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tion, making the appointment, and shall receive such compensation as such board or authorities controlling such institution may determine out of any funds appropriated for such institution which may be applicable thereto.

Sec. 17. Incorporation of Association. No association whose objects embrace the caring for dependent, neglected, or delinquent children shall hereafter be incorporated in this state.

Sec. 18. The State of Nevada shall be chargeable with and defray all expenses incurred for the support, maintenance, education, care, custody, and control of each and every child after its commitment under the terms and provisions of this act.

Sec. 19. Order Relating to Adoption. Whenever the petition filed, as is provided in section 4 hereof, or a supplemental petition filed at any time after the appointment of the guardian, shall pray that the guardian appointed or to be appointed shall be authorized to consent to the legal adoption of the child, and the court upon the hearing shall find that it is to the best interests of such child that the guardian be given such authority, the court may, in its order appointing such guardian, empower him to appear in court where any proceedings for the adoption of such child may be pending, and to consent to such adoption; and such consent shall be sufficient to authorize the court where the adoption proceedings are pending to enter a proper order or decree of adoption without further notice to or consent by the parents or relatives of such child; provided, however, that before entering such order the court shall find from the evidence that (1) the parents or surviving parent of a legitimate child or the mother of an illegitimate child, or if the child has no parents living, the guardian of the child, if any, or if there is no parent living and the child has no guardian or the guardian is not known to petitioner, then a known, near relative of the child, if any there be, consents to such order; or (2) that one parent consents and the other is unfit for any of the reasons hereinafter specified to have the child, or that both parents are or that the surviving parent or the mother of an illegitimate child is so unfit for such reasons—the grounds for unfitness being (a) depravity, (b) open and notorious adultery or fornication, (c) habitual drunkenness for the space of one year prior to the filing of petition, (d) extreme and repeated cruelty to the child, (e) abandonment of the child or (f) desertion of the child for more than six (6) months next preceding the filing of the petition, and (3) that such child, if of the age of fourteen years or over, consents to such order.

SEC. 20. Foreign Corporations. No association which is incorporated under the laws of any other state than the State of Nevada shall place any child in any family home within the boundaries of the State of Nevada either with or without indenture or for adoption, unless said association shall have furnished the attorney-general with such guaranty as he may require that no child shall be brought into the State of Nevada by such society or its agents, having any contagious, or incurable disease, or having any deformity or being feeble minded, or of vicious character, and that said association shall promptly receive and remove from the state any child brought into the State of Nevada by its agent, which shall become a public charge within the period of five (5) years after being brought into the state. Any person who shall receive, to be placed in a home, or shall place in a home, any child in behalf of any association incorporated in any other state than the State of Nevada, which shall not have complied with the provisions of this act, shall be imprisoned in the county jail not more than thirty days, or fined no less than $5 or more than one hundred ($100) dollars, or both, in the discretion of the court.

SEC. 21. Religious Preference. The court in committing children shall place them as far as practicable in the care and custody of some individual holding the same religious belief as the parents of the said child, or with some association or institution which is controlled by persons of like religious faith of the parents of said child.

SEC. 22. Officers of Courts. It shall be unlawful for any court clerk or other person to tax or collect, or for any county to pay any fees whatever which may be permitted by any law to be taxed or collected for the benefit of any court officer or person for any case concerning any child coming within the provisions of this act for violating any law of this state unless such child shall be proceeded against under the provisions and in accordance with the purpose of this act, except in capital cases or where the courts shall direct a proceeding under the criminal code, as provided in section 10 of this act, or where a case has been instituted before a justice of the peace or police magistrate, who shall duly comply with the provisions of section 14 of this act.

SEC. 23. Construction of Act. This act shall be liberally construed to the end that its purpose may be carried out, to wit, that the care, custody, and discipline of the child shall approximate as nearly as may be that which should be given by its parents, and in all cases of dependency where it can be properly done, that the child shall be placed in an approved family home, and become a member of a home and family by legal adoption or otherwise, and in cases of delinquency, that, as far as possible, or practicable, any delinquent child shall be treated, not as a criminal, but as misdirected and misguided and needing aid, encouragement, and assistance, and if such child cannot be handled, properly cared for, and corrected in its own home, or with the assistance and help of the probation officers, then that it may be placed in a suitable institution where it may be helped and educated and equipped for industrial efficiency and useful citizenship.

