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shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and officers competent, and shall demand the said deserters in writing, proving by an exhibition of the registers of the vessels' or ships' roll, or other public documents, that those men were part of the said crews; and on this demand, so proved, (saving, however, when the contrary is proved,) the delivery shall not be refused Such deserters, when arrested, shall be put at the disposal of said consuls, and may be put in the public prisons, at the request and expense of those who reclaim them, to be sent to the ships to which they belonged, or to others of the same nation; but if they be not sent back within two months, to be counted from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall be no more arrested for the same cause.
ART. 35. For the purpose of more effectually protecting their commerce and navigation, the two contracting parties agree, as soon hereafter as circumstances will permit them, to form a consular convention, which shall declare especially the powers and immunities of the consuls and vice-consuls of the respective parties.
ART. 36. The United States of America and the republic of Bolivia, desiring to make as durable as circumstances will permit the relations which are established between the two parties by virtue of this treaty of peace, amity, commerce, and navigation, declare solemnly and agree to the following points:
1st. The present treaty shall remain in full force and virtue for the term of ten years, to be counted from the day of the exchange of the ratifications, and further, until the end of one year after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of its intention to terminate the same; each of the contracting parties reserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other at the end of said term of ten years; and it is agreed between them that, on the expiration of one year after such notice shall have been received by either from the other party, this treaty in all its parts relative to commerce and navigation, shall altogether cease and determine; and in all those parts which relate to peace and friendship, it shall be perpetual and permanently binding on both powers.
2d. If one or more of the citizens of either party shall infringe any of the articles of this treaty, such citizen shall be held personally responsible for the same, and harmony and good correspondence between the two nations shall not be interrupted thereby, each party engaging in no way to protect the offender, or sanction such violation.
3d. If, (what indeed cannot be expected,) unfortunately, any of the articles contained in the present treaty shall be violated, or infringed in any other mode whatever, it is expressly stipulated that neither of the contracting parties will order or authorize any act of reprisal, nor declare war against the other, on complaints of injuries or damages, until the said party considering itself offended shall have first presented to the other a statement of such injuries or damages, verified by competent proofs, and demanded justice, and the same shall have been either refused or unreasonably delayed.
4th. Nothing in this treaty shall, however, be construed or operate contrary to former and existing public treaties with other sovereigns and states.
The present treaty of peace, amity, commerce, and navigation shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the President of the republic of Bolivia with the approbation of the national Congress; and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the capital of the republic of Bolivia within eight months, to be counted from the date of the ratification by both governments.
In faith whereof, we, the plenipotentiaries of the United States of America and of the republic of Bolivia, have signed and sealed these presents.
Done in La Paz on the thirteenth (13th) day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight, (A. D. 1858.)
JOHN W. DANA.
And whereas the said treaty, as amended, has been duly ratified on both parts, and the respective ratifications of the same were exchanged at La Paz on the 9th of November last, by David K. Cartter, minister resident of the United States, and Señor Don Manuel José Cortiz, minister for foreign relations of Bolivia, on the part of their respective governments, the time specified for that purpose by the thirty-sixth article having been extended by the contracting parties:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, have caused the said treaty to be made public, to the end that the same, and every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this eighth day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-seventh.
By the President:
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
BUENOS AYRES.-W. H. HUDSON, Consul.
MARCH 1, 1862.
I have to report that, on the first January last, the increased duty of two and one-half per cent. on all imports, and levied upon an increased valuation of ten per cent., went into effect at this custom-house, und this increased duty is to be required to be paid in cash.
The increased duty of two and one-half per cent., making ten per cent. in all, upon all exports, goes into effect this day.
APRIL 30, 1862.
I enclose herewith (No. 1) statement of navigation and commerce for the year 1861, showing the number of American vessels entered as 141; tonnage of American vessels entered, 52,83837; value of cargoes, $1,062,678; number of American vessels cleared, 132; tonnage of American vessels cleared,
-; value of cargoes, 1,414,629; foreign vessels entered, 384; tonnage, 147,205.
I also enclose report No. 2, showing the exports from this port to different countries since the year 1852, and the imports of the very important articles of consumption, salt, coal, and lumber. I have found it impossible to arrive at a valuation of other than American imports, as no books of valuation are kept at the custom-house, and the duties are assessed upon valuations made by persons appointed for the purpose.
The duties on imports, however, for the year 1861, amounted to $60,823,014; and on exports, $11,479,892.
In September last an additional duty of two and one-half per cent. was laid upon exports, and, upon the first of March, a further addition of two and onehalf per cent., making five per cent. additional duty on exports; and, on the first of February last, an additional duty of two and one-half per cent. was laid
upon imports. These increased duties are especially destined for the amortization of the last issue of paper money and public funds demanded for the expenses of the late war. The actual amount of paper money in circulation exceeds three hundred and seventy millions (370,000,000) of dollars, or about fifteen millions of silver dollars.
Schools and education are advancing rapidly.
Railways are in operation and in course of construction, as well as others projected.
Steam, saw, and grist mills have been erected within a comparatively short space of time.
The war which existed with the provinces during the last year, and now happily brought to a close, had a most depressing effect upon business of all kinds. Peace and immigration are all that is wanted to make this one of the most prosperous countries on the face of the globe. Under the wise and liberal policy of the present government the first has been secured, and if it happily continues, the second is sure to follow.
Statement of exports from Buenos Ayres for the years ended October 31, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1860, and 1861, and statement of imports of coal, salt, and lumber during the same period, with prices of the American importation.
October 31, 1854... 217,786 153,211 2,560 817 17,438 5,644
52, 897 7,528 196,182 3,902 115, 180 21,160 180,926 975 154,382 13,709 271, 196 2,774 42,340 22,601 266,284 14,553 88,380 1,080 220,525 4,120
6,942 350 61 128
13,664 1,013 864
17,108 1,181 2,125
12 153 17,244