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Statement of Pipes and other Stock on hand, exclusive of
Tools, January 1, 1854.
- in good order.
66 66 15 Kingston (old), - - - need repairs. For Hydrants. 6 bends, 20 lengtheners, 20 clasps, 34 nipples, 35 Hooper nipples, 29 wastes, 6 valve seats, 13 Lowell composition screws, 60 Kingston screws (old), 100 valve rods (old), 50 caps (old), 75 plug straps (old), 570 lbs. eyes, rings and straps, 50 lbs. chains for caps, 50 lbs. washers, 4 heads (for the Common), 1 New York wharf hydrant, 30 wharf bottoms, 26 wharf cocks, 12 wharf frames and covers.
For Stopcocks. 20 4-inch cast iron caps, 3 4-inch spare sides, 1 4-inch valve and screw, 2 4-inch composition
screws, 3 6-inch composition screws, 1 6-inch valve and screw, 2 12-inch copper caps, 1 12-inch valve and screw, 2 16-inch copper caps, 2 20-inch nuts, 1 24-inch nut, 1 30inch composition nut, 5 sets 36-inch rollers, 11 36-inch stands, 8 sets 36-inch gearing, 300 lbs. bolts, various sizes.
For Service Pipes. 425 square boxes, 70 long boxes, 15 Y boxes, 100 caps, 6 27-inch connection couplings, 4 1-inch flanges, tubes and caps, 20 uprights, 15 l-inch air cocks, 35 l-inch connection couplings, 18 l-inch union cocks, 17 1-inch T cocks, 8 l-inch flange cocks, 38 4-inch Union cocks, 50 2-inch flange cocks, 17 7-inch T cocks, 27 -inch connection couplings, 97 -inch Union cocks, 20 4-inch extra large Union cocks, for repairs, 29 5-inch T cocks, 44 -inch straight cocks, 12 6-inch Y cocks, 310 -inch flange cocks, 41 -inch connection couplings, 50 lbs. old couplings, various kinds.
Water Meters. 25 large size, 51 small size, 2 (small size) out of order, 1 large size power meter, 24 composition locks, 3 2-inch double couplings, 2 14-inch check valves, 21 couplings, 18 connections, 210 lbs. lead pipe and couplings.
Lead Pipe. 1,000 lbs. of 2-inch, 1,000 lbs. of 11-inch, 2,250 lbs. of l-inch, 2,025 lbs. of -inch, 2,000 lbs. of
Consumption of Water.
Daily Average Number of Wine Gallons drawn from the Brookline
1,700,000 5,181,700 7,233,700 8,280,900 8,050,500 10,695,200
5,214,000 7,221,100/8,790,3008,643,600 10,654,200 11,550,000 4,841,200 6,137,900 8,521,100 8,202,200 9,582,100
14,961,000 5,365,2008,048,700 17,903,6001 8,738,500 13,600,000 5,346,100 6,238,400 8,350,000 8,123,400 9,685,300 4,300,000 6,906,500 7,925,000 8,033,100 8,945,900 11,745,200
4,800,000 8,514,200 7,180,200 9,608,000 8,809,200 10,613,800 .14,100.000 18.004 600 7925000lo'
4,100,000 8,004,600 7,235,000 9,409,300 8,461,900 10,028,100 • 4,800,000 6,585,500 7,230,600 7,920,000 8,640,700 9,712,400 . 4,550,000 4,504,300 6,716,600 6,930,000 8,871,100 8,769,800 . 3,800,000 4,960,500 6,473,500 6,637,900 8,624,700 8,030,200 · 3,600,000 5,037,000 7,663,400 7,195,800 9,228,400 10,597,600
Av. for the year, 13,680,000!5,837,900 6,883,800 8,125,800 8,542,300) 9,902,000
Note. In January, February, and December, 1854, a great deal of water was wasted, during the excessive cold, to prevent pipes from freezing. During the latter part of May, and nearly all the month of June, a great waste took place through a “blow off” in Roxbury, which was left partly open without the knowl. edge of the Superintendent.
Similar observations in relation to the years 1849-53 may be found in the last Annual Report.
Compensating Reservoirs. These have been maintained in their usual order during the year. A statement of the amount of water discharged from them, as heretofore made, is not considered important now, since the law suits against the City, connected with these reservoirs and Concord River, have been finally settled.
Rain Gauges. The following is the result of observations made by persons in the employment of the Water Board at Lake Cochituate, in Marlborough, and in Hopkinton ; and by others, who have kindly furnished statements of their observations, and whose names and residences are mentioned.
Monthly Fall of Rain in Inches, in 1854.
Complaints of Bad Water. Until about the middle of October, nothing unusual in this respect was known. Occasionally, persons living in courts, or other places where the circulation is imperfect, complained that the men employed in “ blowing off” did not get round often enough; while in one instance, at least, the blowing off was considered a nuisance. Towards the latter part of October, complaints of bad water, pronounced by many to have a fishy taste, became very general. The usual remedy for getting rid of fish, when known to be in the pipes, was resorted to. The large “ blow offs” around the City were opened twice ; and the pipes in neighborhoods where the water was most complained of flushed out; but, with one exception (near the foot of Summer Street), the complaints were greater after the flushing than before. This led to an examination of the water at the Lake itself, which was found to possess the precise taste complained of so much in the City. In consequence of this discovery, the attempt to remove the evil in the City by flushing was considered not
only useless, but pernicious. It is a remarkable fact that, as a general thing, where there is the poorest circulation, the water, for two or three months past, has had the best taste. Take, for instance, the end of the pipe on the mill dam, and the one at the foot of Marion Street.
The cause of this unexpected and disagreeable change in the taste of the water, and its probable duration, are yet unexplained to the satisfaction of most persons. The analyses and the observations of Dr. Jackson and Prof. Horsford render any speculations here useless. As a practical illustration of the difficulties attending the solution of this question, four specimens, drawn yesterday from the three divisions of the Lake, and from Dug Pond, are presented. They show a most unexpected similarity of taste between the water of the northern division of the Lake, and that of Dug Pond; and also a similarity between the water of the middle division of the Lake and that of the southern, which is much pleasanter than the water of the northern division, or that of Dug Pond. The specimen from Dug Pond, as will be seen marked on the bottle, was taken from a depth of about 25 feet below the surface. The water at the surface of this pond was perfectly free from any unpleasant taste at the time the specimen presented was pumped up.
Mr. Carpenter, the Superintendent of the Albany City Water Works, has kindly consented that any part, or the whole of the accompanying letters relative to a similar bad taste in the water of that City in 1853, may be published.
Surveys and Plans. No surveys of importance have been made during the year.
The plans showing the distributing pipes in the City are to be revised in a few days, so as to show all the pipes laid to the close of 1854, together with the changes and improvements made in streets, wharves &c., during the last three years.