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PANAMA CANAL TREATIES

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

Executive N, 95th Cong., 1st sess. THE PANAMA CANAL TREATY AND THE TREATY CONCERNING THE PERMANENT NEUTRALITY AND OPERATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL, SIGNED ON BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES AT THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN

STATES ON SEPTEMBER 7, 1977

OCTOBER 4 AND 5, 1977

PART 2

CONGRESSIONAL WITNESSES

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1977

97-565

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402

KF26

FE 1977e pt. 2

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama, Chairman FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York GEORGE MCGOVERN, South Dakota JAMES B. PEARSON, Kansas HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota CHARLES H. PERCY, Illinois DICK CLARK, Iowa

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan
JOSEPH R. BIDEN, JR., Delaware

HOWARD H. BAKER, JR., Tennessee
JOHN GLENN, Ohio
RICHARD STONE, Florida
PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland

NORVILL JONES, Chief of Staff
ABNER E. KENDRICK, Chief Clerk

S. Con. Res. 53

Agreed to November 3, 1977 Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That there be printed for the use of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations two thousand five hundred additional copies of each part of its hearings entitled "Panama Canal Treaties”. Attest:

J. S. KIMMITT.

CONTENTS

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2

Hearing days :

Tuesday, October 4, 1977-

Wednesday, October 5, 1977----
Statements by

Allen, Hon. James B., U.S. Senator from Alabama----
Corrada, Hon. Baltasar, Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico and

Member, U.S. House of Representatives..
Dole, Hon. Robert, U.S. Senator from Kansas..
Fraser, Hon. Donald M., U.S. Representative from Minnesota.--
Gravel, Hon. Mike, U.S. Senator from Alaska ----
Helms, Hon. Jesse, U.S. Senator from North Carolina.--
Hollings, Hon. Ernest F., U.S. Senator from South Carolina..
Laxalt, Hon. Paul, U.S. Senator from Nevada --
Leggett, Hon. Robert L., U.S. Representative from California.
McDonald, Hon. Larry, U.S. Representative from California.
Murphy, Hon. John M., U.S. Representative from New York..
Scott, Hon, William L., U.S. Senator from Virginia.--
Stratton, Hon. Samuel S., U.S. Representative from New York---

Thurmond Hon. Strom, U.S. Senator from South Carolina -

Insertions for the record :

"Treaties Are Attacked in Panama, But Officials Predict Ratification,"

article by Alan Riding, the New York Times, September 27, 1977---

Addendum to statement by Senator Strom Thurmond.

"The Panama Canal: Sovereignty and Security, article by Hanson W.

Baldwin, AEI Defense Review----

“The Panama Canal," excerpt from a report by Senator Fritz Hollings

Letter to Senator Ernest F. Hollings from John M. Harmon, Assistant

Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel, Department of Justice,

dated September 16, 1977-

Testimony by Hon. Ronald Reagan before Subcommittee on Separation

of Powers.

Excerpt from chapter 16 of "Restatement of Contracts," section 492,

"Definition of Duress”.

Addition to statement of Senator Hollings.

Prepared statement of Senator Mike Gravel..

“Laxalt Testifies at Panama Canal Hearings," News release, October

5, 1977.--

Prepared statement of Senator Paul Laxalt ---
Letter to Senator John Sparkman from Douglas J. Bennet, Jr., Assis-

tant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations, dated October
5, 1977, concerning Senator Dole's proposed amendments and reser-

vations
Senator Dole's proposed amendments and reservations---
Letter to Senator Robert Dole from Robert B. Carney, Admiral, U.S.

Navy (ret.), dated October 1, 1977--

Prepared statement of Senator Robert Dole--

Letter to Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance from Senator Robert

Dole, dated October 4, 1977---

Letter to Senator John Sparkman from Acting Secretary of State

Warren Christopher, dated October 5, 1977--

Telegram from Amembassy, Panama, to Secstate, Washington im-

mediate; subject : “Negotiator Speaks on National Television"----

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