SEC. 24. Support of Children. If it shall appear, upon the hearing of the cause, that the parent, parents, or any person or persons named in such petition who are in law liable for the support of such child, are able to contribute to the support of such child, the court shall enter an order requiring such parent, parents, or other persons to pay to the guardian so appointed, or to the institution to which such child may be committed, or to the state, a reasonable sum from time to time for the support, maintenance, or education of such child, and the court may order such parent, parents, or other persons to give reasonable security for the payment of such sum or sums, and, upon failure to pay, the court may enforce obedience to such order as for contempt of court. The court may, on application and on such notice as the court may direct from time to time, make such alterations in the allowance as may appear reasonable and proper.

Sec. 25. Guardianship of Person. Nothing in this act shall be construed to give the guardian appointed under this act the guardianship of the estate of the child or to change the age of minority for any other purpose except the custody of the child.

SEC. 26. Appeals. Cases under this act may be reviewed by appeal to the supreme court.

Sec. 27. Contempt of Court. Any person who shall interfere with the direction or disposition of any child under any order of the court concerning any child made in pursuance of the provisions of this act, or with any probation or other officer of the court in carrying out the directions of the court under any such order, shall be held to be in contempt of court and subject to punishment as for contempt of court.

SEC. 28. Validity of Acts. The invalidity of any portion of this act shall not affect the validity of any other portion thereof which can be given effect without such invalid part.

SEC. 29. Up to and including July 1, 1913, the governor and the superintendent of public instruction of this state are hereby authorized and directed to make such contracts for and in behalf of this state, with the States of California, Oregon, Idaho, or Utah, for the care, maintenance, and training of juvenile delinquents of this state, in the industrial or training schools for juvenile delinquents of such States of California, Oregon, Idaho, or Utah, and upon such terms as the said governor and superintendent of public instruction may deem necessary for the proper care, maintenance, and training of such delinquents. As amended, Stats. 1911, 391.

FROM REVISED LAWS OF NEVADA, 1912 An Act concerning crimes and punishments, and repealing certain acts

relating thereto. Approved March 17, 1911; effective January 1, 1912 6502. Unlawful to Sell Tobacco to Minors—Penalty.

SEC. 237. It shall be unlawful for any person or persons within this state to sell or give to any minor, under the age of twenty-one years, any cigarette or cigarettes, or any tobacco of any description, except that upon the written order of the parent or guardian of the minor, the person applied to may give or sell to the minor, for the use of the guardian or parent, tobacco or cigars; said written request to be kept on file by the seller or giver of the article so sold or given away. Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine in any sum not exceeding five hundred dollars and not less than one hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not exceeding six months nor less than fifty days, or both. The justice of the peace shall also tax as costs fifty dollars, in addition to the fine, which sum shall be paid to the informer.

[Unlawful to sell or to give away cigarettes or cigarette papers to minors, secs. 3874, 3875, Revised Laws of 1912.] 6506. Selling Liquor to Minors or Imbeciles, or Allowing Minors in Billiard

Halls—Employing Minor as Barkeeper. SEC. 241. Every person who shall sell or give to any person under the age of twenty-one years, or to any one known to be an imbecile, any intoxicating drink or drinks, or who shall employ a minor as a barkeeper, and every minor who shall falsely represent himself to be twenty-one years of age in order to obtain such intoxicating drink or drinks, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, or imprisonment in the county jail not less than fifty days, nor more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment; provided, that nothing in this section shall be deemed to apply to parents of such minors and imbeciles, or guardians of their wards, or physicians. Every person owning or having in charge any saloon, or public hall, or public room, where one or more billiard tables or pool tables are kept for hire or for the purpose of charging persons who play thereon, or for the use of persons who may buy drinks, cigars, or tobacco in the building in which such table or tables are kept, who shall allow any minor under the age of twenty-one years to play billiards or pool, upon any such table, or to frequent the room where such table is kept, without the written consent of the parent or guardian of such minor, is guilty of a misdemeanor. 6610. Use of Firearms by Minors.

