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54

THE VETOED HARBOR BILL.

of the violation, and all the circumstances accom-[per annum; the Treasurer of the Mint at Philadelpanying the same, and within the knowledge of phia shall, in addition to his present salary, receive the said Secretary, to the end that such officer or five hundred dollars annually, for the performance agent may be promptly removed from office, or of the duties imposed by this act; the Treasurer of restored to his trust and the performance of his the Branch Mint at New-Orleans shall also receive duties, as to the President may seem just and pro-five hundred dollars annually, for the additional? per-Provided, however, that those disbursing offi- duties created by this act; and these salaries, recers having, at present, credits in the banks, shall, spectively, shall be in full for the services of the until the first day of January next, be allowed to respective officers, nor shall either of them be percheck on the same, allowing the public creditors to mitted to charge or receive any commission, pay receive their pay from the banks either in specie or perquisite, for any official service of any charac or bank notes. ter or description whatsoever; and the making of 22. And be it farther enacted, That it shall be the any such charge, or the receipt of any such comduty of the Secretary of the Treasury to issue and pensation, is here declared to be a misdemeanor, publish regulations to enforce the speedy presen- for which the officer convicted thereof, before any tation of all Government drafts for payment at the Court of the United States, of competent jurisdicplace where payable, and to prescribe the time, tion, shall be subject to punishment by fine or imaccording to the different distances of the deposi-prisonment, or both, at the discretion of the Court tories from the Seat of Government, within which before which the offence shall be tried. all drafts upon them, respectively, shall be pre- 24. And be it farther enacted, That there shall be, sented for payment; and, in default of such pre- and is hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any sentation, to direct any other mode and place of money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropripayment which he may deem proper; but in all ated, the sum of twelve thousand dollars, to be exsuch regulations and directions it shall be the duty pended under the direction of the Secretary of the of the Secretary of the Treasury to guard, as far as Treasury in such repairs or additions as may be may be, against those drafts being used or thrown necessary to put in good condition for use, with as into circulation as a paper currency or medium of little delay as may be consistent with the public exchange. interests, the offices, rooms, vaults and safes herein 323. And be it farther enacted, That the Assistant mentioned, and in the purchase of any necessary Treasurers directed by this act to be appointed additional furniture and fixtures, in the purchase shall receive, respectively, the following salaries of necessary books and stationery, and in defraying per annum, to be paid quarter-yearly at the Treas-any other incidental expenses necessary to carry Sury of the United States, to wit: the Assistant- this act into effect.

Treasurer at New-York shall be paid a salary of 25. And be it farther enacted, That all acts, or four thousand dollars per annum; the Assistant- parts of acts, that come in conflict with the proTreasurer at Boston shall be paid a salary of two visions of this act be, and the same are hereby rethousand five hundred dollars per annum; the As- pealed. sistant-Treasurer at Charleston shall be paid a sal- [The bill also provides for a quarterly publicaary of two thousand five hundred dollars per an-tion of the state of the Sub-Treasuries and the Snum; the Assistant-Treasurer at St. Louis shall be Treasury, the specie on hand, drafts out, &c. &c.] paid a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars

THE

VETOED BILL.

The River and Harbor bill, which passed both Houses of Congress at the late Session, but was vetoed by the President, made appropriations as follows:

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EXPENDITURES OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

SINCE THE INAUGURATION OF WASHINGTON AS PRESIDENT, 1789.

Years.

Current Expenses. Paid Principal & Int. of Pub. Debt.
1789 (Mar. 4, to Dec. 30, 1791) $1,921,589 52..
1792.

$5,285,949 50..
.7,263,655 99.

.1,877,913 68.
-$3,799,503 20.

Total..

-$12,549,605 49.

1793.

1794.

1795.

1796.

Total..

1797..

1798..

1799..

1800..

Total.

1801..

1802.

1803..

1804..

Total.

1805..

1806..

1807..

1808..

Total.

1809.

1810..

1811..

1812.

Total..

1813..

1814..

1815..

1816..

Total..

1817..

1818..

1819..

1820.

Total.

1821.

1822..

1823..

1824..

Total.

ANNUAL

1825..

1826..

1827..

1828.

Total...

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56

Years. 1829..

1830.

1831.

1832..

Total..

1833..

1834..

1835.

1836..

Total..

1837..

1838.

1839..

1840..

Total..

EXPENDITURES OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT-CONTINUED.

Paid Principal & Int. of Pub. Debt.
$12,383,867 78..
11,355,748 22.
16,174,378 22.

17,840,309 29.

$57,754,303 51..

Current Expenses.
$12,660,490 62.
13,229,533 33.

