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Mr. Florio. Thank you very much.
Dr. Dixon.

STATEMENT OF JUDITH M. DIXON Ms. Dixon. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

A free national library program of braille and recorded materials for blind and physically handicapped persons is administered by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped which is a part of the Library of Congress.

We select and produce full-length books and magazines in braille and on recorded disc and cassette. These reading materials are distributed to a cooperating network of 56 regional and more than 100 subregional libraries where they are circulated to eligible borrowers.

This program was established by an act of Congress in 1931. We currently serve 650,000 adults and children through our network of cooperating libraries.

Each year, approximately 2,500 books and 70 magazines are produced for circulation to readers. Books and magazines are selected on the basis of their appeal to a wide range of interests.

The national book collection currently contains more than 38,000 titles on all subjects. Recommendations from individual readers, from a committee of reader and librarian representatives, and from book selection specialists on our staff determine which books will be selected for production from the tens of thousands of print books published every year in the United States.

Travel is a subject area assigned priority status by our book selection specialists because of expressed reader interest. Most readers who express an interest in travel books are particularly interested in personal accounts of travel; a lesser number request guidebooks to particular places.

A review of our book collection shows that more than 40 travel guidebooks to various parts of the world are available in braille or recorded form to persons who use our library service.

In addition, several magazines we produce regularly cover the subject of travel. We continuously review new print publications for suitable travel guidebooks as well as more general books on travel for production in braille and recorded form.

The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped also provides an information service on various aspects of handicapping conditions. Travel for handicapped individuals is one of the subjects about which we collect and disseminate information to the public.

We have produced a publication, “Information for Handicapped Travelers" which has been widely distributed. Our print information resources on travel for handicapped individuals fall into the following general categories:

Guidebooks for handicapped travelers. Books published expressly for the handicapped person who is planning travel in the United States and abroad have appeared in the past decade in increasing numbers.

These books provide general information and specific details about special accommodations at airports, trains, and buses; lists of barrier-free hotels, restaurants and points of interest, other helpful information for prospective travelers.

Examples of this type of publication are: “A Travel Guide for the Disabled: Western Europe," by Mary M. Walzer, Van Nostrand, 1982; "Access to the World: A Travel Guide for the Handicapped,' by Louise Weisse, Facts on File, 1983.

Access guides to cities. Local service organizations such as the Easter Seal Society and the junior league have produced guides to individual cities that inform handicapped residents and visitors of accessible hotels, restaurants, churches, theaters, et cetera. These guides are available for most large and medium-sized cities throughout the United States.

Access guides to parks and other places of interest to tourists. These publications include guides to accessible national and State parks, highway rest areas, museums and other major attractions.

Examples of this type of publication are: “Access National Parks," by the National Park Service; "A Guide for the Handicapped,” by Colonial Williamsburg; “Smithsonian: A Guide for Disabled Visitors."

Guides to special transportation facilities and services. Many airports, airlines, trains and buses have special procedures and services to accommodate the needs of handicapped travelers. Published guides include:

"Access Travel: Airports," published by Airport Operators Council International; “Access Amtrak: A Guide to Amtrak Services for Elderly and Handicapped Travelers," published by Amtrak.

Travel agencies offering tours tailored to the special needs of handicapped travelers. Package tours for groups of handicapped persons or for handicapped persons in a group with the nonhandicapped are widely available through travel agencies.

Names of individual travel agencies that organize special tours can be found in guidebooks or can be obtained from travel information centers. The Society for the Advancement of Travel for the Handicapped is an association of travel agents and tour leaders who offer these services.

Travel information centers. For handicapped persons who desire specific information related to travel, there are several information centers in the United States that specialize in this subject and can give individual assistance.

They include: Moss Rehabilitation Hospital, Travel Information Center, 12 and Tabor Road, Philadelphia, Pa. 19141; Accent on Information, P.O. Box 700, Bloomington, Ill. 61701.

Specially arranged building tours. In Washington, D.C., special tours for handicapped visitors may be arranged at the Capitol and the White House. In other cities, inquiries made to particular points of interest will determine if special tours are available.

Periodicals featuring travel information for handicapped persons. At the present time, two magazines feature information of particular interest to handicapped travelers: The Itinerary, Box 1084, Bayonne, N.J. 07002; Accent on Living, P.O Box 700, Bloomington, Ill. 61701.

Thank you.
Mr. Florio. Thank you very much.
At this point, I recognize Mr. Lent.

Mr. LENT. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
I would like to ask Under Secretary Snyder one or two questions.

Your written testimony, Mr. Snyder, speaks to the desire that members of the travel industry should voluntarily take steps to improve the accessibility of the disabled to transportation and other travel services.

Can you give us any specifics or examples of what steps the industry has taken to achieve this goal?

Mr. SNYDER. A good example is recently, we held a meeting with the Society for the Advancement of Travel and Handicapped, a joint effort at the Sheraton Washington Hotel in February. We brought together the private sector, actually serving as panelists on the various meeting agenda areas, and just to give you a good example of how this type of activity could really help in accomplishing what you are asking me, Bruce Beckham, one of the speakers today, wrote in his magazine, following the meeting, and I quote:

I have been attending a lot of meetings recently, but one of the most interesting was an event co-sponsored by the U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration and the Society for the Advancement of Travel and Handicapped.

After giving an address, I came away from this meeting convinced that there is more to the market for travel by handicapped persons than we, as tour operators, are aware of.

As just a beginning, we should consider the markets for the hearing-impaired, blind and mentally retarded in addition to the physically handicapped, which is a group that usually comes to mind first. Look for more on this opportunity in future articles from me.

