Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub

could be conceived. With the famed quality of the grape, its cheapness, (about three-fourths of a cent per pound,) and the capacity of the island for its production, the manufacture of wines for exportation would be most remunerative; but when ten per cent. upon the raw material and twenty-five upon the manufactured is devoured by the government there is left a small margin for profit. It is hoped, however, that this onerous duty will soon be removed. The comparatively large revenue from this island, amounting to fifteen millions of piasters, is due to her great agricultural resources. The soil is of the most rich and fertile character, and is capable of raising to perfection almost all agricultural productions. The level nature of the country renders transportation easy; and the absence of all predatory tribes, with the inoffensiveness of both its Greek and Turkish population, render life and property secure in every part of the island. It is sad, however, to report that, although favored with every natural advantage, its agricultural resources are comparatively undeveloped. Scarcely the fifteenth part of the arable land is under cultivation, and, in addition to this large amount of unproductive soil, it may be added that the portion under cultivation does not produce one-half of its capacity, when it is remembered that the island supported a population of two millions under the Venetians, and was also at the same time the great granary of Syria. Last year the island was obliged to import largely to support a population of only one hundred and eighty thousand inhabitants! Agriculture has suffered fearfully from the ravages of the locust for many years past, and there is not enough energy and public spirit on the part of the inhabitants, or interest manifested by the government, to take effective measures for the destruction of this ruinous scourge.

The chief products of this island are wheat, barley, cotton, linseed, sesame, madder root, and grapes. The wheat is small grained and hard, resembling the Russian wheat, and brought to market largely mixed with earth and other extraneous substances. The barley is of a very superior quality, finer even than the Egyptian, and sold at low prices. The capacity of the island for the production of cotton is great, but the cultivation is much neglected. According to "Mariti," Cyprus under the Venetian rule exported 30,000 bales, or 6,600,000 pounds; but the amount at present exported, even during the most favorable years, scarcely amounts to 6,000 bales, or 1,320,000 pounds. Although the soil under cotton cultivation is of the richest nature, yet, from carelessness and ignorance, bad quality of seed and want of capital, the produce per acre is only from 110 to 240 pounds. The quality of cotton chiefly cultivated is very inferior, rendering it of little value in the European markets; and until prices of cotton attained fabulous rates the crop was not remunerative to the agriculturists. American cotton is almost altogether grown now, and the "Manchester Cotton Supply Association" is making here, as everywhere in the East, huge efforts to increase the culture of this all-important article.

The cultivation of madder root is one of great care and profit to the farmer, and in Europe are more esteemed than the Smyrna produce. In some parts of the island the land best adapted to this culture brings the enormous price of $300 per acre.

There are no public works or enterprises at present in progress on the island. The great disadvantages under which Cyprus labors are want of population and enterprise, there being only one soul to every fifteen acres of arable land; and its future is as dark and desolate as its present state should it remain under Turkish rule.

Articles.

Weights or mea

sures.

Statement showing the return of imports into Larnika of Cyprus during the year 1861.

[blocks in formation]

Cotton manufactures.. Pkges.

Woollen stuff for gre

Quan.

Value.

Quan. Value. Quan. Value. Quan. Value. Q'y. Val. Quan. Val. 1,704 4,260,000 2 5,000 23 82,500 4 10,000

Packages.

1,743 P ckages.

1,743

30,260

4,357,500

Bales...

[blocks in formation]

1,084
163
96

[ocr errors]

Okes

52.320

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

..do.

24,640, 209,440

....

[ocr errors]

..do.

103,200 1,032,000

.....

..do.
..do.

....

24,640..do. ..........

616

1,454

209,440

....

103,200..do. ...........

2,580

7,167

1,032,000

Rice..........

..do.

198,560 645,320

1,600

5,200..do. ....

200, 160..do. ..... 5,04

4,517

650,520

Sugar....

...

..do

20,940,

157,050 51,310

379,170

800 27,500

Coffee.............

..do. 7,110

81,765 17,000

Leather ...........

Dozen.

110

Do.........

Okes

6.060

127, 260 20, 120

Iron

...............

..do.

3,440

10,320 11,650

194,700 680 82,500 655,600 200 34,950 6,600

7,820 850 9,775

[blocks in formation]

Bar tin.....

..do.

1,615

48,450

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

6,000 18,000 378,000 19,800 4,560 750 4,470 119,250 350 300 4.500

13,680.... 22,500 8,750

Okes ..do.

....

.... .....

