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These War-like Expeditions often prov'd Troublesom to the Colonies of Virginia and Maryland; for not only the Indians who were Friends to those Colonies, became Victims to the Fury of the Five Nations, but the Christian Inhabitants likewise were involv'd often in the same Calamity.

For this reason about the year 1677. the Government of Maryland sent Coll. Coursey to Albany to make a League of Friendship between Virginia and Maryland on the one part, and the Five Nations on the other;"" but this League was soon shaken by some Parties of the Oneydoes, Onondagas and Sennekas, who were out when this Covenant was made, and were ignorant of it. One of these Parties met with the Susquehana Indians," who were in Friendship with Maryland, and fell upon them, kill'd four, and took fix Prisoners. Five of these Prisoners fell to the share of the Sennekas, who, as soon as they arriv'd in their Country, sent them back with Presents, to shew that they kept to their League with Maryland; but the Oneydoes detain'd the Prisoner they had.

Another Party that went against the Canagelle Indians (Friends of Virginia) were surprized by a Troop of Virginia Horse, who kili'd one Man and took a Woman Prisoner. The Indians in Revenge kill'd four of the

Inhabitants, and carried away their Scalps, with fix Christian Prisoners."

The Mohawks all this while kept themselves strictly to their League, and suffered none. of their Indians to go towards Virginia and Maryland.

There is reason to think that the Dutch, who lived at ScheneEtady at that time, spirited up the Indians against the English; For the Commander at Albany hearing that the Five Nations, (the Oneydoes especially) were in an Alarm from some Jealousy that they had entertain'd of the English at New-York sent Arnout and Daniel, two Interpreters of the Indian Language, to perswade them to come to Albany, in order to be assured of the English Friendship, and to have their Jealousy remov’d. Which the Interpreters having happily brought to pass, Swerisse, one of the chief Men or Sachims of the Oneydoes excus'd his Country-men at Albany, the 15th of February 1678,9. as follows,

Father Corlaer; “VVE are now come to spea kto you of

V some strange Occurences that have “ lately happened.

“Last Harvest one of our Indians, call’d, “ Treubtanendo, went to Schene£tady to buy “goods; he was told of the Mischief we had

“done “ done in Virginia; To which the People of ScheneEtady added, That the English of this “Government were very Angry, and that “ they would kill us.

“Soon afterwards another of our Indians, “call’d, Adagounwa, went to Schenettady, in “his way to Albany; He was told by the “People there. That if he went forward to Albany he might fing to Morrow, for the English there would bind and kill him ; “Whereupon he and another Indian immedi“ately returned, and brought this Report to “ to our Castle at Oneido.

“But we now see the Governors good heart, “ notwithstanding of all this bad News.

“At last the People of ScheneEtady told five “ of our Indians, who intended for Albany, “ That if they went forward they would all “be Dead Men ; upon which one run im“mediately back, but the other four went or forward. This Man, (who is called Ounwabrarihta) told us, That the other four “Men were taken by the English, and that two “ or three hundred Men were upon their way “ to fight us. Upon hearing of this, I ac“knowledge, that though I, Swerisse, be a “ Sachem, I left the Affair wholly to our “Soldiers, seeing that they were Soldiers “who came against us; Whereupon our Men “immediately Resolv'd to Fortifie the Castle.

" While

“While this was doing the War-Shout was “raised. Our Men call’d out, That Horse-men came against us; Now we shall be put to it. “These prov'd to be the two Interpreters, “who being receiv'd into the Castle, our “young Soldiers, whose Spirits had been ve“hemently raised, run round them with their “Hatchets in their hands, threatning to kill “them. But I, Swerisse, did what I could to “pacifie our Men, and told the Messengers, That we would hear them to Morrow.

Father Corlaer; We desire that your Anger “may be appeased, and that your Mind may “be quieted. We give no credit to the “stories which our Indians brought us from Schenettady, and we shall not believe any “ such Stories for the future Seeing all of us “ to the Westward, ev’n from New-řork to the Sennekas, are under one Government, Why “is ScheneEtady the only bad place? for We “hold firmly to the Old Covenant. Then he gave a Belt of Wampum (d)


(d) Wampum is the current Money among the Indians, it is made of the large Whelk Shell (Briccinum) and shaped like long Beads. With this, put upon strings, they make these Belts, which they give in all their Treaties, as signs of Confirmation, to remain with the other Party. The Wampum is of two sorts, viz. W bite and Black; the Black is the rarest, and most valuable. By a regular mixing of


He in the next place gave an account of what had happened in Virginia, And then said, “ Father Corlaer ;

“Have Pity on our Indian Prisoners, as “We have had on these Prisoners (viz. A Woman and her two Children) “which we “now deliver to you, notwithstanding that “they have been giv’n away, according to “our Custom. We pray therefore his Honour to take Pity on our People that a re “Prisoners, especially on the Indian Woman, “his Kins-Woman, whom he hath adopted as “a Grand-Child. Let them be Released, if • alive, otherwise give us some of the Canaftoga Indians in their room. As to the other “ three Christian Prisoners, the Woman and “her two Children that are yet with us, We “ desire first to have our Indians Restored, “or others in their room, before they be De“livered.

the Black and White they diftinguish their Belts with various Figures, which they often suit to the Occasion of making use of them. Wompum is called Zewant by the Dutch in this Province.

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