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Juvenile Court has been addressing large public meetings in the cities of the state. The experiment of separate Juvenile Courts in small cities is being tried with flattering success. Other than Salt Lake City the other cities having the Courts are, Ogden 20,000 inhabitants, Provo 8,000 and Logan 7,000. Chief Probation officers have been appointed for nearly every county of the state, these acting under County Juvenile Courts with the District Judges acting as Juvenile Judges in the counties in which they have jurisdiction.
Acting under the law, Judge Brown of Salt Lake City has established a Detention Home, having secured for this purpose a large fifteen-room brick house, one of the old mansions of former days. With the assistance of a few public-spirited citizens, this place was furnished, and the home called the Morris School in honor of the Mayor, who is chairman of the Juvenile Court Commission.
The Morris School was conducted three weeks before the public was aware that Salt Lake had one of the best detention homes to be found. Up to date there has been an average of 20 boys in the School. It contains a regular class room with a special teacher, Miss King, formerly of Cleveland, Ohio, who has years of experience in the teaching of backward and deficient youth.
At the state convention of Women's Clubs, after an address by. Judge Brown, the ladies took up the matter of a Boys' Industrial Farm, and this movement is inaugurated by a committee from the Utah Federation of Women's Clubs.
A Juvenile Court for Idaho's Capital City.
When Governor Gooding of Idaho was in Chicago in the fall of 1904 he visited the Juvenile Court and was so impressed with the conduct of the court by Judge Mack that immediately on his return to Boise City, he enlisted the splendid organization of women called the Columbian Club, with the result that the last legislature passed a most excellent Juvenile Court law. It is taken largely from the Colorado law, having embodied in it, however, a good school law. It also contains the adult delinquency clause.
In order to create a public sentiment for the establishment of the court, Judge Willis Brown of the Salt Lake City Juvenile Court visited Boise. He first enlisted the boys of the city and held two meetings of the youngsters, until they were enthusiastically interested. Following two public meetings of citizens were held, the last one taxing the largest auditorium of the city to hold the people. Governor Gooding presided and Judge Brown explained to the parents the objects of the Juvenile Court and something of its manner of proceedings.
The law provided that the Juvenile Court shall be administered by the County Probate Judges. Judge Jonas Brown of Boise is the judge of the Juvenile Court. No provision being made for pay of probation officers, Mr. J. C. Clark, the Secretary of the Boys' Department of the Y. M. C. A., agreeing to serve, was then and there appointed by Judge Jonas Brown as Chief Probation Officer, and the Governor asked for a public ratification of this excellent selection.
Probation Officer Clark accompanied Judge Willis Brown to Salt Lake and spent a week studying methods, and now Boise City has a splendid Juvenile Court, supported by the whole community. Judge Brown visits Pocatello, Idaho, shortly to assist in the establishment of the Juvenile Court of this city.
People are queer; they don't seem to have to give me some cookies. She said it was must have told Mr. Warren, for one day much fun, at least what I call fun, and they a much better place for birds' eggs than my when he met Percy he said, “Look here, talk about such uninteresting things. I top drawer. I showed her my water wheel youngster, do you know that arithmetic tells hear them talk when I am in my workshop. and she seemed to understand it partly, all about jumping hurdles?" And when I don't pay much attention to them when which proves that Kitty is more sensible Percy said he didn't know and he hated I am busy, but sometimes when I am think- than most girls. I showed it to Miss Grace arithmetic, Mr. Warren did an example for ing they disturb me. My shop is under the Ogilvie one day and she just said, “How him. Percy is older than I am, so has been piazza; you get in through a broken place cute !” and began to talk about something tlirough arithmetic, and he said it was proin the lattice. Father wanted to have it else.
portion. It had a man and a boy and a mended, but I reminded him that a fellow My, how girls do talk! Sometimes they are horse and a pony and a high hurdle and a really must have some place he can call his the queerest kind of people there are. Days low hurdle all mixed up with dots and lines. own, and he laughed and let the lattice stay when Kitty has the reading club meet at I began to study arithmetic harder after broken.
our house I hear lots of things that I don't that, and I made up my mind that I should Sometimes it's worth while to be a com- rcmember. One day it was more interest- like Mr. Warren. manding officer's son, but other times it's ing than usual. The girls brought their The girls seemed to think that they should a bother, like the time when I was pounding work, which was German favors, all sorts like him, too. One of them wondered if he that Bob of Corporal Sweeney's for not of foolish things made of ribbons and was a good dancer, and another had heard saluting me as his father does my father, cavalry buttons. At a German you dance that he was very nice but didn't care much and father caught me. He didn't punish me, round with a girl and then you go off and for girls; and Miss Grace Ogilvie said that he hasn't done that more than a few times, get a ribbon thing and give it to another girl she heard about him when she was visiting but he talked serious and solemn about what and she says, “Oh!” and then you dance in New York. Her aunt knew some of his he called "noblesse oblige;" how the com- with her, or else a girl pins one on your relatives; he must have a great many bemanding officer of a frontier post is like a coat and you feel like a fool, but you have cause she said something about four hunlittle king and has to be very careful not to to dance with her. I know, because I go to dred. Kitty said he couldn't help that, poor get stuck up, how he was to see that every- Germans. Kitty and some of the other fellow. Then they wondered if he was good body has his rights and that nobody has any grown-up girls have a dancing school for at theatricals, if he would let them ride the special privileges, how the deference the us; they say that they don't want us to grow troop horses, and, if he liked to have girls Colonel receives officially does not extend up barbarians.
