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all the secrets of state ; if this to take again into consideration a man knows of an intrigue of such step so conformable to the good a nature as he states ; let him dis. intelligence which subsists between cover it; let him make it known the two countries, I beg you will to the directory: it is impor. permic me to make some observatant enough; it has, no doubt, tions which I submit to the di. suficient interest for the public rectory. welfare. The march of our armies The confidence which friendly —for him who can bring it to and allied powers reciprocally owe light, not to dispense himself from each other, the respect which is its denouncing it to those whom ir is result, has always been indiscrimi. destined to lead into error. But nately granted to the person chosen the silence of that-man, his silence, by his sovereign to represent him; which will be his condemnation, it is even inseparable from it. will open the eyes of the public Both have, however, been neg. respecting the confidence they lected in the person of M. de Re. ought forthwith to give to his insi. hauseil. His private sentiments nuations. You possess, citizen ge. can the less give umbrage to the neral, the confidence of the di: government, as he would certainly rectory; the services you render sacrifice them in the exercise of every day entitle you to it; the his functions, if they could be con. considerable sums which the te. trary to the instructions lie has re. public owes to your victories, ceived; and if in his conduct, or proves that you at once occupy in his language, he could be want. yourself with the glory and the iv. ing to the treaty which subsists beterest of your country; all the good tween Sweden and France. And cirizens agree on this point : you it is in this case only, if a misuni. will not find it difficult to consign derstanding should take place bez the boasts and calumnies of the rest tween the two governments, that . to the contempt they from them. his recal would become necessary! selvęs merit, and still more from But since this is not the case, his the spirit that dictates them. sentiments cannot be considered as (Signeul)

a valid motive of exclusión, and REVELLIERE LEPE AUX, president, the refusal becomes consequently LAGARDE, secretary general. less an injury. done to M. de Rea The Ambassador of Sweden to the Ci. hausen than a want of respect to his tizen Minister of Foreign Affairs. sovereign.

Paris, August 2, 1796. I must likewise remark, that M, CITIZEN MINISTER,

de Rehausen being at Paris, has IT is by the express order of my been appointed to attend ad interim court that I have the honour to to the affairs of Sweden, at a time renew, before the directory, the when a rupcure with Russia was steps 1 had already taken for the every instant "oxpected, and when admission of M. de Rehausen, in the Swedish ambassador at that the quality of chargé d'affaires of court was on the eve of quitting his majesty with the French re- his post. His appointment could public.

not, therefore, have been influ. Inviting you, citizen minister, enced by the empress of Russia, to



syhom he is otherwise an utter bassador of Sweden, dated August stranger.

2, 1796, old stile, It is for these reasons, citizen Resolves, minister, that I ain unable to at. Article I. The executive direc. tribute to the person of M. de Re. tory persisting in their refusal of hausen the refusal of the directory admitting M. de Rehausen; they to acknowledge him in his public consequently charge the minister character. This refusal appears of general police to notify to him evidently to announce the intention the laws of the republic concerning of disohliging, in the face of Eu. foreigners. rope, the most ancient friend of II. The executive directory re. France. I hesitate to pronounce cal citizen Perrochel, chargé d'af, a more decisive supposition; it is faires, and citizen Marivaux, se. too repugnant to the known wishes cretary of legation, and formerly of the Swedes and the French chargé d'affaires in Sweden. themselves, as likewise to their re. Ill. The executive directory spective interests; and at the same protest, nevertheless, that the time, it would be difficult for the Swedish nation may always rely enemies of both countries, not to on their sentiments of affection. find great satisfaction in the disa IV. The ministers of foreign re. union of which the French repub. lations and of general police, are lic may have given the signal. It charged, each in his capacity, with is prescribed to me to declare, that the execution of the present resoif M. de Rehausen be not acknow. lution, which shall be printed with ledged, his majesty will be obliged, the note. in support of his dignity, to use (Signed) reciprocity with regard to citizen REVELLIERE LEPEAUX, president. Perrochel. This necessity will By order of the executive directory, otherwise have no influence on the (Signed) LAGARDE, secretary, desire which his majesty will al. (A true copy.) ways have to strengthen the bands of friendship and good understand. Official Note from the Minister for ing which ought ever to subsist be. Foreign Affairs to the Ambassaden tween the two powers,

