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Spices, nutmegs, saffron, vanilla, mace, cloves, cinnamon, &c.value..

5 p. ct.

Spiced cheese, (see Cheese.)

Spirits, (see Chemicals).

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Spoons, (see Mercery).


5 p. ct.

Steam-engine, (see Machinery for manufactures)

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Stafwood, (see Timber.)

Statues of wax and all objects not particularly enumerated,

also sealingwax.

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Statues of plaster and every kind of object manufactured

of plaster...

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Statues of marble, (see note under Stone.)

Staves, rough, (see Wood)..


Planed and ready for making barrels.

As a part of a whole cargo timber not being sawn and
unbroken cargo.

1 p. ct.

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Steel-wire, (see.Steel-work.)

Steel-work, with exception of steel bars, steel-wire, shins

for rails....

Sticks, (see Mercery)..

Stockings, (see Manufactures)

.value.. 5 p. ct. ..value.. 5 p. ct.

..value.. 5 P. ct.

Stone, hewn, alse polished, carved, marble or alabaster.....value..

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5 p. ct.

.1, 000 pds.

f. 0,75

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In leaves, also garnishment...


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Sugar, bastard or refined sugar and mixed...

..100 pds.

Sugar paper, blue..


35, 00 5 p. ct.

Table linen, (see Manufactures)


5 p. ct.

Table cloths, (see Carpets.)

Till the 1st January, 1863...

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From the 1st January, 1863, till the 1st January, 1864. value..

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Timber or wood for ship-building and building, imported

the ton of 1 cubic ell. f. 0, 25

Particular stipulations -Under this article does not belong freestone, marble, alabaster, rough or in lumps, not manufactured in any way, millstones, pumice-stone, stones for lithography, rock-stone, bricks, flint, pebbles, slates for buildings, tuff-stone, limestone, and marble statues.

The tare is 18 per cent. for tea in ordinary chests of 25 pounds and more; and 25 per cent. for the ordinary chest of 25 pounds and inferior weight.

Under this article is classed the deals not exceeding 5 inches in thickness, 30 inches in breadth and 4 ells in length; likewise trunks of trees suitable for the construction of railways and only sawn once in the length and roughly hewn or not, imported with unbroken cargo by sea.

By unbroken cargo is to be understood when half the ship is charged with timber. Duty is to be paid of the whole cubic contents of the ship, whether the cargo consists only par



.the ton of 14 cubic ell. f. 0,75

For ship-building and building, not otherwise enumerated :

Not sawn*

.value.. ..value..

1 p. ct.

3 p. ct.


Wainscot, likewise the unsound pieces.
Pipe staves, likewise the unsound pieces...
Cask staves, likewise the unsound pieces..

.100 ps.. f. 7, 50

..100 ps.. .100 ps..



Spars, poles or oars,† and wood for candy boxes.......value..p. ct.

Rough staves.

Furniture wood, (see Mahogany, Walnut, Cedar,
Guaiacum, Palm, and any other sorts not enume-

rated, unsawn)§..

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3 p. ct.

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.value.. 5 P. ct.

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Tow, manufactures made of, (see Manufactures)..

Trunks of trees, for railways, (see the note under Wood.)
Trowsers, wove or knitted, (see Manufactures)..
Tubes-iron for aqueducts, (see the note under Iron.)

for gas, (see note under Iron.)

Tufa, powder, (see Stone)....

Not moulded, (see the note under Stone.) Types..

Utensils, manufactured of wood, iron, copper, steel or other substantials, likewise utensils for agriculture....

Umbrellas ....

Vanilla, (see Spices).

Varnish, (see Chemicals)..

.value.. litre. f. 0, 55

tially of wood or that the ship has still a cargo on her deck. By mixed cargoes, by which are to be understood those consisting of wood sawn or unsawn, the principle of paying duty according to the whole cubic contents of the ships, shall be applied in this manner: from the number of tons making the cubic contents of the ship, shall be subtracted the tons sawn wood effectually present, and the difference shall be regarded to be the cargo of unsawn wood.

Under this article may be admitted staves, wainscot, saves for pipes, for fustage and poles, being the part of a whole cargo of timber for ship-building or building, imported by sea with unbroken cargo, but no firewood.

