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thy life; thorns also, and thistles II. Thou shalt not kill. shall it bring forth unto thee, and III. Thou shalt not commit adulthou shalt eat the herb of the field. tery. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou IV. Thou shalt not steal. eat bread, till thou return unto the V. Thou shalt not bear false witground; for dust thou art, and unto ness against thy neighbor. dust shalt thou return.
VI. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt not coyet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing
that is thy neighbor's. CHAPTER II.
APPLICATION OF THESE STATUTES
OCRACY OF THE JEWS.
I. Ex. 20: 3. Thou shalt have no
IN THE CIVIL POLICY, OR THEother gods before me.
II. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, $ 1. GOD THE OBJECT OF SUPREME or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to
Deut. 6: 4. Hear, O Israel, the them, nor serve them: for I the Lord our God is one LORD ; and Lord thy God am a jealous God, thou shalt love the Lord thy God visiting the iniquity of the fathers with all thy heart, and with all thy upon the children unto the third and soul, and with all thy might. — 12. fourth generation of them that hate Beware lest thou forget the LORD me: and showing mercy unto thou- which brought thee forth out of the sands of them thave love me and land of Egypt, from the house of keep my commandments.
bondage. Thou shalt fear the Lord III. 'Thou shalt not take the name thy God, aud serve him, and shalt of the Lord thy God in vain : for swear by his name. Ye shall not go the Lord will not hold him guiltless after other gods, of the gods of the that taketh his name in vain. people that are round about you.
IV. Remember the sabbath day, - 16. Ye shall not tempt the LORD to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou your God. ... Ye shall diligently labor, and do all thy work : but the keep the commandments of the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord your God. ... Thou shalt do Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not that which is right and good in the do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor sight of the Lord. thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor
8: 2. Thou shalt remember all thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor the way which the Lord thy God thy stranger that is within thy gates. | led thee, these forty years in the För in six days the Lord made wilderness; to humble thee, and to heaven and earth, the sea, and all prove thee, to know what was in that in them is, and rested the sev- thine heart, whether thou wouldenth day: wherefore the Lord bles-est keep his commandments or no. sed the sabbath day and hallowed it. – 11. Beware that thou forget not
the Lord thy God, in not keeping his commandments. But thou shalt
remember the LORD thy God. § 2.
10: 12. And now, Israel, what
doth the LORD thy God require of I. Ex. 20:12. Honor thy father and thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, thy mother ; that thy days may be to walk in all his ways, and to love long upon the land which the LORD him, and to serve him with all thy thy God giveth thee.
heart and with all thy soul. - 20.
TO ONE ANOTHER.
Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; , of dreams, shall be put to death; him shalt thou serve, and to him because he hath spoken to turn you shalt thou cleave ... he is thy praise away from the Lord your God, and he is thy God. ... Thy fathers which brought you out of the land went down into Egypt with three- of Egypt, and redeemed you out of score and ten persons, and now the the house of bondage, to thrust thee LORD thy God hath made thee as out of the way which the LORD thy the stars of heaven for multitude. God commanded thee to walk in.
11:1. Therefore thou shalt love So shalt thou put the evil away from the LORD thy God, and keep his the midst of thee. If thy brother, charge ... alway.
the son of thy mother, or thy son, 14:1. Ye are the children of the or thy daughter, or the wife of thy LORD your God.
bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other
gods, which thou hast not known, § 2. THE ONLY OBJECT OF RELIGIOUS thou, nor thy fathers; namely, of
the gods of the people which are
round about you, nigh unto thee, or Ex. 20: 22. And the Lord said far off from thee, from the one end unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say of the earth even unto the other end unto the children of Israel, Ye have of the earth ; thou shalt not conseen that I have talked with you sent unto him, nor hearken unto from heaven. Ye shall not make him ; neither shall thine eye pity with me gods of silver, neither shall him, neither shalt thou spare, neiye make unto you gods of gold. An ther shalt thou conceal him; but altar of earth thou shalt make unto thou shalt surely kill him; thine me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy hand shall be first upon him to put burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offer- him to death, and afterwards the ings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in hand of all the people. And thou all places where I record my name, shalt stone him with stones, that he I will come unto thee, and I will die ; because he hath sought to bless thee. And if thou wilt make thrust thee away from the LORD me an altar of stone, thou shalt not thy God, which brought thee out of build it of hewn stone: for if thou the land of Egyt, from the house of lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast bondage. And all Israel shall hear, polluted it. Neither shalt thou go and fear, and shall do no more any up by steps unto mine altar, that such wickedness as this is among thy nakedness be not discovered you. If thou shalt hear say in one of thereon,
thy cities, which the Lord thy God 22: 20. He that sacrificeth unto hath given thee to dwell there, sayany god, save unto the LORD only, ing, Certain men, the children of he shall be utterly destroyed. Belial, are gone out from among
Deut. 13:1. If there arise among you, and have withdrawn the inyou a prophet, or a dreamer of habitants of their city, saying, Let dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a us go and serve other gods, which wonder, and the sign or the wonder ye have not known; then shalt thou come to pass, whereof he spake unto inquire, and make search, and ask thee saying, Let us go after other diligently; and, behold, if it be gods, which thou hast not known, truth, and the thing certain, that and let us serve them ; thou shalt such abomination is wrought among not hearken, unto the words of that you: thou shalt surely smite the inprophet, or that dreamer of dreams: habitants of that city with the edge for the LORD your God proveth you, of the sword, destroying it utterly, to know whether .ye love the LORD and all that is therein, and the catyour God with all your heart, and tle thereof, with the edge of the with all your soul. Ye shall walk sword. And thou shalt gather all after the LORD your God, and fear the spoil of it into the midst of the him, and keep his commandments, street thereof, and shall burn with and obey his voice, and ye shall | fire the city, and all the spoil thereserve him, and cleave unto him. of every whit, for the LORD thy God: And that prophet, or that dreamer and it shall be an heap forever; it
shall not be built agạin. And there | day. And all Israel stoned him with shall cleave nought of the cursed stones, and burned them with fire, hing to thine hand ; that the LORD after they had stoned them with may turn from the fierceness of his stones. And they raised over him a anger, and show thee mercy, and great heap of stones unto this day. have compassion upon thee, and So the Lord turned from the fiercemultiply thee, as he hath sworn unto ness of his anger. Wherefore the thy fathers; when thou shalt hear- name of that place was called the ken to the voice of the LORD thy valley of Achor, unto this day. God, to keep all his commandments Deut. 4:1. Now therefore hearwhich I command thee this day, to ken, O Israel, unto the statutes and do that which is right in the eyes of unto the judgments, which I teach the LORD thy God.
you, for to do them, that ye may
live, and go in and possess the land Cases of Idolatry.
which the LORD God of your fathers
giveth you. Ye shall not add unto Josĩ.7:10. And the Lord said un- the word which I command you, to Joshua, ... Israel hath sinned, and neither shall ye diminish aught from they have also transgressed my cov- it, that ye may keep the commandenant, which I commanded them; ments of the Lord your God which for they have even taken of the ac- I command you. Your eyes have cursed thing, and have also stolen, seen what the LORD did because of and dissembled also ... therefore the Baal-peor: for all the men that folchildren of Israel could not stand lowed Baal-peor, the LORD thy God before their enemies; neither will.I hath destroyed them from among be with you any more, except ye put you. But ye that did cleave unto away the accursed from among you. the LORD your God are alive every
19. And Joshua said unto Achan, one of you this day, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the Lord God of Israel, and make confession unto him ; and tell me now what thou hast done ; hide it
3. PROFANITY. not from me. And Achan answered Joshua, and said, Indeed I have sin- Lev. 5:1. And if a soul sin, and ned against the LORD God of Israel, hear the voice of swearing, and is a and thus and thus have I done: witness, whether he hath seen or when I saw among the spoils a known of it ; if he do not utter it, goodly Babylonish garment, and then he shall bear his iniquity. two hundred shekels of silver, and 19:12. And ye shall not swear by a wedge of gold of fifty shekels my name falsely, neither shalt thou weight, then I coveted them, and profane the name of thy God: I am took them; and, behold, they are the LORD. hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. So
