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Technical Note-Annual Survey of Manufactures

The annual survey estimates vary from the totals that would have been obtained from a complete canvass of all manufacturing establishments. The relative magnitude of this sampling variation is given in the table column captioned "Standard error." The standard error should be interpreted to mean that the sample estimates will differ from complete canvass totals by less than: (1) The percentage shown in approximately 2 cases out of 3; (2) twice the percentage shown in approximately 19 cases out of 20; and (3) three times the percentage shown in almost every case. It should be noted that standard errors are shown only for selected items. The standard errors of other measures are usually of the same general magnitude.

In making any study of the trend, it is important to take account of the effect of the sampling variation on the apparent increase or decrease shown between years. In addition to sampling errors, individual figures may be subject to biases arising from undetected response or procedural errors which are not reflected in the "standard errors." Figures are enclosed by parentheses in the original source volumes if (1) the standard error of the estimate exceeds 15 percent, or (2) survey estimates are inconsistent with other Census series and related data. Any estimate which can be derived by subtraction of one published figure from another may have a standard error considerably in excess of 15 percent.

No. 1110.

MANUFACTURES-SUMMARY: 1947 TO 1965

[Prior to 1958, excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Except as noted, figures are estimates based on sample; see text, pp. 735-737. Covers all establishments employing 1 or more person: at any time during year. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series P 1-8]

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1 Includes data for employees of manufacturing establishments engaged in distribution and construction work. Beginning 1950, includes administrative offices, and units auxiliary to manufacturing.

1 Data for all industries in 1950-1953 and 1955-1957, and for most industries in 1954, are based on pay periods ending nearest 15th of March, May, August, and November. For 1947, and industries of a seasonal type in 1954, data represent average of 12 monthly figures.

3 Unadjusted through 1953; thereafter, adjusted. For definitions, see footnote 2, table 1116.

• Census data. Includes administrative offices and auxiliary units.

Source: Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; 1947, 1954, 1958, and 1963 Censuses of Manufactures reports and Annual Survey of Manufactures.

FIG. XLVIII. INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION INDEXES: 1955 TO 1966

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Source: Chart prepared by Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Data from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

No. 1111.

INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION-INDEXES, BY INDUSTRY: 1950 TO 1967 (1957-59-100. Quarterly data adjusted for seasonal variation. Based on 1957 Standard Industrial Classification. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series P 11 and P 147-168, for indexes on 1947-49 base]

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Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; Industrial Production, 1957-59 Base, and Federal Reserve Bulletin.

No. 1112.

TOTAL MANUFACTURING CAPACITY: 1950 TO 1967 [Percent. Annual figures are averages of quarterly data. Represents estimated quantity of output, relative to output in 1957-59, which the current stock of plant and equipment in manufacturing industries was capable of producing]

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Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; Federal Reserve Bulletin, Nov. 1966, and unpublished data. (Based on data from Federal Reserve Board, Dept. of Commerce, and McGraw-Hill Inc.)

No. 1113.

MANUFACTURIng-Relation OF OUTPUT TO CAPACITY, BY PROCESSING
INDUSTRIES GROUPS: 1950 TO 1967

[Percent. Annual figures are averages of quarterly data. Primary processing industries comprise textiles, lumber, paper and pulp, petroleum, rubber, stone, clay, glass, primary metals, fabricated metals, and a portion of chemicals. Advanced processing industries comprise chemical products, food, beverages, tobacco, apparel, furniture, printing and publishing, leather, machinery, transportation equipment, instruments, ordnance, and miscellaneous industry groups]

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Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; Federal Reserve Bulletin, Nov. 1966, and unpublished data. (Based on data from Federal Reserve Board, Dept. of Commerce, and McGraw-Hill Inc.)

No. 1114. MANUFACTURES-GENERAL STATISTICS ["N.e.c." means not elsewhere classified. Data based upon the 1957 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification and therefore not comparable with figures shown in the 1960

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For footnotes, see pp. 744 and 745.

FOR INDUSTRY GROUPS: 1958 to 1965

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Manual as amended by the "Supplement to the 1957 Edition" published by the Bureau of the Budget in 1963, and earlier editions of the Statistical Abstract; see text, D. 736]

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