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EDITED BY RICHARD T. ELY

PROBLEMS OF CHILD WELFARE

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OUTLINES OF ECONOMICS
By RICHARD T. ELY, PH.D., LL.D. Revised and

enlarged by the AUTHOR and THOMAS S. ADAMS,
Ph.D., Max O. LORENZ, Ph.D., ALLYN A.

YOUNG, PH.D.
OUTLINES OF SOCIOLOGY
By FRANK W. BLACKMAR, Ph.D., and John LEWIS

GILLIN, PH.D.
HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT (Revised Edi-

tion)
BY LEWIS H. HANEY, PH.D.
BUSINESS ORGANIZATION AND COMBINATION

By LEWIS H. HANEY, PH.D. PROBLEMS OF CHILD WELFARE

By GEORGE B. MANGOLD, PH.D.
SOCIAL PROBLEMS

By EZRA T. TOWNE, PH.D.
THE NEW AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

By JAMES T. YOUNG, PH.D.
COMPARATIVE FREE GOVERNMENT

By JESSE Macy, LL.D., and John W. GANNAWAY, M.A. AMERICAN MUNICIPAL PROGRESS

By CHARLES ZUEBLIN. APPLIED EUGENICS

By PAUL POPENOE and RosWELL S. JOHNSON, M.S. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

BY HENRY C. TAYLOR, M.S. AGR., Ph.D. THE LABOR MARKET

By Don D. LESCOHIER, PH.D.

WELFARE

BY

GEORGE B. MANGOLD, Ph.D.

DIRECTOR SCHOOL OF SOCIAL ECONOMY

OF WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY

New York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1923

All rights reserved

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71713 43 Social Ivelfare

PREFACE

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With the gradual shifting of the emphasis from remedial to preventive and constructive work, problems of child welfare have received much attention, largely on the theory that work with children is fundamentally constructive in its nature. Believing that the best results are achieved by beginning with the child, the author has attempted to present in a systematic way the principles of child welfare, and to correlate the different problems involved. The task consists mainly of adjusting the constructive philanthropy of to-day to the needs of the child, his improvement being the direct objective. While it is recognized that every social problem involves children, those questions that affect them only in an indirect way are excluded from the book, and the subject matter is limited to the problems of direct and immediate interest, so as to make a consistent treatment of the subject possible. To meet the need as adequately as the author can hope to do in a single volume, each separate problem has been analyzed with reference to causes and conditions, to the existing social machinery for coping with the problem, and to a plan and program of improvement or prevention.

The book is designed especially for use by college and university students in courses on constructive and preventive philanthropy. However, the general reader has not been forgotten, and it is hoped that the book will appeal to that growing class of men and women who in a systematic way are endeavoring to acquaint themselves with the various aspects of practical sociology

The author is happy to express his indebtedness to Professor Richard T. Ely for his suggestions as to the form and subject matter of the book, for his careful reading of the manuscript, and for his many valuable criticisms and suggestions for improvement.

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