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have over an indictment. An in. the contending parties. I propose dictment is attended with a great that the decision of the justices certain expence, with considerable should be final, for the purpose deláy, is liable to much evasion and avoiding expence an: d:lay ; but * uncertainty as to the issue ; the ex. if this power is thought too great pence of an indi&tment, if iravers. to be loviged in the hands of these ed, amounts to at least seven migistratus, an appeal may be al. pounds: this circumstance alone, lowed to the quar er s.'ssions. would make it impossible for a I beg pardon for taking up so poor man to have recourse to it; much of your time on this subject, and, indeed, would render it im- which really appears to
me im. prudence even for a wealthy per- portant, and therefore to deserve son, as in most cases he would find the 'serious consideration of the the remedy worse than the disease. corn committee. But the delay is another main ob. i have the honour to le, &c. jection to proceeding by indict.
FRANCIS Basset. ment, for if traversed, it cannot be tried till the sessions after it is laid; The Sil: e7 Comuniite: have come to but, after all, it neither expence the following Resolutius respecting nor delay are considered as suffici. the making of mixed wrzad. ent objections, it must be observed, that when the cause is brought 10 Resolved, March 24, 1796. issue, though the complainant my 1. That it is the opinion of this prove that the miller has taken ex. com:nittee, that it is expedient that orbirant toll, the indictm.nt must mag strates should, in times of fall to the ground, provided it ap. scarcity and high price of corn, pears that the predecessors of the have po.ver to make curtain re. miller have taken the same toll, gulations relative to the manufac. or that he is the proprietor of a new
ture and sale of cirtain sors of inill.
meal and bread; which they do not The measure I have in viere, now by law pissess. contains sone other regulations, 2. That it is the opinion of this but they are chiefly subordinate, coinnittee, that whenever th: and connected wi:h the two ob. avero,e price of middling Brirish jects I have stated. If the plan I wier shall be above a cer:ain sum, propose should be adopted, I think magistrates, at their general quar. few disputes could hereafter arise ter sessions, or at any sessions to bi between millers and those who em. specially a pointed for that purpose, ploy them, as the chief subjects of shill bo co powered, within their their usual differences, namely, the respective jurisdictions, to pr hi. exorbitantcy and uncertainty of the hit, for a limited time, the separa. toll, would no longer remain. But tion at the mill of more than five if, contrary to my expectation, pouds of bran from ev'ry sixty there should be any complaints in pouds of wheat; ad also to pro. future; "hey would be seitled at a hibit the sale of any whcaren mcal small expence, and without ally from which a greater proport on of d'la , before two justices of the bran shall have been separed. peace, p.obably well known to both
3. That it is the opinion of this Ff3
committee, that no miller should London and the liberries thereaf, be prevented from making fine the er mpany of the bakers of the fur for the consump:ion of any said c.cy, and in any other county, persons who reside within the dis. city,division, district, town ir place, tricts where the use of fine flour is any baker or maker of bread for not prohibited, so far as the inak. sale, miller, or mealınan, may, ing such four for the con unption within the respectie jurisdiction to
kati of such persons het been the usual which he or they do belong, orwhere: çourse of his trau.
In he or they do exercise their trade, 4. That it is the opinion of this oci up"4203115 ormy:lery; have an op, committee, that magistrates be al o portoninyo afr.ng ic such justices empowered to preh bit, within their as for said, ul such onjectious as respective jurisdictions, for a limit. Such comar.y of lakers, or such ed time, the making for sale any bakers or makers of 'rzad for sale; other bread made of wheat meal or such a liers crime?! Don, may alone, than such as shall be made have and think for ro orfer, against of the whole meal, dedicting only any such prohibition or regulation at the rate of five pounds of bian as aforesaid, at :le time when such out of sixty pounds of wheat.
justices as afor said shall have un5. That it is the opinion of this der considera ion the ordering any committee, that mag strates be en. such prohibition or regulation. powered, within their respeeri'e sana jurisdictions, to prohibit, for a li mited time, the making of any
Sir 7oh. Sincl.vir's dreista the Board bread for sale, except such as shall of Agriculturi, 2446 Vay, 1796. be made of the whole meal of Igitur et de cultura agri præcipere, wheat as above described, or of principal fuit, e!ium apud exter?s; sisuch mixtures of wholesome fari. quidem er reges feare, Hiero, Pbilure. naceous food, ard in such propor. tor, Atelus, Anhelnus, e ulos Xin tions as they shall appoint. phon, et Pænus etiim Mag?; cui qui.
