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this title and the markets and places in or near such cities where live poultry is received, sold, and handled in sufficient quantity to constitute an important influence on the supply and price of live poultry and poultry products. On and after the effective date of such designation, which shall be publicly announced by the Secretary by publication in one or more trade journals or in the daily press or in such other manner as he may determine to be adequate for the purpose approximately thirty days prior to such date, no person other than packers as defined in section 191 of this title and railroads shall engage in, furnish, or conduct any service or facility in any such designated city, place, or market in connection with the receiving, buying, or selling, on a commission basis or otherwise, marketing, feeding, watering, holding, delivering, shipping, weighing, unloading, loading on trucks, trucking, or handling in commerce of live poultry without a license from the Secretary of Agriculture as herein authorized valid and effective at such time. Any person who violates any provision of this subsection shall be subject to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment of not more than six months, or both.

(b) Any person desiring a license shall make application to the Secretary, who may by regulation prescribe the information to be contained in such application. The Secretary shall issue a license to any applicant furnishing the required information unless he finds after opportunity for a hearing that such applicant is unfit to engage in the activity for which he has made application by reason of his having at any time within two years prior to his application engaged in any practice of the character prohibited by this chapter or because he is financially unable to fulfill the obligations that he would incur as a licensee. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 502, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 648.)

§ 218b. “Live poultry dealer" defined.—The term "live poultry dealer" means any person engaged in the business of buying or selling live poultry in commerce for purposes of slaughter either on his own account or as the employee or agent of the vendor or purchaser. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, $ 503, as added Aug. 14; 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

§ 218c. Application of other provisions of chapter to this subchapter.—The provisions of sections 206-217, 221, 222, 223, and 224 of this title shall be applicable to licensees with respect to services and facilities covered by this subchapter and the rates, charges, and rentals therefor except that the schedules of rates, charges, and rentals shall be posted in the place of business of the licensee as prescribed in regulations made by the Secretary. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 504, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

§ 218d. Suspension and revocation of licenses.—Whenever the Secretary determines, after opportunity for a hearing, that any licensee has violated or is violating any of the provisions of sections 218-218d of this title, he may publish the facts and circumstances of such violation and by order suspend the license of such offender for a period not to exceed ninety days and if the violation is flagrant or repeated he may by order revoke the

license of the offender. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 505, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

COMMON PROVISIONS $ 221. Accounts and records of business; punishment for failure to keep.—Every packer or any live poultry dealer or handler, stockyard owner, market agency, and dealer shall keep such accounts, records, and memoranda as fully and correctly disclose all transactions involved in his business, including the true ownership of such business by stockholding or otherwise. Whenever the Secretary finds that the accounts, records, and memoranda of any such person do not fully and correctly disclose all transactions involved in his business, the Secretary may prescribe the manner and form in which such accounts, records, and memoranda shall be kept, and thereafter any such person who fails to keep such accounts, records, and memoranda in the manner and form prescribed or approved by the Secretary shall upon conviction be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than three years, or both. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 401, 42 Stat. 168; Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, 503, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

§ 222. Federal Trade Commission powers adopted for enforcement of chapter.–For the efficient execution of the provisions of this chapter, and in order to provide information for the use of Congress, the provisions (including penalties) of sections 46, 48, 49, and 50 of Title 15, are made applicable to the jurisdiction, powers, and duties of the Secretary in enforcing the provisions of this chapter and to any person subject to the provisions of this chapter, whether or not a corporation. The Secretary, in person or by such agents as he may designate, may prosecute any inquiry necessary to his duties under this chapter in any part of the United States. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 402, 42 Stat. 168; Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 503, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

1935 AMENDMENT Act August 14, 1935, cited to text, purported to amend this section by inserting a phrase after word “packer" but word “packer" does not occur in this section.

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

§ 223. Responsibility of principal for act or omission of agent. --When construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any packer or any live poultry dealer or handler, stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer, within the scope of his employment or office, shall in every case also be deemed the act, omission, or failure of such packer, stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer, as well as that of such agent, officer, or other person. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 403, 42 Stat.

168; Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, $ 503, as added Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

8 224. Attorney General to institute court proceedings for enforcement.—The Secretary may report any violation of this chapter to the Attorney General of the United States, who shall cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced and prosecuted in the proper courts of the United States without delay. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 424, 42 Stat. 168; Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, $ 503, as amended Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 532, 49 Stat. 649.)

CROSS REFERENCE
Application to certain licensees, see section 218c of this title.

1935 AMENDMENT Act August 14, 1935, cited to text, purported to amend this section by inserting a phrase after word “packer" but word “packer” does not occur in this section.

$ 225. Other laws unaffected.—Nothing contained in this chapter, except as otherwise provided herein, shall be construed

(a) To prevent or interfere with the enforcement of, or the procedure under, the provisions of sections 1-27, 61-65 of Title 15, or the provisions of chapter 1, Title 49, or

(b) To alter, modify, or repeal such sections or any part or parts thereof, or

(c) To prevent or interfere with any investigation, proceeding, or prosecution begun and pending on August 15, 1921. Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 405, 42 Stat. 168.)

