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up steam in boilers used for heating purposes in office buildings, cleaning boilers, and oiling machinery and related apparatus; operating passenger or freight automobiles; packing goods for shipment; supervising a large group of charwomen; running errands and doing light manual or mechanical tasks with some responsibility; carrying important documents from one office to another; or attending the door and private office of a department head or other public officer.

The annual rate of compensation for positions in this grade shall be $1,320, $1,380, $1,440, $1,500, $1,560, and $1,620.

Grade 4 in this service, which may be referred to as the under crafts, protective, and custodial grade, shall include all classes of positions the duties of which are to perform, under general supervision, custodial work of a responsible character, such as guarding office or storage buildings; supervising a small force of unskilled laborers; firing and keeping up steam in heating apparatus and operating the boilers and other equipment used for heating purposes; or performing general, semimechanical, new, or repair work requiring some skill with tools.

The annual rates of compensation for positions in this grade shall be $1,500, $1,560, $1,620, $1,680, $1,740, $1,800, and $1,860.

Grade 5 in this service, which may be referred to as the junior crafts, protective, and custodial grade, shall include all classes of positions the duties of which are to directly supervise a small detachment of watchmen or building guards; to supervise the operation and maintenance of a small heating plant and its auxiliary equipment; or to perform other work of similar character.

The annual rates of compensation for positions in this grade shall be $1,680, $1,740, $1,800, $1,860, $1,920, $1,980, and $2,040.

Grade 6 in this service, which may be referred to as the assistant crafts, protective, and custodial grade, shall include all classes of positions the duties of which are to have general supervision over a small force of watchmen or building guards, or to have direction of a considerable detachment of such employees; to supervise a large force of unskilled laborers; to repair office appliances; or to perform other work of similar character.

The annual rates of compensation for positions in this grade shall be $1,860, $1,920, $1,980, $2,040, $2,100, $2,160, and $2,220.

Grade 7 in this service, which may be referred to as the main crafts, protective, and custodial grade, shall include all classes of positions the duties of which are to supervise the work of skilled mechanics; to supervise the operation and maintenance of a large heating, lighting, and power plant and all auxiliary mechanical and electrical devices and equipment; to assist in the supervision of large forces of watchmen and building guards, or to have general supervision over smaller forces; or to perform other work of similar character.

The annual rates of compensation for positions in this grade shall be $2,040, $2,100, $2,160, $2,220, $2,300, $2,400, and $2,500.

Grade 8 in this service, which may be referred to as the senior crafts, protective, and custodial grade, shall include all classes of positions the duties of which are to direct supervisory and office assistants, mechanics, watchmen, elevator conductors, laborers,

janitors, messengers, and other employees engaged in the custody, maintenance, and protection of a small building, or to assist in the direction of such employees when engaged in similar duties in a large building; to have general supervision over large forces of watchmen and building guards; or to perform other work of equal difficulty and responsibility.

The annual rates of compensation for positions in this grade shall be $2,200, $2,300, $2,400, $2,500, $2,600, $2,700, and $2,800. (Mar. 4, 1923, ch. 265, § 13, 42 Stat. 1491; June 7, 1924, ch. 378, 43 Stat. 669; May 28, 1928, ch. 814, § 1, 45 Stat. 776; July 3, 1930, ch. 850, § 1, 46 Stat. 1003; Aug. 23, 1935, ch. 617, 49 Stat. 724; Aug. 1, 1941, ch. 346, § 4, 55 Stat. 673; Aug. 1, 1942, ch. 543, § 1, 56 Stat. 733.)

AMENDMENTS 1942—Act Aug. 1, 1942, cited to text, amended the compensation paragraphs for grades 1 and 2 of “Subprofessional Service" and also amended the title, opening paragraphs, and grades 1-8 of "Crafts, Protective and Custodial Service."

1941–Act Aug. 1, 1941, cited to text, amended Grades 14 and 15 under "Clerical Administrative, and Fiscal Service” by substituting, “$6,500, $6,750, $7,000, $7,250, $7,500" for “$6,500, $7,000, and $7,500", and "$8,000, $8,250, $8,750, $9,000" for "$8,000, $8,500, and $9,000", respectively. Said act also amended Grades 7 and 8 under “Professional and Scientific Service" by substituting "$6,500, $6,750, $7,000, $7,250, $7,500" for "$6,500, $7,000, and $7,500", and "$8,000, $8,250, $8,500, $9,000" for "$8,000, $8,500, and $9,000," respectively.

