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ducing goods to the amount of 21,000,000 thalers. There are also employed about 44,000 hosiery looms, 500 of which are machine looms; the value of their productions is about 7,000,000 thalers.
The unfortunate political troubles in our own country is producing great inconvenience here, and should the efforts of the government in suppressing the rebellion be necessarily continued for any great length of time, positive suffering among a portion of the working classes will be the result. As yet no particular class of laborers have been entirely deprived of work, although apprehensions are felt that many mills will be compelled to stop in a few months, and the operatives will then be left without support throughout the coming winter. It is to be hoped that such a result can and will be prevented. I should here remark upon the sympathy of the Saxons with the United States government in its difficulties, the good wishes of even those who are suffering in consequence of the want of cotton, and the frequently expressed desire that the rebellion will be speedily and effectually repressed.
In the Saxon royal mines, iron excepted, there were employed, in 1860, 10,695 workmen, besides these, 1,105 daily laborers; in the smelting works, 1,012 men. The produce of the diggings amounted to a value of 1,778,620 thalers; that of the smelting works, 2,748,512 thalers. The Freiberg smelting works consumed 519,674 cwt. of ore; the contents of the silver ores were on an average 11 per cent. silver. The silver brought up amounted to 55,085 pounds; 1,720,604 thalers worth. The copper amounted to a value of 70,106 thalers; lead, 507,253 thalers. The yield of the iron mines is insufficient for the demand. The funds for supporting mining and smelting workmen in several ways amounted in ready cash to 368,650 thalers; the expenses for alms to 91,107 thalers; and 7,780 children were educated in the different schools belonging to the mining and smelting works. The funds for the mining provision magazines and storehouse amounted to 203,306 thalers.
OCTOBER 20, 1862.
I have the honor to annex the usual quarterly report for this consulate, and to state that no changes having occurred in the usual rates of commission, discounts, &c., I therefore make no mention of them, but beg to refer to my previous reports.
The Michaelmas fair of 1862 has just closed, and the result may be called, all things considered, rather favorable.
Of leathers, prime qualities sold at an advanced price, while second rate goods suffered a reduction.
The cotton industry of the Zollverein employs a capital of 150,000,000 thalers, and more than 300,000 mill-hands. All the cotton at command within Europe for the year 1862-'63 amounts, at most, to 6,000,000 cwts., about two-fifths of the regular yearly consumption. Of these 6,000,000 Germany will get but a sinall share. Manufacturers will be unable both to procure a sufficient quantity of the raw material and to sell their manufactures at a price corresponding to the price of raw cotton, and the natural consequence is the stoppage of the mills and suffering of the workmen.
Linen is now being substituted for many cotton goods, such as white muslins, shirtings, and lining stuffs. Ginghams, piques, pattern, white, and colored stuff's sold at an advance of from 20 to 30 per cent. The same may be said of moleskins, beaver, velvet, velveteen, and Lasatian stuffs for trowsers. Stitched curtains and embroideries sold well. In the above two items Saxony excels all other countries. Hosiery sold tolerably well. Cotton yarns met with no sale. Of woollen goods about two-thirds of the supply was sold at low prices. The price of the raw material rose from five to ten per cent. The American buyers were wanting, but home trade brisk. On the whole, the fair, in woollen, was scarcely middling.
Steel, iron, brass, and copper wares are but little subject to variation. The
new bronze, a Vienna invention, which was brought to the fair for the first time seems destined to supplant, in a great measure, that hitherto in use. It can be sold at about one-fifth of the price of the genuine.
I may also mention a new invention in glassware, called the "lustre," which is an intense metallic splendor imparted to transparent as well as alabaster glass. In linen goods the sales were large, and at advanced prices.
The fur market suffered somewhat and prices seemed to range low. The principal purchasers were from Russia; Americans held back, and French and English have still supplies from the eastern fairs, but their chief purchases are made at the London auctions.
Wishing to give some data from which the magnitude of the Leipsic fairs may be imagined, I append some figures of some of the principal articlee sold at the last Easter fair, viz: 151,892 cwts. is the total amount of goods brought for sale, of which were 31,713 cwts. cotton goods; 50,780 cwts. woollen goods; 11,551 cwts. linen goods; 2,868 cwts. silk goods; 25,678 cwts. leather, all kinds; 3,822 cwts. ironware; 2,517 cwts. glassware; 3,870 cwts. paper; 2,868 cwts. porcelain. Of Swiss watches alone there were 33 cwts., representing a value of 330,000 thalers.
By the President of the United States of America.
Whereas a special treaty between the United States of America and his Majesty the King of Hanover, concerning the abolition of the Stade or Brunshausen dues, was concluded and signed by their respective plenipotentiaries at Berlin, on the 6th day of November last, which treaty is word for word as follows:
SPECIAL TREATY CONCERNING THE ABOLITION OF THE STADE OR BRUNSHAUSEN DUES.
