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by Force ; for they Poison'd all the Provifions. This was discover'd to them by an old Quatoghie, who had a Son Prisoner among the Five Nations. His affection for his Son overcame his hatred to his Country's Enemies. This Treachery enraged the Five Nations against the Putewatemies, and the Neighbouring Nations, but Famine obliged them to return at this time, and to seperate their Army into Parties, the better to provide for their Subsistence by Hunting. One of these Parties fell in with a Village of the Chichtaghicks (call'd by the French, Ilinois) and surpriz'd the old Men, Women and Children, when the young men were abroad Hunting, but they upon their return gather'd all the rest of the Villages, pursued the party of the Five Nations, and recover'd the Prisoners."

This was the first time that the Five Nations had appear'd in those Parts, but their Name was become so Terrible, that the Chicktaghicks, notwithstanding of this Advantage, left their Country, and Aed to the Nations that lived Westward, till the general Peace was settled by the French, and then they return'd to their own Country.



Their Wars and Treaties of Peace with the French,

from 1665. to 1683. and their Affairs with New-York in that Time.

TN June, 1665, Mons. de Trasi being ApI pointed Vice-Roy of America, arrived at Quebeck, after he had visited all the Iflands in the West-Indies, and brought with him four Companies of Foot. In September of the same year Mr. Coursel arrived with the Commission of Governor General of Canada, with eleven Vessels, which transported a Regiment, and several Families, with all things necessary for the establishing of a Colony. The French Force being thus so considerably augmented, he refolved in the Winter to send out a Party against the Mohawks, which by the Cold, and their not knowing the use of Snow-Shoes, suffered very much, without doing any thing against the Enemy.

This Party fell in with ScheneEtady, a small Town which Corlaer (a considerable Man among the Dutch)" had then newly settled. When they appear'd near Schenectady they were almoft kill'd with Cold and Hunger, and the Indians, who then were in that Village,


had entirely finished their Ruin, if Corlaer, (in Compassion of fellow Christians) had not contriv'd their escape. He had a mighty Influence over the Indians, and it is from him that all the Governors of New-York are call’d Corlaer by the Indians to this Day, tho' he himself never was Governor. He perswaded the Indians that this was but a small Party of the French Army, come to amuse them, that the great Body was gone directly towards their Castles, and that it was necessary for them immediately to go in Defence of their Wives and Children : which they did. As soon as the Indians were gone, he sent to the French, and supply'd them with Provisions to carry them back. The French Governor, in order to Reward so signal a Service, invited Corlaer to Canada, and, no doubt, with design to make use of his Interest with the Indians in some Project, in favour of the French Colony ; but as he went through the Lake (by the French call'd Champlain) his Canoe was Overset, and he drowned. From this Accident that Lake has ever since been call'd Corlaers Lake by the People of New-York.

There is a Rock in this Lake, on which the Waves dash and Ay up to a very great height, when the Wind blows strong; the Indians fancy, that an Old Indian lives under this Rock, who has the Power of the Winds,


up hints to this ookjefted at det (say the

and therefore as they pass this Rock in their Voyages through this Lake, they always throw a Pipe or some Tobacco, or something else to this Old Indian, and pray a favourable Wind. The English that often pass with them, sometimes laugh at them; but they are sure to be told of Corlaers Death with a grave air. Your great Country-man Corlaer ( say they) as be passed by this Rock, jested at our Fathers making Presents to this Old Indian, and in derifion turn'd up bis Back-side towards the Rock, but this Affront cost him his Life.

But the next Spring the Vice-Roy and the Governor, with 28 Companies of Foot, and all the Inhabitants of the Colony, marched into the Country of the Mohawks, with a design to destroy this Nation, which by the War not only prevented their Commerce with other Indians, but even prevented the Settlement of the Colony. This certainly was a bold Attempt, to march thus above 250 Leagues from Quebeck, through unknown Forrests ; but all they were able to do, was to burn some of their Villages, and to Murder some Old Men, that (like the Old Roman Senators) would rather dye than desert their Houses.

This Expedition. however, gave the Five Nations Apprehensions they had not before; for they never before that saw so great a Number of Europeans, whose Fire-Arms were ex



treamly Terrible, and they therefore thought proper to send and beg a Peace, which was concluded in 1667.

But they being naturally very Enterprizing and Haughty, a Party of the Five Nations met with a Party of the French a hunting, and quarrelled with them. The French Author does not inform us of the particulars: But it seems the Indians had the Advantage, for they kill'd several of the French and carried one Prisoner into their own Country. Mons. De Coursel sent to Threaten the Five Nations with War, if they did not deliver up these Murderers.

The Five Nations being at this time apprehensive of the French Power, sent Agariata, the Captain of the Company that did the Mischief, with forty others, to beg Peace; but Mr. Coursel was resolved to make an Example of Agariata. He therefore ordered him to be Hang’d, in the Presence of his Country-men," which kind of Death they having never seen before, it struck them with Terror,& the French, think that this Severity was a great means of preserving the Peace till the year 1683.

The Dutch having settled New-York in 1609. (which they call’d the New-Netherlands) they enter'd into an Alliance with the Five Nations, which continued without any Breach on either side," and were frequently useful to the



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