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GOVERNMENT, POLICY, AND LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.

United States governments all elective, 99-importance of
political economy, ibid-characteristic differences between
ancient and modern governments, 100- best works on political

philosophy, 106-mischief of monopolies, whether mercantile,

or manufacturing, or agricultural, 108-the essentials of a good

government, 109-national sovereignty of the United States,

ill-advantages of a written constitution, 112-importance of

studying American polity, 113-relation of General and State

governments, I 14--their probable duration, ibid-Barbe de Mar-

bois, 115-G. Morris, ibid-Federal Constitution of the United

States; its powers and representatives, 116-evils of frequent

elections, 117- of voting by ballot, 120-of universal suffrage,

121-of qualifications in the elected, ibid-of disfranchising the

clergy, 122-Senators of the United States; how appointed,

123-importance of a durable Senate, 124-evils of excluding

cabinet officers from the legislature, 130-of under-paying the

public servants, 132-executive negative, 134-money-bills,

137-general powers of congress, 138-evils of the present

location of the seat of the Federal Government, 139-slave

system in the United States, 148–in the world, 149—abolition

of the slave-trade by the United States, 150-evils of slavery,

151-slaves burned alive in the United States, 152-attempt

in the United States to colonize free blacks, 153-best writers

on the United States government and policy, 156-papers of

General Hamilton, 158-powers of the United States Execu-

tide, 159-President; Vice President; how chosen, 160-evils

of caucus, ibid-joint powers of Executive and Senate, 165

evils of multitudinous executive in the States generally, and par.
ticularly in New York, 107-executive power of pardoning; its
importance, 172-abused in the United States, 174-Judicial
powers of the United States, 175-evils of cashiering Judges at
sixty, 177---requisites of independence in judiciary, 178-their
dependence in many states, 180-power of American judiciary
over legislative Acts, 183-which not known in any other coun.
try, 181-usurpation of Georgia Legislature over the judiciary

187—importance of such power in the judiciary, ibid-diversity

of laws in the United States; its evil, 190-crime committed in

one State not punishable in another, 193-duelling ; General

Hamilton and his son, 194-importance of uniform laws in the

United States, 195-miscellaneous powers of Congress, 196

amendments of the Federal Constitution, 197-how made, 199

-unsuccessful attempts to make, 201-by Senator Hillhouse,

ibidthe Hartford Convention, 202-General Hamilton's

plan of the United States Constitution, 203—paper constitu,

tions, necessity of a vigorous administration of the Federal

Government, 207-Presidents Washington, Adams, Jefferson,

Madison, Monroe, 208--effects of the Washington administra

tion on the United States, 209-duty of a wise government to

exclude foreigners from all political privileges, 210---necessity

of preserving and strengthening the federal Union, 211-evils

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of its disruption, 213—all new governments weak; instanced

in Britain and the United States, 215-general government of

the United States too were ak in itself, 217—its probable career,

218-chief characteristics of American institutions, 220-popu-

lation of the United States better, their government weaker,

than those of Europe, 221-chief defects in all governments,

ancient and modern, 222-peculiar adaptation of the United

States governments to its people, 225—Mr. Jay's parallel

between European and American Governments, 226-general

course of all free government, 228-superior physical, intel-

lectual, and moral qualities of the American people, 229–

increased power of the people, all over the world, 230-

Emperor Alexander, 231-M. Talleyrand, 232-relative

importance of the United States, eastern and western sections,

233-probable consequences of western predominance, 231–

general conviction, in the United States, of superiority of

American to the British people, 235—the great question at issue

between American and European governments, 236—Resour-

ces of the United States relatively greater than those of Bri-

tain, 237– the revolutionary question supported by the United

States and Continential Europe against England, 241-its

probable result, 242_danger of British Colonies, particularly

Canada; its maladministration, 243-Cuba once offered to

Mr. Jefferson, 245--Spanish American Colonies must fall to

the United States, whom Britain cannot conciliate, 246-

Vienna Treaty, 247—Holy League, ibid- United States more

formidable to Britain than Russia, 248–Mr. Jackson's (the

British Ambassador to the United States,) opinion of the

American people, 249—their capacity and character, in peace

and war, 250-political parties in the United States, 251–

their views and objects, ibid-home policy of the United States,

252—their skilful diplomacy, ibid-its importance, 253–skilful

diplomacy of France and Russia contrasted with the diplo-

matic blunders of England, 254-origin and progress of the

armed neutrality, from 1754 to 1815, 259-causes of England's

unskilful diplomacy, 265-her intrinsic home power, 267–Mr.

