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French || in that part of the World || With || Particular Accounts of their Religion, Manners, Customs, Laws, and || Forms of Government; their Several Battles and Treaties with || the European Nations; their Wars with the other Indians; and || a true Account of the present State of our Trade with them. || In which are shewn, || The great Advantage of their Trade and Alliance to the British || Nation, and the Intrigues and Attempts of the French to engage || them from us; à Subject nearly concerning all our American || Plantations, and highly meriting the Attention of the British || Nation at this Juncture. || By the Honourable CadwALLADER COLDEN, EsQ; One of his Majesty's Counsel, and Surveyor-General || of New-York. || To which are added, Accounts of the several other Nations of Indians in North-America, their Numbers, Strength, &c. and the Treaties which have been lately made with them. || In Two VOLUMES || The Third EDITION || LONDON: || Printed for Lockyer Davis, at Lord Bacon's Head, in Fleet-street; J. Wren, in Salisburycourt; and J. Ward in Cornhill, opposite the Royal Exchange. || MDCCLV.

Title. Verso blank. iii-viii. Dedication « To the Honourable

General Oglethorpe." ix-xii. The Preface to the First Part.


The Contents, 4 pp., without folios.-Map. (1)-(20). The Introduction. 21-93. The History. 94-96. Part II. The Preface. 97-213. The History &c. 214. Title, “Papers relating,” &c. 215-258. Text. 259–260. A Vocabulary.

Sigs. A2—M.
Volume II.
Title. Verso blank.

Contents. Verso blank. 1-44. The Treaty, &c. 45. A treaty held at the town, &c. Verso

blank. 46–116. Text. 117. Title. “A Treaty between his Excel

lency the Honourable George Clin


118–161. Text. 162. Blank. 163. Title. “A Collection of Charters,”

&c. 164-251. Text.

Sigs. B-M.

This edition is so absolute a reprint of that of 1747 that what is said of one will apply to the other; the division of the contents in the two volume edition being apparently the only change. This catalogue of the various contents of

the the volume shows that the edition of 1747 contains much more than the New York edition. Besides the new Introduction, written by Colden, and his second Part, with its preface, which he transmitted to Collinson, it contains also the pamphlet suggested by Colden. The treaties with the Five Nations which follow may have been sent by Colden, as Collinson in one of his letters notes the arrival of a treaty just in season to print. But the series of papers relating to Pennsylvania were certainly never suggested by the author. Franklin on receiving a copy denounced it in a letter to Colden. He mentions this conduct of Osborne, “which," says he, “I think was not fair, but 'tis a common trick of booksellers.” (Letter to Colden, October, 1747.)

If we proceed now to examine the volume in detail we are met by a series of changes, abridgments and extensions that require explanation.

The long title, with its geographical blunder, putting the Five Nations in Canada, is of course not Colden's. He certainly would not so have yielded to French claims as to bring the Canada border so near Albany. A letter of Collinson's in the Colden papers says, that Dr. Mitchell, a friend of Dr. Colden's, “ assisted in drawing up the title

page.” page." The author himself, in a letter to Collinson, suggested altering the title page so as to read: “Wherein is shown how advantageous the Friendship of these Nations is to the Settlement and Trade of the Brittish subjects all over North America, and what pains the French have taken to withdraw their affection from the English. A matter which may deserve attention at a Time when a Treaty of Peace and Commerce may be expected between Great Brittain and France.” He adds: “This I propose for the benefit of the Printer, for otherwise I dislike promising Title pages.”

Colden's dedication to Governor Burnet was merited and happy, but it is utterly impossible to suppose that he would address to General Oglethorpe, interested solely in the most remote of the British colonies on the coast, the same language, with trifling changes. What sense is there in the member of the Council of New York complimenting Oglethorpe on his applying his thoughts to Indian affairs, and telling him “not only the present generation will enjoy the benefit of your care, but our latest Posterity bless your Memory for that Happiness the Foundation of which was laid under your Care &c.? The few changes of "your Excellency” to “your Judgment,” “Excellency's Administration” to “endeav


ors,” “the Governor of New York” to "every Governor in America,” “your own". to “one,” do not prevent the absurdity of the whole Dedication as addressed to Oglethorpe.

The real Dedication ends with expressions of gratitude, which are omitted.

As to this new dedication, the Colden papers give further revelations. “The dedication,” says Collinson, in a letter of August 3d, 1747, “was made without my leave or consent, which makes me uneasie. I was out of Town and Mr. Osbourn was in hast to publish, and so it happened, or else the pron I should have chosen would have been Lord Lonsdale.” Colden himself seems to have proposed no change in this part, and anticipated none. The changes in the title and dedication are therefore certainly not by Colden. There are also alterations in the Preface, Introduction and first Part, of which some note is here given. A manuscript book in a substantial pigskin cover, preserved in the New York Historical Library, contains the second Part from about the middle of the fourth chapter to the end, together with the Preface to the Second Part and the revised Introduction. These papers coincide with those in the edition of 1747 ; but there is no reference to alterations in the Preface


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