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every article shipped hither during that time, enabling every American to determine for himself what articles are in demand here, and what ones he could profitably export.
It is, however, very certain that this table does not represent fully the extent of the trade between the United States and Hamburg, as heavy importations reach this city by circuitous routes, the credit of which is given to other coun
The tabular statements for the years 1859-'60 concerning the following staples of the United States, to wit, tobacco, rice, rhubarb, turpentine, spirits of turpentine, copper, cotton, rosin, pepper and pimento, leather, whalebone, hops, dry hides, salted hides, potash, &c., are prepared for the purposes of showing what other nations are in competition with us in this market in the sale of the same articles, the quantity of each of these articles they export to this place respectively, the sum they respectively realize for each of the same, and the aggregate value and quantity from all sources of each of these staples.
The table on "home and foreign navigation" is very full, and exhibits the arrivals and departures of all sea-going vessels for the years 1859-'60. It not only exhibits the whole number of vessels arriving and departing, and the seamen and the tonnage thereof, but the number of the vessels, the seamen, and the tonnage of the different nations respectively, as well as the force employed by each nationality aboard the ships according to tonnage. Thus our vessels average one seaman for every sixteen lasts, (or 48 tons;) England one for every eight and a fraction; France for every seven, &c., &c. Our mariners need give no better proof of their industry, economy, and seamanship than this. During 1859 there arrived at this port 4,554 sea-going vessels, representing the colors of twenty-five nations, and in 1860 no less than 5,029, belonging to twenty-six nationalities, and during these periods no country's vessels approached ours in the smallness of their crews, according to their tonnage.
It will be seen, among other facts, by glancing at the table of the total number of ships that arrived at Hamburg during the years 1859-'60, including all the arrivals from the rivers and seas, 58,819 vessels arrived in the former year, and 59,962 in the latter. The table of the "arrivals of vessels from the United States direct, and the departure of vessels for the United States direct," is interesting, in that it shows the amount of business carried on between the two countries by direct communication, and by what nation it is done, and the number of ships and seamen employed.
The table containing the "vessels of the United States, where they arrived from, and where they sailed to," is not very extensive, and yet it gives the reader an idea of the enterprise of our mariners and the scope of our trade. During 1859 and 1860 only forty-two of our vessels arrived at this port for both years, as will be seen, and from widely different points, being less than the number of arrivals up to this date for the current year. The table respecting "emigration" for the years 1853-'54-'55-'56-'57-'58-'59-'60 and '61 sets forth the aggregate number of emigrant ships and passengers that left this port annually during these years, the direct, as well as the indirect, emigration to other lands, and specifies the countries into which the direct annual emigration poured, and other items connected therewith. I have nothing further to add, as my despatches already received by you touch upon those points that it would be proper for me to discuss in this report.
Average price per lb. in 1859, 71⁄2 shillings banco; in 1860, 711 shillings banco.
Average price per 100 lbs. in 1859, 7 marc 6 sh'gs banco; in 1860, 8 mark 3 sh'gs banco.
Average price per lb. in 1859, 2 marc 4 shillings banco; in 1860, 2 marc banco.
Average price per 100 lbs. in 1859, 12 marc 12 shillings banco; in 1860, 14 marc 15 shillings banco.
Average price per 100 lbs. in 1859, 25 marc 11 shillings banco; in 1860, 22 marc 22 shillings banco.
Average price per 100 lbs. in 1859, 64 marc 9 shillings banco; in 1860, 68 marc 1 shilling banco.
104, 586 377,859 13,819, 280 150,657 537,251 18,625, 760
Average price per lb. in 1859, 57 shillings banco; in 1860, 57 shillings banco.