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land and America produced a marked advance in the price of nitrate of soda, the effects of which are yet felt.

Chloric acid and dissolving chlorines.—This branch of labor has been sufficiently active, but prices very low, yet, happily, a little compensated by a remarkable fall in manganese. The development given to the exportation of the threads of white flax was principally caused by the favorable situation of the chlorines.

Colors and dyes.—The manufacture of white lead is always important in our district. In 1861 the demand for home consumption has been sufficiently attended to, but the commerce in exportation has been languishing.

The manufacture of powder blue has been equally important. As to the ultramarine blue, the only manufactory in this country is met with in this city. Work here has been very active, as well for home consumption as for export.

Soap manufactories. The situation of the manufactories of soft soap does not differ from the preceding year. The manufacture of hard and scented soap has been regular and the sale ready.

The manufactories of chicory. For home consumption the manufacture and sale are conducted upon uniform terms; as to exports, they are generally limited. To America chicory berries could have been sufficiently exported; but the war which has broken out in that country has paralyzed affairs.

Paper-mills.—The condition of the paper-making industry has been but little improved during the year 1861.

The principal cause has been the scarcity of rags, the prices of which have been again increased about 20 per cent. Efforts are constantly tried to substitute the paste of straw for that of rags in this manufacture.

The preparing of rabbit skins, and wool-shearing.–This industry does not work for exportation, since the political troubles in the United States and the financial crisis, which have been severe upon all the great markets, have deprived it of its principal outlets. But orders sufficiently large for dyed and dressed skins arriving towards the close of the year permitted this branch of industry to recover its activity upon some advantageous terms. In relation to wool. shearing, the sale has been very limited during the year 1861.

Manufacture of stearine. This industry has had a favorable year. The demand for America, it is true, has been defective, but for the Mediterranean coasts it has been extensive.

This industry has worked up in quantity 232,284 kilogrammes of animal and vegetable fat. The situation of divers other industries of our district has not presented any marked modification. The greater proportion experience the effects of the general stagnation of affairs and the falling off of the export trade.

Among the more favored, we can cite the dyeing and bleaching establishments, grist-mills, and the manufacture of cigars. Some others, on the con. trary, have experienced more sensibly the effects of the crisis; for example, horticulture, nail manufactories, marble works, cabinet-making, and carriagemaking.



MARCH 31, 1862. I have the honor to inform you that no American vessels arrived at or departed from this port during the quarter just ended. At this season of nearly every year the navigation of this strait amounts to very little. The maritime business, this year especially, was reduced to nothing in all the ports of the Baltic, Northern, and Eastern seas, partly on account of our American difficulties, partly on account of the protracted winter. The strait has not been entirely free from ice for nearly five months. While writing this despatch, and the stove beated to redness, I nearly freeze at my desk. We have eight degrees Reaumer below zero, and the regular steam packet from Copenhagen has to work very hard through the ice to gain this port.

From the different commercial agents of my district, and the United States vice-consul at Copenhagen, the reports have not arrived at this office; but as far as I could ascertain from my colleagues here, there are no arrivals nor departures of American vessels to be reported.

Henry Charles Carey, Acting United States Vice-Consul.

December 11, 1862. I have the honor to transmit you, enclosed, the annual report of the commerce and navigation of the kingdom of Denmark and the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein for the year 1861.

It has not been in my power to send this report at an earlier date, owing to these annual statistical tables being published so late in the season.

Report on the commerce, navigation, &c., of the kingdom of Denmark, including

the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, for the year 1861.


The total value of the exports amounted to 39,312,361 rix dollars, calculated at the official prices, which, however, are below the average market prices of all articles. It is presumed that the principal articles of export, calculated at market prices, would alone give an increased value of 15,000,000 rix dollars.

Of these exports there fell on the

Kingdom of Denmark
Duchy of Schleswig.
Duchy of Holstein..
Enclaves of Hamburg.

Riz dollars, 19,186,125

4,862,110 15,056,595

207,531 39,220,453 Duchy of Schleswig...

The quantity and value of the principal articles of export were as follows:




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Spirits of corn..
Sheep and lambs..
Pork, salted..
Corn and grain..
Horse beans...
Skips and hides.

. Oil-cakes..

Paper stuff. pounds.. --...barrels... --pounds...


445,062 1,343, 318

14,430 40,289 11,881 45,079

2, 685,726

95, 848

177, 739

86,726 1, 256, 628 4, 176, 789 3, 593,988

985, 612 22, 001, 303 6,470,963

957, 744

Rix dollars.

68,876 347,500

80, 598 1,082, 250 2,417, 340

190,096 135, 237 473, 277 315,898

583, 072 16, 111, 512

277, 835 95, 848

15, 302 1, 421, 912 4, 336, 300

125, 663 1, 224,794

586, 713 150, 376 440,028 54, 174 57, 464 number.... pounds...


