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sins may


as white as snow ; though they be 7:10. The pride of Israel doth red like crimson, they shall be as testify to his face ; and they do not wool.

return to the Lord their God, nor Acts 3: 19. Repent ye therefore seek him for all this. - 13. Woe unand be converted, that your

to them;... destruction unto them. be blotted out, when the times of - 16. They return but not to the refreshing shall come from the pre- Most High. sence of the Lord. — 26. Unto you, Mar. 11. 20. Then began Jesus first God having raised up his to upbraid the cities wherein most Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in of his mighty works were done, beturning away every one from your cause they repented not; saying, iniquities.

Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto 2 Peter 3: 9. The Lord is ... not thee, Bethsaida ; for if the mighty willing that any should perish, but works, which were done in you, had that all should come to repentance. been done in Tyre and Sidon, they

would have repented long ago, in sackcloth and ashes. But I say unto

you, it shall be more tolerable for § 3. GOD'S DISPLEASURE AT IMPEN- Tyre and Sidon at the day of judg

ment, than for you.

18: 1. At the same time came the 2 Kings 17: 13. The LORD testi- disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who fied against Israel and Judah, by the is the greatest in the kingdom of prophets and seers, saying, Turn ye

heaven? And Jesus called a little from your evil ways; but they would child unto him, and set him in the not hear. —18. The Lord was angry, midst of them, and said, Verily, I and removed them out of his sight. say unto you, except ye be convert

Ps. 7: 12. If the wicked turn not, ed, and become as little children, ye God will whet his sword. He hath shall not enter into the kingdom of bent his bow, and made it ready. heaven. Whosoever therefore shall He hath also prepared for him the humble himself as this little child, instruments of death.

the same is greatest in the kingdom Jer. 15: 7. I will destroy my peo- of heaven. And whoso shall receive ple, since they return not from their one such little child in my name, reways.

ceiveth me. 18:11. Thus saith the LORD, behold I frame evil against you : re

| 21: 31. Jesus saith unto them, turn ye now every one from his evil Verily I say unto you, that the pubway, and make your ways and your licans and harlots go into the kingdoings good.

dom of God before you. For John 23: 14. The false prophets, came unto you in the way of rightstrengthen the hands of the evil do- eousness, and ye believed him not ; ers, that no man doth return from but the publicans and harlots behis wickedness... Therefore thus lieved him ; and ye, when ye had saith the Lord of Hosts concerning seen it, repented not afterwards, that the prophets, Behold I will feed them ye might believe him. with wormwood, and make them Rev. 2: 21. I gave her space to drink the water of gall.

repent of her fornication; and she Ezek. 3: 19. If thou warn the repented not. Behold I will cast wicked, and he turn not from his her into a bed, and them that comwickedness,... he shall die in his mit adultery with her into great tribiniquity.

ulation, except they repent of their Dan. 9: 13. All this evil is come deeds. upon us, yet made we not our prayer Rom. 2: 4. After thy hardness, before the LORD our God, that we and impenitent heart, treasurest up might turn from our iniquities. wrath against the day of wrath, and Therefore hath the Lord watch- revelation of the righteous judgment ed upon the evil and brought it of God: who will render to every upon us.

one according to his works. Ho. 14:1. O Israel, return unto Jas. 5: 19. Brethren, if any of you the LORD thy God; for thou hast do err from the truth, and one confallen by thy iniquity.

vert him, let him know, that he

which converteth the sinner from commandment holy, and just, and the error of his way, shall save a good. Was that which is good soul from death, and shall hide a made death unto me? God forbid. multitude of sins.

But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good ; that sin' by the command

ment might become exceeding sinful. § 4. REPENTANCE DESCRIBED. For we know that the law is spirit

ual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. I. Implies Consciousness of Guilt. For that which I do, I allow not:

for what I would, that do I not; but Ps. 38: 4. Mine iniquities are as what I hate, that do I. If then I a heavy burden.

do that which I would not, I consent Job 42: 6. Now mine eye seeth unto the law that it is good. Now thee, wherefore I abhor myself and then it is no more I that do it, but repent in dust and ashes.

