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SEC. 6. No corporation doing business under this Act (except accident or casualty corporations) shall issue a contract of insurance upon the life of any animal after it has passed its fifteenth birthday. Every such contract of insurance shall be founded upon written application therefor, and (except when the application is for health, accident, or casualty insurance only, or for one hundred dollars life insurance, or less) such application shall be accompanied by the report of a reputable veterinarian, containing a detailed statement pf his examination of the animal, and showing the animal to be in good health, and recommending the issuance of a contract of insurance. Any solicitor, agent, employé, examining veterinarian, or other person making a false or fraudulent statement to any corporation doing business under this Act, with reference to any application for insurance, or for the purpose of obtaining any money or benefit from such corporation, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than thirty days nor more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court; and any person who shall make a false statement of any material fact or thing in a sworn statement as to the death or disability of an animal of the contract holder in any such corporation, for the purpose of procuring or aiding the beneficiary or beneficiaries, or contract holder, in procuring the payment of a benefit named in the contract, shall be guilty of perjury, and may be proceeded against and punished as provided by the statutes of this State in relation to the crime of perjury.

SEC. 7. The money, benefit, annuities, endowments, charity, relief, or aid to be paid as provided by the contracts issued by any corporation doing business under this Act, shall not be liable to attachment or other process, and shall not be seized, taken, appropriated, or applied by any legal or equitable process, nor by operation of law, to pay any debts or liability of the contract holder, or any beneficiary named thereunder.

SEC. 8. Every domestic and foreign corporation doing business under this Act, shall, annually, on or before the first day of February, file with the Insurance Commissioner, such form as he shall prescribe, a statement of its affairs for the year ending on the preceding thirty-first day of Decem

ber. The Insurance Commissioner, in person or by duly authorized deputy, shall have the power of examination into the affairs of any domestic corporation doing business or claiming to do business under this Act, at any time, in his discretion, and shall make such examination at least once a year.

SEC. 9. If the Insurance Commissioner, after examination of the affairs of a corporation, shall find that such corporation is not doing its business in conformity to this Act, or that it is doing a fraudulent or unlawful business, or that it is not carrying out its terms of contract, or that it cannot within three months from the date of notice of default pay its obligations, he shall cite the president, secretary, manager, or general agent of said corporation, or all of them, to appear before him (stating the time and place) to show cause why the authority of such corporation to do business shall not be revoked; and if they cannot show cause, then he shall report the facts to the Attorney-General of this State, who shall commence proceedings in the proper court to restrain said corporation from doing any further business.

SEC. 10. No policy or certificate issued by any corporation or association doing business under the provisions of this Act shall lapse or be lapsed for the non-payment of any assessments, dues, or premiums, unless the corporation or association has first mailed to the insured under such policy or certificate, at his or her last given postoffice address, a notice setting forth the amount to be paid, and the time the same is due and payable ; and such notice shall be mailed at least fifteen days before the assessment is due (provided, that such corporations doing business under this Act as collect specific amounts at specific dates, as contained in the contract, shall not be compelled to send such notices), and an affidavit made by the officer, bookkeeper, or clerk of any such corporation having charge of the mailing of notices, setting forth the facts as they appear on the records in the office of the said corporation, showing that such notice was mailed and the date of mailing, shall constitute conclusive evidence of the mailing of such notice.

SEC. 12. The fees for filing statements, certificates, or other documents required by this Act, or for any service or act of the Insurance Commissioner, and the penalties for any violation of this Act, shall, except as otherwise provided herein, be the same as provided in the laws of this State relating to life insurance companies, and shall be disposed of as provided by such law.

SEC. 13. And for all lawful expenses under this Act, or by reason of any of its provisions, in the prosecution of any suit or proceedings, or otherwise, for the enforcement of the provisions of this Act, the Insurance Commissioner must present bills duly certified by him, and accompanied with vouchers, to the State Board of Examiners, who must allow the same, and direct payment thereof to be made; and the State Controller shall draw warrants therefor on the State Treasurer for the payment of the same to the Insurance Commissioner, in addition to the ordinary contingent expenses, which warrant shall be payable out of the General Fund.

SEC. 14. This Act shall take effect immediately.




[From the Constitution of the State of California.]

