2009 Information and Communications for Development: Extending Reach and Increasing Impact
World Bank Publications, 1 Jan 2009 - 316 halaman
Information and communication technology (ICT) is a critical part of the ever more integrated global economy, where knowledge-based activities have become increasingly important and pervasive. ICT enables people, governments, and businesses around the world to acquire and share ideas, expertise, and services, helping to create and sustain opportunities for economic development on an unprecedented scale. Accelerated knowledge transfer and technological diffusion amplify the competitive advantages of fast-learning economies. As the information requirements for innovation in economic and social activities increase, the importance of ICT for the development agenda will only continue to expand.'Information and Communications for Development 2009: Extending Reach and Increasing Impact' first examines the economic impact of mobile, broadband connectivity, and e-government applications. It highlights country experiences with different institutional arrangements for e-government and discusses policy options for advancing access to ICT infrastructure and services. It also reviews policy options that encourage the development of information technology (IT) and IT-enabled services industries in the developing world. The report then analyzes the trends in ICT sector development, drawing on the most recent national data on key indicators that are also presented in the at-a-glance tables for 150 economies. ICT performance measures, on a scale from 1 to 10, are introduced for ready comparisons of countries' ICT capacities, as well as for benchmarking their progress along three key dimensions of ICT development over time: (1) access to ICT services, (2) affordability of ICT services, and (3) adoption of ICT applications in government and business.Highlighting elements of good practice that are emerging for policy, regulatory, and investment frameworks, this report addresses some of the most challenging issues faced by developing countries on the agenda of ICT for development.IC4D is a biannual publication of the World Bank Group.
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Affordability Price basket Africa Region Applications ICT expenditure backbone network basket for Internet basket for mobile basket for residential capacity Telecommunications revenue cellular network Central Asia column entries indicates Communication Technologies Department Development Economics Data E-government Web measure Economic and social Economics Data Group efficiency and capacity Fixed broadband subscribers fixed-line subscribers fixed-line telephone operator GNI per capita gross domestic product gross national income ICT goods exports ICT Service Exports International Internet bandwidth International voice traffic main fixed-line telephone Millennium Development Goal Mobile and fixed-line Mobile cellular subscriptions Mobile telephone usage NASSCOM performance Access Telephone Personal computers Quality Population covered residential fixed line Sector efficiency Sector structure Separate Secure Internet servers Separate telecommunications regulator social context Population structure Separate telecommunications Sub-Saharan Africa subscribers per employee subscriptions per 100 total goods exports total Internet subscrib total service exports Trade ICT UNDESA UNPAN Usage International voice users per 100 Wireless Intelligence