sin that dwelleth in me. For I Ps. 51: 3. I acknowledge my

I acknowledge my know that in me, (that is, in my transgressions, and my sin is ever flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for before me. Against thee, thee only, to 'will is present with me; but how have I sinned, and done this evil in to perform that which is good, F thy sight ... Behold I was shapen find not. For the good that I would, in iniquity, and in sin did my mother I do not ; but the evil which I would conceive me.

not, that I do. Now if I do that I Mat. 11: 28. Come unto me all would not, it is no more I that do it, ye that labor and are heavy laden, but sin that dwelleth in me. I find and I will give you rest.

then a law, that when I would do Rom. 3: 19. Now we know that good, evil is present with me. For what things soever the law saith, it I delight in the law of God, after saith to them who are under the the inner man: but I see another law: that every mouth may be law in my members warring against stopped, and all the world may be the law of my mind, and bringing come guilty before God. Therefore me into captivity to the law of sin by the deeds of the law there shall which is in my members. O wretchno flesh be justified in his sight: for ed man that I am! who shall deliver by the law is the knowledge of sin. me from the body of this death? I But now the righteousness of God thank God, through Jesus Christ without the law is manisested, being our Lord. So then, with the mind witnessed by the law and the proph- I myself serve the law of God: but ets; even the righteousness of God with the flesh the law of sin. which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that 1 2 Sam. 24: 10. And David's heart believe ; for there is no difference: smote him after that he had numfor all have sinned, and come short bered the people. And David said of the glory of God.

unto the LORD, I have sinned greatRom. 7: 7. What shall we say ly in that I have done: and now I then? Is the law sin? God forbid. beseech thee, O LORD, take away Nay, I had not known sin, but by the iniquity of thy servant; for I the law: for I had not known_lust, have done very foolishly. For when except the law had said, “Thou David was up in the morning, the shalt not covet. But sin, taking

word of the LORD came unto the occasion by the commandment, prophet Gad, David's seer, saying, wrought in me all manner of concu- Go and say unto David, Thus saith piscence. For without the law sin the LORD, I offer thee three things: was dead. For I was alive without choose thee one of them, that I may the law once: but when the com- do it unto thee. So Gad came to mandment came, sin revived, and David, and told him, and said unto I died. And the commandment, him, Shall seven years of famine which was ordained to life, I found unto thee in thy land? or to be unto death. For sin, taking wilt thou flee three months before occasion by the commandment, de- thine enemies, while they pursue ceived me, and by it slew me. thee? or that there be three day's Wherefore the law is holy, and the pestilence in thy land? now advise,



and see what answer I shall return saith, Master, say on. There was to him that sent me. And David a certain creditor, which had two said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: debtors: the one owed five hundred let us fall now into the hand of the pence, and the other fifty. And Lord; for his mercies are great: when they had nothing to pay, he and let me not fall into the hand of frankly forgave them both. Tell man. So the Lord sent a pestilence me, therefore, which of them will upon Israel from the morning even love him most? Simon answered to the time appointed : and there and said, I suppose that he to whoin died of the people from Dan even he forgave most. And he said unto to Beer-sheba seventy thousand men. him, T'hou hast rightly judged. And

he turned to the woman, and said II. It Implies Godly Sorrow for unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? Sin.

I entered into thy house, thou gavest

me no water for my feet: but she Mat. 26: 69. Now Peter sat with hath washed my feet with tears, out in the palace : and a damsel and wiped them with the hairs of came unto him, saying, Thou also her head. Thou gavest me no kiss wast with Jesus of Galilee. But he but this woman, since the time I denied before them all, saying, I came in, hath not ceased to kiss my know not what thou sayest. And feet. My head with oil thou didst when he was gone out into the not anoint : but this woman hath porch, another inaid saw him, and anointed my feet with ointment. said unto them that were there, Wherefore, I say unto thee, Her This fellow was also with Jesus of sins, which are many, are forgiven ; Nazareth. And again he denied for she loved much: but to whom with an oath, I do not know the little is forgiven, the same loveth

And after a while came unto little. And he said unto her, Thy him they that stood by, and said to sins are forgiven. And they that Peter, surely thou also art one of sat at meat with him, began to say them; for thy speech betrayeth within themselves, Who is this that thee. Then began he to curse and forgiveth sins also? And he said to swear, saying, I know not the man. the woman, Thy faith bath saved And immediately the cock crew.

thee: go in peace. And Peter remembered the word JER. 50; 4. The children of Israel of Jesus, which said unto him, Be- shall come, they and the children of fore the cock crow, thou shalt deny Judab together, going and weeping, me thrice. And he went out, and they shall go and seek the Lord their wept bitterly.

