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only form one people, one single family.


"The congress having put motion to the vote with each nation, they have all accepted it." The people of Reggio were wit. nesses of the publication of this decree, in the same manner as we were witnesses of their joy. Our brave brethren who came from the transpadanian regions to fraternize with us, took part in the universal joy. May they imitate us, since we ardently wish it, and may they form so close an alliance with our republic, that tyranny may thence. forth lose all hopes of again enslaving Italy.

It seems as if something would have been deficient in the general enthusiasm, had not our invincible deliverers been present at so solemn an act.

Citizen Marmont, sent express. ly by the commander in chief to watch over the safety and liberty of our union, assisted at the congress, and saw in us, and the whole people assembled, brothers not unworthy of the love of his generous nation. He took it upon him to give an account of this glorious event to the commander in chief. We could have wished you all to have been present in that happy moment, certain that your joy would have joined in unison with that of your brothers; but if distance of places deprived us of this double joy, we make you amends for it, by imparting to you that glorious event, before your dele. gates return again to their country. People of the republic of Cispa. dana, the great epoch is already marked. Reject far from you all ancient quarrels, and that rival. ship, which was fomented by am.

bition and despotism. Liberty,
equality, virtue, let these be your
mottos. The powerful republic
which has invited you to the great
work of liberty will protect you,
doubt it not, with all her forces;
slavery is flying from these coun
tries. The tyrants, to whom you
were an object of derision, shudder
and turn pale. The eyes of the
whole world are fixed upon you,
and Italy anxiously expects that
you wili restore to her that pristine
splendour which made her once re-
spected by all nations.
(Signed) C. FACCI, President.



Letter of his Holiness the Pope to all the Catholics faithful in Christ, having communion with the Apostolic See, and living in France, greeting and apostolic benediction.

Dear Children,

The pastoral care which has been committed to our humility by our Lord Jesus Christ in the abundance of his mercy, commands us to endeavour to administer com fort to all the faithful in Christ, particularly those who are beset by great temptations, lest they be miserably seduced by carnal wisdom; for he has said to us, as to the prophet Isaiah, Cry, and spare no; exalt thy voice like a trumpet; declare aloud the crimes of my people.' We should. therefore be unmindful of our duty, if we did not seize every opportunity to exhort you to peace, and to coun sel you to submission to the consti tuted authorities.

It is a principle indeed of the Catholic religion, that powers are

the work of divine wisdom, that things may not be conducted rashly and at the pleasure of chance, and that nations be not agitated by contrary waves.-Paul says, accordingly, not with regard to a particular prince, but speaking of the subject in general, that all power is of God, and that he who resists power, resists the will of God; beware, therefore, dear children, of going astray, and under appearance of piety afford to the authors of innovation, a pretext to defame the Catholic religion, for you would load yourselves with a great crime which would not only be avenged by the secular powers, but also, which is much more serious, would draw down upon you the severest vengeance of God, for those who resist authority gain to themselves damnation. We exhort you then, dear children, by our Lord Jesus Christ, to study to obey those who govern with all the affection, all the ardour, and all the efforts of which you are capable, for so you will render to God the obedience which is due; and those who govern, perceiving more and more that the orthodox reli. gion is by no means so constituted as to involve the overthrow of civil laws, will be led to encourage it, and to defend it by the accomplish ment of the divine precepts, and by the culture of ecclesiastical discipline. In fine, we desire to apprize you that you should put no faith in those who shall publish a contrary doctrine as emanating from the Holy See. We heartily bestow upon you the apostolic benediction.

Given at Rome, at St. Mary
Major, under the fisher's ring,

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HIS holiness enumerates to them a variety of motives which ought to induce them to respect and treat the French with the utmost kind. ness, such as "the principles of our holy religion, the laws of na. tions, the interests of the people, the will of their sovereign," &c.

