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displacing what was becoming a serious weakness in the juvenile work does not seriously encroach upon that of the charity orcourt system, viz., a disposition on the part of the state to relieve ganization society, although in some cities it may be all taken the home of its responsibilities.
care of by the various philanthropic organizations. Indianapolis The answer made by every chief of police convinces us that and Seattle have recently organized such an aid to the juvenile the number of careless, negligent parents shows aneven greater court work. If the purpose of the juvenile court is to keep increase than their delinquent offspring. This carelessness is not children out of institutions as far as possible and correct them limited to the homes of the poor. "Largely, because of poverty, it in the home, it is certainly in my judgment, a legitimate part is most accentuated in such homes. The advantages of wealth of this work to aid, assist and co-operate with every movement save many children of the rich from the children's court. They designed to keep children out of the juvenile court. may not be petty thieves, but debauched with wealth and selfish I believe that judges of juvenile courts should not be limited ness they are fast becoming a dangerous element of citizenship. to lawyers. I predict the time will come when the educator and From this class is being recruited many of the social perverts and not the lawyer in the capacity of the ordinary judge, will conweaklings and the unconscionable frenzied financiers and so-called trol the work now called the children's court. business men whose business crimes are shielded because of Another encouraging feature of any juvenile court work is superior cunning or intelligence, and very often lack of law to the probation system which co-operates with the schools It is reach them, or laws poorly enforced because of moral cowardice especially a help to homes in which there is no father, the mother of officials. They prey upon the public by that kind of piracy works, and because of misfortune discipline is lax. We realize and brigandage which seldom brings the perpetrator to the that each particular city to a certain extent must govern its procourts, but which is nevertheless doing more to undermine the bation system by its own peculiar conditions, and what might Republic than all the petty thieves who come from the homes of be successful in one city would be quite impracticable, if not the poor and ignorant. There are homes in which the house impossible, in another city. Large cities might be divided into hold god is money, and the boy learns selfishness and greed. district with a central headquarters in charge or a chief officer The examples furnished by the parents in such homes and the for that district, connecting by telphones and other methods of examples furnished the children of the poor by the exploitation co-operation with schools and employers. In Denver, the probaof such men, as held up to the public in the daily press and tioners are divided into school boys and working boys. The gossiped about in the home of the people, is to my mind a school boys report to the Juvenile Improvement Association most serious menace to the men of tomorrow. Every citizen every two weeks with a report from their teacher showing their of a community who through dishonest political or business meth progress and conduct. If any one in the neighborhood of a proods accomplishes what seems to be a success is "doing an injury bationer is violating any law for the protection of children and to one of these little ones” of whom he may never have heard, it is known to this probationer he always reports it as a part of but for whom he is morally responsible by his very acts and his duty as a little citizen. The probationers are taught to conduct as a citizen. Of such a one our Master said:
overcome evil with good, not with the jail, the strap or degra"It were better that a mill stone be hanged about his neck dation. Confidence and trust are encouraged. This has sucand he be cast into the sea."
ceeded so admirably that every child sent to the Industrial As much therefore as we are able to be congratulated upon School is sent alone without an officer, and not one thus trusted the progress made, we are compelled to admit that some of the has ever failed to reach his destination, though it involves many greatest injuries to children cannot be reached by law. I have temptations to escape. been companionable with some of the boys in the children's As chairman of your committee, during the past winter and court, and I have had bright boys of the street ask me questions, during the session of the legislatures, between January 15th and of which the following are fair samples:
February 19th, I visited personally the following states: Nebras“Judge, if So and So (referring to an official holding a prom ka, Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Penninent position entrusted with sacred public duties) can stuff sylvania, New York, New Hampshire, Ohio, and Washington the ballot box, why can't the kids play for money?".
