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auditor to draw his warrant for such claim, and the county auditor shall immediately draw his warrant in payment of the claim;

3. To suspend the certificate of any teacher for a time not to exceed one year, who fails to attend any district or county institute unless excused for nonattendance by the deputy superintendent;

4. To suspend the certificate of any teacher for any of the causes for which a certificate may be revoked by the state board of education;

5. To inspect the record books and accounts of boards of trustees, and to authorize and enforce an efficient method of keeping the financial records and accounts of the school district;

6. To inspect the school fund accounts of the county auditors of the several counties, and report the condition of the funds of any school district to the trustees thereof;

7. To grade the schools in his supervision district, in the month of July of each year, designating which schools are high schools, and which are elementary schools, and to keep record of such gradation in his office;

8. To appoint school trustees in all districts in which the qualified voters failed to elect. Compensation of Deputies.

Sec. 13. The compensation of each deputy superintendent of public instruction is hereby fixed at two thousand dollars per annum, and shall be paid out of the general fund of the state as the salaries of other state officers are paid. All claims for the traveling expenses, including the cost of transportation and cost of living, of each deputy superintendent of public instruction, while absent from their places of residence, together with necessary office expenses, shall be paid from the general fund of the state, whenever such claims shall be allowed by the state board of examiners; provided, that not more than eight hundred dollars shall be paid from the general fund of the state in settlement of claims for such traveling expenses of any deputy superintendent of public instruction during any one year, and not more than $350 shall be paid from the general fund of the state in settlement of claims for such office expenses of any deputy superintendent of public instruction for any one year. Powers of Deputies.

Sec. 14. The superintendent of public instruction shall confer upon the deputy superintendents such power and authority to act in his name as he shall deem proper; provided, such power and authority shall be in accordance with the laws of this state. Rules for Deputies.

Sec. 15. The state board of education shall adopt such rules and regulations further defining the powers and duties of the deputy superintendents of public instruction as shall, in its judgment, be needful to secure efficiency and coordination; provided, that such rules and regulations shall be in accordance with the laws of this state. Removal of Deputies.

Sec. 16. The state board of education shall, upon the recommendation of the superintendent of public instruction, have power to remove deputy superintendents of public instruction from office for evident unfitness or for conspicuous failure to perform the duties of said office.

CHAPTER 4

TEACHERS' CERTIFICATES Certification of Teachers.

SECTION 17. All teachers' certificates and life diplomas shall be granted by the state board of education, and said board shall grant only those classes and grades described in this act; provided, that deputy superintendents of public instruction may issue temporary certificates in accordance with the regulations of the board and on conditions hereinafter named; and provided further, that all teachers' certificates previously issued by legally constituted authorities shall remain valid for the time and under the conditions of the original issue unless revoked in accordance with law. In case of the renewal of any grammar-grade certificate now in force, an elementary certificate of the first grade shall be issued instead of said grammar-grade certificate. As amended, Stats. 1913, 156. Examinations, When Held.

Sec. 18. Examinations for teachers' certificates shall be held in the several counties of this state semiannually, during the months of June and December of each year; provided, that the interest of the schools shall require such examinations. The state board of education shall give at least sixty days' notice of the time and places of holding the examinations; provided, that the dates of holding the regular semiannual examinations shall be uniform throughout the state and no examination shall continue for more than four days. The state board of education shall make provision for such other examinations at such times and places as in its judgment the public interest may require. Deputy Examiners-Compensation.

SEC. 19. All examinations for teachers' certificates shall be conducted by deputy examiners, who shall act under the authority of the state board of education. It shall be the duty of the deputy examiners to send all examination papers to the superintendent of public instruction without grading them. The deputy superintendents of public instruction shall act as deputy examiners in such counties in their respective districts as shall be designated by the superintendent of public instruction, and the deputy superintendent of public instruction shall appoint in addition a sufficient number of deputy examiners to provide for all the counties of the state; provided, that there shall not be more than two such deputy examiners in any one county. Deputy examiners other than the deputy superintendents of public instruction shall receive a compensation of five dollars a day, to be paid as other claims out of the state general fund. The state board of education shall prescribe such rules and regulations governing examinations as may be needfulto secure uniformity and justice. Regulations Regarding Questions.

