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French, in saving the French that were Prisoners from the Cruelty of the Indians, as before observed.

In 1664. New-York was taken by the English, who immediately entred into an Alliance and Friendship with the Five Nations, which has continued without the least Breach to this Day. History, I am afraid, cannot inform us of an Instance of the Most Christian or Most Catholick King Observing a League so strictly, and for so long a time as these Barbarians have done.

Both the English and French (Peace being every where settled) endeavour to extend their Commerce and Alliances among the Indians which lie to the Westward of New-York. The French in their Measures discover'd a Design of Conquering and Commanding ; for Mr. de Frontenac, who had succeeded in the Government of Canada in the Year 1672, perswaded the Indians to allow him to build a Fort at Cadarackui, under the Notion of a Store for Merchandize and security for his Traders, and under the same pretence built small Forts at some other eonsiderable Passes far in the Country.

The English and Dutch Prosecuted their Measures only with the Arts of Peace, by sending People among the Indians to gain their Affections, and to perswade them to come to Albany to Trade ; but evón these honest



Part I. Indian Nations.

27 Designs met with Obstruction, and had not so considerable Success, by reason of the War with the Dutch, as otherwise they might have had; for in the Year 1674. New-York being Surpriz'd by the Dutch, and Restor'd, the alterations in Government and of Masters, obstructed very much the designs of gaining the Indians. Their Trade was likewise considerably hindred by the War, which the Five Nations had with the (c) River Indians, which forced many of the River Indians to seek shelter among the Utawawas, who fell under the French Government.

At last the English, Dutch and French having made Peace in Europe, and the Governor of New-York likewise having obtain'd a Peace between the Five Nations and Mabikanders or River Indians, the English and French were at full liberty to prosecute their designs of extending their Commerce among the Indians, which both did with very considerable success and advantage to the Inhabitants of their Colonies.

But this Justice must be done to the French, that they far exceeded the English in the daring attempts of some of their Inhabitants, in travelling very far among unknown InD 2


(c) The Indians living on the Banks of Hudjons River within or near the English Settlements.

dians, discovering new Countries, and every where spreading the Fame of the French Name and Grandeur, by making themselves the Arbitrators in all difference between the Indian Nations. The Sieur Perot deserves to be remember'd, who pushed his Discoveries as far as the Putewatemies and Indians living round the farther Lakes, with the greatest Fatigues and Danger. He acquired the Languages of many Nations, and brought them to Canada to Trade, before the Peace was made with the Five Nations. In the Year 1667 he accomparied the Officer that was sent to the Fall of St. Mary, to take Possession of all that Country, in the name of the French King, in the presence of many of the Sachems of the Nations that liv'd round the Lakes, where there was an Alliance agree'd to with

the French, but (ev’n by the French Books) · no Subjection was Promised.

In the Year 1697.* Mr. De la Sale built a Sloop or Bark of fixty Tons on Ohlwego Lake," and provided her with great Guns. He carried this Vefsel as far as Misilimackinack, and there loaded her with Furrs and Skins, and then went on the Discovery of the Misisipi. He only left five or fix French on board to carry her back to Oniagara : But the Indians entertain'd such a Jealousy of this floating Castle, that they resolv'd secretly to destroy

it, tho' they exprest nothing to Mr. De la Sale, but Admiration of the extraordinary Machine, and sent for all the Nations round to come to seee it. When they were together they consulted how to surprize and destroy it; and this design they kept so secret, not only before the Execution, that Mr. De la Sale had no suspicion of it, but afterwards likewise, for it was long before it was known what bceame of this Vessel. At first they thought of killing all the French among them, and throwing themselves on the English for their Protection ; but their Courage fail'd them. They thought they might act with more security after Mr. De la Sale and his Company should be gone on their intended Discoveries. The French having no suspicion of their designs, permitted a Number of Indians to come on board in a Bay where the Bark came to an Anchor, in her return, and the Indians taking advantage of their Nunbers, and the security of the French, murder'd the Men and burnt the Vessel.38

The Courage and Resolution of these Gentlemen ought to be taken Notice of, for their Honour, notwithstanding that the English say, that the Barrenness and Poverty of Canada pushes the Men of Spirit there


upon Enterprizes they would not attempt if they liv'd in the Province of New-York.


The Affairs of the Five Nations with the Neigh

bouring English Colonies.

THe Five Nations being now amply sup

ply'd with Fire-Arms and Ammunition," give full swing to their War-like Genius, and therefore resolv'd to Revenge the Affronts they had at any time receiv'd from their Neighbours. The nearest Nations as they were attackt, commonly flying to those that were further off, the Five Nations pursued This, together with a desire they had of Conquering and of making all the Nations round them their Tributaries, or to acknowledge the Five Nations to be their Masters, made the Five Nation over-run the greatest part of NorthAmerica. They carried their Arms as far South as Carolina, and to the Northward of NewEngland, and as far West as the River Misisipi, over a vast Country which extends 1200 Miles in Length, from North to South, and about fix hundred Miles in Breadth, and entirely Destroyed many Nations that made Refiftance,


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