City. In Washington City, I had the honor to confer with This was the query of a newsboy who associated with a President Roosevelt concerning juvenile court laws proposed gang of crap shooters within a stone's throw of a gambling house for the District of Columbia, and in which the president expressed protected by the police department, running in violation of the the most intense interest. His knowledge and interest in the law and well known to these boys of the street who had often matter was far beyond that of all the senators and representatives suffered the jail and degradation for doing what their elders did or committees in the House in behalf of the children's laws. under the protection of their "pull" with the city government. There was much more interest shown in the Senate. The Board A petty imitation of their elders made criminals of the boys, and of Children's Guardians of Washington City and Mr. McFarthe same crime on a larger scale made protected and even promi land, the Chief Commissioner for the District as well as local nent citizens of the men. The great wealth they gained by crime committees from the Women's Clubs did heroic work for the seemed actually in some quarters to add respectability and po. children's laws, but all to no purpose. They are not discouraged litical power to the men. It brought the policeman and his and will renew the fight at the next session. club to the boys. Another boy asked me how much money each I had the honor to speak to several legislatures, some in alderman was to get for purchasing a certain site for a public session, and to some at special meetings called by the members building. He read in the papers of the open charges of graft in behalf of children's laws. Everywhere I went, in a visit against prominent citizens. Another boy once asked me if the covering some twelve or fifteen large cities in nearly as fnany saloon keeper let the boys in the saloon on Sunday or sold them states, I found the members of the women's clubs, while all liquor, and the policeman (whom he named familiarly) did not devoted to their individual homes, yet earnestly working for arrest the man, why it was the "kids could not swipe things." laws to help the homes of others. The charity organizations I have had a sixteen year old girl brought to our court for im were of ocurse generally active. morality, complain to me bitterly that the policeman who ar The Visitation and Aid Society of Chicago, of which our rested her protected the dance hall or wine room keeper. She good friend Mr. Hurley is chief sponsor, was, as he always had no respect for the police department and saw no justice has been, active in that original centre of juvenile court inspirain law.
tion. Too much praise cannot be given the Jewish organizations, These things demonstrate that laws cannot do everything. the settlement workers at Hull House and Chicago Commons for They emphasize the responsibility of those entrusted to enforce what is being accomplished in that great city. Judges Tuthill laws. Speaking generally, children are always better than their and Mack of the Chicago Juvenile Court, Mr. H. H. Hart of the elders. If men obeyed and enforced laws we would have no Children's Aid Society of Chicago and Mr. Hurley visited Minserious trouble from children.
nesota, rendering valuable service in securing the law to that There is much that might be said in a report of this char state. acter which the time for its delivery will not permit, and I must I was disappointed to find that in the state of Illinois outforego many other general observations which I would like to side of Chicago the juvenile court law was being much neglected. make. It will be noted, however, that wonderful progress is and in some of the large cities no effort had even been made to being made all over this country, especially in the last two years, establish a juvenile court, and children were actually suffering in behalf of the children and the home.
the degradation of the jail or going uncorrected upon the streets, A juvenile improvement association or children's aid society notwlthstanding the law is in existence in Illinois. I found some is getting to be a very popular feature in connection with the prominent officials and business men in one or two of the large work of the juvenile court. Such an institution has been recently cities in Illinois who seemed to be ignorant of the fact that such established in a number of cities as the result of the juvenile possibilities in the way of laws for the protection of children court work. In my own city of Denver, the Juvenile Improve existed in their state. I understand, however, that this condition ment Association has been in existence nearly three years and is being rapidly remedied. during that time has accomplished much good work in im I trust without offense I may take as a sample of the police proving conditions in neighborhoods by our boys' clubs, play reports which I investigated in a number of cities that of the grounds, fresh air funds, obtaining employment and relief and city of Washington. It should be remembered that the officials in many ways assisting needy children and needy homes. This
(Continued on page 14.)
Juvenile Court Record
PUBLISHED BY THE VISITATION AND AID SOCIETY
T. D. HURLEY, President and Editor
79 Dearborn Street, Chicago, III.
WHAT CIVIL SERVICE CAN DO.
THOMAS WALSH, Chief Clerk New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
297 4th Ave., New York W. A. GARDNER, Chief Probation Officer, Juvenile Court
J. L. CLARK, Business Manager 79 Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill.
Eastern Office, 53 W. 24th Street, New York City
Boston Office, 147 Milk St., Boston, Mass.
The JUVENILE COURT RECORD is published monthly, except in the month of July. Single copies, 10 cents. Subscription price, $i per year.
Entered at Postoffice, Chicago, as second-class matter.
The JUVENILE COURT RECORD is the official organ of and published by the Visitation and Aid Society and will deal with social problems in child-saving work and give an account of the workings of the Juvenile Court.
NEW SUBSCRIPTIONS can commence with current number,
WHEN RENEWING, always give the name of the postoffice to which your paper is now being sent. Your name cannot be found on our books mless this is done. Four weeks are required after the receipt of money by us before the date opposite your name on your paper, which shows to what time your subscription is paid, can be changed. This will show that your remittance was received.
