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ments, where civil war has only left to agriculture great ravages to repair. In several parts of the republic, the subsistence of the troops was compromised; the distributions were rarely made in the proportions determined by the law and often were they suppressed for several days; the service of the magazines, which has only been supported till now by the officers of that branch, is on the point of failing in all the depart. ments. In short, this is the confession most painful to the directory.. There are hospitals where it has been found necessary to deny the sick soldiers the nutriment necessary for the recovery of their health. Discouraged by the disorganization of all branches of the service, the officers abandon their posts, to fly from the complaints which persecute them, and which they are unable to answer. In several places, funds designed for other purposes were carried off by force from the public treasury to supply the wants of the troops, and those illegal measures found an excuse in the imperious law of necessity. Every day courier follows courier, to bring to the directory and to the minister at war the intelligence of some misfortune, or the fear of some new danger. The directory conjure you, citizens representa. tives, to bestow the whole of your attention upon the afflicting picture which they present to you, and to occupy yourselves respecting the sources for supplying the public treasury with the means necessary for the subsistence of the troops in the interior; the exactest economy shall direct the use of those funds, and some reforms which the directory prepare, will soon diminish

the consumption and the wants. The armies, supported by victory, engage no longer the attention of the government but by the accounts of their success: all their solicitude ought therefore to be confined to the troops in the interior, who are not less entitled to the gratitude of the country, and whe may expect from it the succours which it owes to its defenders.


REVELLIERE LEPEAUX, president. LAGARDE, secretary general.

Proclamation of the Executive Directory relative to the Events that occurred during the Night of the 11th and 12th Fru&idor ( Aug. 28, and 29).

(12 Fructidor, August 29). LET true patriots, let the friends of order rejoice! It is in vain that anarchy and royalism unite their efforts to shake the firebrands of discord, and to dissolve the republican government. Their endeavours shall be fruitless.

Some hundred villains, transported with rage at being prevented from exercising their robbery and their domination, no longer hoping to excite the people to insurrection, but by alarming them for liberty, have last night spread through the streets badges of aristocracy, and stuck up royalist proclamations. Armed with sabres, guns, and pistols, they meanwhile scoured the various parts of this great commune. They attempted to excite alarms by the sound of fire-arms. They every where exclaimed that the royalists had rallied to massacre all the patriots. They invited the people to their assistance. They imagined that, in the midst of this disorder, they



should save their guilty accomplices, who had all departed at this very moment to the place where the legislative body had convoked the high court of justice; they were then to have indulged them selves in all the horrors which they had conceived in devising the conspiracy of Babœuf.

But the people, acquainted with their true interests, shewed only their attachment to the republic, and the constitution by which it is secured. They destroyed all the badges of despotism, which the most perfidious cunning had disse. minated. They bestowed upon the monsters, who again wished to open the career of guilt, all the horror and contempt which they deserved. Confiding in a government with the real and sincere intention of which they are acquainted, all the citizens remained in the most profound tranquillity.

Thanks to the wisdom of the people, and to the courage and good conduct of the troops, to the indefatigable zeal of the magistrates appointed to watch over the public security, and to that of the brave republican generals, the tranquil. lity of Paris was preserved, and the designs of anarchy suppressed. They all have a right to the public gratitude.

Let the enemies of France at length discover the inutility of their efforts to mislead the mass of the people. Let its friends rally round the constitution, which secures at once our repose and our liberty, and let them second the efforts of a government resolved to maintain it with equal firmness against the attempts of all parties. (Signed)

REVELLIERE LEPraux, pres. By order of the Directory,

LACARDE, secretary

General Buonaparte to the Executive Directory.

Head Quarters at Modena, 26 Vendemaire (08.17). YOU will find subjoined, citizens directors, the letter I have received from General Gentili. According to it, the Mediterranean is now free. Corsica, restored to the republic, will afford resources for our marine, and even the means of recruiting our light infantry. The commissioner Salicetti departs this night for Leghorn, to sail from thence to Corsica. General Gentili is to command provisionally the troops. I have provisionally au. thorised him to put in requisition several columns, in order to enable the government commissioner to occupy the fortresses till the arrival of French troops.

I shall send thither an officer of

artillery, and one of engineers, for organizing affairs. The expulsion of the English from the Mediterranean will have great influence on the success of our military operations in Italy..

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Gentili to the French Commissioners. Leghorn, 24Vendemaire (Oct.15). THE plan long ago settled by our compatriots to deliver Corsica from the tyranny of the English, the movements of the interior prepared by the republicans, the dispositions taken here by the patriots for supporting them, the debarkation al. ready effected on the island, of a great many of our fellow citizens, and the numbers preparing here to follow them, have struck terror into the hearts of the English. They were sensible that they could not long maintain themselves in a country conquered by treason: Elliot is therefore evacuating Cor. sica, and re-embarking all the English troops.

At this moment, when we are about to put to sea, a numerous deputation of the communes of Bastia, and other places, have arrived, to give to us this happy news, which we are desirous of communicating to you.