Case of a Blasphemer. Joshua sent messengers, and they ran unto the tent; and, behold, it Lev. 24: 13. And the LORD spake was hid in his tent, and the silver unto Moses, saying, Bring forth him under it. And they took them out of that hath cursed without the camp ; the midst of the tent, and brought and let all that heard him lay their them unto Joshua, and unto all the hands upon his head, and let all the children of Israel, and laid them out congregation stone him. And thou before the Lord. And Joshua, and shalt speak unto the children of Isall Israel with him, took Achan, the rael, saying, Whosoever curseth his son of Zerah, and the silver, and God shall bear his sin. And he that the garment, and the wedge of gold, blasphemeth the name of the LORD, and his sons, and his daughters, and he shall surely be put to death, and his oxen, and his asses, and his all the congregation shall certainly sheep, and his tent, and all that he stone him: as well the stranger, as had: and they brought them unto he that is born in the land, when he the valley of Achor. And Joshua blasphemeth the name of the LORD, said, Why hast thou troubled us ? shall be put to death. — 23. And the Lord shall trouble thee this | Moses spake to the children of Is
rael, that they should bring forth ses, How long refuse ye to keep my him that had cursed out of the camp, commandments and my laws ? See, and stone him with stones. And the for that the LORD hath given you children of Israel did as the LORD the sabbath, therefore he giveth you commanded Moses.
on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his
place, let no man go out of his place § 4. OBSERVANCE OF THE SABBATH.
on the seventh day. So the people
rested on the seventh day. Ex. 31: 12. And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak thou al- Case tried. - Gathering sticks. so unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall Num. 15:33. And they that found keep: for it is a sign between me him gathering sticks, brought him and you throughout your genera- unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all tions ; that ye may know that I am the congregation. And they put him the Lord that doth sanctify you. in ward because it was not declared Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore ; what should be done to him. And for it is holy unto you: every one the LORD said to Moses, The man that defileth it shall surely be put to shall be surely put to death; all the death: for whosoever doeth any congregation shall stone him with work therein, that soul shall be cut stones without the camp. And all the off from among his people. Six days congregation brought him without may work be done ; but in the sev- the camp and stoned him with stones enth is the sabbath of rest, holy to and he died ; as the LORD commandthe LORD: whosoever doeth any ed Moses. work in the sabbath-day, he shall Neh. 13:15. In those days saw I surely be put to death. Wherefore in Judah some treading wine-presses the children of Israel shall keep on the sabbath, and bringing in the sabbath, to observe the sabbath sheaves, and lading asses; as also throughout their generations, for a wine, grapes, and figs, and all manperpetual covenant. It is a sign be- ner of burdens, which they brought tween me and the children of Israel into Jerusalem on the sabbath-day: forever: for in six days the Lord and I testified against them in the made heaven and earth, and on the day wherein they sold victuals. seventh day he rested, and was re There dwelt men of Tyre also freshed.
therein, which brought fish, and all 35: 2. Whosoever doeth work manner of ware, and sold on the therein shall be put to death. Ye sabbath unto the children of Judah, shall kindle no fire throughout your and in Jerusalem. Then I contendhabitations upon the sabbath-day. ed with the nobles of Judah, and 16: 5. And it shall
said unto them, What evil thing is pass, that on the sixth day they shall this that ye do, and profane the sabprepare that which they bring in ; bath-day ? did not your fathers thus, and it shall be twice as much as and did not our God bring all this they gather daily. – 22. And it came evil upon us, and upon this city ? to pass, that on the sixth day they yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel gathered twice as much bread, two by profaning the sabbath. And it omers for one man: and all the ru
came to pass, that when the gates of lers of the congregation came and Jerusalem began to be dark before told Moses. And he said unto them, the sabbath, I commanded that the this is that which the Lord hath gates should be shut, and charged said, to-morrow is the rest of the that they should not be opened till holy sabbath unto the Lord: bake after the sabbath: and some of my that which ye will bake to-day, and servants set I at the gates, that there seethe that ye will seethe ; and that should no burden be brought in on which remaineth lay up for you to the sabbath-day. So the merchants be kept until the morning. - 27. It and sellers of all kind of ware lodged came to pass, that there went out without Jerusalem once or twice. some of the people on the seventh Then I testified against them, and day for to gather, and they found said unto them, Why lodge ye
about none. And the LORD said unto Mo- | the wall ? if ye do so again, I will
lay hands on you. From that time plain, and from the mountains, and forth came they no more on the sab- from the south, bringing burnt-offerbath. And I commanded the Levites, ings, and sacrifices, and meat-offerthat they should cleanse themselves, ings, and incense, and bringing saand that they should come and keep crifices of praise, unto the house of the gates, to sanctify the sabbath- the Lord. But if ye will not hearken day. Remember me, O my God, unto me to hallow the sabbath-day, concerning this also, and spare me and not to bear a burden, even enteraccording to the greatness of thy ing in at the gates of Jerusalem on mercy.