13,864,067 90.

16,516 388 77.

-$56,270,480 62.

$22,713,755 11.

18,425,417 25.
17,514,950 28.
29,621,807 82.

-$88,275,930 46..

$31,793,587 24.

31,578,785 08.

25,488,547 73.

23.327,772 11.

.112,188,692 16..

1841.

-$26,196,842 29.
24,361,336 59.

1842..

1843. (1st Jan. to June 30.). 11,256,508 60. 1844. (For year ending Jun 30)20,650,198 01. 1844. (From July to Dec. 31.) 11,700,159 50. $94,164,952 99.

Total..

Administration.
Washington's First...
Do Second...

John Adams's...
Jefferson's First..

Do. Second.
Madison's First.

Do. Second. Monroe's First..

Do. Second.. J. Q. Adams's.. Jackson's First..

Do. Second.. Van Buren's.... Tyler's..

$1,543,543 38.

6,176,565 19.

58,191 28.

Civil and Diplomatic Expenses...
Indian Department do...
Naval Service..

$7,778,299 85.

$21,823 91. 5,605,720 27.

Army....

Volunteers and other troops-
Prosecution of Existing War....
Regiment of Mounted Riflemen...
Sappers, Miners and Pontoniers..
Military Academy..
Fortifications.

"Defensive Works ".
Post Office Department..

11,127,987 42.
4.086,614 70.

.$20,842,146 30.

$5,600,689 74.

8,575,539 94.

861,596 55.

2.991,802 84. 1,538,478 06.

-$29,568,207 13.

TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS OF EACH ADMINISTRATION FROM 1789 TO 1845.

Current Expenses.
$3,799,503 20..
.12,093,205 35.

Paid on account of Pub. Debt.
-$12,549,605 49.
23,541,341 43.

.$21,348,351 19.

.$18,957,962 69.

-$17,174,431 96.
23,926,355 72.
$36,147,857 98.
.108.537,081 78.
.$58,698,087 71.
45,665,358 92.
-$50,501,914 31..
-$56,270,480 62.

88,275,930 46.
-$112,188,692 16..
-$94,164,952 99.

$32,268.658 68.

32,927,739 85.

-$26,920,305 12.

56,508,657 66.

$63,051,658 31.
38,314,452 98.

..$45,303,533 43.

$57,754,303 51..
7,778,299 85.

..$20,842,146 30......
29,568,207 13..

ANNUAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1846.

$4,053,612 63) Pensions....

1,106,693 50 Deficiencies of 1846..

7,449,703 35 *Smithsonian Institution-viz :

www

Total Disburs't. $34,044,358 40 24,585,281 55 30,038,446 12 34,356,698 06

$114,024,784 13)

$24,257,298 499

24.601,982 44

17,573,141 56

29,621,807 82

$96,054,230 31

$31,815,410 15

37,184,505 35

36,616,534 15

27.414,386 819

.183,030,836 46

-$31,797,530 035

32,936,876 53

12,118, 05 15 33,612,0.0 850 13,238,637 56

-$123,733,160 12)

Total.

$16,349,108 604 35,634,546 780

$40,306,313 88

-$49,433,090 64

56,854,095 57

$63,068,153 10

165,145,749 44

-$121,749,746 02

83,979,811 83

$95,805,447 740

.114,024,784 13) 96,054,230 31,

-$133,030,836 46

-$123,733,160 12

6,873.082 67 Interest on the Fund of ($515,169 00)

which may have accrued on 1st
day of July next..
Miscellaneous...

2,744,535 400 1,700,914 990

Total......

11,957,359 00
-10,000,000 00
81,500 00
25,000 00
123,976 00
1,440,000 00 *The amount of appropriation for Smithsonian,
170,000 00 Institute, to be replaced in the Treasury by inte)
4,078,540 75
rest accruing on State Bonds held by the United)
States for original Smithsonian Fund.

242,129 00 429,138 89

$51,476,191 18

SUMMARY OF THE CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES.

JUNE 1, 1840.

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Free States,
Slave States,

Total,

291,218.

..729,030.

..105,587.

.301,856.

-2,212,165..

.2,378,890.

351,588.

1,676,115.

1,502,122.

678,698.

472,254.

211,560.

30,749. 42,924.

.9,557,065..

Free Colored.
..1,355.

537.

730. ..8,668.

.3,238.

.8,105.

-22,633.

50,027.

..21.044.

.47,854.

.17,342.

Whites. .1,900,772. ..1,271,692..

..3,172,464.

7,165.

3.598.

707.

185.

172

..170,727.

Slaveholding States.

