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Treaty betrteen France and Prussia. along the left bank of the Roer to

His majesty the king of Prussia its source ; after which, leaving and the Freuch republic having the city of Nedebach to the left, deemed it proper to modify, in a it will take its direction towards manner agreeable to existing cir- the Eder, the course of which it cumstances, the stipulations rela. will follow until that river meets tive to the neutrality of the north- the Fuld, and then it will go up ern part of Germany agreed upon that river as far as its source. by the treaty of Basle, the 5th of The French republic will consi. April, 1795, and by the convention der as neutral states all those in the of the 17th of May ; they named, line, on condition that they observe to concert on that subject, viz. his on their side a strict neutrality; the Prussian majesty, Sieur Chretien first point of which will be to fur. Henry Count de llaug wiltz, his vish, for the future, for the con. minister of state for the war depart. tinuation of the war, no pecuniary ment; and the French republic, contributions of any kind what. citizen Antoine Bernard Caillard, ever ; to order back immediately, its minister plenipotentiary at Ber. if they had not already done so, lin, who, having mutually exchang. their respective contingent troops, ed their powers, have agreed on the and that in the space of two following articles :

months, from the signing of the The French republic will abstain present treaty; and not to contract from extending the operations of any new engagement, which may the war, and from sending troops, authorize them to furnish troops to either by land or sea, into the states the powers at war with France. included in the following line of The states which do not act agree. demarcation :

ably to these conditions, shall be This line to begin from the part excluded from the benefit of the of the Duchy of Holstein, situated neutrality. on the North Sea, extending down As for that part of the country the coast of that sea, on the side of of La Marck, which, being on the Germany, and including the terri. left bank of the Roer, is not intory in which the Elbe disembogues cluded in the above line, it will itself, together with the Weser and nevertheless enjoy the benefits of the Ems, as well as the islands situ. this treaty in the fullest extent : ated in those districts, as far as For- but his Prussian majesty consents to cum, from thence to the frontiers of allow the troops of the belligereat llolland, as far as Anholt, passing powers to pass through it, on con. Herenberg, and including the dition that they do not there estaPrussian possessions near Sevenaer, blish the theatre of war nor possess as far as Bair on the Ysel ; it will themselves of entrenched positions, then continue down that river to &c. &c. the place where it mixes its waters Giren at Berlin, August 5th, with the Rhine; the line will then 1796, old style, and the 18th go up the latter river as far as Thermidor, 4th year of the l'esel, and farther on, to the place

French republic. where the Roer throws itself into (Signed) CURETIEN HAUGWILTZ. the Rbire ; it will then extend

ANTOINE CAILLARD. 2

Treaty

Treaty of Peuce between the French re- of the other any succours in troops,

public and the Infant Duke of Par. arms, warlike ammunition, provima, Placentia, and Guastalla. sions, or money, under whatever

THE French republic and his title and denomination it may be. royal highness the infant duke of 3. The infant duke of Parma Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, engages not to permit the emi. desiring to re-establish the ties of grants, or banished persons of the amity which formerly subsisted be. French republic, to stop or sojourn tween the two states, and to put in his state. an end, as much as in their power, 4. The French republic and his to the calamites of war, have ac- royal highness the infant duke of cepted, with eagerness, the medi. Parma engage to remove the se. ation of his Catholic majesty, and questration from all the effects, rehave named for the plenipotenti. venues, or goods, which may have aries, that is to say, the executive been seized, confiscated, detained, directory, in the name of the French or sold, from the citizens or subrepublie, the citizen Charles Dela. jects of the other power, relative croix, minister of foreign affairs, to the present war, and to admit and his royal highness the infant them to the legal exercise of the dukc of Parma, Messieurs the count actions or rights belonging to them. Pierre Politi and Don Louis Boll; 5. The contributions stipulated who, after having exchanged their in the convention of armistice, respective powers, have determined signed at Placentia on the 20th of upon and concluded definitively the last Floreal, between general Buofollowing articles, under the medi- naparte in the name of the French ation of his Catholic majesty, exer- republic, and the marquises Pellecised by the marquis del Campo, viene and Phillippo delic Rosa in his ambassador to the French re- the name of the infant duke of Parpublic, who has also presented his ma, shall be fully discharged.