God. Luke 7: 36. And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would 1 Joel 2: 12. Turn ye unto me eat with him. And he went into with all your heart, with fasting, the Pharisee's house, and sat down with weeping, and with mourning. to meat. And behold, a woman in 2 Cor. 7: 9. Now I rejoice, not the city, which was a sinner, when that ye were made sorry, but thať she knew that Jesus sat at meat in ye sorrowed to repentance: for ye' the Pharisee's house, brought an were made sorry after a godly manalabaster-box of ointment, and stood ner, that ye might receive damage at his feet behind him weeping, and by us in nothing. For godly sorrow began to wash his feet with tears, worketh repentance to salvation not and did wipe them with the hairs of to be repented of : but the sorrow her head, and kissed his feet, and of the world worketh death. For anointed them with the ointment. behold this self-same thing, that ye. Now, when the Pharisee which had sorrowed after a godly sort, wb bidden him saw it, he spake within carefulness it wrought in you, yea, himself, saying, This man, if he what clearing of yourselves, yea, were a prophet, would have known what indignation, yea, what fear, who and what manner of woman yea, what vehement desire, yea, this is that toucheth him: for she is what zeal, yea, what revenge! In a sinner. And Jesus answering, all things ye have approved yoursaid unto him, Simon, I have some- selves to be clear in this matter. what to say unto thee. And he 2 KING's 22: 19. Because thine

Let your

heart was tender,... and thou hast rent | toward their land which thou gavest thy clothes and wept before me, I also unto their fathers, and toward the have heard thee, saith the LORD. city which thou hast chosen, and

Ps. 34: 18. The Lord is nigh toward the house which I have built unto them that are of a broken for thy name: then liear thou from heart, and saveth such as be of a the heavens, even from thy dwellingcontrite spirit.

place, their prayer and their suppli51:17. The sacrifices of God are a cations, and maintain their cause, broken spirit; a broken and a contrite and forgive thy people which have heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. sinned against thee.

147: 3. The Lord healeth the JAMES 4: 7. Submit yourselves broken in heart, and bindeth up therefore to God.... Cleanse your their wounds.

hands, ye sinners, and purify your

hearts, ye double-minded. Be aftlictIII. A Renunciation of Sin.

ed and mourn and weep.

laughter be turned to mourning, and Mat. 21: 28. But what think ye? your joy, to heaviness: humble your. A certain man had two sons; and selves in the sight of the Lord, and he came to the first, and said, Son, he shall lift you up. go, work to-day in my vineyard. He answered and said, I will not ; 1 Deut. 30: 1. And it shall come but afterward he repented, and to pass, when all these things are went. And he came to the second, come upon thee, the blessing and and said likewise. And he answer- the curse, which I have set before ed and said, I go, sir; and went not. thee, and thou shalt call them to Whether of them twain did the will mind among all the nations, whither of his father? They say unto him, the LORD thy God hath driven thee, The first. Jesus saith unto them, and shalt return unto the LORD thy Verily I say unto you, That the God, and shalt obey his voice acpublicans and the harlots go into the cording to all that I coinmand thee kingdom of God before you. For this day, thou and thy children, with John came unto you in the way of all thine heart, and with all thy soul; righteousness, and ye believed him that then the LORD thy God will turn not: but the publicans and the har- thy captivity, and have compassion lots believed him: and ye, when ye upon thee, and will return

and had seen it, repented not afterward, gather thee from all the nations, that ye might believe him.

whither the Lord thy God hath Isa. 55: 7. Let the wicked for- scattered thee. If any of thine be sake his way and the unrighteous driven out unto the utmost parts of man his thoughts.

heaven, from thence will the Lord 1:16. Cease to do evil ; learn to thy God gather thee, and from thence do well.

will he fetch thee: and the Lord thy John 5: 14. Behold thou art made God will bring thee into the land whole; sin no more, lest a worse which thy fathers possessed, and thing come unto thee.