Sec. 345. No minor under the age of fourteen years shall handle or have in his possession or under his control, except while accompanied by or under the immediate charge of his parent or guardian, any firearm of any kind for hunting or target practice or for other purposes. Every person violating any of the foregoing provisions, or aiding or knowingly permitting any such minor to violate the same, shall be guilty of a a misdemeanor.

An Act prohibiting certain persons from remaining in saloons, and fixing penalties for the violation thereof.

. Approved March 22, 1911, 314 6842. Minor Barred from Places Where Liquor Is Sold.

SECTION 1. Any proprietor, keeper, or manager of a saloon, or resort where spirituous, malt, or fermented liquors or wines are sold, who shall knowingly allow or permit any person under the age of twenty-one years to remain therein, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less than $25 nor more than $100.

[See subdivision 11 of section 6619, defining “Vagrancy.”]

An Act concerning the liabilities of proprietors and keepers of saloons

and gambling houses.

Approved March 19, 1897, 111 6843. Liable for Damages.

SECTION 1. Any proprietor or keeper of a saloon, gambling house, or resort where liquors are sold, who shall sell or give to any minor any spirituous or malt liquors, or who shall permit any minor to engage in any game in his saloon, gambling house or resort where liquors are sold, or who shall permit any minor to lounge or remain therein, shall be liable to the parent or guardian of such minor in damages, which may be collected by a civil action in a sum not less than fifty nor more than one thousand dollars.

EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN PROHIBITED IN CERTAIN CASES

LIMITED IN OTHERS-PENALTIES An Act regulating the employment of children and providing penalties for the

violation of the provisions of said act.

Approved March 25, 1913

No Child Under 14 to Labor During School Hours.

SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to employ any child under fourteen (14) years of age in any business or service whatever during the hours in which the public schools of the district, in which the child resides, are in session. Child Under 16 Shall Never Work in Certain Callings.

SEC. 2. No child under the age of sixteen (16) years shall be employed, permitted, or suffered to work in any capacity in, about, or in connection with the preparing of any composition in which dangerous or poisonous acids are used, manufacture of paints, colors, or white lead; dipping, drying, or packing matches; manufacture of goods for immoral purposes; nor in, about, or in connection with any mine, coal breaker, quarry, smelter, ore-reduction works, laundry, tobacco warehouses, cigar factory, or other factory where tobacco is manufactured or prepared, distillery, brewery, or any other establishment where malt or alcoholic liquors are manufactured, packed, wrapped, or bottled; nor in any other employment declared by the state board of health to be dangerous to lives or limbs, or injurious to the health or morals of children under the age of sixteen (16). State Board of Health to Decide as to Injurious Callings.

SEC. 3. The state board of health may from time to time determine whether or not any particular trade, process of manufacture, or occupation, or any particular method of carrying on such trade, process of manufacture, or occupation is sufficiently dangerous to the lives or limbs, or injurious to the health or morals, of minors under sixteen (16) years of age employed therein to justify their exclusion therefrom, and may prohibit their employment therein. Duties of Superintendent of Public Instruction, Inspector, or School Officer.

SEC. 4. The state superintendent, or other authorized inspector or school attendance officer, shall make demand on an employer in or about whose place or establishment a child apparently under the age of fourteen (14) years is employed, or permitted or suffered to work, during the hours in which public schools of the district are in session; that such employer shall either furnish him within ten (10) days satisfactory evidence that such child is in fact over fourteen (14) years of age, or shall cease to employ, or permit or suffer such child to work. Other Callings Where Child Under 16 Cannot Work.

Sec. 5. No child under the age of sixteen (16) years shall be employed, permitted, or suffered to work in, about, or in connection with glass furnaces, smelters, or ore-reduction works, in the outside erection and repair of electric wires, in the running or management of elevators, lifts, or hoisting machines, in oiling hazardous or dangerous machinery in motion, at switch tending, gate tending, track repairing, as brakeman,

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