There shall neither be levied nor Art. 1. There shall be peace exacted any other ; if there have and amity between the French re. been levied any contributions in public and his royal highness the money, or required any supplies in infant duke of Parma ; the two provisions, beyond what is settled powers shall carefully abstain from by the said convention, the contrierery thing that may alter the good butions in money shall be reimburs. harmony and union established be- ed, and the provisions paid for at tween them by the present treaty. the current price at the time of de

2. Every act, engagement, or livery. There shall be named on anterior convention, on the part of each part, if necessary, commissa. one or other of the two contracting ries to execute the present article. powers, which might be contrary 6. From the signature of the preto the present treaty, shall be con- sent treaty the 'states of his royal sidered as null and void. In conse, highness the infant duke of Parma quence, during the course of the shall be treated as those of friendly present war, neither of the two and neutral powers; if there shall powers shall furnish to the enemies be supplied any necessaries to the

troops

fall powers.

troops of the republic, bý his royal nufactures, to impose certain rea highness or his subjects, they shall strict cns or prohibitions; but these be paid for at a price agreed upon. restrictions shall in no case operate

7. The troops of the republic against French manufacturesexclu. sball enjoy a free passage through sively, in which his royat huhness the states of the infant duke of even undertakes to give all the preParma.

ference he can consistently with the 8. One of the contracting powers prosperity of the manufactures of shall not grant a free passage to the his own states. troops of the enemy of the other. The above articles shall be exe

9. The French republic and his cuted with the most scrupulous reroyal highness the infant duke of ciprocity for the introduction of Parma desiring to establish and aug. the manufactures of his royal highment by stipulations, reciprocally ness's states into France. advantageous, the commercial re. 13. The mutual duties on eslations that existed between their ports and imports shall be regulated citizens and respective subjects, de. by a separate convention : in case termined as follows:

that such convention should not 10. Silks, grain, rice, olive oil, be ratified by the republic, it is cattle, cheese, wines, and other expressly agreed that the said duarticles, the produce of the estales ties shall be reciprocally ascertain. of his royal highness, shall be ex. ed and culiected in the mode ob ported to the territories of the re- served with the countries the most public without any restrictions ben favoured by the republic, yond those which the exigencies of 14. The produce of the lands of the country may render necessary. the republic, ber colonies and fishThe said restrictions shall never eries, shall be conveyed freely attach solely and especially upon through the states of his royal higlithe French citizen. There shall ness, or lodged in warehouses on even be granted every degree of their way to the other states of Italy, preference for the purchase of the without the payment of customs, objects (mentioned or alluded to in and liable only io a certain toll on ibe present article) of which cir- their passage, for the support of the cumstances may suspend or restrain highways; which shall be regulated the exportation.

with all possible dispaich, and 11. All articles being the produce founded on a moderate footing beof the republic, its colonies or tween the contracting parties, at fisheries, shall be imported, free of so much per quintal per league. duty, into the states of bis royal The toll shall be payable at the highness, and exported from France, first oflice for entering the goods. subject only to such restrictions as The abuve article shall also be in local circumstances may render ne- force in all parts of the republic; cessary.

and all goods and merchandize the 12. All articles of French manu- produce of the states of bis royal facture shall likewise be imported highness the infant duke of Parma to the states of his royal bighness, shall be subject to the same regulaupless he may deem it expedient, tions as above. And, for the prosperity of his own ma- As the right of toll above men.

of a

tioned has been retained only with II. On all goods and merchana a view to contribute to the support dise, the produce of the republic of the bridges and highways, it is on being exported for the states of expressly stipulated that the goods his royal highness. and merchandize conveyed by the Done at Paris, the day and year rivers and navigable canals shall be as above. reciprocally exempt from duties of (Signed)

CH. DELACROIX. every de-cription.

Count Politi. The contracting parties respec

Louis Bolla. tively shall adopt the necessary mea. A Proclamation by F. Santhonux,J. sures for the due execution of the Raymond, M. Giraud, G. Lebpresent and preceding articles. lanch, and P. Romme, Commis

15. In conformity to the sixth sioners delegated by the French article of the treaty concluded at Government to the Vindward the Hague,the 22/1 Floreal, 31 year,

Islands of St. Domingo. the peace concluded by the present To all the Citizens of the colony, trealy is declared common with the and to all those who compose the Batavian Republic.

