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printed and distributed on or before the twelfth day of each month, and shall embrace statements of the conditions of crops by States, in the United States, with such explanations, comparisons, and information as may be useful for illustrating the above matter, and it shall be submitted to and officially approved by the Secretary of Agrictulture before being issued or published. (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 301, 35 Stat. 1053; Mar. 4, 1917, ch. 179, 39 Stat. 1157.)

§ 411b. Estimates of apple production.--Estimates of apple production shall be confined to the commercial crop. (June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 968; June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 555.)

REPEATED.-Act July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 430; act July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 687; act July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 398.

§ 414. Investigation and certification of condition, etc., of farm products offered for interstate shipment; reimbursement of employees for use of private vehicles.--The Secretary, independently and in cooperation with other branches of the Government, State agencies, purchasing and consuming organizations, boards of trade, chambers of commerce, or other associations of businessmen or trade organizations, and persons or corporations engaged in the production, transportation, marketing, and distribution of farm and food products, whether operating in one or more jurisdictions, is authorized to investigate and certify to shippers and other interested parties the class, quality, and condition of cotton, tobacco, fruits, and vegetables, whether raw, dried, or canned, poultry, butter, hay, and other perishable farm products when offered for interstate shipment or when received at such important central markets as the Secretary may from time to time designate, or at points which may be conveniently reached therefrom under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, including payment of such fees as will be reasonable and as nearly as may be to cover the cost for the service rendered: Provided, That officers and employees who, under proper authorization, use privately owned motor vehicles in the performance of official travel within the corporate limits of their official stations for the purpose of inspecting and grading farm and food products and the supervision thereof at points located within the said corporate limits may be reimbursed for such travel at a rate not to exceed 3 cents per mile: Provided further, That certificates issued by the authorized agents of the Department shall be received in all courts of the United States as prima facie evidence of the truth of the statements therein contained. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421; $ 1,54 Stat. 555; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 431; July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 687; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 421; June 28, 1944, ch. 296, § 1, 58 Stat. 453.)

§ 415. Purchase of seeds and plants for distribution.-Purchase and distribution by the Secretary of Agriculture of vegetable, field, and flower seeds, plants, shrubs, vines, bulbs, and cuttings shall be of the freshest and best obtainable varieties, and adapted to general cultivation. (R. S. § 527; Apr. 25, 1896, ch. 140, 29 Stat. 106.)

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§ 415ą. Wool and mohair; sale of practical forms of grades.Practical forms of the grades recommended or promulgated by the Secretary for wool and mohair may be sold under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, and the receipts therefrom deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts. (June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 739.)

SIMILAR PROVISIONS
Text of this section was taken from the Department of Agriculture
Appropriation Act, 1939. Similar provisions were contained in the following
acts:

1937—June 29, 1937, ch. 404, 50 Stat. 424.
1936-June 4, 1936, ch. 489, 49 Stat. 1450.
1935—May 17, 1935, ch. 131, title I, § 1, 49 Stat. 275.
1934-Mar. 26, 1934, ch. 89, 48 Stat. 493.
1933—Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 203, 47 Stat. 1458.
1932—July 7, 1932, ch. 443, 47 Stat. 636.
1931-Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 278, 46 Stat. 1268.
1930-May 27, 1930, ch. 341, 46 Stat. 418.
1929-Feb. 16, 1929, ch. 227, 45 Stat. 1212.
1928-May 16, 1928, ch. 572, 45 Stat. 561.
1927-Jan. 18, 1927, ch. 39, 44 Stat. 997.

