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THENEW YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATION

1897.

LONDON:
Printed by Littlewood and Co.

15, Old Bailey.

PREFACE.

That the Editors have been spared to bring another Volume of this Work to a close, demands their heartfelt gratitude to the Father of Mercies: they have sought, in conducting it, solely to promote the cause of God and truth, and therefore feel assured that the glory of Him “whose they are, and whom they serve,” has been, and will be advanced, even by their feeble and imperfect labours.

They consider it reason for congratulation, that a Publication devoted principally to the use of one of the smallest sections of the Christian Church in Britain should, at the close of eighteen years, maintain so large a sale; especially since the number of religious periodicals, during that time, has exceedingly increased. *

The Baptist Magazine contains a greater number of pages than any other similar work at the same price; yet its profits have enabled the Proprietors to distribute, towards the assistance of a most deserving and necessitous class of petitioners, nearly £3000.

The Editors have adopted means to secure monthly some ably-written papers, both in the Essay and Review departments of the work.

• Of Magazines, Reviews, &c. devoted to the propagation of Protestant and Evangelical principles, there are many thousands issuing monthly from the London Press alone.

On a variety of accounts, the present state of the Particular Baptists requires à Magazine to represent its principles, both as to doctrine and discipline, correctly; and to circulate its Foreign, Irish, Home Missionary, and other Intelligence extensively. The Conductors pledge themselves, therefore, to make this work the organ of the Denomination to the full extent of their ability and opportunity; and for this purpose they affectionately and respectfully invite the co-operation of their Christian brethren, whose contributions to its pages, or other means of influence, may assist to increase its merits and widen its circulation. In particular, they earnestly entreat the prayers of their pious readers, that the blessing of God may visibly attend the work.

The Editors owe an acknowledgment to those kind friends from whom they have received expressions of approbation as to the improvements of the Magazine, and are anxious that their future labours may more entitle them to similar commendation.'

The Number for January, 1828, will contain a Memoir of Martin Luther, translated by a pious and respectable foreigner resident in London, expressly for the Magazine, from a German work most extensively circulated on the Continent in the year 1817, the third centenary of the Reformation ; and the first of a series of Essays on “the undesigned Coincidences in the Histories of the Four Evangelists :” also an Engraving of Dr. Olinthus Gregory, Mathematical Professor of the Royal Academy, Woolwich.

London, Dec. 15, 1827.

BAPTIST MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1827.

as rottenness.

MEMOIR OF

TAE LATE MR. PETER had excited considerable interest
MFARLANE.

in the southern parts of ArgyleMR. PETER M'FARLANE, the late justly esteemed pastor of the able weight was laid on them by some who Baptist Church in Bethesda chapel, there can be no doubt that good was done

followed Mr. M.Arthor's ministry; still Trowbridge, Wilts, was born in amidst these appearances, which continues Scotland, in the parish of Luss, to this day, though many fair blossoms have Dumbartonshire, in March, 1780. also gone up as dast

, and their root becomes

In course of time Mr. M'A. When in youth he was chiefly em

adopted Baptist sentiments, and was baptized ployed in herding sheep, on the by Mr. M l'arlane, pastor of a Baptist mountains of that partof Caledonia, Church Meeting in Skinner's-Hall, Edinand was also engaged in fishing burgh, after which he baptized many of his herrings latterly on some of its ex- people who were united together as a Church,

who worshipped at Port Bannatyne, in the tensive lakes. It was while thus Island of Bute, and also at Dunoon, on the occupied, that God called him by Clyde, nearly opposite Greenock, at each of his grace, and from which he which places meeting-houses were fitted up finally took him to labour statedly devoted himself wholly to the ministry. It was

for their accommodation, and by this time he in the gospel of his Son.

not to be expected that such things should take Mr. M'Farlane's first con- place in a country, where hitherto they had cern about his state and danger been anknown, and yet excite no resistance; began about the year 1801. He of course Mr. M'A. aud his friends had their

own share of misrepresentation and reviling, had either heedlessly, or from cu- and in ove instance this broke out into open riosity, gone to hear a Mr. Donald violence. In the month of October, 1505, M'Arthur* preach, whose ministry a neighbouring gentleman acting as a justice