thou shalt possess it; and he will 2 Chron. 6: 36. If they sin do thee good, and multiply_thee against thee, (for there is no man above thy fathers. And the LORD wbich sinneth not,) and thou be thy God will circumcise thine heart, angry with them, and deliver them and the heart of thy seed, to love over before their enemies, and they the Lord thy God with all thine carry them away captives unto a heart, and with all thy soul, that land far off or near; yet if they thou mayest live. And the LORD bethink themselves in the land thy God will put all these curses whither they are carried captive, upon thine enemies, and on them and turn and pray unto thee in the that hate thee, which persecuted land of their captivity, saying, We thee. And thou shalt return and have sinned, we have done ainiss, obey the voice of the Lord, and and have dealt wickedly: if they do all his commandments which I return to thee with all their heart command thee this day. And the and with all their soul in the land of LORD thy God will make thee plentheir captivity, whither they have teous in every work of thine hand, carried them captives, and pray in the fruit of thy body, and in the

wise ;

fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit no kinsman to recompense the tres-
of thy land, for gooil: for the Lord pass unto, let the trespass be recom-
will again rejoice over thee for pensed unto the LORD, even to the
good, as he rejoiced over thy fathers: priest ; beside the ram of the atone-
if thou shalt hearken unto the voice ment, whereby an atonement shall
of the Lord thy God, to keep his be made for him.
commandments and his statutes
which are written in this book of
the law, and if thou turn unto the § 3. MEANS OF REPENTANCE.
LORD thy God with all thine heart,
and with all thy soul.

I. Reflection.
IV. Confession of Sin to God. Deut. 32: 29. O that they were

that they understood this; that Lev. 26: 40. If they shall confess they would consider their latter end. their iniquity and the iniquity of Job 23: 15. When I consider, I am their fathers;.. if their uncircumcised afraid of him. hearts be humbled; ... then will I re- Ps. 4: 4. Commune with your member my covenant.

own heart on your bed, and be still. Ps. 32: 5. I said, I will confess my 1 Sam. 12: 24. Consider how great trangression,.. thou forgavest the in- things the Lord hath done for thee. iquity of my sin.

Rom. 2: 4. Not knowing that the Prov. 28: 13. He that covereth goodness of God leadeth thee to rehis sins shall not prosper ; but, who- pentance. so confesseth and forsaketh them Ps. 50: 22. Consider this, ye that shall have mercy.

forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, JER. 8: 13. Acknowledge thine and there be none to deliver. iniquity that thou hast transgressed 119: 95. I will consider thy testiagainst the LORD thy God.

monies. Mat. 3:5. Then went out to him Eccl. 7: 14. In the day of adverJerusalem, and all Judea, and all sity consider, the region round about Jordan, and 5:1. They consider not, that they were baptized of him in Jordan, do evil. consessing their sins.

Isa. 1: 3. Israel doth not know, Acts 19: 19. Many that believed my people doth not consider. came and confessed and showed Ho. 7: 2. They consider not in their deeds. Many also of them their hearts, that I remember all that used curious arts brought their their wickedness. books together, and burned them H.G. 1: 5. Thus saith the LORD, before all men.

consider your ways. 1 John 1:9. If we confess our sins, LUKE 19: 41. He beheld the city he is faithful and just to forgive us and wept over it, saying, if thou our sips, and to cleanse us from all hadst known, even thou, at least unrighteousness. If we say that we in this thy day the things that bebave not sinned, we make him a long to thy peace ! But now they liar, and his word is not in us. are hid from thine eyes.

V. Restitution.

II Study of God's Word. Num. 5: 5. And the Lord spake Ps. 19: 7. The law of the Lord is unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the perfect, converting the soul : the children of Israel, when a man or testimony of the Lord is sure, makwoman shall commit any sin that | ing wise the simple ... The commen commit, to do a trespass against mandment of the Lord is pure, enthe Lord, and that person be guilty ; | lightening the eyes. The fear of then they shall confess their sin the Lord is clean, enduring forever, wbich they have done: and he shall | The judgments of the Lord are true recompense his trespass with the and righteous altogether : more to principal thereof, and add unto it be desired are they than gold, yea the fifth part thereof, and give it than much fine gold ; sweeter also unto him against whom he hath than honey or the honey comb. trespassed. But if the man have | Moreover by them is thy servant

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