SEC. 20. The questions used for written work in teachers' examinations shall be prepared by the state board of education, and shall be uniform throughout the state. Such examination questions shall be forwarded to the various deputy examiners throughout the state by the superintendent of public instruction, so as to reach their destination immediately before the date set for the examination. Such questions shall be sent under the seal of the state board of education, the questions on each subject being under separate seal, and no questions shall be opened by any deputy examiner or other person until the day and the hour set for the use of such questions, and this time shall be plainly specified under each seal. Unlawful Use of Questions.

SEC. 21. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale, or buy or offer to buy, or to distribute, or to have in his or her possession, except as authorized by this act, any printed or written examination questions prepared for any examination to be held for the purpose of testing the qualifications of persons desiring to be admitted to the practice of any of the professions in this state in which it is required that such persons be examined as to their qualifications, or any printed or written examination questions prepared for teachers' examinations for certification of teachers in this state, or for any printed or written examination questions prepared of the final examination of students in any of the schools of this state prior to the time for holding such examination. Penalty for Unlawful Use of Questions.

SEC. 22. Any person selling or offering to sell, buying or offering to buy, distributing or having in his or her possession any such examination questions contrary to section 21 of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in the sum of not less than $25 nor more than $100, or imprisonment in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than six months; provided, that the provisions of this act shall not be construed to prevent the proper officials or instructors whose duty it is to conduct the said examination referred to in section 21 of this act from having in their possession printed or written copies of such examination questions; provided, further, that the state printer shall have the care and custody of such examination questions while they are in process of being printed. Grades of Certificates.

SEC. 23. Teachers' certificates in this state shall be: 1. High school, authorizing the holder thereof to teach in any high school or elementary school in the state; provided, that after September 1, 1916, no one shall be entitled to teach the regular elementary school subjects unless he holds an elementary certificate;

2. Elementary, authorizing the holder thereof to teach in any elementary school in the state; provided, that no teacher shall be eligible to act as principal of an elementary school unless he or she holds an elementary certificate of the first grade;

3. Special, authorizing the holder to teach such special branches of learning, and in such grades, as are named in the certificate;

4. Temporary, authorizing the holder to teach such branches of learning, and in such grades and school districts, as are named in the certificate. As amended, Stats. 1915, 377. High-School Certificates on Examination.

SEC. 24. The high-school certificate shall be valid for four years from the date of issuance and shall be issued on examination in the following subjects: (a) English grammar, spelling, arithmetic, geography, English literature, general history, history of the United States, civil government, current events, algebra, plane geometry, physics, and history and methods of teaching; (b) Any one of the following foreign languages: Latin, French, German, Spanish; (c) and any three of the following additional subjects: Rhetoric, English history, solid geometry, physical geography, chemistry, botany, and zoology; provided, that no high-school certificate on examination shall be issued to any person whose general average is less than ninety per cent; and provided further, that such certificate shall not be issued to any person under twenty years of age. (Credit may be allowed to applicants for any subject in the above list satisfactorily completed in a standard college, or to applicants holding a a Nevada elementary certificate of first grade for a standing of ninety or more made in any of the above subjects as shown on such elementary certificate and record thereof on file in the state superintendent's office. The high-school certificate may be renewed by the state board of education according to such rules and regulations as the board may prescribe. As amended, Stats. 1913, 156, 157. Elementary Certificate, First Grade, on Examination.