of peace, on a sabbath morning, as this zeal

ons minister was beginning the solemn serMs. M'Arthar had been engaged with vices of the day upon the sea sbore, within a boat for some time on the Clyde and some the flood-mark, opposite his property, he of the western lakes ; being awakened bim- violently seized him, carried him away from self to concern about his own soul, be be- his congregation, kept him in confinement gan to warn bis neighbours of their gailt and until next day, when be delivered him over to danger, both privately, and more publicly captain Tatham, the regulating officer for the at prayer meetings, with seasonable effect. service of the navy at Greenock, who sent The attention of the people in these parts him immediately on board the Tourterella were so generally excited, that the houses in frigate, and out of the country. After being which they were accustomed to meet were detained five weeks on board different ships too small to contain the people who attended of war, he was at length released by the ex. apon bis instructions ; of course he was press order of the Lords of the Admiralty. obliged to resort to the fields, and address No sooner indeed were the circomstances of them there : uncommon effeots began to ap- the case made known to the Board, tban with pear under bis alarming addresses ; nany the utmost promptitude they directed him to people were agitated in a peculiar manner, be discharged, and granted him a certificate, and seized with paroxysms, which operated that he was never again to be impressed into variously, and excited very general attention his Majesty's service. After his discharge to bis ministry wherever he went, and from the navy Mr. M'A. raised an action of whether be addressed the people in Englisli damages against the above gentteman before or Gaelic. It was soon èvinced that there the Coart of Session. The late Henry David Fas nothing spiritual, nor saving in such Inglis, advocate, and one of the Pastors of excitentents, though, for a season, consider a Baptist Church, Edinburgh, undertook to

VOL. II. 3d Series.

B В

shire, especially in the islands of tiớn were few, and the represciiBute and Cumbray. The preacher tations of divine truth he had an at that time addressed his congre- opportunity of hearing, were vague gation from Daniel, v. 27.-Thou and obscure. The variety of new art weighed in the balances and art opinions which were then afloat found wanting.However thought- in his neighbourhood on religious less Mr. MF. might have been subjects, operated unfavourably when he entered the congregation, upon him; his mind was constantly he soon found himself made a exercised about some new sentiparty; in all that was said he found ment, and it was long before he himself described, and became con- attained clear and distinct views of vinced of all, and judged of all. the way of a sinner's acceptance Though his attention was now com- with God. He frequently walked pletely aroused and riveted to many miles when he knew a sermon things spiritual and eternal, yet was to be preached, in the hope of his mind was long and painfully hearing something that would give exercised with a sense of his sin and him quietness of mind, and often danger, before he attained to that he returned dejected and afraid, righteousness and peace which is thinking that the day of grace to enjoyed only in the knowledge and him was past; his body became faith of our Lord Jesus Christ. His wasted with the anxiety of his opportunities of religious instruc- mind; he was unable to sleep, and

indisposed for food or conversation,

while his friends wondered, and manage Mr. M'Arthur's cause before the feared what would be the result. court, but died while it was depending there; afterwards it was taken up by George

At this time a sacrament occurred Cranstoun, esq. advocate, who concluded at Greenock, which he was resolved his pleadings on behalf of his client in the to attend, not formally to partake following terms :-" The Toleration Act a hundred years ago inflicted a penalty of 1001. of it, as on former occasions, for on any one who should interrupt or disturb now he dared not be a communia congregation during the performance of cant, but he regarded it as a season divine service ; and is a hundred guineas too where the Lord might possibly great a sam at present, to be awarded as damages, and solatium to the respondent

, speak peace to his burdened spirit; (Mr. M'Arthur) who was not only inter- he watched for the morning with rupted and disturbed in the midst of bis intense anxiety, as he had to cross congregation, and in the exercise of bis the Clyde, and stormy weather acknowledged privilege, bat dragged away might frustrate his with circumstances of peculiar insult, degra

The

purpose. dation, and cruelty, and forcibly detained for sabbath dawned, but it was tema period of five weeks on sbip-board ? If pestuous, and his heart sunk within 80 great an outrage to justice, to humanity, him, yet he recollected that he had and to the principles of the British constitu- braved many dangers to taste tion, committed by a magistrate in a distinguished situation, and aping the form and worldly pleasure, and well mighthe authority of law is not made a subject of do it now, when his soul was at penal animadversion, it ought at least to in- stake. He left his home, and on fer complete indemnification to the blame- reaching the ferry, found that no less sufferer.” Judgment was, of course, boat could get off the shore,--he given against the prosecutor, who was sub. jected to a fine and considerable expences,

resolved to

go
further up

the river,
while it proclaimed to Scotland the nature and walked three miles to another
and extent of the religious privileges af- place, where he met with a person
forded her by the Toleration Act, which can-
not be invaded with impunity. Some years

desiring to cross. The storm bad subsequent to this, Mr. M'Arthur went to a little abated, they ventured toAmerica, where he still resides.

gether, and reached the opposite

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