go camping or if he thought it was a bore. to his family and how I ought to make peo- Well, that day the reading club was most I do hope he will have sense enough to keep ple like me or respect me because I am interesting; it was not because of the Ger- out of that; I went camping with girls once, Jim Stanton, not because I am the Colonel's man favors or because of the book they and I had to put on a necktie for breakfast son. I understand all that now, and I don't read, which was very stupid, but they didn't and wash my hands a great many times a expect Bob Sweeney to salute me, but I'll read much of it. Pretty soon they began to day. Then they grumbled because the newlick him every time he makes a face at me. talk about that new second lieutenant who est second lieutenants always have proceed
One reason why I like to have my work- was coming to B troop, and I was interested ings of court martial and boards of survey shop under the piazza is that mother is an because I had heard about him, too. Percy to write up, and soldiers' school to attend to, invalid and I have to be very quiet in the Grant knew him when Grants' were sta- and it takes so much of their time. And house. Kitty keeps house and teaches me tioned at West Point, and he said Mr. War- they wondered if he would ask the ladies my lessons and sometimes helps me with my ren was the best rider in his class; Percy to help him get settled in his new quarters, work. It's really very nice in my shop. She nearly broke his neck trying to jump the as Mr. Hurd did when he came. He got said so herself one day when she looked in hurdles on the plain as he did. Somebody into trouble, because, of course, he had to take Mrs. Smith's advice when she was his together, and Mr. Warren let me do most of taken hold of drill which his new notions; captain's wife and liked to advise, and she that while he unpacked books. Some of and old Sergeant Callahan told me that the liked tidies and things tied with ribbon. them were in French; I know what French new "lootninte was a foine young man, wid One day Mr. Hurd came out to parade with teaching me much of it yet. When the rooms no more consait then was nicissary." I told a pink bow caught on his buttons behind, looks like but Kitty hasn't succeeded in them that at home, and Kitty was afraid he and it dropped on the parade ground, and were in such a mess that we didn't have would be spoiled, but father said he was a everybody laughed. Kitty said she hoped space to turn round we began to hang pic- pretty sensible fellow for a young cub. the new man would know what he wanted tures. Mr. Warren had two little pictures
Kitty never makes fuss over anybody, but and not try to take everybody's advice, not of his father and mother to hang over his I think she liked Mr. Warren, too. Of course even-and then she stopped. I knew what desk, and there was a girl in a gold frame lie liked her, and never made tattoo calls at she started to say, because Captain Ogilvie whom I thought was his sister, but he said
our house. I did not understand about those commands B troop and Mrs. Ogilvie is a no, that was only an imaginary girl, he had
till I heard the girls talking. You see tatcorker on advice. Well, she said something ri't any sister. I told him that sometimes
too comes in the evening, and one officer else quick, and they talked some more, and he might be sorry he hadn't one, but other
from each troop has to be there, so when a then they came back to the question of Mr. times he might be glad. And when he
man wants to make a short call anywhere Warren's being a good dancer and going to laughed and asked me how that was, I told
he calls before tattoo, and then when it the hops, which seemed important.
him that sisters were a drawback to a fel- sounds he is surprised and says he is very I began to know Mr. Warren when he low sometimes, because girls were naturally
sorry but he has to go; and when he wants had been here only a few days, for when obstinate and fussy. Then I thought that
to make a long call he calls after tattoo. I his freight came I rode in on the wagon.
was a pretty mean thing to say about Kitty, asked Mr. Warren if this was so, and he I can drive six mules first-rate when the because my painting overalls really are
laughed and laughed. When he could talk teamster is good-natured and nobody is smelly, and everybody, doesn't like the smell he said it was a custom of the service which looking as I turn in at the gate. This time ci turpentine, 'specially at the breakfast ta
he had not learned yet, and he was much I drove up to Mr. Warren's quarters in fine lie. So I said that on the whole sisters were
obliged to me for telling him. I think he style, then I stood round while the men
very useful and sometimes were a great must have told Kitty about it, because one were unloading, and pretty soon Mr. War
comfort. Then I told him things that Kathevening he came in to ask her to ride and came to the door and said, "Hullo, arine could do (I try to remember to call
tattoo sounded and he said, “Why, there is youngster, don't you want to help me unher Katharine because she likes it, but I
tattoo; I am sorry, but I must go," and pack?" and I said, “Yes," and pitched in.
