Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory

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Scribner, 1903 - 384 halaman
 

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Halaman 242 - Of these four phases of al-Ghazzali's work," says Macdonald, " the first and third are undoubtedly the most important. He made his mark by leading Islam back to its fundamental and his'ancTinfl8 n^"* torical facts, and by giving a place in its system to the emotional religious life. But it will have been noticed that in none of the four phases was he a pioneer. He was not a scholar who struck out a new path, but a man of intense personality who entered on a path already trodden and made it the common...
Halaman 308 - Verity; it is a bridge stretched over the back of Hell (Jahannam), sharper than a sword and finer than a hair. The feet of the unbelievers slip upon it, by the decree of God, and fall with them into the Fire. But the feet of believers stand firm upon it, by the grace of God, and so they pass into the Abiding Abode.
Halaman 207 - ... creation and annihilation of atoms, the requisite combination to produce these appearances. Thus we see that free-will, for the Muslim scholastics, is simply the presence, in the mind of man, of this choice created there by God. Further, it will be observed, how completely this annihilates the machinery of the universe. There is no such thing as law, and the world is sustained by a constant, ever-repeated miracle. Miracles and what we regard as the ordinary operations of nature are on the same...
Halaman 315 - ... who have no guardians, and dividing booty. And it is necessary that the leader should be visible, not hidden and expected to appear (muntazar), and that he should be of the tribe of Quraysh and not of any other. And he is not assigned exclusively to the sons of Hashim nor to the children of Ali. And it is not a condition that he should be protected by God from sin (isma), nor that he should be the most excellent of the people of his time, but it is a condition that he should have administrative...
Halaman 304 - We witness that He is a Wilier of the things that are, a Director of the things that happen ; there does not come about in the world seen or unseen, little or much, small or great, good or evil, advantage or disadvantage, faith or unbelief, knowledge or ignorance, success or loss, increase or diminution, obedience or rebellion, except by His will. What He wills is, and what He wills not is not.
Halaman 304 - ... escapes His grasp and the mutations of things are not distant from His power ; the things which He hath decreed cannot be reckoned and the things which He knoweth have no end. We witness that He knoweth all the things that can be known, comprehending that which happeneth from the bounds of the earths unto the topmost heavens ; no grain in the earth or the heavens is distant from His knowledge. Yea, He knows the creeping of the black ant upon the rugged rock in a dark night, and He perceives the...
Halaman 242 - But it will have been noticed that in none of the four phases was he a pioneer. He was not a scholar who struck out a new path, but a man of intense personality who entered on a path already trodden and made it the common highway. We have here his character. Other men may have been keener logicians, more learned theologians, more gifted saints ; but he, through his personal experiences, had attained so overpowering a sense of the divine realities that the force of his character — once combative...
Halaman 390 - Ph.D., of Yale University IN response to a wide-spread demand for non-technical yet scholarly and reliable guides to the study of the history, literature, and teaching of the Old and New Testaments, and of the contemporary history and literature, this series aims to present in concise and attractive form the results of investigation and exploration in these broad fields. Based upon thoroughly critical scholarship, it will emphasize assured and positive rather than transitional positions. The...
Halaman 367 - OF OMAR KHAYYAM. Printed from the Fifth and last Edition. With a Commentary by HM BATSON, and a Biographical Introduction by ED Ross. Cr.
Halaman 241 - Second, in his teaching and moral exhortations he reintroduced the element of fear. In the Munqidh and elsewhere he lays stress on the need of such a striking of terror into the minds of the people. His was no time, he held, for smooth, hopeful preaching, no time for optimism either as to this world or the next. The horrors of hell must be kept before men; he had felt them himself. We have seen how other-worldly was his own attitude, and how the fear of the Fire had been the supreme motive in his...

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