§ 415b. Wool standards; appropriation of certain funds.—There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for expenditure by the Secretary of Agriculture, for the purposes stated in section 415c of this title, all funds heretofore or hereafter collected by suit, or otherwise, pursuant to appropriations for the completion of the work of the domestic wool section of the War Industries Board, and for enforcing Government regulations for handling the wool clip of 1918 as established by the wool division of said board, pursuant to the Executive order dated December 31, 1918, transferring such work to the Bureau of Markets, now a part of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agriculture, and for continuing as far as practicable the distribution among the growers of the wool clip of 1918 of all sums heretofore or hereafter collected or recovered with or without suit by the Government from all persons, firms, or corporations which handled any part of the wool clip of 1918, which he finds it impracticable to distribute among said growers, provided that not to exceed $50,000 may be expended in any fiscal year. (May 17, 1928, ch. 602, § 1, 45 Stat. 593.)

§ 415c. Same; use made of funds; charge for wool grading and forms of grades.--The funds referred to in section 415b of this title may be used for the purpose of acquiring and diffusing among the people of the United States useful information relative to the standardization, grading, preparation for market, marketing, utilization, transportation, handling, and distribution of wool, and of approved methods and practices relative thereto, including the demonstration and promotion of the use of grades for wool in accordance with standards therefor which the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to establish. Said funds may be used for the grading of wool, and for such grading or other service rendered hereunder reasonable fees may be charged, and Provided further, That hereafter reasonable charges may be made for practical forms of grades for wool. (May 17, 1928, ch. 602, § 2, 45 Stat. 593.)

8 415d. Same; rules and regulations; deposit of receipts. The Secretary of Agriculture may make such rules and regulations as he deems advisable for carrying out any of the provisions of sections 415a and 415b of this title. All receipts hereunder shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts. (May 17, 1928, ch. 602, § 3, 45 Stat. 594.)

§ 415ė. Farm or food products; sale of samples, practical forms, etc.— The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to sell samples, illustrations, practical forms, or sets of the grades recommended or promulgated by him for farm or food products, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, and the receipts therefrom shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous receipts. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title IV, § 401 (a), 58 Stat. 738.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

8 416. Letting contract for packing, etc., of seeds, etc., for distribution. The Secretary of Agriculture, after due advertisement and on competitive bids, is authorized to award the contract for the supplying of printed packets and envelopes and the packeting, assembling, and mailing of the seeds, bulbs, shrubs, vines, cuttings, and plants, or any part thereof, for a period of not more than five years nor less than one year, if by such action he can best protect the interests of the United States. (May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42 Stat. 517.)

§ 417. Distribution of farmers' bulletins. In the distribution of farmers' bulletins, which shall be adapted to the interests of the people of the different sections of the country, an equal proportion of four-fifths shall be delivered to or sent out under the addressed franks furnished by Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress, as such Senators, Representatives, or Delegates shall direct: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture shall notify Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress of the title and character of each such bulletin, with the total number to which each Senator, Representative, and Delegate may be entitled for such distribution; and on the face of the envelope inclosing said bulletins shall be printed the title of each bulletin contained therein: Provided further, That all such bulletins included in the quotas of Senators, Representatives, or Delegates not called for on or before the 31st day of May in each fiscal year shall revert to the Secretary of Agriculture, and be available to him, either for miscellaneous distribution, or in making up congressional quotas for the next fiscal year. (June 30, 1906, ch. 3913, 34 Stat. 690.)

§ 418. Annual report by Secretary on work of agricultural experiment stations and of college extension work; publication and distribution.—There shall be prepared by the Department of Agriculture an annual report on the work and expenditures of the agricultural experiment stations established under sections 362, 363, 365, 368-368c, 377-379 of this title, on the work and expenditures of the Department of Agriculture in connection

therewith, and on the cooperative agricultural extension work and expenditures of the Department of Agriculture and of agricultural colleges under sections 341-343, 344-348 of this title, and there shall be printed annually eight thousand copies of said report, of which one thousand copies shall be for the use of the Senate, two thousand copies for the use of the House of Representatives, and five thousand copies for the use of the Department of Agriculture. (Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 144, 38 Stat. 1110.)