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PAYMENT FOR THE PAPER, when sent by mail, should be made in a postotnice money order, bank check or draft, or an express money order. Wher neither of these can be procured, send 2-cent United States postage stamps; only this kind can be received.
LETTERS should be addressed and checks and drafts made payable to JUVENILE COURT RECORD, 79 Dearborn Street, Chicago.
ADVERTISING RATES made known on application.
OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY-1904-5.
T. D. HURLEY, President.
Heads of Departments
.T. D. Hurley
.James F. Bowers
Board of Directors
R. M. Prendergast May Mallanny Mrs. Emma Quinlan Mary Hummelsheim Michael Cudahy Josephine B. Hughes Mrs. Robert Whelan W. P. Henneberr May Norton John F. Barrett John W. Walsh
Wm. A. Amberg Frank X. Mudd William P. Nelson Chas. A. Mair M. W. Murphy Mary Hummelsheim John O'Malley W. F. McLaughlin Hon. E. O. Brown P. H. Rice
Wm. E. O'Neill john A. Lynch W. J. Hynes
P. J. Geraghty Hon. R. W. Clifford John R. Walsh Dr. C. P. Caldwell
It is not infrequently alleged that the civil service examination is an unreliable method of selection—that its tests often lack point, and that the markings fail to grade actual fitness. The examination lately held by the county civil service commission for chief probation officer of the Juvenile court certainly refutes any notion that such an examination need necessarily prove illadapted for filling an office involving specialized duties.
The last legislature provided for the appointment, under the county civil service commission, of a chief probation officer of the Juvenile court. That court paroled nearly 1,400 children to its twenty-four probation officers last year, and the total number of children under the care of such officers was about 3,000. The chief probation officer is destined to have much to do, under the court, in working out the still undetermined lines of policy to be followed in the supervision of this great number of “difficult” children. His task, therefore, is obviously one requiring peculiar capacities. Realizing the importance of conducting an examination which should be thorough and discriminating, the county civil service commission appointed Judge Carter, Mr. W. D. Moulton, Justice T. D. Hurley, and Miss Jane Addams to prepare the questions and mark the papers. The committee generously undertook the task. Fifteen candidates entered the examination, and Henry W. Thurston received the highest mark.
This result appears to be one over which the commission may reasonably feel satisfaction. Prof. Thurston has been in the Chicago public school system since 1887. He knows and cares for children; he has a live interest in pedagogy; his special subject in the Normal school has been civics, and he is awake to the general social problems of the day. He should, therefore, bring to the delicate and important duties of his new position peculiar qualifications of intelligence, outlook, and sympathy. He should be able to appreciate the wayward boy, not only as a subject to be dealt with by the public school system but also as a product to some degree of bad surroundings. He should be able to see the problem of juvenile crime and delinquency-which is so much to the fore in this city at the present time --in its broader relationships, and gradually to indicate more constructive methods for dealing with it than have hitherto been adopted.
Not only the county civil service commission but the public may be properly congratulated upon another instance of discriminating choice through the machinery of the civil service examination.-Tribune.
Parents in Peril.
will be set to watch over little bands of Judge Spencer on Boys.
mischievous tots released by Judge Parents in Chicago, who, by neglect- Mack on promises of good behavior. Judge O. M. Spencer, of St. Louis, is ing their parental duties, contribute to Every two weeks there will be a gen- one of the successful lawyers of Misthe moral delinquencies of their chil- eral meeting of the probation officers. souri, but few people were aware that dren, are to be called into court and At these meetings they will be instruct- he was a brilliant writer. A few days punished. Such neglect of duty, under ed in the work of preparing legal forms ago a St. Joseph paper asked him to the new state law to be enforced by used in the court, that the proceedings write a letter to its newsboys. His rethe reorganized force of the juvenile before Judge Mack shall be "habeas- sponse was short but eloquent, and court, is a crime. The campaign, which corpus proof."
shows that this busy man, despite the will add scores of fathers and mothers In the six years the juvenile court care of his professional work, has never to the lists of probation officers, or has been established more than 17,000 quit noticing the youngsters about him. cause them to appear as defendants, is children have been in court on petition “There is nothing in the world nicer being planned by Judge Julian, W. of their parents, guardians or probation than boys, unless it's girls,” he begins. Mack. The judge is working with officers. Of these there remain 3,000 to "I love them all, and although I have Henry W. Thurston, recently appoint- be kept under constant supervision by passed my goth mile post in the joured chief probation officer of the juve- the court officials. With perfection of ney of life, I feel and act like a boy nile court, and Justice Timothy D. the court system the number of cases is oftener than a bald-headed man should.” Hurley. constantly increasing. It is believed at
There is more of the same kind, after The first step in reorganization of the least 6,000 cases will be heard in the which the writer concludes in his elocourt work will be taken to-morrow court this year.
quent strain : afternoon, when all the officers of the juvenile court are expected to attend OFFICER THURSTON SAYS LITTLE.