Please, ( Barthelemy in Switzerland, citizen minister, to accept the as. surance of my most sincere attachi. THE French government is in, ment.

fornied that the English, after

having stopped, during the war, (Signed)

under the most frivolous pretexts, E. N. STAEL DE HOLSTEIN, every neutral vessel, have just given CH. DELACROIX,

the most positive orders to the

commanders of their ships of war, Resolution of the 18th Thermidor, to seize, indiscriminately, all the (Avgust 5) Fourth Year.

cargoes which they may suppose to

be destined for the French. THE executive directory hav. Whatever injury France may ing seen the official note presented have sustained from this conduct, by Mons, the baron de Stael, am, she has, nevertheless, continued


to give the only example of the most

SOLDIERS, inviolable respect for the law of YOU have conquered Italy a se. nations, which constitutes the cond time! In five days you have yledge and security of their civilis gained two pitched battles, and sation. But after having long to. five inferior actions; you have lerated the offence of this Machia. taken fifteen thousand prisoners, velian system of policy, she at three generals, eighty pieces of length finds herself compelled, by cannon, two hundred waggons, the most urgent motives, 10 have and six stand of colours. Those secourse to reprisals against Eng. tierce Hungarians, triumphant last land.

year on the Rhine, are now in The executive directory, there- your chains, or fly before you. fore, orders all the political agents You have crushed in an instant of the French republic to inform the principal enemy of the republic. che different governments, that the So many high exploits ought not to squadrons and privateers of the re. make you proud, but to inspire public will act against the ships of you with confidence; they ought every country, in the same manner to teach you never to count your in which those governments suffes enemies, however numerous they the English to act against them. may be. The conquerors of Lodi, This measure ought not to sur.

of Lonado, of Castigliona, ought prise them, since it would be very to attack and destroy them. You easy to demonstrate that it is im- renew the boasted examples of periously prescribed by necessity, Marathon and Platea; like the and is only the effect of a lawful brave Greek phalanxes, the bri. defence. If these powers had gades of the army of Italy shall known how to make their com. be immortal. merce respected by the English, Receive then, soldiers, the mark we should have had no occasion 10 of the satisfaction of your general; have recourse to this afflicting ex. it only precedes that of the whole tremity.

country, and of rising posterity. They wil recollect, that the Brave soldiers, be always impe. French republic, ever generous, tuous in combats, and vigilant on proposed 10 all the belligerent your posts. Death shrinks trem. powers to raspect commerce; but bling from the agile and resolutely that this proposition, honourable brave: how often have you march. to the government which made it, ed to meet it, how orien have you and dictated by a most perfect seen it fly before you and enter the philanthropy', was rejected with hostile ranks! It often overtakes pride, by a government accustomed the dastard, but never strikes the 10 treat with contempt the most brave till his hour is come. sacred laws of humanity, &c.

(Signed) BUONAPARTE, 201b Thermidor (August 7). Proclamation of the General in Chief Address transmitted by the French Ama of the Army of Italy.

bassador at the Hague to the Dutch Head-quarters at Castigliona, 19 Convention, the 2016 Thermidor,

Thermidor (August 6), fourth (7th August ).



BURGHERS REPRESENTATIVES! rank to which it can with justice

The undersigned minister ple a pire. nipotentiary of the French R-pub- But it viers i gorernment wisely lic has the honour to intimate, hat and solidly for ved, as one of the occasions do not offer so frequently mose certain means of attaining as he could wish of giving you speedily this desirci end; and the publicly a repetition of those as. executive directory cannot conceal surances of esteem and regard its opinion, that it is time by a which he daily receires from the powerful and lasting band, executive directory, as

well 10. fasten togetirer again the bundle wards your assembly as the peo. which ruis the risk of being dis. ple which you represent. This per ed, and lost !or want of these esteem is not limited to those pub. properties. Such would quickly lic attestations which France has be ihe inevitable consequence of an given to all Europe ; nor to those order of things, which should perless generally known, to which mit the burgher to adore exciu. your commission for the manage. sively his city or his province, ment of foreign affairs can also looking on the country at large as testify.

