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No. 1277. GOLD AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE HOLDINGS: 1950 TO 1965

[In millions of U.S. dollars. Data refer to gross holdings of gold and short-term foreign assets of central banks, treasuries, exchange stabilization funds and other official institutions as of end of year, except as noted]

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1 Excludes gold used in payment of a country's subscriptions to International Monetary Fund or International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Reported in United States dollars at $35 per fine troy ounce. Foreign exchange holdings ordinarily include foreig. currencies, bank deposits abroad, payment and clearing agreement balances, and short-term foreign bills and securities (generally those with an original maturity of 1 year or less) and, in those instances where information is available, foreign investments held by official institutions. Excludes subscriptions to International Monetary Fund, drawing rights in the European Payments Union or the European Fund, undrawn portions of foreign loans, and similar rights to incur foreign debts. Holdings have been converted into U.S. dollar equivalents at par value or, in absence of a par value, at official exchange rate. Less than half of unit employed, nil, or negligible.

4 For 1961. Includes holdings of check-paying banks. 6 Estimated.

? Includes net payments agreements balances. Excludes small amounts held by the Amortization Fund. Holdings of the National Bank. • For 1951. 10 For 1963.

11 Figures relate to Mar. 20 of the following year. 12 Government holdings only.

13 Excludes Government holdings. 14 Includes the State Bank's unsettled claim on India.

15 Monetary Department of Bank of Paraguay.

16 Includes convertible currencies (U.S. and Canadian dollars only). 17 Net holdings.

Source: Statistical Office of the United Nations; Statistical Yearbook.

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[National currency units per U.S. dollar. As of June 30.

Exchange rate denotes a single rate applicable to both buying and selling transactions. Selling or import rates are the rates at which the monetary authorities, including the banks, sell foreign exchange for national currency to those making payments abroad. Buying or export rates are the rates at which the authorities buy foreign exchange from those earning it. Mid-point rates are averages of selling and buying rates. Free rates are those that fluctuate to some extent in response to private transactions]

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1 This currency is at par with the pound sterling and its exchange rates for other currencies correspond to the pound sterling and London market rates.

2 This currency is at par with the French franc and its exchange rates for other currencies correspond to the French franc and Paris market rates.

Source: Statistical Office of the United Nations; Statistical Yearbook.

Mid-point rate..

Piastre..

118. 0

Yugoslavia: Exchange rate.. Dinar..

12. 5

247 079 06757

No. 1279. TRANSPORTATION-SHIPPING, RAILWAYS, AVIATION, AND MOTOR

VEHICLES

[graphic]

[See text, p. 860, for general comments concerning the data. Statistical coverage of all these items varies considerably among countries; for details, see source]

50

203

35

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21 143

980

33

545 11,782

9,876

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76

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35

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259

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89

336

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No. 1279. TRANSPORTATION-SHIPPING, RAILWAYS, AVIATION, AND MOTOR

VEHICLES-Continued

[See text, p. 860, for general comments concerning the data. Statistical coverage of all these items varies considerably among countries; for details, see source]

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1 As of June 30. Represents gross registered tons (see text, p. 582) for vessels of 100 gross tons and over. Excludes vessels without mechanical means of propulsion; includes sailing vessels with auxiliary power. Excludes ships trading on Caspian Sea.

In general, represents sum of net registered tonnages (see text, p. 582) of seagoing foreign and domestic merchant vessels (power and sailing) entered with cargo from a foreign port and refers to only one entrance for each foreign voyage. Where possible excludes vessels, "in ballast," i.e., entering without unloading goods.

Represents weight of all goods (including their packing) in external trade loaded to and unloaded from seagoing vessels of all flags at ports of country specified. For most countries, excludes bunkers, ships' stores, ballast, and transshipment (goods transshipped from an importing vessel to an exporting vessel).

Relates to domestic and international traffic on all railway lines within each country shown excluding railways entirely within an urban unit and plantation, industrial mining, funicular and cable railways. In general, passenger miles include all passengers except miliary, government, and railway personnel when carried without revenue; ton-miles relate to freight net ton-miles and include all goods whether carried by fast or ordinary trains except service traffic, mail, baggage, and nonrevenue governmental stores.

Covers both domestic and international scheduled services operated by companies registered in each country. Includes supplementary services occasioned

by overflow traffic on regularly scheduled trips and preparatory flights for new scheduled services.

Represents officially estimated number of vehicles in use. Includes passenger cars and commercial vehicles. For most countries shown, excludes 2- and 3wheeled cycles and motorcycles, trains, trolley buses, ambulances, hearses, military vehicles, police and special purpose or government security vehicles, trailers, and farm tractors.

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No. 1280.

COMMUNICATIONS-TELEPHONES, TELEGRAMS, MAIL, NEWSPAPERS,
RADIO, AND TELEVISION: 1965

[See text, p. 860, for general comments concerning the data. For additional qualifications for individual countries, see source]

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