As a result of that, one of the activities that we recently cosponored with the NTA was a Travel for Tomorrow Council, and this is a nonprofit operation set up to try to get good, high-level professional marketing spots on national TV through the sponsorship of the Advertising Council. One of those ads would highlight the need of the handicapped traveler, and the whole concept here is the fact that the U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration is being a catalyst, bringing together the private sector and actually opening their eyes to what the problems are. Every time I talk with a handicapped individual, I find out new things. I never realized before, because I don't have those kinds of problems. So bringing these people together, I think, without question in my mind, that they will go forth and do everything they can within their own associations and their own companies to try to make it easier for the handicapped visitor to travel.

Mr. LENT. Can you suggest any possible incentives that this committee might want to take under advisement that might help to spur the travel industry or the tourism industry toward more accessible facilities?

Mr. SNYDER. I think this hearing is an example of that. It is a great day for the handicapped that the chairman has called this meeting. This type of activity is one of many where the industry can become aware, as well as participate, and bring to life the importance of all these matters.

I can think of a number of things. One, at the Governors' Conferences on Tourism, all across the country, I would like to see personally more action taken in those conferences with regard to the handicapped visitor.

I would like to see more material produced by States and local governments, as well as the Federal Government.

Mr. LENT. That was my final question.

What can you tell us what the States have been doing or ought to be doing to reduce barriers to the handicapped?

Mr. SNYDER. We sent out a questionnaire in the middle of the year to all the State travel directors and Governors, asking them to send us information on what they are doing in this particular area.

We have responses from about 15 States, and there are a lot of active programs for travelers, but there is still a lack of understanding of the problem clear down to the local level. We are doing our best to try to get the message out there, that this is a serious problem and a lot of people are being deprived of certain activities.

Mr. LENT. You said USTTA is doing the best it can to get the message out. We have some information that indicates that USTTA, because of its budget situation perhaps, has been refusing the requests of various groups to reprint a certain consumer guide.

I think the title of it is: "Travel Hints for the Handicapped.

Mr. SNYDER. In 1976, we were appropriated a little over $1 million for our domestic program, which I had the opportunity of heading.

One of the activities I felt was extremely important and a responsibility for our agency, was to put out this brochure, travel tips for the handicapped.

That program was canceled when the appropriations for the domestic tourism was reduced.

However, we have seriously considered reprinting this brochure, since we have received additional funds from the Congress, and we are going to recommend to the marketing committee that has just been formed that it look into how our appropriations should be spent effectively.

We will recommend highly that the brochure be reprinted.

Mr. LENT. For fiscal year 1984, you have an appropriation for $12 million, which is 50 percent more than the fiscal year 1983 appropriation.

With this increase in funding, do you think that USTTA might be able to make available special travel information once again to the handicapped?

Mr. SNYDER. I think it is absolutely possible.
Mr. FLORIO. Thank you very much.
Mr. Richardson.

Mr. RICHARDSON. Mr. Snyder, on page 16 of your testimony, you summarized the administration's position, basically saying you think additional legislation and the creation of more bureaucracies would be premature, and what is needed is full implementation of existing legislation.

I commend you for mentioning that we need more education to let handicapped people know of the facilities and the options that they have to facilitate their travel.

The Paralyzed Veterans of America have a lawsuit against the CAB. One of their contentions is that the implementation of the act is not being carried out.

In other words, there is a citation of some carriers that don't follow the act. First of all, I know this is a suit before the courts, but I wonder if you had a chance to review the CAB regulations?

Second, do you really think that education and public awareness are the only areas where we could improve. If you could sort of tie those questions in together, I would appreciate it.

Mr. SNYDER. There is not a really simple, all-encompassing answer to your question. I feel we are morally obligated to facilitate travel in every way possible by the handicapped travelers, and because that particular case affects other elements besides the Federal Government, I think it would be improper for me to really discuss the legal implications of it. My statement stands in relation to what I said at the beginning.

In following up to your answer about additional legislation, it is only a recommendation. I personally would support anything that would help the situation in any way.

It seems to me there is a lot of legislation available for certain elements of this issue, and it seems to me that the tourism issue is an area that really is not quite defined. It is an area I could see where the committee might have some different ideas, but the key point is that we are committed to do everything we can to support the committee's actions as well as take action on our own to help the situation.

Mr. Florio. One of the things that I mentioned before, Mr. Santini is in the audience and he, among others, worked very hard to have our national tourism policy legislation put into effect.

That legislation says universal accessibility to the benefits of tourism and recreation in the United States is a basic goal of our national tourism policy. Are we satisfied that everything that can be done is in the process of at least being explored?

Are there specific recommendations, since you really have the basic responsibility for implementing that policy, are there recommendations that you can make to this committee, cross-agency recommendations that you would be willing to put forward as to how things can be modified so as to carry out the full intent and basic goal of the policy that your agency is charged with carrying out?

Mr. SNYDER. Frankly speaking, at this particular point, I feel there is never enough done in this area. Every time I talk to a person who is handicapped and hear of some of the difficulties they have, it really makes me feel almost like we have not done enough, and in every possible way I can think of we have tried to help the situation over the years, we have made that effort.

We really feel very strongly about the issue. We would like to do everything we can. We had this meeting in February and followed up with phone calls and met with a variety of different people.

I would like to study the issue and make some recommendations to you on the legislation element. I would like to give you some ideas on that.

I would like to mention, though, that there are a lot of other things that we have been thinking about doing. For instance, contact law enforcement agencies in each State to encourage special training in the handling of the handicapped, to do as many surveys as we can on what literature is available, and try to make everyone

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