The United States of America and his Majesty the King of Hanover, equally animated by the desire to increase and facilitate the relations of commerce and navigation between the two countries, have resolved to conclude a special treaty, to the end to free the navigation of the Elbe from the tolls known under the designation of the Stade or Brunshausen dues, and have for that purpose conferred full powers: the President of the United States of America upon Mr. Norman B. Judd, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States of America to Prussia, and his Majesty the King of Hanover upon his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at the royal Prussian court, the lieutenant colonel and extraordinary aide-de-camp, Mr. August Wilhelm Von Reitzenstein, knight commander of the second class of the royal Guelphic order, &c., who, after having exchanged their full powers, and having found them to be in due and proper form, have concluded the following articles:
ARTICLE I. His Majesty the King of Hanover assumes towards the United States of America, who accept the same, the obligation—
1. To abolish completely and forever the toll hitherto levied on the cargoes of American vessels ascending the Elbe, and passing the mouth of the river called Sewhinge, designated under the name of the Stade or Brunshausen dues.
2. To levy no toll of any kind, of whatever nature it may be, upon the hulls
or cargoes of American vessels ascending or descending the Elbe, in place of those dues, the abolition of which is agreed upon in the preceding paragraph.
3. Nor to subject hereafter, under any pretext whatever, American vessels ascending or descending the Elbe to any measure of control regarding the dues that are hereby abolished.
ART. II. His Majesty the King of Hanover obligates himself moreover to the United States of America
1. To provide as hitherto, and to the extent of the existing obligations, for the maintenance of the works, that are necessary to the free navigation of the Elbe. 2. Not to impose, as a compensation for the expenses resulting from the execution of this obligation, upon the American marine any charge whatever, in lieu and place of the Stade or Brunshausen dues.
ART. III. By way of damage and compensation for the sacrifices imposed upon his Majesty the King of Hanover by the above stipulations, the United States of America agree to pay to his Majesty the King of Hanover, who accepts the same, the sum of sixty thousand three hundred and fifty-three thalers, Hanoverian currency, this being the proportional quota part of the United States in the general table of indemnification for the abolition of the Stade or Brunshausen dues.
ART. IV. The sum of sixty thousand three hundred and fifty-three thalers courant, stipulated in article III, shall be paid at Berlin into the hands of such persons as shall have been authorized by his Majesty the King of Hanover to receive it, on the day of the exchange of ratification as hereinafter provided.
In consideration of the fact that the stipulations contained in articles I and II have already been applied to the American flag since the first day of July, 1861, the United States of America agree to pay besides, and the same time with the capital above named, the interest of that sum, at the rate of four per centum per annum, commencing with the first day of October, 1861.
ART. V. The execution of the obligations contained in the present treaty is especially subordinated to the accomplishment of such formalities and rules as are established by the constitutions of the high contracting powers; and the compliance with these formalities and rules be brought about within the shortest delay possible.
ART. VI. The treaty of commerce and navigation concluded between the United States of America and his Majesty the King of Hanover on the tenth day of June, 1846, shall continue to remain in force, with the exception of the stipulation contained in paragraph 3, article I, which shall cease to have effect after the present treaty shall have been ratified.
ART. VII. This treaty shall be approved and ratified, and the ratification shall be exchanged at the city of Berlin within six months from the present date, or sooner, if possible.
In faith whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the above articles, both in the English and German languages, and they have thereunto affixed their seals.
Done in duplicate, at Berlin, the sixth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and of the independence of the United States of America the eighty-sixth.
N. B. JUDD.
WILHELM AUGUST VON REITZENSTEIN. [L. S.]
It remains understood that, until the execution of the stipulation contained in articles V and VII of the treaty of to-day shall have taken place, the Hanoverian government shall preserve the right, provisionally, by way of precaution, to maintain the dues which it has agreed to abolish. But as soon as the United States of America shall have fulfilled the stipulations therein mentioned, the
Hanoverian government shall order the discharge of that temporary measure of precaution, as regards merchandise transported in American vessels. Until, however, all the powers, parties to the general treaty of the 22d day of June, 1861, concerning the abolition of the Stade or Brunshausen dues, shall have fulfilled the engagements contained in the articles VI and VII of the last-named treaty, it shall have power to require of American vessels a proof of their nationality, without thereby causing them a delay or detention. Done at Berlin, the 6th November, 1861.