ADJUSTMENT OF PAY AND ALLOCATION OF POSITIONS Section 3 of act Aug. 1, 1942, cited to text, provided as follows: "In adjusting initially the rates of pay of employees affected by the provisions of this Act (amending title 5, SS 673, 681, (d) (viii)), the rules prescribed by section 6 of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended (section 666 of this title), shall govern: Provided, That existing allocations of positions previously made by the Civil Service Commission in the custodial service shall be used for initial pay-adjustment purposes under this Act and shall remain in effect until changed by the Civil Service Commission under provisions of this Act: Provided further, That in the case of positions subject to the allocation jurisdiction of the Civil Service Commission, and allocable to new grades six, seven, eight, nine, and ten of the professional and scientific service or new grades thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen of the clerical, administrative, and financial service, no such position shall be allocated to any of such new grades nor any incumbent paid any increased rate under this Act, unless and until the position concerned has been finally allocated to such grade by the Civil Service Commission in accordance with the provisions of this Act: And provided further, That nothing contained in this Act shall operate to decrease the pay of any present employee."

APPROPRIATIONS Sums sufficient to carry out the provisions of act Aug. 1, 1942, cited to text, were appropriated by section 4 of said act.

CROSS REFERENCES Appropriations, repeal, effective date relative to amendment of Aug. 1, 1941, see note under section 667 of this title.

Field positions in grades affected by act Aug. 1, 1942, cited to text, adjustment of compensation by department heads, see note under section 678 of this title.

§ 673b. Ascertainment of facts as to duties and responsibilities of positions; review of allocations; change of allocation as affecting pay of incumbent.-The Civil Service Commission shall have

authority to ascertain currently the facts as to the duties and responsibilities of any such position and to review and, subject to the President's approval, to change the allocation thereof whenever in its opinion, the facts warrant: Provided, That such review and change shall be made only after consultation with the heads of the departments concerned and after affording all incumbents of positions affected an opportunity to be heard, of which hearing a permanent written record shall be made and kept, including all testimony taken: Provided further, That in all cases where the commission shall change the allocation of a position to a lower grade the rate of pay fixed for such position prior to such change may be continued so long as the position is held by the incumbent then occupying it. (July 3, 1930, ch. 850, § 4, 46 Stat. 1005; June 30, 1932, ch. 314, $ 505, 47 Stat. 416.)

ABOLISHMENT OF BOARD The Personnel Classification Board was abolished and its duties, functions, etc., transferred to the Civil Service Commission by act June 30, 1932, cited to text.

673c. Restoration of wage rates; adjustment of weekly rates and hours of employees.—The weekly compensation, minus any general percentage reduction which may be prescribed by Act of Congress, for the several trades and occupations, which is set by wage boards or other wage-fixing authorities, shall be reestablished and maintained at rates not lower than necessary to restore the full weekly earnings of such employees in accordance with the full-time weekly earnings under the respective wage schedules in effect on June 1, 1932: Provided, That the regular hours of labor shall not be more than forty per week; and all overtime shall be compensated for at the rate of not less than time and one half.

Where the adjustment of regular hours of duty of employees subject to the provisions of the preceding paragraph requires the adjustment of regular hours of duty of any employee whose compensation is fixed under sections 661-663, 664-673 and 674 of this title, the aggregate weekly earnings of such employee whose compensation is fixed under sections 661-663, 664-673 and 674 of this title, for full-time service shall not be less by reason of such adjustment than his aggregate weekly earnings for fulltime service prior to March 28, 1934. Full-time service within the meaning of this paragraph shall not be less than forty hours per week. For the purposes of this paragraph, authority is hereby granted to adjust the hourly rates of compensation of employees whose compensation is fixed under sections 661-663, 664-673 and 674 of this title, to such extent as may be necessary to make the aggregate compensation for a forty-hour week equal to the compensation for a full-time week prior to March 28, 1934. (Mar. 28, 1934, ch. 102, title II, § 23, 48 Stat. 522; June 26, 1936, ch. 832, § 1, 49 Stat. 1969.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section 2 of act June 26, 1936, ch. 832, cited to the text, provided that the second paragraph of this section should become effective on July 1, 1936.

§ 674. Estimates of expenditures and appropriations in Budget to conform to classifications; rates of compensation, when effective.—The estimates of the expenditures and appropriations set forth in the Budget to be transmitted by the President to Congress on the first day of the next ensuing regular season shall conform to the classification herein provided, and the rates of salary in the compensation schedules shall not become effective until the first day of the fiscal year estimated for in such Budget. (Mar. 3, 1923, ch. 265, § 14, 42 Stat. 1499.)