§ 419. Sale by Secretary of Agriculture of products of agricultural experiment station in Puerto Rico; disposition of moneys.The Secretary is authorized to sell such products as are obtained on the land belonging to the agricultural experiment station in Puerto Rico, and the amount obtained from the sale thereof shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts. (June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 536; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 413; July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 670; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 400; June 28, 1944, ch. 296, $ 1, 58 Stat. 432.)

§ 420. Power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, or require production of books, etc.-In the performance of the duties required of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics in the administration or enforcement of provisions of Acts (United States Cotton Futures Act, chapter 14 of Title 26; United States Grain Standards Act, chapter 3 of this title; United States Warehouse Act, chapter 10 of this title; Standard Container Act, Title 15, sections 251-256 and the Acts making annual appropriations for the Department of Agriculture) relating to the Department of Agriculture, the Secretary of Agriculture, or any representative specifically authorized in writing by him for the purpose, shall have power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, and call for the production of books and papers. (July 24, 1919, ch. 26, 41 Stat. 267; May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42 Stat. 532.)

§ 421. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Mandan, North Dakota.-The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at Mandan, North Dakota, a dairying and livestock experiment station, in connection with the Great Plains Experiment Station, for investigations and experiments in the dairy and livestock industries and the problems pertaining to the establishment and development of such industries, and for demonstrations, assistance, and service in livestock breeding, growing, and feeding. (July 3, 1926, ch. 769, § 1, 44 Stat. 840.)

§ 421a. Same; appropriation.This section, act July 3, 1926, ch. 769, § 2, 44 Stat. 840, appropriated $25,000 to effectuate the purposes of section 421 of this title.

$ 422. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Lewisburg, Tennessee.-The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at or near Lewisburg, Tennessee, a dairying station for investigations, experiments, and demonstrations in the dairy industry, and the problems pertaining to the development of such industry in the South, and for investigations; demonstrations, assistance, and service in dairy live stock breeding, growing, and feeding, and dairy products manufacture. (May 29, 1928, ch. 892, § 1, 45 Stat. 981.)

§ 422a. Same; appropriations. There is hereby authorized to be approriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $50,000, to carry out the provisions of section 422 of this title, including the construction of buildings, the acquirement of equipment and apparatus, the purchase of livestock, and the employment of necessary persons; and each fiscal year thereafter necessary appropriations for the maintenance of said station as contemplated by section 422 of this title: Provided, That suitable lands are furnished by the State or other interests. (May 29, 1928, ch. 892, $ 2, 45 Stat. 981.)

§ 423. Cotton; investigation of new uses; cooperation with State and other agencies.—The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce are hereby authorized to engage in technical and scientific research in American-grown cotton and its byproducts and their present and potential uses, including new and additional commercial and scientific uses for cotton and its byproducts, and to diffuse such information among the people of the United States; and the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce or their duly authorized representatives may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, and State, Territory, District, or possession or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person in carrying out the purposes of this section in the District of Columbia and elsewhere. (Apr. 12, 1928, ch. 362, 45 Stat. 426.)

§ 424. Cotton ginning investigations; publication of results; cooperation with Federal and State departments and agencies.The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to investigate the ginning of cotton; to establish and maintain experimental ginning plants and laboratories; and to make such tests, demonstrations, and experiments, and such technical and scientific studies in relation to cotton ginning as he shall deem necessary and to publish the results thereof, with a view to developing improved ginning equipment and encouraging the use of improved methods, and he may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person, as he shall find to be necessary. (Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 203, $ 1,46 Stat. 248.)

§ 425. Same; appropriations.-For the purposes of section 424 of this title there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, after June 30, 1931, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary. (Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 203, § 2,46 Stat. 248.)

§ 426. Predatory and other wild animals; eradication and control; investigations, experiments, and tests by Seeretary of Agriculture; cooperation with other agencies.—The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized and directed to conduct such investigations, experiments, and tests as he may deem necessary in order to determine, demonstrate, and promulgate the best methods of eradication, suppression, or bringing under control on national forests and other areas of the public domain as well as on State, Territory, or privately owned lands of mountain

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