N. B. JUDD.
WILHELM AUGUST VON REITZENSTEIN. (L. 8:
And whereas the said treaty has been duly ratified on both parts, and the respective ratifications of the same were exchanged at Berlin, on the 29th of April last, by Norman B. Judd, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States, and Baron August Wilhelm Von Reitzenstein, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the King of Hanover, on the part of their respective governments:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, have caused the said treaty to be made public, to the end that the same, and every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done in the city of Washington, this seventeenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-sixth.
By the President:
Acting Secretary of State.
FRANKFORT ON THE MAIN.
W. W. MURPHY, Consul General.
JANUARY 21, 1862.
There has been much complaint of late, especially in England and France, of the deficiency in the importation of raw cotton from the United States, and of the distress thus occasioned to the cotton manufactories. Public attention has been also directed to the circumstance of cotton having been exported back from England to America; although the whole quantity thus re-exported may be estimated at only 36,000 to 40,000 bales, and the transaction was perhaps nothing more than mutual accommodation between some firms intimately connected with each other in England and the United States, and which might equally have occurred at any other time, and under ordinary circumstances, without attracting attention. It is at least certain that it is done only by English speculators, and that the practice is wholly unknown on the European continent. The imports and exports of the German Zollverein during the first three quarters of the year 1861 have been published by their managing committee. It appears from the statement that the importation of cotton during that period has not only not decreased in comparison with former years, but that it has even increased. The raw cotton imported into the Zollverein amounted—
From January 1 to October 1, 1861, it amounted to 1,590,760 hundred weight, and during the same period in 1860 to 1,253,646, leaving 337,114 hundred weight plus in favor of 1861. Now, as 466,996 hundred weight were imported during the last three months of 1860, it may be supposed that a propor tionable quantity-say only 300,000 hundred weight-may also have been imported during the last quarter of 1861, and therefore in the whole year 1,890,760 hundred weight, or 170,118 more than in the preceding year. Indeed, this, according to reliable information, has been the case in Switzerland, where, as with German manufacturers, (the greater number of whom live along the Main, or Rhine, in or near this consular district,) great care is usually taken to make early agreements for their cotton supplies. At least. it is certain that the cotton manufacturers in this neighborhood do not complain so much of the want of raw cotton as of slackness in orders and work, from the universal stagnation of business, caused chiefly by the deplorable state of affairs in America. They are sufficiently supplied with cotton up to June next, at least; and as this is not the case with many of the English manufacturers, the German and Swiss manufacturers will, before long, receive abundant orders, and make up for the present deficiency by good profits; having also the advantage over their English rivals of a lower rate of wages.
I beg to annex the tariff of import duty on cotton and cotton goods in the Zollverein: (a) raw cotton, free of duty; (b) cotton yarn, unmixed or mixed with wool or linen: (1) unbleached (of one and two threads) and wadding, three thalers, or $2 10; unbleached (of one and two threads) and wadding imported from Austria, $1 22 to $1 23; (2) unbleached, (of three or more threads,) also all bleached yarn, eight thalers, or $5 60; unbleached, (of three or more threads,) also unbleached yarns imported from Austria, $1 22 to $1 23; (c) cotton cloth, hosiery, and lace, the same made of cotton and linen, without any mixture of silk, wool, or other animal hair, 50 thalers, or $35; the same imported from Austria, 30 thalers, or $21.
FEBRUARY 21, 1862.
You are, no doubt, aware of the negotiations pending since longer than a year, between the French government on the one part, and Prussia, or rather the German Zollverein, on the other, for the conclusion of a treaty of commerce. Since that time the commercial intercourse between France and Germany has been discussed more explicitly and openly than ever before. The following statement is extracted from the official tables of the French government, specifying the imports and exports in the year 1860 to and from France and the Zollverein, the three Hanseatic cities of Lubeck, Hamburg, and Bremen, (which accidentally do not yet belong to the Zollverein,) included, and further the most important articles imported and exported to and from the two countries.
According to their official value, the import of articles entered at the customhouse for French consumption from the Zollverein amounted to 82 million france; from the Hanseatic cities, 12 millions. Total, 94 million francs, or 171 million dollars. From Great Britain, 252 millions; United States, 258 millions; Switzerland, 39 millions; Belgium, 148 millions; Turkey, 80 millions; Sardinia, 90 millions; Spain, 58 millions; Russia, 56 millions. Total, 1,075 millions francs, or 200 millions dollars.
The export of French produce to the Zollverein amounted to 154 million francs; to the Hanseatic cities, 13 millions. Total, 167 million francs, or 31 million dollars. To Great Britain, 494 millions; United States, 211 millions; Switzerland, 124 millions; Belgium, 148 millions; Turkey, 42 millions; Sardinia, 118 millions; Spain, 100 millions; Russia, 21 millions. Total, 1,425 millions francs, or 266 millions dollars.
Among the most important articles imported from the Zollverein to France are :