Jefferson's prophecy concerning her, in 1782, 269–LAWS of

the United States and the world generally, 270—their study

most important, 271-necessity of Lectures on, in the United

States, 273-effect of the study of law on the human under-

standing, 275–Mr. Burke, 276–Mr. Canning, 277—author

of Pursuits of Literature, 278-Lord Thurlow, Lord Kenyon,

Lord Bacon, 279-superiority of the common to the civil law,

283—its prevalence in the United States, 284-outline of legal

study, 285—some defects in the juridical system of America,

286-no remedy against the United States or a separate State,

ibid-bad insolvent laws, 287-lower law-officers badly

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“ The United States and England,” 304–Mr. Southey ;

Editors of the Edinburgh and Quarterly Reviews, 305–United

States under-rated in Europe, 306–Franklin's refutation of

the French theory, 307-causes of the United States literature

being defective, 508—no want of American genius, 309-gene-

ral course of readers and writers in the United States, 310-

too early practical life in the United States, 313—periodical

publications, 314-perpetual change, 315-necessity of an

original Review in the United States, 316-elementary educa-

tion in the United States; in Britain, 319-saying of George

the Third, ibid-Greeks and Trojans in the United States,

importance of universal education, ibidliberal education

defective in the United States, 321-grammar-schools, 322—

grammar decried in the United States, 323—its defence,

324-colleges in the United States, 327-want of Lectures in

the United States, 328-education injured by clerical mono-

poly, 329-elocution in the United States vitious and nasal,

331–pronunciation of English, Greek, and Latin tongues,

936-formal dulness a bad qualification for a professor, 339–

importance of enthusiasm in a teacher, 340_outline of Lec-

tures on Belles Lettres and Rhetoric, and on Moral Philosophy,

341-gradational studies, metaphysics, mathematics, physics,

classics, 343-outline of liberal education in England, 345–

in Scotland, 347-importance of composition in prose and

verse, 349–neglect of general literature in United States pro-

fessions, 350-its importance to all professional men, 351-pro-

sody universally murdered in the United States, 352--United

States writers, 353-history, 354-novels, ibid-poetry, 355-

Marshal's Washington, 356—periodical works, 357-M'Fin-

gal, 358–Mr. Wirt; Fisher' Amese, 359-Colden's Fulton,

360—Mr. Walsh, 361-medical science in the United States,

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General ignorance of foreigners, particularly the British,

respecting the character of the United States, 374-causes of

that ignorance, 375–M. Talleyrand's notions of the American

character, ibid-national gratitude, what, 376-basis of the

United States character, 377-identity of language, 378–

United States national loyalty, 380–M. Talleyrand mistaken

as to the American character, 381-course of colonial settle-

ments, 384-United States; how settled and peopled, 385–

foreign emigrations to the United States; Irish colony; French
establishment, 387-slaves, their number and effect in the
United States, 388-religion the basis of all national charac-
ter, and gauge of all national prosperity, 392-serious chasms
of religious ordinances in the United States, 394-infidelity
in the United States, ibidVirginia; Louisiana, 395-neces-
sity of religion to human communities, 396_experiment of

national infidelity made in Europe, 397—the three eras of pa-

ganism, superstition, and infidelity in the history of the world,

and their gradational effects upon mankind, 398-infidelity -

allied with the revolutionary question, exemplified in France

and England, 403—United States calmness in religion, 405–

Dr. Priestly, 407—no national church in the United States;

of whose population one-third without any religious ordinances,

408_evils of 'exclusive State religion, 409–of tithes, 410

-spirit of the Age; Archbishop Laud; Lord Clarendon,

411-prevailing sects in the United States; their churché

government, 412–American clergy, 413-collegiate chuches,

414-religion and hypocrisy are substance and shadow, 414-

Sunday-Schools, Missionary and Bible Societies in the United

States, 415---study of S. S. 416---Owen's History of the Bri-

tish and Foreign Bible Society, 417---morals and manners of

the United States, 419---New-England, 420---Middle States,

422---Southern States, 423--- American women, ibid---slave

population deteriorates morals, 424---caged slave in Virginia,

425---Western States, 426---Americans locomotive and mi-

gratory, 427---Western settlers, 428---general manners of the

Vnited States, 430---physical activity and strength of Ameri«

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