almost always forget unless she acts very they both laughed like everything. You see, we've moved so often that I knew grown-up.). She rides first-rate, you ought more than he did about packing and unto see her jump hurdles-father taught her, ti happened this way. He was the old offi
I went to ride with Mr. Warren one day. packing and I could help him a lot. After and he lets her ride either one of the
the day, and after making his round a while he asked me my name and when horses, and he only lets me ride Jerry. I I said “Jim Stanton,' he said, “Oh, yes, Miss
of inspection with the new officer of the told Mr. Warren all about her riding, beStanton's brother." I asked him if he knew cause I thought he would be interested, and day, he stopped to ask Kitty to go to ride
with him. Kitty and I had been out on the my sister, and he said yes, he had met her he was.
piazza looking at guard mounting, and we at the German the other night. I wanted to
I think everybody in the post liked Mr. had decided to stay out there to do our know if he got some of those ribbon things, Warren right off. I know the girls did, be lessons. It was one of those days in spring and he showed me a big bunch of them;
cause at the reading club they were glad he when you just have to get out of doors; then I asked him if he liked Germans, and was nice about hops and theatricals and
there was a little wind blowing, which he said, 'Yes, very much.” Of course he things; and Captain Ogilvie, said that he mussed Kitty's hair and flapped Mr. Warhad to say that to be polite.
didn't shirk his duty, if he did dangle round ren's yellow plume, the kind of wind which Well, we unpacked a lot of things. There the women, and there were fewer men from makes you want to lie on the ground and were some bookshelves that had to be put B troop in the guardhouse since he had loaf.
OBJECTS OF THE JUVENILE COURT RECORD The object of the JUVENILE COURT RECORD is to dis- of the rights of the child, assumed a serious responsiseminate the principles of the Juvenile Court throughout bility. Every child has a right to education and physical the United States, and, in fact, the entire world.
care. Primarily, this duty lies with the parents. This
obligation should be enforced wherever possible. The When the Juvenile Court was first established the sociologists of the entire country stood by watching family is the unit of society, and most of the evils of
society arise from demoralized homes. It is the duty anxiously the outcome of this new departure in child
of the State to co-operate with the family as long as possaving methods. It was realized that a medium was
sible and help hold it up. If, however, for any reason needed whereby the results accomplished by the Juvenile
the family fails, then a new home is necessary until such Court might be set forth in an intelligent manner. The
time as the family may again be brought together. If JUVENILE COURT RECORD stepped into the breach and
the family proves recreant and abdicates its functions has devoted its pages exclusively to news of the various juvenile courts. As a result of the publicity thus given altogether, it is the duty of the State to secure as nearly
normal conditions for the children under its care and to the foundation principles and routine work of the Cook County Juvenile Court other States have passed place for a child's education and training.
custody as may be in its power. The home is the normal juvenile court laws, and bills are being prepared in
The fact that children are to be placed in homes prenearly every State in the Union to be presented at the
supposes the idea that some agency will be at hand to find next sessions of the Legislatures of the various States
a childless home for a homeless child. To the limit of providing for similar legislation.
its resources the JUVENILE Court RECORD assists in findThe foundation thought and idea of the Juvenile Courting homes for the homeless, helpless little waifs drifting law is that children should be kept in the home to the about the country. These little unfortunates need an greatest extent possible. The child's own home is pre- advocate, and the JUVENILE Court Record acts in this ferred by the Court, but in lieu of that it is intended that capacity, standing side by side with them, pointing the any good home where proper care and training will be way to a brighter, happier life, where the weeds of evil given shall be provided for the child.
will be choked out of existence and the flowers of hope The State, in assuming its relationship as the guardian will bloom in their place.
Well, Mr. Warren stopped at the corner of the piazza and said, “Miss Stanton, will you ride down to Medicine Butte this afternoon ?"
Kitty leaned over the railing and said, "I am sorry but I have promised to ride with Mr. Hurd.”
Mr. Warren looked disappointed and scratched some paint off the piazza with his sword then he looked up suddenly and said, "Are you an absolute truthful person?”
Kitty laughed a little and got kind of pink and said she was.
“All right, then,” he said, “I can wait. Jim will ride with me this afternoon, won't you Jim?"
I said I'd like to first-rate, and then I thought and I told him, “I can't. Kitty is going to ride Jerry.”
But he said, "I am training one of the troop horses so you can ride Kathleen."
Kathleen's just the dandiest little mare; Mr. Warren got her in Kentucky. I think Kathleen's a fine name for a horse; Sergeant Callahan says it's Irish for Kitty. Well, of course I said that was great and I was ever so much obliged.
Then he started up the line, but pretty soon he turned back and said, "Miss Stanton!” and Kitty said, “Well?" and he said, “Don't go to Medicine Butte."
"Why not?" Kitty asked, “It is the pleasantest ride about here."
"I know it is," he said, "and I want to take you there myself. Tell Hurd that you want to go to the lake.”
Kitty laughed and said she would see about it, and then he went home.
(To be continued in next number.) Send 5 cents in stamps for it to J. L. Clark, Unity Bldg.,
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