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SECTION 17. All railroad, canal, and other transportation companies are declared to be common carrier and bject to legislative control. Any association or corporation, organized for the purpose under the laws of this State, shall have the right to connect at the State line with railroads of other States. Every railroad company shall have the right with its road to intersect, connect with, or cross any other railroad, and shall receive and transport each the other's passengers, tonnage, and cars, without delay or discrimination.

SEC. 18. No president, director, officer, agent, or employé of any railroad or canal company shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in the furnishing of material or supplies to such company, nor in the business of transportation as a common carrier of freight or passengers over the works owned, leased, controlled, or worked by such company, except such interest in the business of transportation as lawfully flows from the ownership of stock therein.

SEC. 19. No railroad or other transportation company shall grant free passes, or passes or tickets at a discount, to any person holding any office of honor, trust, or profit in this State ; and the acceptance of any such pass or ticket by a member of the Legislature, or any public officer, other than Railroad Commissioner, shall work a forfeiture of his office.

SEC. 20. No railroad company, or other common carrier, shall combine or make any contract with the owners of any vessel that leaves port or makes port in this State, or with any common carrier, by which combination or contract the earnings of one doing the carrying are to be shared by the other not doing the carrying. And whenever a railroad corporation shall, for the purpose of competing with any other common carrier, lower its rates for transportation of passengers or freight from one point to another, such reduced rates shall not be again raised or increased from such standard without the consent of the governmental authority in which shall be vested the power to regulate fares and freights.

SEC. 21. No discrimination in charges or facilities for transportation shall be made by any railroad or other transportation company between places or persons, or in the facilities for the transportation of the same classes of freight or passengers within this State, or coming from or going to any other State. Persons and property transported over any railroad, or by any other transportation company, or individual, shall be delivered at any station, landing, or port, at charges not exceeding the charges for the transportation of persons and property of the same class, in the same direction, to any more distant station, port, or landing. Excursion and commutation tickets may be issued at special rates.

SEC. 22. The State shall be divided into three districts as nearly equal in population as practicable, in each of which one Railroad Commissioner shall be elected by the qualified electors thereof at the regular gubernatorial elections, whose salary shall be fixed by law, and whose term of office shall be four years, commencing on the first Monday after the first day of January next succeeding their election. Said Commissioners shall be qualified electors of this State and of the district from which they are elected, and shall not be interested in any rail

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road corporation, or other transportation company, as stockholder, creditor, agent, attorney, or employé; and the act of a majority of said Commissioners shall be deemed the act of said Commission. Said Commissioners shall have the power, and it shall be their duty, to establish rates of charges for the transportation of passengers and freight by railroad or other transportation companies, and publish the same from time to time, with such changes as they may make; to examine the books, records, and papers of all railroad and other transportation companies, and for this purpose they shall have power to issue subpænas and all other necessary process; to hear and determine complaints against railroad and other transportation companies, to send for persons and papers, to administer oaths, take testimony, and punish for contempt of their orders and processes, in the same manner and to the same extent as courts of record, and enforce their decisions and correct abuses through the medium of the courts. Said Commissioners shall prescribe a uniform system of accounts to be kept by all such corporations and companies. Any railroad corporation or transportation company which shall fail or refuse to conform to such rates as shall be established by such Commissioners, or shall charge rates in excess thereof, or shall fail to keep their accounts in accordance with the system prescribed by the Commission, shall be fined not exceeding twenty thousand dollars for each offense; and every officer, agent, or employé, of any such corporation or company, who shall demand or receive rates in excess thereof, or who shall in any manner violate the provisions of this section, shall be fined not exceeding five thousand dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail not exceeding one year. In all controversies, civil or criminal, the rates of fares and freights established by said Commission shall be deemed conclusively just and reasonable, and in any action against such corporation or company for damages sustained by charging excessive rates, the plaintiff, in addition to the actual damage, may, in the discretion of the judge or jury, recover exemplary damages. Said Commission shall report to the Governor, annually, their proceedings, and such other facts as may be deemed important. Nothing in this section shall prevent individuals from maintaining actions against any of such companies. The Legislature may, in addition to any penalties herein prescribed, enforce this article by forfeiture of charter or otherwise, and may confer such further powers on the Commissioners as shall be neces

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