He assures them that the cessa. tion of hostilities is the immediate gift of God; and reminds them of the necessity of parting with a small portion of their worldly riches for the security of the rest, and, what is of more importance, for the preservation of the Catholic religion. He admonishes them not to listen to any perfidious insinua. tions tending to disturb the public peace; and declares, that whoever shall insult by words or actions, in the slightest manner, the French commissioners, their agents, or domestics, shall be punished with death, their goods confiscated, and their families pronounced infa. mous, as in cases of treason against the state.

Those who shall by their harangues, writings, or counsels, provoke in. sults against the French, shall be liable to the same punishment.

Such as shall be spectators or participators in proceedings of the above description, and shall not announce the traitors before the ordinary tribunals, shall be con demned to ten years slavery in the


galleys. Such informants as can establish the fact of an insult, shall receive a reward of 500 ducats on conviction of the offender, The tribunals shall proceed against persons under an accusation of this species of treason in the most sum mary manner allowed by the criminal jurisprudence of the country. July 15.

Note, by which M. Galeppi, Plenipotentiary Minister of Pius VI. annunced to the French Commissioners, Garran and Salicetti, the Determi. nation of his Holiness not to accept the Conditions of Peace offered, or rather dictated by the French Directory.

THE undersigned plenipotentiary, minister of his holiness the pope Pius VI. has the honour to inform Messrs. Garrau and Salicetti, commissaries of the executive directory with the French armies of Italy and the Alps, that having laid before his holiness the sixtyfour articles proposed by their excellencies, under the condition that they must all either be rejected or accepted to their full extent, his holiness, after having examined them, and taken the advice of the holy college, declares, that neither religion nor good faith do any ways allow him to accept them.

It is with the utmost concern his holiness has found, that besides the article already proposed at Paris, tending to oblige him to disapprove, revoke, and annul, all the bulls, rescripts, briefs, and apostolic mandats issued under the authority of the holy see, with respect to the affairs of France, since the year 1789, there were several others,, which being equally prejudicial to the catholic religion and the rights of the church, are

consequently inadmissible; without entering into any discussion concerning those which are de.. structive both to his sovereignty and dominions; pernicious to the happiness and tranquillity of his subjects, and evidently contrary to the rights of other nations and powers, towards whom the holy see would not even be able to maintain itself neutral. His holi ness hopes, therefore, that the executive directory, from its own sense of reftitude, as well as in con sideration of the mediation of his majesty the king of Spain, will do justice to the powerful motives which have determined his holiness to give this refusal, which he is obliged to enforce at the hazard of his life.

Given in Florence, the 15th of
September, 1796.


GALEPPI, Minister plenipotentiary to his holiness the pope Pius VI.

Paper published at Dresden,
July 30.

HIS most serene highness, the elector of Saxony, has taken no part in the present war, as a principal belligerent power. As a coestate of the empire, and in that character only has he fulfilled those obligations which the Germanic constitution imposed on him as a duty; and his electoral highness, heing fully impressed with the wish of seeing the miseries of this desolating war terminated, has often endeavoured to accelerate a pacification by his vote in the Germanic diet, and by other means. These are facts of public notoriety.

The measures which are dictated by the present state of things, and by the precaution of his electoral highness, agree with the princi

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ples which he has uniformly manifested. He will in no respect deviate from them; and the resolution of collecting a corps of his troops on the frontiers of his territories, and those of the circle of Upper Saxony, which are now so contiguous to the theatre of war, will prevent any misunderstanding with respect to his motives.

In order, however, that no doubt may remain on this subject, his electoral highness has thought proper hereby expressly to declare, that the assembling of those troops has no other object than to cover his territories, and those of the other states of Upper Saxony, against all foreign violence.

They are, of course, mere mea. sures of defence unconnected with a design of acting offensively with them against any power beyond the skirts of his territories, and of those of the said circle, whose first prince he is.

Given at Dresden, July 26, 1796. By his most serene highness the elector of Saxony's most graci. ous and special command.

Declaration of the Elector of Hanover to the Diet of Ratisbon, on the Subject of the Imperial Rescript, of the 17th of October, 1796.