§ 226. Powers of Interstate Commerce Commission unaffected. -Nothing in this chapter shall affect the power or jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission, nor confer upon the Secretary concurrent power or jurisdiction over any matter within the power or jurisdiction of such commission. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, 406, 42 Stat, 169.)

8 227. Powers of Federal Trade Commission restricted. So long as this chapter remains in effect, the Federal Trade Commission shall have no power or jurisdiction so far as relating to any matter which by this chapter is made subject to the jurisdiction of the Secretary except when the Secretary of Agriculture, in the exercise of his duties hereunder, shall request of the said Federal Trade Commission that it make investigations and report in any case. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, $ 406, 42 Stat. 169.)

8 228. General authority of Secretary as to rules, regulations, and expenditures.—The Secretary may make such rules, regulations, and orders as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person; and shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for rent outside

the District of Columbia, printing, telegrams, telephones, law books, books of reference, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses as shall be necessary to the administration of this chapter in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and as may be appropriated for by Congress, and there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for such purpose. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 407, 42 Stat. 169.)

§ 228a. Inspection of livestock, hides, animal products, etc.; place; charges; disposal of funds.—The Secretary of Agriculture upon application of any exporter, importer, packer, or owner of, or the agent thereof, or dealer in, livestock, hides, skins, meat, or other animal products may, in his discretion, cause to be made inspections and examinations at places other than the headquarters of inspectors for the convenience of said applicants, who may be charged for the expenses of travel and subsistence incurred for such inspections and examinations, the funds derived from such charges to be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the appropriation from which the expenses are paid. (Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, § 101 (c), 58 Stat. 734.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 101 (g) of Act Sept. 21, 1944, cited to text, provided that Congress may appropriate such funds as are necessary to accomplish the purpose of this section.

§ 229. Effect of partial invalidity.-If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person of circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. (Aug. 15, 1921, ch. 64, § 408, 42 Stat. 169.)

CHARGE FOR INSPECTION § 231. Fee for inspection of brands appearing upon livestock.

CODIFICATION Section has been eliminated from the Code. It was from provisions of the Agricultural Appropriation Acts cited and repeated in act July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 432; act July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 689. Permanent provisions on this subject are now contained in section 217a of this title.

Chapter 10.-WAREHOUSES § 241. Short title of chapter.-This chapter shall be known by the short title of “United States Warehouse Act." (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 1, 39 Stat. 486.)

§ 242. Terms defined; "warehouse”, “person”, “warehouseman", "receipt.”—The term "warehouse" as used in this chapter shall be deemed to mean every building, structure, or other protected enclosure in which any agricultural product is or may be stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or, if located within any place under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, in which any agricultural product is or may be stored. As used in this chapter, “person" includes a corporation or partnership or two or more persons having a joint or common interest; "warehouseman” means a person lawfully engaged in the business of storing agricultural products; and "receipt" means a warehouse receipt. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch, 313, part C, § 2, 39 Stat. 486; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1282.)

§ 243. Investigation of warehousing, weighing, classifying, and certification of agricultural products; inspection of warehouses; prescribing duties of warehousemen.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to investigate the storage, warehousing, classifying according to grade and otherwise, weighing, and certification of agricultural products; upon application to him by any person applying for license to conduct a warehouse under this chapter, to inspect such warehouse or cause it to be inspected; at any time, with or without application to him, to inspect or cause to be inspected all warehouses licensed under this chapter; to determine whether warehouses for which licenses are applied for or have been issued under this chapter are suitable for the proper storage of any agricultural product or products; to classify warehouses licensed or applying for a license in accordance with their ownership, location, surroundings, capacity, conditions, and other qualities, and as to the kinds of licenses issued or that may be issued for them pursuant to this chapter; and to prescribe, within the limitations of this chapter, the duties of the warehousemen conducting warehouses licensed under this chapter with respect to their care of and responsibility for agricultural products stored therein. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 3, 39 Stat. 486.)

8 244. License to warehouseman generally. The Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, is authorized, upon application to him, to issue to any warehouseman a license for the conduct of a warehouse or warehouses in accordance with this chapter and such rules and regulations as may be made hereunder: Provided, That each such warehouse be found suitable for the proper storage of the particular agricultural product or products for which a license is applied for, and that such warehouseman agree, as a condition to the granting of the license, to comply with and abide by all terms of this chapter and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 4, 39 Stat. 486; Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 366, § 1, 46 Stat. 1463.)

§ 245. Term of license; renewal.-Each license issued under sections 244 and 248 of this title shall terminate as therein provided, or in accordance with the terms of this chapter and the regulations thereunder, and may from time to time be modified or extended by written instrument. (Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, part C, § 5, 39 Stat. 486; Feb. 23, 1923, ch. 106, 42 Stat. 1282.)

8 246. Suspension and revocation of license of warehouseman generally.—The Secretary of Agriculture, or his designated representative, may, after opportunity for hearing has been afforded to the licensee concerned, suspend or revoke any license to any

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