The town of Bastia, faithful to its vows and attachment to France, has formed a provisional committee, which has named a deputation to come and offer the oath of fidelity to the French republic. Bestia, and its forts, as well as St. Fiorenzo, are guarded by the citizens. We are assured that in three days there will be no more English in the country. Hasten to give the

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Citizens representatives,

THE British cabinet, for the purpose of inducing the parliament to grant the necessary supplies for the ensuing campaign, has adopted two measures: the one has for its object to open the way for an inmediate and direct negotiation with the republic; and the other, to restore the course of exchange between Holland and London, and to authorize the exportation of English merchandize to the ports of the United Provinces, and the country which it still affects to describe as Austrian Flanders..

The Batavian government, sensible of its real interests, has already seen the latter measure in its true light. It has rejected the pretended favour, and by an energetic proclamation has taken the necessary precautions to prevent the introduction of English merchandize, and to look upon those who shall purchase or use them as enemies to their country, a circumstance which has spread consternation over the English commerce and manufac tories.

The executive directory, on its part, has published in the nine united departments, the 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6th articles of the 18th of the 2d year, and has roused, by particular orders, the attention of the officers of the customs in every part of the republic, who have already made many seizures and con


fiscations. But it is in vain that every effort is made to hinder the introduction of English merchan. dize, if no steps are taken to prevent their consumption in the interior of the republic.

The fourth article of the abovementioned law specified, that every person who introduced or sold such merchandize, should be deemed suspected persons, and punished accordingly, pursuant to the decree of the 17th September. This law can no longer be in force; it is for your wisdom, citizens representatives, to substitute some others in its stead.

In England, the public execute severe justice on those who affect to prefer the produce of foreign to their own national manufactories. Can there be found in France, men, who are so far the enemies of their own country, as to oppose a measure so essentially necessary to the industry and prosperity of the nation, and which tends-to lessen those resources we furnish our enemies for prolonging the war they have excited against us ? You have still, citizens representatives, legislative acts to form, against those, who, in despite of the law, have, by their speculation of mercantile avidity, obtained stores of English merchandize. If you do not think it proper they should incur the penalty of confiscation, and the other punishments prescribed by the law, you may at least appoint a short period for their reexporting the goods, which they ought not to have introduced, and that under such penalties as you may dictate. Yes, citizens representatives, the safety of the repub. lic, perhaps, depends on the rigour

and promptitnde of the measures you shall take on this occasion. Do you desire to re-animate your commerce, to relieve your manu. factories, and to re-establish your trade? Would you deprive our enemies of their great resources for carrying on war against us? Would you force the British go. vernment to treat sincerely for peace, and would you have it brought to a conclusion? One of the most powerful means of promoting this great end of public prosperity, would be to take the most efficacious measures for prohibiting, until the return of peace, the sale or consumption of English merchandize in every part of the republic.

The executive directory invites you to take this object into immediate consideration. (Signed)


LAGARDE, sec. general.

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acted, to extend the same prohi. bition of Holland.

The executive directory ought to enable you to observe at the same time, that the uncertainty respecting the resolution you will deem proper to take on that sub. ject, stops the progress of the happy effects, which had been produced by the sole proposition of seconding the measures taken by the Dutch, by reducing a pound sterling to 21 livres, to sous, which had been raised at that epoch to 24 livres, 5 sous, by the exchange.

They ought finally to remark, that if the prohibition they request is not decreed soon, if the delays on that point, or the modifications which destroy the main end of the principal object, should occasion the revocation of the measures taken by the Dutch, England will soon see vanish the embarrassment she feels to procure the supplies she stands in need of, if she wishes to prosecute the war, and that the British commerce would even then feel a mighty interest to see it pro. longed.

The determination which you are about to take, citizens representatives, will thus have a most striking influence on the success of the negotiations which occupy that government at this moment for the restoration of peace.. (Signed) REVELLIERE LEPEAUX, president.

LAGARDE, sec. general,

On the 2d of November, the Council of Five Hundred passed the following Resolutions.

Art. I. All articles manufac- · tured in England, or in English establishments, shall continue to be

prohibited throughout the whole of the republic. From the date of the publication of this law, all persons are forbidden to expose such articles to sale, or to give notice that they are to be sold.

II. No article, containing articles of English manufacture, shall, unany pretext, enter the ports of the republic.


III. The necessity of putting into a port shall not furnish a plea for any deviation from the preceding article, where the vessel exceeds ten tons in burden.

IV. With respect to vessels above ten tons, proved to have been forced into port, the captain, on the moment of his arrival, shall produce to the commissioners of the customs an exact statement of the quantity, quality, and value of English merchandize according to the inventory; it shall be deposited in a magazine with three keys; one to be kept by the captain, the other by the commissioners, and the third by the municipal agent of the commune and the ship shall not depart till the captain has proved that they have been all re-embarked exactly as they were delivered.

V. Articles of English manufac. ture in vessels taken from the enemy, or shipwrecked, or those which arise from confiscation, shall be deposited in magazines till they are again exported.

VI. Every person who shall have occasion to visit a magazine where English manufactures are deposited, shall, within three days after the publication of the law, give in to the municipal administration of the canton a detailed account of their quantity, quality, and value.

VII. Within the extent of three*Leagues

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