Under this article can be admitted the deals of which consists the floors and cabins on the rafts descending the rivers, but this in no greater quantity than of four cubic ells for every 100 cubic ells which the raft cont ins.

Under this article may also be admitted trunks of trees for the use of construction of railways.

Only the roughly hewn oars belong to this article, planed or otherwise dressed, then they belong to the article woodenwork.

Planed staves and suitable for making barrels or fustage, belong to woodenwork.

§ Under this article belongs also fine wood for furniture, sawn on the thickness of a decimeter or more.

H. Ex. Doc. 63– -18


Vegetables, preserved in airless boxes, (see Confectionery)..100 pds. f. 25, 00 Pickled..


value.. ..100 pds

5 p. ct. f. 2, 00

Vessels, with destination to remain inland, (see Ships) .value..
Vetches, (see Corn)..


1 p. ct.

.hectolitre. f. 1,50

Vetch seed, (see Seed).

Vinegar and ligneous acid:



All sorts of two degrees inferior strength, as ascertained
by the Dutch hydrometer, scale B.

...100 litres.


All other sorts of higher strength..

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Watches, gold, silver, and all other sorts, (see Clocks.-See

the note)

Weavers' combs, (see Machinery)

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Manufactured of hemp, flax, or oakum, (see Thread for
sewing and shoemakers).


Thread for packing and sealing, and all such sorts
which are not otherwise enumerated
Manufactured of cotton.

Twined, dyed or not, with exception of the twined,
which, dyed or not, are warped for weaving, and
with exception of the unbleached two threads

Manufactured of wool or serge, likewise mixed of wool
with cotton....

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Twined, dyed or not, sulphured or not, with exception
of the two-thread twined, which are not dyed or

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I have the honor to transmit herewith, enclosed: Arrival and departure of a vessel at this port; navigation and commerce of the United States; and quarterly return of fees on vessels of the United States during the quarter from October 1 to December 31, 1862.

As you will learn from these statements, the chances for our vessels to get cargoes at this port are still worse than in the former quarters.

In reference to changes of commercial and economical affairs of this country, I have had already the honor to forward to you the new amendments of the tariff of Holland in elaborate translation. Besides, a law was passed by the legislative

houses of this country, and confirmed by its government, that a canal shall be built from Amsterdam as far as the high sea through the small tract of land of North Holland, now separating that city from the sea; and, secondly, that the river Maes, now flowing from Rotterdam to the sea in a crooked course, and forming broad shoals in many places, shall be straightened and deepened in its course and ground, in order to allow henceforth even the largest sea vessels to reach Rotterdam by a great deal shorter and safer way than they could have done till now, if they could do at all.

The latter consequence of this enterprise will prove especially advantageous to our American vessels, the larger of which, when bound for Rotterdam, could not have unloaded their cargoes at the wharves of this city, and had to stay in smaller ports of the district of Rotterdam as often as the shoals of the river prevented their coming up.

As to the relations of the commerce of this city to that of the United States I shall send you statistics immediately hereafter.


OCTOBER 25, 1862.

I have the honor to transmit the usual annual report of this consulate relating to commerce and navigation with the United States and this colony for the year ending September 30, 1862.

The importations from the United States during the past year being chiefly provisions, viz: hake, beef, pork, mackerel, tobacco, flour, soap, candles, tar, turpentine, pitch, oil, lumber, lard, corn bread, matches, onions, clocks, pails, brooms, ice, and provisions, lamps, oil, (kerosene,) mills, wine, machinery, and furniture, has amounted to $332,050, in 34 vessels. Tonnage, 6,993

tons. The exports, consisting principally of sugar and molasses, have amounted to $355,595, in 40 vessels. Tonnage, 8,2471g tons.


