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instruction of the children, and forty boys were admitted. The next year the number was increased to fifty, and so it yet continues.
The boys admitted to this school were children of such poor persons as were not in a capacity to give them education themselves. They were to be annually clothed, taught reading, writing, and arithmetic, instructed in the principles of the christian religion, and at a proper time the managers were to give money to put them out apprentices. This plan has been invariably pursued to this time. The support of this school was to be derived from four sources. The first was by collection at a lecture to be preached every Lord'sday evening, by the six forementioned ministers, each in his turn. This lecture is yet continued gratis, by the twelve following ministers on the old catholic plan,
The Rev. Drs. Hunter Messrs. Macgowan
The second was annual subscription, which, through the blessing of divine providence, has generally afforded an easy generous supply to the charity; but as subscriptions are always falling off by the deaths of subscribers, and by a thousand accidents beside, there is always room for new
names, and sometimes there are heavy discouragements for want of them.
Donations during life, and legacies at death were supposed a third probable source of supply. These have been given, and in a manner, that has done great good to the school, and great honour to the liberal benefactors.
The fourth was an annual collection after a charíty sermon to be preached on the occasion. The first of these was preached at Pinner's Hall on the 20th. of October, 1715, the day of the coronation of his majesty King George I. The reverend Mr. Matthew Clark preached the sermon, and twenty eight pounds fourteen shillings was collected. The annual discourse has been uninterruptedly preached and the foregoing sermon was delivered this year on the occasion.
The managers have successively paid the most conscientious attention to the original design, and by an unwearied assiduity, a great generosity and a wise frugality have been able to give the subscribers the following pleasing state of their school.
There have been put out apprentices .... 339 Discharged and otherwise provided for .. 453
There are now in the school. ........... 48 So that the whole number educated, including
those now in the school................ 840
The redeinption of twelve hundred boys in a century from ignorance and vice, the rendering of even half the number useful members of society, the administering of consolation to so many poor parents, the enabling of the children to read the holy scriptures, and to understand the principles of religion are noble actions, and whether it be not worth while to perform them, let all the world judge. Frugality is the natural support of liberality, and a little attention to this plain maxim would enable many to subscribe to charities of this kind who at present do not.
CHRISTIAN SUBMISSION TO CIVIL GOVERNMENT.
Preached at Cambridge, Jan. 30, 1780.
Rom. xiii. 1-7. Let every soul be subject into the higher pow-ers. For there is no power but of God: the
powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? Do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same. For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain : for he is the minister of God; a revenger to exécute wrath upon him that doeth evil, Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake. For, for this cause pay ye tribute also : for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. Render therefore to all their dues : tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom;
fear to whom fear ; honour to whom honour. W E have been often told, christians, that good men, and particularly ministers of religion, have
nothing to do with what they call politicks or civil government. We beg leave to disclaim this groundless opinion, and to offer at least one argu ment against it. Good men are bound by the religion of Jesus Christ to discharge those duties, which as good subjects they owe to their civil governors : but it is impossible to discharge an obligation as good men, that is, wisely and virtuously, without knowing the nature, the extent, and the motives of it. Ministers are both bound, in common with other christians, to perform the duties of good subjects, and also to explain the nature and enforce the practice of them on others. How can they do so, unless they understand the subject themselves, and publickly treat of it in the course of their ministrations? What! was not the writer of the epistle to the Romans a good man? Was not he an inspired minister of Christ? Yet he addressed all christians in these words, Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. And so on.
Let us then apply ourselves to the subject, and let me suppose you will give such attention to it as its importance demands. If any occasional hearers ridicule either the subject itself, or the plain manner in which it will be taught, we glory in affirming, we have no feelings on this occasion. We speak to be understood, and if we be so happy