As compared with 1860, there were exported, of spirits, 145,743 gallons ; horses, 1,191 head; sheep, 1,905 head; grain, 260,890 barrels; beans, 13,800 barrels; linseed, 42,134 barrels; potatoes, 4,820 barrels; butter, 3,159 barrels,

Of boxes, 1,164,000 lbs.; cattle, 14,202 head; pigs, 20,827 head; pork, 2,240,000 lbs.; skins and hides, 880,000 lbs.; paper stuff, 1,244,000 lbs., less. To assist in forming a correct estimate of the different weights and measures above mentioned, it is advisable to mention that 2,000 lbs. Danish weight equal one ton; that 2.08 barrels of grain equal one English quarter; one barrel of potatoes equal about two cwt.; one barrel of butter, 248 lbs. American weight.


The total value of the imports has been 66,460,818 rix dollars, being 4,069,782 rix dollars more than in 1860. The quantity of goods imported amounted to 2,044,827,774 lbs., or 1,022,414 tons, being 115,133 tons greater than in the previous year.

This trade fell on the different divisions of the country in the following proportions, viz:

Rir dollars. The kingdom of Denmark...

10,135,830 Duchy of Holstein,

16,677,443 Enclaves of Hamburg.


The quantity and value of the principal articles imported were as follows:




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Cotton yarns.
Cotton goods.
Fruits, dried
Suwing seed.
Fancy goods.
Iron and iron wares.
Flour and meal.
Liden yarns.-
Linen goods.
Rice, rice meal, and paddy...
Curants and raisins.
Silk and silk wares.
Skins and hides..
Sugar and molasses -
Tobacco, raw and manufactured..
Train oil...
Timber, deals, &c....
Woollen yarn.
Woollen goods.

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8,543, 473

135, 376 5, 226,383 2,461,420

25, 634 595, 975 1, 181, 248 10, 381, 631 3,541, 613 3, 242, 211

51, 207 17,064, 181

2,938, 087 5, 337, 132 1, 106, 141

81,070 84, 767, 276

165,998 21,503,983

124, 740

97, 697 773, 024 244,513

689, 435 2, 441,487 1, 246,017 2, 159, 705

937, 351 12, 370, 185

2,457, 666 39, 656, 913

107, 245 3,581,818

877, 311 842, 971, 200

2,620,883 51,734,087

835, 378 9,560, 320 3,551, 265 29, 109, 348 1, 267,917

270,908 1, 847, 346

558, 472

} 3, 413, 976

Riz dollars.

767, 710
3,520, 038
3,006, 841

179, 438 857,965 147, 656 621, 218 525,854 518, 752 256,035 170, 640 274, 129 749, 343 248, 181

526, 956 6,411, 747

3, 225, 598

124, 740
437, 472.

959, 168
199, 360
304, 082

196, 799 1,364,059

270, 343

285, 317 1,094, 394 1, 034, 074

199, 614 3,687,998

419, 342 5,975, 529

469, 900 2,119,312

352, 718 3, 229, 672


667, 659 6,632, 493


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Between the imports of 1861 and those of the previous year the differences of any note were on linseed, 22,855 quarters, and grain, 167,385 quarters ; iron and iron wares, 7,709 tons; coffee, 2,830,000 lbs.; rice, rice meal, and paddy, 2,148,000 lbs.; skins and hides, 648,000 lbs.; sugar, 1,360,000 lbs.; wool, 238,000 lbs.; woollen goods, 254,000 lbs.; coals, 121,978 tons, more. Ashes, 535 tons; salt, 3,773 tons; timber, deals, &c., 23,979; tobacco, 898,000 lbs.; and spirits 44,285 gallons, less.

The value of the imports from the principal countries was :

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The imported value of goods from the United States, consisting almost entirely of rice, paddy, and manufactured tobacco, amounted in 1861 to . Against the value of imports in 1860..

Rir dollars.

233,431 .211,028

Showing an increase of.....,


The amount of imports from the United States might at times be considerably increased in the articles of flour and salted provisions, (notwithstanding that Denmark is a grain and cattle producing country,) were it not for the almost prohibitory rates of the Danish tariff on these articles, the import duty on Aour being one and a half rix dollar per hundred pounds, and on salted beef, one rix dollar and four shillings per hundred pounds, and on salted pork, two rix dollars and eight shillings per hundred pounds.

The attention of the United States minister at this court might perhaps be advantageously called to this, whenever an opportunity offered of obtaining a revision on these articles of the import duties.


The following table, giving the amount of shipping of each different nation employed in the carrying trade with Denmark, will show that the greater portion of the trade with foreign countries is carried on by the home shipping.

The coasting trade of the country, which is almost exclusively carried on by the home shipping, amounted in 1861 to 91,431 clearances, of 1,418,453 registered tons burden, carrying 836,493 tons of goods.

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