Hake and codfish, 20 cents per 100 pounds; brandy, 3 per cent., in bottles, 6 cents extra; beer 3 per cent., in bottles 1 cent extra; cider, 3 per cent., in bottles 3 cents extra; asses, free; herring, 20 cents per 100 pounds; pitch, 25 cents per 100 pounds; white pine do. 150 per mill; gin, 3 per cent.; mould candles, $1 per 100 pounds; sperm. candles, $2 50 per 100 pounds; zinc, free; pitch pine, $2 50 per M; mackerel, 30 cents 100 pounds, and 180 cents per barrel; flour, 30 cents per barrel; cornmeal 30 cents per barrel; horses and males, free; pitch, 15 cents per 100 pounds; lard, 50 cents; rice, 25 cents; beef, 30 cents; pork, 50 cents; tobacco, 30 cents per 100 pounds; wine, 3 per cent. All goods not here enumerated three per cent. ad valorem.


Arrowroot, 25 cents per 100 pounds; cocoa, 26 cents, per 100 pounds; cotton, 80 cents; coffee, (best,) 45 cents; coffee, second quality, 30 cents, and corn, 4 cents per 100 pounds; cattle, $1 per head; hides, 13 cents, and quassia wood, 10 cents per 100 pounds; molasses, 20 cents per 100 gallons; orange peel, 10 cents, sugar 83 cents, sweet potatoes, 3 cents, and tonka beans, 50 cents, per 100 pounds; rum, 20 per cent proof, 70 cents per 100 gallons; rice, 13 cents per 100 pounds; sheep, 20 cents per head.

Amsterdam weight and measure, which is 10 per cent. more than English. The currency 2 Dutch cents to the American or 40 cents (American) to the guilder.

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The emancipation of the slaves was publicly proclaimed on the 4th instant, and takes place on the 1st of July, 1863. The indemnity is $300, or $120 per head, old and young.

I earnestly hope that it may please the United States government to send the emancipated blacks here, in lieu of colonizing them in a new country, as it would certainly be less expensive to the United States, besides being much more to the welfare of the negroes.

In my despatch, No. 11, I informed you that the planters had applied to me to use my endeavors to have the freed slaves brought here, and they would at once give them employment on their sugar, cotton, coffee, and cocoa plantations at a fair remuneration.

Since my report of 1861 there has been built a fine wharf by an enterprising firm here, whose trade is with the United States, and vessels can now discharge their cargoes with facility, and not, as formerly, by lighters.

The gold mines recently discovered do not yield a very fair percentage, and without machinery it will not be very remunerative to the miner. The mails between this port and the United States run regularly twice a month, viz: 5th and 20th. The French (Cayenne) mail connects with it here. There are three fine steamers belonging to this colony which do mail service between Demarara and here, and meet the English mail at Demarara, at which place also the St. Thomas and other West India steamers meet and connect with New York via Havana.

This country abounds with a multiplicity of different sorts of wood. I have forwarded to the Smithsonian Institute one hundred different sorts, and most of a serviceable character. There is quite a quantity shipped to the West India islands and is used for ship-building. It is generally sold for one guilder a cubic foot. Most of the cotton estates here have been abandoned, but since the war in the United States they have resumed the cultivation on many of them. The trade between this place and the United States is mostly by barter; that is, a vessel comes in with an assorted cargo, the master makes an agreement with the merchants (who supply the plantations) to take the whole cargo, and in payment he receives a cargo of sugar and molasses.

There is a small port to the leeward of this place called Niker, where occasional United States vessels take in cargoes.

The currency is all specie, and is brought from Holland to pay the troops and men-of-war stationed here, but it soon finds its way back to Holland again. The indemnity for the slaves will be paid in cash by the home government, which amounts to nearly 100,000,000 guilders.

This colony is perfectly healthy at this moment, and has been for many years.


SEPTEMBER 30, 1862.

I have the honor to transmit herewith the annual consular report from this consulate as required by law, and it is but due to say that I have only been in charge here since February 10, 1862, and that I had been compelled to gather such information as statistics from such sources I best could find, as such information is not freely imparted, and government statistics published only from one to two years after date, and ex parte; the statistics here presented, gathered from various sources, and apparently conflicting and debatable, are considered by competent authorities reliable.

Java and Madura have an area of 51,790 square English. miles, of which Java has 50,922 square miles, with a population in 1857 of 11,594,158, a population of 223 to the square mile. Of which number 20,311 are Europeans, 138,356 Chinese, 24,615 Arabs, and the foreign Orientals, with only

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