[ocr errors]

Barrels.

151

30, 200

30

9,000

15 3,000

95 19,000

[ocr errors]

Mats...

516

154,800

Soda

Barrels.

50

58,000,

21 21,000

[blocks in formation]

....

Wheat.

Kilos..

45,700 1,142,500

Lead, small shot..

Okes

29.030

91, 200

.....

[blocks in formation]

214, 100

110,430

95,800

64 19,200 8,700

Tous.....

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

50 10,000 Barrels...

Mats.....
Bales.....
Pieces
Baskets
Kilos.
Okes

...

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

3,350

7,472

Total

10,633, 104

1,684, 8:20

449,900

585,005

27,900

21,825

1,075,915

93,068 13,402, 555

Statement showing the return of exports from Larnika during the year 1861.

[blocks in formation]

Cantar. Oke-..

7,622 762,200 5,682 Locust beans. ..... 72,358 379,00 75,500 296,375 30, 100 158, 025 1,300) Madder............ .................. Cotton...............do. 6,218 62,180 362,700 2,901,600 45,000 360,000 21,010

Quan. Value. Quan'y. Value. Quan. Value. Quan. 643 64,300

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Silk

..do.

[ocr errors][merged small]

720 105,040

144,000 210,080..........

9,650 1,930.000

.do.

Wool ......

..........do.

112.680

....

704,250 ......

2.880 18,750

5,760 117,190 3,040 24,000

.....

..do.

10.370 Cwt.. 107.920..do.

[ocr errors]

Quantity.

Value.

[blocks in formation]

954,775 6,630 1,216,840 3,552, 340 24,669

259 2,074.000 14,403

215,840 1,499

2,698

..do.

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

..do.

820

2,870

6,720

23,520

.do...

Skins ..............

Piece........

4,000

12,000 53,870 161,610 15,750

47.250

Piece..

[ocr errors]

..do.

60

[ocr errors]

2,400 1,600

64,000 240

9.600

255 10,200

..do.

2.155..do.

Comanderia ........

Okes......... Black wine........... do. ..

[ocr errors]

..do.

6,743

Oil

..do.

......... ....

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

1,100

9.920 65.850 50,570 85, 440 256, 320 21,280 21.150 29,700... 2,900

49,600

Okes

7,540..do...

73,620 Piece

9,920 Gallon

[blocks in formation]

131,700

..do.

65,850..do.

18,814

220,860 1,534 86.200 599

49,600 345 131,700 915

63,840 7,440 22.320

....

..do.

120,903 do.

34,540

393,050 2,729

179,775

..do.

28, 079 Tons...

33

238.675 1,657

78,300

.... Kilo....

000 Qrs....

500

108.000 750

[blocks in formation]

1,800..do.

225

28.800 200

54,023 Cwt....

1,351

108,046

750

Cotton manufact❜rs,

native and foreign. Bales.........

145

290,000

Bales...

Woollen ditto......

..do.

7

........

....

14,000

do.

[blocks in formation]

Silk cocoons.......

Okes..

1,280

76,800

Tobacco

..do.

6,360 21,900

254,400

Okes

7,640 Cwt....

191

381,200 2,300

219,000

.....do.

21,900..do.

547

219,000 1,521

Iron stock..........

337,500

337,500 2,344

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Return of American and foreign shipping within the consulate of Cyprus for the year 1861.

[blocks in formation]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

I have the honor herewith to transmit a copy of a report on the ancient port of Famagusta, made by the captain of a French steamer, who is the first European commander that has entered this abandoned harbor since it fell into the hands of the Turks three centuries ago. My colleague, the French consul, kindly offered me the report, which has excited the interest of the French government to that degree that permission was asked of the Sublime Porte to make a survey of the port, as also the old city of Famagusta, still in a great state of preservation, and the best fortified city of the East. This survey has just been completed by a government vessel, and I hope to procure the plans, &c., which I shall forward to the department. The information and details, given with great exactitude in this paper, may be of use to United States vessels in these waters, from the fact that a port perfectly secure has been discovered, and is accessible to vessels that seek in vain for a safe harbor on the Syrian coast.

The Turkish government now proposes to remove the debris with which it is encumbered, rather with a view to the discovery of the treasures of the Genoese and Venetian fleet (the latter having been sunk with immense treasure on its capture by the Turks in 1571) than for political or commercial objects.

Had the efforts of the United States government been directed to this island, instead of Marmoretza, it is probable that European jealousy would not have

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »