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be elected by the electors of the state at large, and their terms of office, except of those chosen at the first election, as hereinafter provided, shall be six years. How classified. SEC. 5. The judges of the Supreme court shall, immediately after the first election under this constitution, be classified by lot, so that one shall hold his office for the term of two years, one for the term of four years, and one for the term of six years. chief justice. SEC. 6. The judge of the supreme court having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office by appointment or election to fill a vacancy, shall be the chief justice, and as such shall preside at all terms of the Supreme court; and in case of his absence, the judge having in like manner the next shortest term' to serve, shall preside in his stead. who not eligi. SEC. 7. No person shall be eligible to the *** office of judge of the supreme court unless he shall be at least thirty years of age, and a citizen of the United States; nor unless he shall have resided in this state at least three years next preceding his election. SEC. 8. There shall be appointed by the supreme court a reporter, who shall also act as clerk of the Supreme court, and librarian of the law and miscellaneous library of the state, whose term of office shall be four years, unless sooner removed by the court, whose salary shall be fixed by law, not to exceed fifteen hundred dollars per annum. The copyright of the state reports shall forever belong to the state. (15 Nob., 6S8.)
Reporter of supreme court.
SEc. 9. The district courts shall have both chancery and common law jurisdiction, and such other jurisdiction as the legislature may provide, and the judges thereof may admit persons charged with felony to a plea of guilty, and pass such sentence as may be prescribed by law. (3 Neb., 115; 4 Neb., 576, 586; 6 Neb., 66, 84; 13 Neb., 398.)
Jurisdiction of district courts.
SEC. 10. The state shall be divided into six sou dis
judicial districts, in each of which shall be
Valley, and the unorganized territory west of said district. (11 Neb., 16; 12 Neb., 381, 387. (See act changing judicial districts, Session Laws 1883, chap. 37. p. 218.)
*śa. SEC. 11. The legislature, whenever two-thirds of the members elected to each house shall concur therein, may, in or after the year one thousand eight hundred and eighty, and not oftener than once in every four years, increase the number of judges of the district courts, and the judicial districts of the state. Such districts shall be formed of compact territory, and bounded by county lines; and such increase, or any change in the boundaries of a district, shall not vacate the office of any judge.
Judges to hold SEC. 12. The judges of the district courts
courts for each
other. may hold courts for each other, and shall do so when required by law. (8 Neb., 484; 14 Neb., 539.)
jo" SEC. 13. The judges of the supreme and
district courts shall each receive a salary of $2,500 per annum, payable quarterly. Noon. SEc. 14. No judge of the supreme or district courts shall receive any other compensation, perquisite or benefit for or on account of his office in any form whatsoever, nor act as attorney or counselor-at-law, in any manner whatever; nor shall any salary be paid to any county judge. County judge. SEC. 15. There shall be elected in and for each organized county, one judge, who shall be judge of the county court of such county, and whose term of office shall be two years. (15 Neb., 11.)
SEC. 16. County courts shall be courts of record, and shall have original jurisdiction in all matters of probate, settlements of estates of deceased persons, appointment of guardians and settlement of their accounts, in all matters relating to apprentices, and such other jurisdiction as may be given by general law. But they shall not have jurisdiction in criminal cases in which the punishment may exceed six months imprisonment, or a fine of over five hundred dollars; nor in actions in which title to real estate is sought to be recovered, or may be drawn in question; nor in actions on mortgages or contracts for the conveyance of real estate; nor in civil actions where the debt or sum claimed shall exceed one thousand dollars. (12 Neb., 281; 15 Neb., 11.)
SEC. 17. Appeals to the district courts from the judgments of county courts shall be allowed in all criminal cases, on application of the deiêndant; and in all civil cases, on application of either party, and in such other cases as may be provided by law.
SEC. 18. Justices of the peace and police magistrates shall be elected in and for such districts, and have and exercise such jurisdiction as may be provided by law; Provided, That no justice of the peace shall have jurisdiction of any civil case where the amount in Controversy shall exceed two hundred dollars; nor in a criminal case where the punishment "lay exceed three months imprisonment, or a ine of over one hundred dollars; nor in any latter wherein the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute. (4 Neb., 413.)
Jurisdiction of county courts.
Appeals to . district court.
Jurisdiction of justices of the peace.
...” SEC. 19. All laws relating to courts shall be
general and of uniform operation, and the Or. ganization, jurisdiction, powers, proceedings and practice of all courts of the same class or grade, | * so far as regulated by law and the force and so effect of the proceedings, judgments and decrees | of such courts severally shall be uniform. A | * Neb., 412.) - -- * * Termiotomee SEC. 20. All officers provided for in this article lo shall hold their offices until their successors shall 4. be qualified, and they shall respectively reside in the district, county or precinct for which lo they shall be elected or appointed. The terms Y. of office of all such officers, when not otherwise prescribed in this article, shall be two years. All officers, when not otherwise provided for in this article, shall perform such, duties and receive such compensation as may be provided by | law. (4 Neb. 413; 15 Neb. 85.) of vacancies in SEC. 21. In case the office of any judge of ###" the supreme court, or of any district court, shall || become vacant before the expiration of the regu. lar term for which he was elected, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the governor, until a successor shall be elected and qualified, and such successor shall be elected for the unexpired term at the first general election that occurs more than thirty days after the vacancy shall have happened. Vacancies in all other elective offices provided for in this article, shall be filled by election, but when the unexpired term does not exceed one year, the vacancy may be filled by appointment, in such manner as the legislature may provide.