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Treaty of Peace between the French
Republic and the King of the Two

THE French republic and his majesty the king of the Two Sicilies, equally animated with the desire to make the advantages of peace succeed to the miseries inseparable from war, have named, viz. the Executive Directory, in the name of the French republic, the citizen Charles Delacroix, minister for foreign affairs; and his majesty the king of the Two Sicilies, the prince Belmonte Pignatelli, gentleman of the chamber, and his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to his Catholic majesty, to treat, in their name, the clauses and conditions proper to reestablish good understanding and friendship between the two powers, who after having exchanged their respective full powers, have agreed on the following articles:

Art. 1. There shall be peace friendship, and good understand. ing, between the French republic and his majesty the king of the Two Sicilies in consequence, all hostilities shall definitively cease, reckoning from the day of the exchange of the ratification of the present treaty. Meanwhile, and till that period, the conditions stipulated by the armistice concluded on the 17th Prairial of the 4th year (5th of June, 1796) shall continue, to have full power and effect.

2. Every interior act, engage. ment, or convention, on the one part or the other of the two contracting parties, which are contrary to the present treaty, are revoked, and shall be regarded as null, and of no effect; in consequence, during the course of the present war, Reither of the two

powers shall furnish to the enemies of the other, any succours of troops, ships, arms, warlike stores, provisions, or money, under whatever title or denomination that may be.

3. His majesty the king of the Two Sicilies shall observe the most strict neutrality towards all the belligerent powers; in consequence, he pledges himself to prevent indiscriminately access to his ports to all armed ships of war belonging to the said powers, which shall exceed four, according to the regulations acknowledged by the said neutrality. All stores or merchandise, known by the name of contraband, shall be refused them.

4. All security and protection shall be granted against all persons whatever, in the ports and roads of the Two Sicilies, to all French merchantmen, of whatsoever number they may be, and to all the ships of war of the republic, not exceeding the number specified in the above article.

5. The French republic and the king of the Two Sicilies engage to take off the sequestration from all effects, revenues, goods seized, confiscated, and kept from the citizens or subjects of both powers, in consequence of the present war, and to admit them respectively to the legal exercise of all civil rights that may belong to them.

6. All prisoners made on one side or the other, comprising mariners and sailors, shall be recipro cally restored within a month, reckoning from the exchange of the raufication of the present treaty, paying the debts which they may have contracted during their captivity; the sick and wounded shall continue to be taken Q 2


care of in their respective hospitals, and shall be restored upon their recovery.

7. To give a proof of his friendship for the French republic, and of his sincere desire to maintain the most perfect harmony between the two powers, his majesty the king of the Two Sicilies consents to set at liberty every French citizen who may have been arrested and detained in his states, on account of his political opinions respecting the French revolution; all goods and property, moveable or immoveable, which may have been sequestrated on the same account, shall be restored to them.

8. From the same motives which dictated the preceding articles, his majesty the king of the Two Sicilies engages to cause all proper search to be made for discovering, by legal means, and for giving up to the rigour of the laws, the per sons who stole, in 1795, the papers belonging to the late minister of the French republic.

9. The ambassadors or ministers of the two contracting powers shall enjoy in their respective states, the same prerogative and precedence which they enjoyed before the war, excepting those which were allowed them as family ambassadors.

1. Every French citizen, and all persons belonging to the household of the ambassador or minister, or to that of the consuls and other authorised and acknowledged agents of the French republic, shall enjoy, in the states of his majesty the king of the Two Sicilies, the same freedom of religious worship as is enjoyed by the individuals of those nations, not Catholics, which are the most favoured in that respect.

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12. In conformity with the sixth article of the treaty concluded at the Hague on the 27th Floreal, in the third year of the republic (16th of May, 1795, old style,) the same, peace friendship, and good understanding, that are stipulated in the present treaty between the French republic and his majesty he king of the Two Sicilies, shall subsist between his majesty and the Batavian republic.

13. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged, within forty days from the date hereof.

Done at Paris 19th Vendemiaire, in the 5th year of the French republic, one and indivisible, corresponding with the 10th October, 1796, (old style). (Signed) CHARLES DELACROIX. The Prince of BELMONTE PIGNATELLI.

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between France and Spain by the treaty of peace concluded at Basle on the 4th Thermidor, and the third year of the republic, (July 22, 1795) have resolved to form an offensive and defensive treaty of alliance for whatever concerns the advantages and common defence of the two nations; and they have charged with this important negotiation, and have given their full powers to the under-mentioned persons; namely the Executive Directory of the French republic to citizen Dominique Catherine Pe. rignon, general of division of the republic and its ambassador to his Catholic majesty the king of Spain; and his Catholic majesty the king of Spain, to his excellency Don Manuel de Godoi, prince of peace, duke of Alcudia, &c. &c. &c. who, after the respective communication and exchange of ther full powers, have agreed on the following articles :

Art. 1. There shall exist for ever an offensive and defensive alliance between the French republic and his Catholic majesty the king of Spain.

2. The two contracting powers shall be mutual guarantees, without any reserve or exception, in the most authentic and absolute way, of all the states, territories, islands, and the places which they possess, and shall respectively possess. And if one of the two powers shall be in the sequel, under whatever pretext it may be, menaced or attacked, the other promises, engages and binds itself to help it with its good offices, and to succour it on its requisition, as shall be stipulated in the following articles :

3. Within the space of three months, reckoning from the mo

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ment of the requisition, the power called on shall hold in readiness, and place in the disposal of the power calling, 15 ships of the line, three of which shall be three deckers, or of 80 guns, twelve of from 70 to 72, six frigates of a proportionate force, and four sloops or light vessels, all equipped, armed, and victualled for months and stored for a year. These naval forces shall be assembled by the power called on in the particular port pointed out by the power calling.


