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No. 423. MILITARY PERSONNEL ON ACTIVE DUTY, CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF MILITARY AGENCIES, AND PAYROLL: 1950 TO 1972
[In thousands, except as indicated. Personnel as of December 31; payroll for years ending June 30. Excludes "indirect hire" civilians, i.e., foreign nationals rendering personal services to the military departments]
! Includes personnel assigned to Office of Secretary of Defense, Organization of Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other defense activities, not shown separately. 2 Represents "Command Strength."
Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual, and Selected Defense Department Economic Indicators, monthly.
No. 424. SUMMARY OF MAJOR MILITARY FORCES: 1955 TO 1972
NA Not available.
Represents divisions. 2 Beginning 1960, reorganized into carrier antisubmarine air groups.
Represents wings. Excludes B-52D's operating in Southeast Asia (not formed as units) as follows: 10 aircraft in 1967, 30 in 1968, and 60 in 1969.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, Annual Report of the Secretary of Defense, and unpublished data.
No. 425. MILITARY PERSONNEL ON ACTIVE DUTY, BY SERVICE: 1950 TO 1973 [In thousands. As of June 30. Includes National Guard, Reserve, and retired Regular personnel on extended or continuous active duty; excludes Coast Guard. Warrant officers and flight officers included under officers; military cadets, Naval Academy midshipmen, Air Force Academy cadets, and other officer candidates under enlisted personnel. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series Y 763-775]
Source: 1950-1960, U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, semiannual reports and unpublished data; beginning 1965, U.S. Office of Management and Budget, The Budget of the United States Government, annual.
No. 426. MILITARY PERSONNEL ON ACTIVE DUTY, BY LOCATION: 1960 TO 1972 [In thousands. As of December 31]
1 Includes Navy personnel temporarily shore-based. 2 Navy and Marine Corps.
Represents zero. 1 U.S. military advisory presence between 1954 and 1960 averaged 650 men; the first ground combat forces (about 1,000-1,200 men) arrived in Mar. 1965.
Source: 1950 to 1971, Congressional Quarterly Inc., Washington, D.C., Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol. XXIX No. 7, Feb. 12, 1971, (copyright); 1972, U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, release.
Vietnam Conflict-Military Forces
No. 428. VIETNAM CONFLICT-U.S. MILITARY FORCES IN VIETNAM AND CASUALTIES INCURRED: 1961 To 1973
1 Figures for military forces are for 1965 only.
? Excludes personnel on ships off Vietnam's shores.
Represents casualties from enemy action. Deaths exclude servicemen who died in accidents or from disease. Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual, and unpublished data.
No. 429. U.S. MILITARY FORCES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA-PRISONERS OF WAR AND MISSING IN ACTION: 1964 To 1972
No. 430. MILITARY PERSONNEL DESERTION AND ABSENT-WITHOUT-AUTHORITY,
NA Not available. 1 Absent without authority for more than 30 days.
Absent without authority for 30 days or less. 3 Calendar year. Included with Army.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual, and unpublished data.
No. 431. NEGRO MEN IN THE ARMED FORCES: 1965 to 1972
Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, unpublished data.
No. 432. COAST GUARD PERSONNEL ON ACTIVE DUTY: 1950 To 1972
Source: 1950-1965, U.S. Dept. of the Treasury, Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State o the Finances; thereafter, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Annual Report of the Secretary of Transportation.
No. 433. ENLISTED MILITary Personnel ProcuremeNT: 1960 TO 1972
BRANCH OF SERVICE
1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 702 1,162 1,035 1,124 1,064 872 804 632
1 Includes National Guard and involuntary calls to active duty. Includes Reserves to active duty, not shown separately. For some years, includes inductions not shown separately, as follows: Navy, 1966, 3,000; Marine Corps: 1966, 20,000; 1968, 5,000; 1969, 11,000; 1970, 8,000; 1971, 131; 1972, 19.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual.
Armed Forces Personnel
No. 434. ARMED FORCES PERSONNEL
SUMMARY OF MAJOR CONFLICTS
[For Revolutionary War, number of personnel serving not known, but estimates range from 184,000 to 250,000; for War of 1812, 286,730 served; for Mexican War, 78,718 served. Dates of the major conflicts may differ from those specified in various laws providing benefits for veterans. See table 428 for data on Vietnam conflict. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series Y 715-762]
X Not applicable.
1 Union forces only. Estimates of the number
serving in the Confederate forces range from 600,000 to 1,500,000.
1 Covers period Dec. 1, 1941, to Dec. 31, 1946. 3 Covers period June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953. Covers period Apr. 21 to Aug. 13, 1898. Originally organized in 1907. Established as Air Force under the Armed Services Unification Act of 1947. For World War I, known as Aviation Service and included in data for Army; for World War II, known as Army Air Forces and included in data for Army. Included in Army.
Established Jan. 28, 1915. Based on Army and Marines only. Excludes Navy. See footnote 10. 10 Covers period July 1950 through January 1955. Represents Far East area only. II During hostilities only. 12 Covers war personnel who departed from conterminous United States through December 1898.
12 For periods covered, see footnotes 2, 3, 4, and 10. 14 Includes gassed in action. Army data include casualties In northern Russia to Aug. 25, 1919, and in Siberia to Apr. 1, 1920; Marine data represent casualties in Europe only. 15 Excludes personnel lost in sinking of the Maine, which occurred 2 months before hostilities. 16 Includes casualties incurred in October 1941, due to hostile action.
17 Covers only Army personnel base of 1,908,800.
18 Covers only Army personnel base of 246,410. 19 Covers only Army personnel base of 3,665,000.
20 Covers all services base of 9,370,986. 21 Covers all services base of 4,428,939.
Source: The President's Commission on Veterans' Pensions, Veterans' Benefits in the United States, vol. I, 1956; and U.S. Dept. of Defense, Office of the Secretary, unpublished data.
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