§ 677. Salaries of persons in the field service; payment.—Those civilian positions in the field services under the several executive departments and independent establishments, the compensation of which was fixed or limited by law but adjusted for the fiscal year 1925 under the authority and appropriations contained in the Act entitled "An Act making additional appropriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1925, to enable the heads of the several executive departments and independent establishments to adjust th rates of compensation of civilian employees in certain of the field services", approved December 6, 1924 (43 Stat. 704), may be paid under the applicable appropriations for the fiscal year 1929 and thereafter at rates not in excess of those permitted for them under the provisions of such Act of December 6, 1924. (Mar. 5, 1928, ch. 126, § 2, 45 Stat. 193.)

CROSS REFERENCE Adjustment by heads of departments of compensation of certain civilian positions in the field services, see sections 678, of this title.

8 678. Same; adjustment by heads of executive departments and independent establishments. The heads of the several executive departments and independent establishments are authorized to adjust the compensation of certain civilian positions in the field services, the compensation of which was adjusted by the Act of December 6, 1924 (43 Stat. 604), to correspond, so far as may be practicable, to the rates established by section 673 of this title for positions in the departmental services in the District of Columbia: Provided, That in all cases where, since December 6, 1924, in such adjustment the position occupied by an employee has been or shall be allocated to a grade with a maximum salary below the salary received by the incumbent, the rate of pay fixed for such position prior to such allocation may be paid after June 16, 1933, so long as the position is held by the incumbent occupying it at the time of such allocation and the Comptroller General of the United States is authorized and directed to allow credit in disbursing officers' accounts for all payments made prior to June 16, 1933, at such higher rates. (May 28, 1928, ch. 814, § 3, 45 Stat. 785; June 16, 1933, ch. 101, $ 17, 48 Stat. 308.)

EMPLOYEES AFFECTED BY ACT AUG. 1, 1942 Act Aug. 1, 1942, ch. 543, § 2 (a), 56 Stat. 735, section 1 of which amended pay paragraphs for grades 1 and 2 of “Subprofessional Service" and all of "Crafts, Protective, and Custodial Service" preceding grade 9 thereof in section 673 of this title, and section 2 (b) of which amended section 681. (d) (viii) of this title, provided as follows: "Until such time as the provisions of title II of the Act of November 26, 1940 (Public, Num

bered 880, Seventy-sixth Congress) (sections 632, 635, 669, 681-684, of this title), becomes effective, the heads of the several executive departments and independent establishments having field positions in the grades affected by this Act (grades 1-8 under Crafts, Protective, and Custodial Service in section 673 of this title), the compensation of which is required to be fixed in accordance with section 13 of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended (section 673 of this title), are authorized and directed to adjust such compensation to conform to the rates established for such grades under this Act."

§ 679. Classified civil service; definition.—The expression “classified civil service” as the same occurs in acts of Congress shall, unless otherwise provided, be construed to include all persons who have been or may be given a competitive status in the classified civil service, with or without competitive examination, by legislative enactment, or under the civil service rules promulgated by the President, or by Executive orders covering groups of employees with their positions into the competitive classified service or authorizing the appointment of individuals to positions within such service. (Mar. 27, 1922, ch. 116, 42 Stat. 470.)

§ 681. Extension of Classification Act by President-(a) Extension of chapter to position in agencies of Government.-Subject to the limitations contained in this section, whenever the President, after such classification and compensation surveys or investigations as he may direct the Commission to undertake, and upon consideration of the Commission's resulting reports and recommendations, shall find and declare that an extension of the provisions of sections 661-673 and 674 of this title, to any offices or positions in the agencies of the Government is necessary to the more efficient operation of the Government, he may by Executive order extend the provisions of sections 661-673 and 674 of this title, to any such offices or positions not at the time subject to such provisions: Provided, That in the case of any federally owned and controlled corporation organized under the laws of any State, Territory, or possession of the United States (including the Philippine Islands), or the District of Columbia, the President is authorized to direct that such action be taken as will permit the compensation of such offices or positions to be fixed in accordance with sections 661-673 and 674 of this title, consistently with the laws of any such State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, or with the charter or articles of incorporation of any such corporation.

(b) Prescription of additional classification services and grades where necessary.—Whenever the President, upon report and recommendation by the Commission, shall find and declare that one or more officers or positions to which sections 661-673 and 674 of this title, as extended, is applicable, may not fairly and reasonably be allocated to the professional and scientific service, the subprofessional service, the clerical, administrative, and fiscal service, the custodial service, or the clerical-mechanical service, as described in sections 661-673 and 674 of this title, he may by Executive order prescribe and define such additional classification services and grades thereof as he may deem necessary and shall describe, and fix the ranges of compensation for, the grades of such services within the limits of sections 661-673 and 674

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