6. That it is the opinion of this dem tonium honor: m senatus 80ster committee, that for the purpose of (Rumanus ) habuit, Car:hagire cap. carrying the last resolution into ef. tâ; lut cum regulis Africa bibliotbecas fect, magistrates be empowered to doncret, units cjus dur de triginia de oblige the millers, within their re- agricultura vorumin 2, cezseret in La. spective jurisdictions, for a limited tinam linguem ir,insferenda, cum jazz time, to grind and dress, if requir. M. Cnto precepta condidisset, pari ed, and if consistent with the pow. nisque ligue Purice d-rdum nega. ers and mechanism of their miils, livin, in quo præcessit omnes vir cho such soris of grain as shall be ne. tissima familie 1). Syllanus. cessary for making the said ap- PLIN. HIST. Muxv. l. xviii. c. 3, proved mixtures.
7. That it is the opinion of this Gentlemen, committee; that magiscrates shall AS it will probably be extremely 191 make any of the prohibitions difficuit to procure again a suf, Before mentioned, widiout soffici. ficient attendance of the members ent public notice.
of the Board at this season of the 8. That i: is the opinion of this year, and during the bustle of a committee, that within the city of general election, I think it may
not be improper to take the oppor. both for seed for himself, and food : tunity of this meeting briefly to for the public. He might be tempted, state the progress we have made, indeed, by the Irigh price of grain, since I last had the honour of ad. for food, to delay. sowing his sçed dressing myself to you at the con. until the favourable season has clusion of the preceding session. elapsed, in which case it is impos.
It is on all hands acknowledged, sible to say what damage would ul. that the exertions of the Board of timately result from it. Agriculture last year, in promoting The Board not having yet oban extra cultivation of potatoes,
tained the privilege of franking, was attended with the happiest con. its correspor:dence is much more sequences, the beneficial effects of limited and less regular than it which (both the culture and use ought to be, and is attended with of that valuable root having thus a degree of trouble and inconveni. been greatly extended) will proba. ence to the person who presides at bly long be felt, when che circum. it, of which it is difficult to form - stance from which it originated an adequate conception. In conse. may be forgotten. In fact, in times quence, however, of the want of of scarcity and distress, there is no this privilege, so essential to a pub. article comparable to potatoes.
lic institution, and the great ré. They will grow in the poorest soils; strictions recently imposed upon they can be taken up in detail as the privileges enjoyed by a member they are wanted; they require no of parliament; it has been found manufacture of drying, milling, &c. impossible to keep up that exten. previous to their being used; and sive and regular correspondence, They can be prepared in various and to procure that extent of infor. ways for consumption. Above all, mation, from which the public it is to be observed, that there is a might derive so many important space of perhaps four months, advantages. By the activè zeal, which generally is supplied from however, of many friends to the the old stock, but in times of scar. institution, information - was at a city must be taken from the new very early period sent to the Board, crop. That is a circumstance of containing rather unfavourable, ac less consequence where spring corn counts of the last year'scropof whear. is the food of the people (but even I thought it a duty, therefore, in. there it is desirable to thirash the corn cumbent upon me, to make use of in winter rather than in the spring, every degree of influence which my as the straw is better for the cattle}: situation as president of this. Board .but where the people. live upon gave me with the public, to' recom. wheat, which is sown in autumn, mend, in the strongest manner, an the case is otherwise ; and it is im. extra cultivation of wheat last an. possible to say whatdistress it might tumn.
tumn. My letter upon that suh. occasion (when there is no old jedt, dated 11th of September, 1993, stock of wheat in the country), un. was sent to all the members of the less the aid of such an article as Board, was transinitted to the quar
potatoes can be obtained, if the ter sessions of the different counties, farmer. is obliged, in a hurried and and was printed in above fifty dil. destructive manner, to thrash corn, ferent newspapers, It is with much
pleasure I add, that the recommen- mpre serious ground of accusation dation was attended with more ex. than any over anxiety, which, at tensive consequences than could all times, particularly in regard to well have been expected. From sp critical a matter as the subsist. all parts of the kingdom, intelli. ence of the people, is at least ex. gence has been received, that a cusable, but on the present occasion greater quantity, of wheat was sown was not only necessary, but has last autumn than perhaps at any proved extremely beneficial. period in the memory of man ; and It was a matter, however, of still should the ensuing harvest prove greater importance to prevent, by favourable, this kingdom will be some great ad effettual measure, as well stocked wiih grain as it was the risk' f scarcity in future, and some years ago.