SEC. 25. The elementary school certificate, first grade, shall be valid for three years from the date of issuance, and shall be issued upon examination in the following subjects: Spelling, reading, writing, English grammar, mental arithmetic, written arithmetic, physiology and hygiene, history of the United States, geography, general history, drawing, music, business forms, civics, current events, and theory and methods of teaching; provided, that such certificate shall not be issued on examination to any person whose general average is less than eighty-five per cent or whose grade is less than sixty-five per cent in any one subject. The elementary certificate, first grade, shall not be issued to any person under twenty years of age nor to any person who has had less than sixteen months of successful experience in teaching. Such certificate may be renewed by the state board of education according to such rules and regulations as the board may prescribe.

Any person who shall at any regular examination make a grade of eighty-five per cent or more in any subject or subjects shall receive credit for such subject or subjects toward a first-grade elementary certificate; and the state board of education may allow credits for satisfactory work done by applicants for certificates on examination, in a standard summer school, in determining their per cent standing in any subject or subjects. As amended, Stats. 1913, 157. Elementary Certificate, Second Grade, on Examination.

SEC. 26. The elementary certificate, second grade, shall be valid for two years from the date of issuance, and shall be issued upon examination in all subjects required for the first-grade elementary certificate; provided, that a second-grade elementary certificate shall not be issued to any person whose general average is less than seventy-five per cent or whose grade is less than sixty per cent in any one subject; and provided further, that county normal elementary certificates of the second grade shall be issued to graduates of the county normal training school without examination therefor. In no case shall an elementary certificate of the second grade be renewed. As amended, Stats, 1913, 157, 158. Elementary Certificate, Third Grade. Sec. 27. The state board of education shall have power, after the regular teachers' examination in December, and before the next regular examination is held, to grant third-grade elementary certificates to applicants who took the December examination, and who are actively engaged in teaching in Nevada; provided, that a third-grade elementary certificate shall entitle the holder to teach in the school in which she was engaged as a teacher at the time of the December examination, and in no other school, for a period not longer than until the next regular examination of teachers; provided further, that but one third-grade elementary certificate shall be granted to the same person. Life Diplomas.

Sec. 28. The state board of education may grant a life diploma to any resident of the State of Nevada who shall present evidence of having taught successfully and continuously for a period of seventy-two months, twenty-four of which shall have been in the State of Nevada. Such life diploma may be granted to any resident of Nevada who shall have taught the required number of months, and who shall hold a renewable Nevada certificate, or who shall hold a special certificate that shall have been the applicant's only license to teach for a period of at least seventytwo months previous to the application for such life diploma. A life diploma granted under this section shall be of the same grade and of the same name as the certificate held by the applicant at the time of the application for the life diploma, and shall entitle the holder thereof to teach in any school in the State of Nevada of the grade of the certificate upon which the life diploma was granted, or to teach those subjects in any school which the special certificate entitled the holder to teach at the time of the application for the life diploma. As amended, Stats. 1915, 134. Different Certificates to Certain Graduates of Nevada State Normal College.

Sec. 29. High-school certificates, good for five years, shall be issued to graduates of the Nevada State Normal School, advanced course. Firstgrade elementary certificates, good for five years, shall be issued to graduates of the Nevada State Normal School, elementary course. To the graduates of the Nevada State Normal School who hold high-school certificates, the state board of education shall grant a life diploma of highschool grade when said graduates shall have completed at least forty-five months of successful teaching in public schools. To all graduates of the Nevada State Normal School who hold a grammar-school certificate, the state board of education shall grant a life diploma of the grammar grade when said graduates shall have completed at least forty-five months of successful instruction in public schools. Graduates of Other Institutions May Be Certificated.

SEC. 30. Graduates of universities, colleges, and normal schools supported by state appropriations, approved by the state board of education, shall be permitted to submit their credentials from such institutions, and to the extent that these credentials give evidence of scholarship and professional preparation they shall be accepted in lieu of examination; provided, that no certificate of the elementary grade shall be granted upon any credentials not equivalent to a diploma of graduation from the Nevada State Normal School; and provided further, that no high-school certificate shall be granted upon any credential not equivalent to a diploma of gradu

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