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No. 920. FARM EXPENDITURES-SELECTED ITEMS, BY STATES: 1959 AND 1964 [In millions of dollars. For composition of regions, see fig. I, p. xii]

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Source: Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; U.S. Census of Agriculture: 1964, preliminary reports, Series

AC 64-P1.

No. 921. SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES: 1949 TO 1964

[Prior to 1959, excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Based on reports for a sample of farms. 1964, prelimin^ry data]

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Source: Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; U.S. Census of Agriculture: 1959, Vol. II and 1964, preliminary reports, Series AC 64-P1.

No. 922. FARMER

COOPERATIVES-NUMBER,
1940 TO 1965

MEMBERSHIPS,

AND

BUSINESS:

[For years ending June 30, with limited exceptions. Prior to 1955, excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Comprises independent local associations, federations, large-scale centralized associations, and sales agencies. Data are for marketing season during which farm products are moved into channels of trade. Marketing seasons overlap. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series K 181-189]

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1 Includes service associations. 2 Excludes nenvoting patrons.

3 Value of commodities sold or purchased for patrons and charges for rendering other services in marketing or purchasing. Beginning 1955, adjusted for duplication resulting from intercooperative business.

Source: Dept. of Agriculture, Farmer Cooperative Service; annual report, Statistics of Farmer Cooperatives.

No. 923. FARMER COOPERATIVES-ESTIMATED BUSINESS, BY COMMODITY: 1965 [Preliminary. See headnote, table 922]

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1 Represents value at the first level at which cooperatives transact business for farmers. Adjusted for duplication resulting from intercooperative business.

Because many associations are engaged in more than one type of business, these totals are less than the sum of associations handling individual items or performing individual services.

Charges for services related to marketing or purchasing but not included in the volume reported for these activities.

Source: Dept. of Agriculture, Farmer Cooperative Service; annual report, Statistics of Farmer Cooperatives.
No. 924. FARMER COOPERATIVES-NUMBER, MEMBERSHIPS, AND BUSINESS, BY

STATES: 1965

[Preliminary. See headnote, table 922]

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31,617

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Includes volume of a sugar cooperative with headquarters in California whose business originated in Hawaii.
Source: Dept. of Agriculture, Farmer Cooperative Service; annual report, Statistics of Farmer Cooperatives.

No. XL. FARM OUTPUT INDEXES AND ACREAGE HARVESTED: 1950 TO 1966

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No. XLI. AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS OUTSIDE AND UNDER GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS:

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Source of figs. XL and XLI: Charts prepared by Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Data from Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Section 24

Agriculture-Production, Marketing, and Trade

This section presents statistics concerning farm output and marketings, trade in agricultural products, and data relative to specific crops, livestock, poultry, and livestock and poultry products.

The principal sources of these data are reports of the decennial and quinquennial Censuses of Agriculture conducted by the Bureau of the Census, and three annual reports, Crop Production, Crop Values, and Agricultural Statistics, issued by the Statistical Reporting Service, Department of Agriculture. Other important sources include Current Industrial Reports and Cotton Production and Distribution, issued by the Bureau of the Census; Cotton and Cottonseed Production and annual livestock summaries, issued by the Statistical Reporting Service; and various Situation reports, issued by the Economic Research Service, Department of Agriculture. Sources of current data on agricultural exports and imports include Foreign Agricultural Trade, also published by the Economic Research Service, and the foreign trade reports of the Bureau of the Census, particularly the series on imports (FT 125) and on exports (FT 410). Historical data are available in Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United States, issued by the Bureau of the Census. Statistics on other aspects of agriculture may

be found in section 23, Agriculture-Farms, Land, and Finances.

Crop reporting.—Annual agricultural statistics of a wide variety have been issued by the Department of Agriculture for over 100 years. The 43 field offices of the Statistical Reporting Service collect data from voluntary reporters. State estimates and other information are sent to the Crop Reporting Board of the Statistical Reporting Service where, after review, reports are issued containing State, regional, and United States data.

Statistics compiled by the Statistical Reporting Service on crops, livestock and livestock products, agricultural prices, farm employment, and other related subjects are based mainly on data obtained through mail questionnaires. The basic information is obtained from nearly three-fourths of a million reporters, mostly farmers, who report for their own and nearby farms on some 80 crops and scores of other items pertaining to agricultural production and farm family living. The most extensive of the current survey data are gathered by the Statistical Reporting Service from questionnaires handled in cooperation with the Post Office Department through its rural mail carriers. These surveys obtain livestock data in June and December and crop acreage data in October.

In the data prepared by the Statistical Reporting Service, estimates of crop acreage and production for the census years are set up currently from available information. Later, if necessary, these data are revised to a level based largely on the Census enumerations. The estimates for intercensal years are based on sample data obtained each year from individual reporters. This information is supplemented by other data, such as State assessors' enumerations of agricultural information, reports of carlot shipments, warehouse receipts, local surveys, personal observations by field statisticians, and reports from other sources having a knowledge of farming, agricultural production, and processing. Cotton acreage and production are also based on sample data and, in large measure, on ginning information gathered by the Bureau of the Census.

Livestock. Each Census of Agriculture from 1840 through 1900 was taken as of June 1. The six decennial censuses since then were taken as of April 15, 1910; January 1, 1920; April 1, 1930, 1940, and 1950; and the fall of 1959.

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