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The public moneys..

1047

Appropriations

1061

The Public Debt..

1076

TITLE 32-NATIONAL GUARD..

1076
TITLE 33-NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS:
Flood Control...........

1077

TITLE 34-NAVY:

Naval property, stores, supplies, and contracts.

1086

The Marine Corps......

1086

Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve.

1087

TITLE 35—PATENTS:

Patents

1089

TITLE 36—PATRIOTIC SOCIETIES AND OBSERVANCE:
National Observances...

1100
TITLE 38—PENSIONS, BONUSES AND VETERANS' RELIEF:
World War II servicemen's readjustment benefits...

1101

TITLE 39—THE POSTAL SERVICE:

Franking privilege.........

1103

TITLE 40—PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PROPERTY, AND WORKS:

Public buildings, grounds, parks, and wharves in District of

Columbia

1108

Public buildings and works generally.

1112
The public property..

1125
Hours - of labor on public works...

1132
Emergency public works and construction projects...

1136
TITLE 41—PUBLIC CONTRACTS:
General provisions.....

1138
Termination of war contracts.........

1152

TITLE 42—THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE:

The Public Health Service......

1179

TITLE 43—PUBLIC LANDS:

Geological Survey......

1181

Registers

1181

Withdrawal from settlement, location, sale or entry.

1182

Timber and stone lands..

1183

Grazing lands.

1184

Reclamation and irrigation of lands by Federal Government.

1185

Rights-of-way and other easements in public lands..

1185

Unlawful inclosures or occupancy; obstructing settlement or

transit

1194

TITLE 44—PUBLIC PRINTING AND DOCUMENTS:

Joint Committee on printing; general powers; contracts...

1196

Government Printing Office.

1196

Superintendent of documents; distribution of documents in

general

1197

Printing and binding generally.

1200

Congressional printing in general..

1201

Congressional records, bills, and laws..

1202

Executive and Departmental printing in general.

1203

Particular reports and documents.

1208

National Archives..

1210

Federal Register.

1211

Advertisements

1216

Disposition of records..

1217

TITLE 45-RAILROADS:

Care of animals in transit...

1220

TITLE 46—SHIPPING:

Transportation of passengers and merchandise by steam vessels.... 1222
Merchant Marine Act, 1936...........

1222
Page

1223

1225

1225

1227

1227
1228

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1235

1243

1244

1245

1261

1272

1275

1290

1297
1301
1311
1316
1316
1318
1341

1453

FOREWORD

The first edition of “The Laws Applicable to the United States Department of Agriculture" was published in 1908 to fill a need for a book of reference containing all federal laws relating to agriculture. Three revised editions of the work have been published and its usefulness has been fully demonstrated. During the ten years since the last edition was published highly important and extensive changes have taken place in legislation affecting agriculture. A new edition of this work has become a necessity.

The editing and publication of this edition has been undertaken with the purpose of improving the general usefulness of the work. Helpful suggestions have been received and are gratefully acknowledged. Two principal changes have been made. First, the system of organization employed in the United States Code has been adopted. Reference to titles and sections now correspond and the same method of citation may be employed. Title 60, containing statutes of interest to the Department, including current appropriations, has been added. Secondly, provision for the inclusion of annual pocket supplements will serve to keep the edition up to date as a practical legislative reference work. This edition, in two volumes, includes all laws relating to agriculture, including those enacted by the 78th Congress, applicable portions of reorganization plans under the 1939 Reorganization Act, and pertinent Executive Orders bearing upon the organization of the Department of Agriculture. To facilitate reference, in addition to a subject index, all statutes administered by each bureau or agency are listed together.

The work of all those who assisted in the preparation and publication of this revised edition is gratefully acknowledged.

VIII

We the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America,

Article I SECTION 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

SEC. 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen,

Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the First Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, RhodeIsland and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, NewYork six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

SEC. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for Six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen

1

every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies,

No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States : but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

SEC. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.

SEC. 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.

Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.

Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members in either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.

Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

SEC. 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases. except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged

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