O

58,561
318,204
30,657.
740,968.
484,870.
259,084.
407,695
27,943.

.16,919.
.62,078.
8,361.
.49.842.
22,732.
8,276..
2,753.
817.
2,039.

335,185.
179,074.
158,457.
77,174.
640,627.
590,253.
323.888.

1,369.
.25,502.
465.
5,524.
7,317.
1,574.
.215,568.
.386,295.

4,632,640. .14,189,705.

First Census, August 1, 1790.

Free Colored.

Slaves.

1..

.26,831.

.32,635.

..59,446.

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2,605. 89,737.

4,694. .448,987. .255,817.

327,038.

.280.944.

25.717.

253,532.

.195,211.

.168,451

19,935.

.183,059.

.182.258.

58,240.

-2,486,226.

-2,487,355.

Slaves.

40.850..

.645.047.

.697,897.

Total. -501,793

-284,574

291,9480

737,698

.108,830

.309,9780

.2,234,821)

-2,428.921

373,306

-1,724,033) 1,519,467

PROGRESS OF POPULATION IN THE UNITED STATES FOR FIFTY

YEARS, FROM 1790 TO 1840.

685,866)

476,183)

212,267 43,112)

30,945

9,728,921

78,085) 470,019)

43,712)

.1,239,797)

753,419)

494,398)

691,392)

54,477)

590,756)

375,654

352,411

97,574

829,210

779,828

383,702

7,334,434)

.17,063,3550

Total.

.1,968 453 .1,961,374

.3929,827

Free States,.
Slave States...
Total,..

Free States,-
Slave States..
Total,..

Free States,.

Slave States...

Total,.

Free States,.
Slave States..

Total,..

Free States,.
Slave States..

Total,

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..47,154.
.61,241..

.108,395.

Fourth Census, August 1, 1820.

.102,893.
.135,434.

.238,197.

66

Fifth Census, June 1, 1830.

.137,529..
.182.070..

.319,599..

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Slaves.

35,946.. .857,095.

.893,041.

27,510. -1,163,854..

1,191,364..

19,108. .1,524,580.

..1,543,688..

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Other Occupations, by the Census of 1840.

Number of Persons employed in Mining in the United States,

46

66

66

Navigation of the Ocean,-
Internal Navigation,..

66

"6

Learned Professions, including Engineers,..

MEXICO.

ACCORDING to the best authorities we have[Mexico. Jalisco.... been able to consult, the population of MexPuebla...... ico in 1842 was 7,200,000, of whom 4,000,000 Yucatan. were estimated as Indians; 1,000,000 whites; Guanaxuato 6,000 blacks; and 2,000,000 of various castes, Oajaca.. such as Tambos, Mulattoes, &c., &c.

Michoacan...
San Luis Potosi.
In the City of Mexico there are several Zacatecas...
Collegiate Institutions of respectable grade Vera Cruz ......
and standing, and within the last few years
Durango........
Chihuahua.
Schools have rapidly multiplied throughout
the entire Republic. About Fifty News-
Spapers are published in the Cities and vari-
Sous Provinces.

3,568. .2,005,475.

2,009,043.

1,129. ..2,486,226.

.2,487,355..

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Manufactures.
.187,258.

.414,138.

-808,633.

333,947

OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE CENSUS OF 1840.
Number of Persons employed in Agriculture.
New England States..
Middle States
Southern States
South-western States
North-western States
Total, 1840....
Total, 1820.

..955,729.

.650,546..

-890,905.

-3,719,951.

..2,070,646...

87,955.

37,899

..144,690..

791,749..

..349,506...

Total. .2,684,609

2,621,316

-5,305,925

3,758,910 -3,480,904

-7,239,814

5,152,372

4,502,224

.9,654,596

7,017,717 .5,848,3030

.12,866,020

-9,728,921 -7,334,434

-17,063,355

Commerce.

.17,157

50,077

..12.962

-14,496

22.315

117,607

72,493)

15,211

.56,021

.33,076

.65,255

.1,400,000 Sinaloa.

675,000 Chiapas
660,000 Sonora
580,000 Queretozo ... 120,000
510,000 Nuevo Leon......100,000(
500,000 Tamaulipas ......100,000
500,000 Coahuila
75,000
320,000 Aguas Calientis. 70,000
275,000 Tobasco..
60,000
250,000 Nuevo Mexico ... 60,000
35,000
160,000 California
150,000l

..150,000) ..140,000 ..120,000

The Exports from the Republic of Mexico amount to about $20,000,000 annually. Not less than $12,000,000 of silver are coined in

The population of the Republic is made the various Mints, of which there are some up in round numbers, as follows:

six or eight in the Republic.

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