the sabbath-day; then will I kindle a
fire in the gates thereof, and it shall Morality of the Sabbath. devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and
it shall not be quenched. Isa. 58: 9. If thou take away from Ezek. 20:10. Wherefore I caused the midst of thee the yoke, the put them to go forth out of the land of ting forth of the finger, and speaking Egypt, and brought them into the vanity; and if thou draw out thy wilderness. And I gave them my soul to the hungry, and satisfy the statutes, and showed them my judgafflicted soul; then shall thy light ments, which if a man do, he shall rise in obscurity, and thy darkness even live in them. Moreover also I be as the noon-day. 13. If thou gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign turn away thy foot from the sabbath, between me and them, that they from doing thy pleasure on my holy might know that I am the LORD day; and call the sabbath a delight, that sanctify them. But the house the holy of the LORD, honorable, of Israel rebelled against me in the and shalt honor him, not doing thine wilderness: they walked not in my own ways, nor finding thine own statutes, and they despised my judopleasure, nor speaking thine own ments, which if a man do, he shall words: then shalt thou delight thy- even live in them; and my sabbaths self in the Lord; and I will cause they greatly polluted: then I said, I
nee to ride upon the high places of would pour out my fury upon them the earth, and feed thee with the in the wilderness, to consume them. heritage of Jacob thy father: for the — 21. Notwithstanding the children mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. rebelled against me: they walked
Jer. 17:21. Thus saith the LORD; not in my statutes, neither kept my take heed to yourselves, and bear no judgments to do them, which if a burden on the sabbath-day, nor bring man do, he shall even live in them
; it in by the gates of Jerusalem ; nei- they polluted my sabbaths: then ther
carry forth a burden out of your said, I would pour out my fury upon houses on the sabbath-day, neither them, to accomplish my anger against do ye any work, but hallow ye the them in the wilderness. 24. Besabbath-day, as I commanded your cause they had not executed my fathers. But they obeyed not, nei- judgments, but' had despised my ther inclined their ear, but made statutes, and had polluted my sabtheir neck stiff, that they might not baths, and their eyes were after hear, nor receive instruction. And it their fathers' idols. shall come to pass, if ye diligently 22: 7. In thee have they vexed the hearken unto me, saith the LORD, to fatherless and the widow. Thou hast bring in no burden through the gates despised mine holy things, and hast of this city on the sabbath-day, but profaned my sabbaths. In thee are hallow the sabbath-day, to do, no men that carry tales to shed blood, work therein; then shall there en- 14. Can thine heart endure, or can ter into the gates of this city kings thine hands be strong, in the days that and princes sitting upon the throne I shall deal with thee ? I the LORD of David, riding in chariots and on have spoken it, and will do it. And horses, they, and their princes, the I will scatter thee among the heathen, men of Judah, and the inhabitants and disperse thee in the countries, of Jerusalem: and this city shall re- and will consume thy filthiness out main forever. And they shall come of thee. And thou shalt take thine from the cities of Judah, and from inheritance in thyself in the sight of the places about Jerusalem, and from the heathen, and thou shalt know the land of Benjamin, and from the that I am the LORD.