4. In case the requiring power may have judged it proper for the commencement of hostilities to confine itself to the one half the succour, which was to have been given in execution of the preceding article, it may, at any epoch of the campaign, call for the other half of the aforesaid succour, which shall be furnished in the mode and within the space fixed. The space of time to be reckoned from the new requisition.

5. The power called on shall in the same way place at the disposal of the requiring power, within the space of three months, reckoning from the moment of the requisition, eighteen thousand infantry, and six thousand cavalry; with a proportionate train of artillery, to be readily employed in Europe, and for the defence of the colonies which the contracting powers possess in the Gulf of Mexico.

6. The requiring power shall be allowed to send one or several commissioners for the purpose of assuring itself whether conformably to the preceding articles, the power called on has put itself in a state to commence hostilities on the Q 3


day fixed with the land and sea forces.

7. These succours shall be entirely placed at the disposal of the requiring power, which may leave them in the ports and on the territory of the power called on, or employ them in any expeditions it may think fit to undertake, without being obliged to give an account of the motives by which it may have been determined.

8. The demand of the souccours stipulated in the preceding articles, made by one of the powers, shall suffice to prove the need it has of them, and shall bind the other power to dispose of them, without its being necessary to enter into any discussion relative to the question whether the war it proposes be offensive or defensive; or without any explanation being required, which may tend to elude the most speedy and exact accomplishment of what is stipulated.

9. The troops and ships demanded shall continue at the disposal of the requiring power during the whole duration of the war, without its incurring in any case any expence. The power called on shall maintain them in all places where its ally shall cause them to act, as if it employed them directly for itself. it is simply agreed on, that during the whole of the time when the aforesaid troops or ships shall be on the territory or in the ports of the requiring power, it shall furnish from its magazines or arsenals whatever may be necessary to them, in the same way and at the same price as it supplies its Own troops and ships.

10. The power called on shall immediately replace the ships it

furnishes, which may be lost by accidents of war or of the sea. It shall also repair the losses the troops it supplies may suffer.

11. If the aforesaid succours are found to be, or should become insufficient, the two contracting powers shall put on foot the greatest forces they possibly can, as well by sea as by land, against the enemy of the power attacked, which shall employ the aforesaid forces, either by combining them, or by causing them to act separately, and this conformably to a plan concerted between them.

12. The succours stipulated by the preceding articles shall be furnished in all the wars the contracting powers may have to maintain, even in those in which the party called on may not be directly interested, and may act merely as a simple auxiliary.

13. In the case in which the motives of hostilities being prejudicial to both parties, they may declare war with one common assent against one or several powers, the limita tions established in the preceding articles shall cease to take place, and the two contracting powers shall be bound to bring into action against the common enemy the whole of their land and sea forces, and to concert their plans so as to direct them towards the most convenient points, either separately or by uniting them. They equally bind themselves, in the cases pointed out in the present article, not to treat for peace unless with one common consent, and in such a way as that each shall obtain the satisfaction which is its due.

14. In the case in which one of the powers shall act merely as an auxiliary, the power which al one


shall find itself attacked may treat for peace separately, but so as that no prejudice may result from thence to the auxiliary power, and that it may even turn as much as possible to its direct advantage. For this purpose advice shall be given to the auxiliary power of the mode and time agreed on for the opening and sequel of the negotiations.

15. Without any delay there shall be concluded a treaty of commerce on the most equitable basis, and reciprocally advantageous to the two nations, which shall secure to each of them, with its ally, a marked preference for the productions of its soil or manufactures, or at least advantages equal to those which the most favoured nations enjoy in their respective states.

The two powers engage to make instantly a common cause to repress and annihilate the maxims adopted by any country whatever, which may be subversive of their present principles, and which may bring into danger the safety of the neutral flag, and the respect which is due to it, as well as to raise and re-establish the colonial system of Spain on the footing on which it has subsisted, or ought to subsist, conformably to treaties.

16. The character and jurisdiction of the consuls shall be at the same time recognized and regulated by a particular convention. Those anterior to the present treaty shall be provisionally executed.

17. To avoid every dispute between the two powers, they shall be bound to employ themselves immediately, and without delay, in the explanation and developement of the 7th article of the treaty of Basle, concerning the frontiers

conformable to the instructions,
plans, and memoirs, which shall
be communicated through the me
dium of the plenipotentiaries who
negotiate the present treaty.

18. England, being the only
power against which Spain has
direct grievances, the present alli-
ance shall not be executed unless
against her during the present war;
and Spain shall remain neuter with
respect to the other powers armed
against the republic.

19. The ratifications of the pre-
sent treaty shall be exchanged
within a month from the date of
its being signed.

Done at dephonso, 2 Fructidor,
(Aug. 19) the 4th year of the
French republic, one and in-


PERIGNON, and the
The executive directory resolves
on and signs the present offensive
and defensive treaty of alliance with
his Catholic majesty the king of
Spain, negotiated in the name of
the French republic by citizen Do-
minique Catherine Perignon, ge-
neral of division, founded on
powers to that effect by a resolution
of the executive directory, dated
20 Messidor, (Sept. 6) and charged
with its instructions.

Done at the National Palace of
the Executive Directory, the
fourth year of the French re-
public, one and indivisible.
Conformable to the original.

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