a step-mother for whom he has The executive directory is stca. no love, to whom he owes no at. dily vigilant, is unceasingly busy; legiance, and whose lawful rights and the maxim applied 10 great he misconceives. undertakings--that all which is “ It is time these are are the done must be esteemed trivial, words of the executive directory, while any thing remains to be ac. “it is time, for the interests of the complished, seems to have been Batavian Republic, and for our adopied by the French government contract with her, that the next in the ratification of her engage. order of things, expected by ali ments with the Batavian Republic. the friends and lovers of liberty', In that moment, whe!, during the 'should take place; and that all op. winter, it irarurely and wisely re. posite pretensions should give way gulated the operations of war, and and disappear before a constitution removed hostilities far from yourdo. triomphing over federalism and minions, it neglected in no mannes aristocracy. And it falls within to do away your slightest apprehen. the pale of our department 10 12. sions; and the powerful interven. bour, in concert with the Batavian rion of the French government people, to establish their indepen. banished a remaining but insigni. dency, by hastening the approaches ficant shadow of counter-revolu- of their revolution to the object tionary designs, which being fan. which is its nliinate aimn. These ned in your vicinity, afforded some semiments of the executive directory cause of disquieiude. That go- might be easily explained by evernment now directs its most ar. amples which the national' his. dent and zealous endeavours to se- tory affords--yes, by what has hapcure the political existence of Ba- pened under our own eyes—were tavia, and to procure it again a it not likely to produce the most place among potestates, with the painful recollections. They afford

you, ments,



you, burghers representatives, the CITIZENS LEGISLATORS, too certain proof that an unequal THE directory can no longer combination of particular powers leave you ignorant of the aflicting never form a bulwark of details which hey receive from all tional strength.

paris, relative to the situation of the Let the burghers, then, who are troops stationed in the interior of animated by a sincere wish to see the republic. For several months the cause of liberty triun, h, re. has their constancy been put to the ceive this most positive assu- test by the most painful privations; rance, that the French govern. and bewailing their distress, the ment will appiaud and encourage directory have admitted more than, their endeavours, and will consi. once that resignation with which der itself indebied to them, as ic: French soldiers forget their wants, were, for a new ally, whenever it when those of their country are put shall feel the auxiliary aid ot a state before their eyes. As long as the constituted on the immoveable directory could Matter themselves basis of harmony and indivisibility with secing the end of so critical a -of a state, which she can), with situation in the amelioration of the more confidence present to her finances, they propped up the friends and her enemies ; particu. ccurage of the troops by hopes, larly to the treacherous English, and shut up in their own bosom all

with whom we must quickly con- uncasiness; but the evils are too • tend; who, viewing with indif- great to be any longer concealed ;

ference the miseries of Europe, and however painful such a dis. under shelter of the advantages of closure may be, it is impossible any their commerce, for these last four longer to de:y it to the alarming years, have, by their dealings with circumstances by which it is exrage-blinded Austria, rathes con- acted. Pay', that sacred debt of spired their own destruction than the republic to those who de. our's.

vote ihemselves for her, has not Place yourselves, then, in a con. been made for several months, re. dition, burghers representatives, gardless of the urgent requests from this time hence forward, to os government: the treasury could defeat the chance-computations of not secure that part so interesting their infamous politics; and intro. to its service, and the penury

10 duce a constitution which wili de- of its me.inseght alone to be velope your national strength, and reproached. All the bargains are succeed federal anarchy, which suspended by the impossibility undestroys power by dividing it: a der which the treasury labours to' form of government the most de. fulfil the engagements made with fective and calam tous which your contractors: provisions begin to be greatest enemy could wish to im. exhausied, and there rereains no pose on you.

bope of renewing thein: every E. Noel, where almost ic has been forced

to have recourse to requisitions ; Message fromthe Executive Dire&ory, but this measure, the use of which

to the Council of Five Hundred is. fatal, furnished but insufficient on the 6th Fructidor ( August 23d). resources, and to execute them is Read in a Secret Committee. dangerous above all in those depart.

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