taste both when any French white wine. He keeps raw and when boiled. a shop of seeds in plants, in pots The next author, in point of next the street.
time, that makes mention of sugar Jan. 26, 1691. J. Gibson. is Varro, who, in a fragment quoted
by Isidorus, evidently alludes to
this substance. He describes it as Sketch of the History of Sugar, in the a fluid, pressed out from reeds of èaily Times, and trough the Mid
a large size, which was sweeter dl. ges. B: W. Falconer, M.D.
than honey: F.R.S. From the Memoirs of the
Dioscorides, speaking of the dif. Manchester Transatl 1995,
ferent kinds of honey, says, that
there is a kind of it in a conTHE use of sugar is probably of crete state, called Saachartr, which high, though not remote antiquity, is found in reeds in India and as no mention of it is made, as far Arabia Felix.
Arabia Felix. This, he adds, has
, as I can find, in the sacred writings the appearance of salt; and like
* Since writing the above, I have observed that the sweet cane is mentioned in two places in Scripture, and in both as an article of merchandize. It does not seem to have been the produce of Judea, as it is spoken of as coming from a far country. Isaiah, `chari" xli 94. Jeremiah, chap. vi. v, 20.—It is worthy of remark, that the ord Sachar signifies, in the Hebrew language, inebriation, which makes it probal é, chat ine juice of the ane had been early used for making some fermented liquor. + Auxe Christ, Ann. 325.