THE minister of Hanover has declared to M. de Hingel, the Imperial commissioner,

That his Imperial majesty had directly required his majesty the king of Great Britain and elector of Hanover to furnish a new proof of his marked attachment to the Germanic constitution, by giving a great example, and acting effica. ciously in concert with the diet of Ratisbon, not only that he may be rated for a sufficient quantity of

Roman months, but by paying up all that remains due of his quota. It was declared at the same time, that it was necessary the numbers. of Roman months should exceed a hundred.

His Britannic majesty has replied* to his Imperial majesty, that he would not, nor was he able to an ticipate the resolutions of his co estates; and that he was not at pre sent in circumstances which pemit ted him to answer the demand which was made--that since the periods when the last Roman months were granted, the system of the war had completely changed-that different states, holding of the empire, had made a separate peace, to avoid the total ruin with which their countries were threatened-that others had embraced neutrality for the protection of their subjects; and that the prosperity these states enjoyed proved that they had attained a salutary object-that the affairs of the empire have assumed quite another aspect, and that the rela tions of his Britannic majesty, in his quality of elector and prince of the empire, were well known to be inconsistent with the Imperial de. mands; that he cannot of course consent to the granting of new Roman months (for the continua tion of this unhappy war) still far less can he contribute directly, since the negotiations commenced. at Paris, from which is expected a happy issue for the tranquillity of Europe.

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sovereigns, and the defence of your country, has often compelled me to shed tears of gratitude. I am un. able to recompense, as I wish, the brave men who devote themselves in a cause so loyal, but as an inhabitant of Tyrol I will, for the benefit of the defenders of the country, dispose of every thing superfluous; gold and silver watches, knives, meals, plate, &c. which I will distribute myself after the war, as acknowledgments to those brave Tyrolians who shall distinguish themselves by their courage and brilliant actions. I entreat all the brave defenders of the country to believe, that they shall ever be the objects of my most anxious solicitude, and that I will not neglect to make known to the emperor, my dear relation, the services they shall have rendered, for the purpose of obtaining from him the rewards they may deserve.

(Signed) MARIE ELIZABETH. Done at our Court, at Inspruck, the 30th of May, 1796.

A Proclamation by His Imperial


WE FRANCIS II. &c. &c. IN the present moment, when a coincidence of the most unexpected events favours the rapid progress of the enemy, and calls for our redoubled care to afford assistance to our states menaced in this manner, we find this our resolution strengthened, by consider. ing that Providence has put us at the head of a nation, which has given us on every occasion, the most effectual proofs of the greatness of their zeal to support the measures taken for the defence of their country, of their laws, which render them happy, and of a prince"

who returns to their fidelity a love for every individual.

Though fear, and perhaps, inten. tional reports, magnify the danger more than it in reality is, and pre. sent it as nearer at hand, we must not conceal from our faithful sub-" jects that the situation of affairs is pressing, and does not allow us to remain satisfied with ordinary mea, sures, but imposes on us, and all those who wish to see the welfare of the state secure, more than extraordinary exertions.

Much as the long duration of a war, carried on under many chan.. ges of fortune, has affected the powers of the nation, yet the re Sources of so powerful a state are far from being exhausted. Though, governinent continues to refrain with abhorrence from the violent measures which our enemies em. ploy for the oppression of our fellow-citizens and the destruction of Europe; countries so well populated, so fertile, and enriched by nature and industry, still offer innumerable means of defence, by em. ploying which we would find ourselves enabled to meet every danger. But we trust in the justice of our cause, and in the protection of the Almighty, who regards that justice, that the moment will not arrive in which the nation will be forced to have recourse to the most. extraordinary means.

In this persuasion, we shall always confine ourselves only to the nieasure of calling to arms those who are otherwise, agreeably to the military system, exempted from military service; including also all foreigners, who have not acquired the rights of citizenship in the Austrian dominions by residing in them for ten years.



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