Aiany rare, by our being under the disgraceful these measures, much risk of an and fatal pecessity, not only of de." immediate scarcity seems to be ph. pending upon toreign grain for our viated.
subsistence, but also of encouragThe high price of corn, at the ing its importation by high boun commencement of the last session, lies. With that view, in conse. naturally directed the attention of quence of the directions of this parliament to consider the best Board, I had the honour of moving means, not only to remedy the pre- in parliament for the appointment sent dişireșs, but to prevent it in of a select commitiçe, to take into future. For obtaining the first ob. its consideration the rneans of pro. ject, a select commifce was ap. moting the culivation and in:
pointed, known under the name of provement of the waste, unincids. the corn committee, wlose anxi. ed, and unproductive lands of the ous. zeal to do every pussible justice kingdom. The passing of a general to the great subject reli sred to their bill of inclosure, though long ar.. consideration, merits the utmost dently wished for, has hitherto praise. The measures recommend. Þeen attempted in vain, and by ed by that comunittee have since many was held to be impracticable. been considered unnecessary by By the exertions, however, of the some individuals, in consequence select committee, to whom the of the price of grain having had a drawing up the bill, and the con. temporary fall — But it will pro. sideration of the whole subject was bably yet appear, that, had it not referred, a bill has at last been prebeen for the earnest recomınenda. pared, which, in the opinion of tion of that committee to econo. many intelligent persons conversant mize the consumption of bread, in that subject, is fully adequate to use other kinds of grain as sub. to the object in view ; and had not i stitutes for wheat, and to encou. ihe last session been closed rather sage the importation of foreign earlier than was expected, it would corn by bounties of uncommon probably have received the sanction magnitude, the price of grain would of the legislature this vear. I not probably have decreased, and trust, however, that the first session complaints would have been made of the ensuing parliament will of the inattention of government have the credit of completing this to the distresses of the country; a important and valuable system, on
. [4À1 hich the future subsistence of the commerce might "be"laid advanta. ountry depends. It is not likely geous to botli empires. t least to fail, if it can be effected In regard to collecting and cir. y the exertions of the Board of culating agricultural information, griculture.
the true foundation of all those va. Another measure recommended rious improvements, which, under y the Board, of infinitely less im- the auspices of the Board, will proortance, but at the same time be. tably be effected, considerable pro. eficial to the agricultural interests gress has been made. The general of the country, has already passed. views of the agricultoral state of - allude to the exemption of linseed the different counties, with the ex. ind rape cakes from ciuty, by an ception of two smalldistriéts in Scor. ict of last session, 36 Geo. III. c. land (Clackmannan and Kinross,) 113*. The forse 'article, Jinseed a part of each of which is already cake, is of considerable importance printed, have been completed. The to the teeders of caitie, and may corrected reports of Lancashire, be had, it is supposed, in abundance Norfolk, Kerr, Staffordshire, and from America, where a great quan. Mid Lothian, are published ; and tity of linsecd oil is made use of in those of several o her counties are painting their wooden houses. The alınost ready for the press. A va. sefuse, known under the nine of juable addition has been made to Linseed oil or cake, is o Ttile value the printed piper on manures. there, in consequence of the supiera 'i he sketch of a report on a point abundance of other kinds of provis . which has of late been much dission for cattle. Nothing would be cussed, namely, the size of farms, more desirable than thus to esta. his also been printed, and throw's blish a new source of trais, bene. much light upon that subject. ficial to two countries, inhabiel A valuable communication from by a race of men spraking the same Lord Wirchilsea; on the advan. language, descended from the same age of cottagers renting land, was common origin, and who ought to ordered to be printed, with the un. consider themselves as the same animous approbation of those who people.-As 10 rape cake, it is had the sanction of being present found to be a valuable manure in when that paper was read to the many parts of this kingdom. Con. Board. siderable quantities of this article, It is impossible, in this short abit is supposed, may be obtained stract of our proceedings, to give from the continent of Europe; and any idea of the numerous commu. since this regulation has taken - nications transnitted to the Board, place, rape will probably be culs or of the various points to which it's Rivated in America. Viere Russia ariention has been directed. lis also 10 devote. some part of her experiments in regard to the com. boundless territories to the culture position of bread, and information of that plant, the fua:nation of a transmitted to it upon that subject,
Intituled " An Act for allowing the Importation of Arrow Root from the British Plantations, and also of Linssed Cakes and Rape Cakes from any foreign country, in British built ships, owoce, navigated, and registered according to law, with put paying of duty."