Land and Sea Forces destined for 16. The present treaiy shall be its defence. ratified, and the ratifications ex- CITIZENS, changed in one monib at most from AFTER so many storms and the present day, exclusively. critical emergencies, inseparable Done at Paris, in the 5th year

of concomitants

revolution, the French republic, one and France enjoys at least a constitution indivisible.

worthy of a people who know how (Signed) Cu. Delacroix, to value liberty.

Count Politi. Already under a truly republican
Louis Bolla. government, the French people

begin to rest from their long and SEPARATE ARTICLE. arduous toil, and to enjoy the His royal highness stipulates to happy effects of the liberty which grant a remission of one-fourih of they bave attained. the rights of importation on the Firmly resolved 10 cause the con. goods and merchandize, being the stitution to be executed, the exe. produce of the republic, her colo- cutive directory is constantly emnies, fisheries, and manufactures, ployed in searching out means to destined for the home consumption have it established in all parts of of the states, and also the right of the Republic. exportation on the goods and mer. The sixth article of the constichandise, the produce of the states, tion states, That the French colo. and destined for the foreign poseso nies are inseparable parts of the sions of the republic ; provided the Republic, and subjected to the French republic agree to

recipro- same constitutional law. cal diminution of duties,

It is particularly for the execution 1., On the goods and merchan- of that article, that we have redise arising from the states of his ceived from the government the royal highness, at their entry on bonourable mission intrusted to us ; the territory of the republic. and at the same time, to let you know all the means you ought to thren, whom they keep fettered in employ to preserve liberty and the surrounding islands? Yes, ci. equality, which are the fundamen- tizens, every thing ought to im. tal laws of the constitution.

press you with an implacable hatred Citizens rally at the voice of the for those tyrants, whose most lu. delegates of the republic, since it crative trade is, reducing you 10 is in her name, and for her dearest slavery, misery, and death. What interests, that they are going to can with hold your vengeance? Rush address you.

on this impious race ; make it disThe ancient government of the appear from that sacred spot, which colonies had distinguished three dif- too long has been the theatre of its ferent classes-the whites, the co- crimes and depredations. loured people, and the slaves. To Labour and instruction, citizens, those different classes, now united are necessary to the preservation of and honoured with the name of the people, and the constitution French citizens, we are going to imposes them as a duty upon all speak alternately. We shall first citizens. The 15th article of the address that portion of the people of second title contains these words. the colony, which has most suf- Young men cannot be inscribed in fered under the tyrannic order the civic register, if they do not which has been abolished, and we prove that they can read, write, shall say to them: By the republican and follow a mechanical branch of constitution, which the French na- business. That clause, citizens, tion has just adopted, you have re- can and ought to take place only covered your primitive rights ; but agreeably to the constitution, after you inust know the proper means the first day of the 12th year of the to preserve them

without trouble, republic. and to transmit them without in- The manual operations of agriterruption, to your remotest pos- culture belong to the mechanic terity. Those ships, the warriors aris. whom they bring to you; all those Yes, labour and agriculture parformidable preparations are design. ticularly, is absolutely necessary to ed against the English, who are ihe him who wishes to inost cruel enemies of your liberty! rights, and enjoy his liberiy. They dare to indulge the hope of Through labour framing new chains for you. See necessary things to our existence these blood-thirsty tigers bending and enjoyment; through labour still your brethren under their hom only we can preserve our liberty: micidal whips. We cannot suffer Had your ancestors, the inhaany longer so dismal an object; bitants of Africa, devoted themjoin the forces which France sends selves to the culture of their fruitto you, expel from the territory of ful lands, they must assuredly the French republic those tyrants of would not have debased themselves mankind, pursue them even to by reciprocal bloody wars, of their haunts, and destroy the last which greedy Europeavs have of them ! What! is it not incum- availed themselves to reduce them bent on you to revenge your bre. to the most intolerable and degrad

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