“Every man was a boy-it seems a meeting and be addressed on the sub
strange but it is really so. Wouldn't ject of their duties by Judge Mack. office, with care of several thousand see Abraham Lincoln at 12, when he
In approaching the duties of his new you like to turn time backward and Mr. Thurston will be formally present children devolving upon him, Officer had never worn boots—the lank, lean, ed at the meeting as the future general Thurston declines to make prediction yellow, hungry boy, hungry for love, manager of the juvenile court work as to the future of the juvenile court. hungry for learning, tramping through throughout Chicago.
He is a student of sociology and was the woods for twenty miles to borrow a
until a few months ago a teacher of book, and spelling it out crouched bePLAN NEW DIVISION OF CITY.
history in the Chicago Normal school. It is announced that the first work in
fore the glare of the burning logs. "The work of the juvenile court is in
“Distinctly and vividly, I remember a the reorganization of the field work its infancy,” said Mr. Thurston to-day; squat, freckled boy who was born in the by which 7,500 children of Chicago are "If I was to make a prophecy it would 'Patch,' and used to pick up coal alongcared for by the court will be a new be to say that public officials are com- side railroad tracks in Buffalo. A few division of the city among the court of- ing to see clearly the wisdom of pro- months ago I had a motion to make ficers. Work within definite precincts viding against crime by making appro- before the Court of Appeals at Rocheswill thereby be laid out for the twenty- priations for preventive work. Chil. ter. That boy from the 'Patch was the two policemen and twenty-five woman dren of the poor will be given better
judge who wrote the opinion granting officers under the direction of Officer chances in the future. Public playThurston. grounds will increase in number and
my petition. In reorganizing his field force Mr. there will be more effort toward the field where a boy was plowing. The lad's
"Yesterday, I rode horseback past a in the districts with which they are fa- mal human development. As this course hat
, one suspender held his trousers in Thurston will retain all the old officers rearing of little ones along lines of nor- field where a boy was plowing. The lad's miliar. Room will be found in the con- is pursued the need of penal institutions hat, one suspender held his trousers in
place, his form was bony and awkward, gested districts of the west and south- will decrease."
his bare legs and arms were brown and
No intimation has come from the west sides for those officers appointed since the recent examination under city hall that the city intends to with scratched and briar-scarred. He turned county civil-service rules.
draw its policemen from work in the his horses just as I passed by, and from The county board has made provision juvenile court under the new system. under the flopping brim of his hat he for seventeen probation officers on full The police, working for the court in cast a quick glance out of dark, halfpay and of five others at half pay. Be- fifteen congested districts, have carried bashful eyes, and modestly returned my sides these women numerous volun the principal burden of the juvenile salute. When his back was turned Í teers, as in the past, will remain in the court work in past years.—Daily News. took off my hat and sent a God bless court work.
you down the furrow after him. Who It has been announced that the Visi
Fault finding is the easiest and least knows! I may yet go to that boy to tation and Aid Society will not with- profitable job on earth.
borrow money, or to hear him preach or draw its representative, Miss Josephine
to beg him to defend me in a law suit; Hughes, from work among the proba
Childhood vagrancy is the source of or he may stand with pulse unmoved,
bare of arm, in white apron, ready to do tion officers. Mrs. Jane Skinner, who most of the criminality of adults. has charge of a large district on the
his duty, while the cone is plated over
Sympathy and affection will often my face and night and death come north side, will also remain as a volun- conquer where the frown and rod fail. creeping into my veins. teer worker.
"Be patient with the boys--you are EMERGENCY WORK AMONG TIIE POOR.
It does not pay to become discour- dealing with Soul-stuff. -Selected.
aged; those who become “blue” soon The training of the new officers dur- become bankrupt. ing the first months will consist of
As you deal with the questions of emergency work among the poor of the Help us to keep the subject of homes to-day, will be the tone of public sencity. They will be sent to investigate for the homeless before the humane and timent to-morrow. The echoes of each cases of mistreatment of children and charitable citizens of Iowa.
day modify the voices of the next.
KENTUCKY CHILDREN'S HOME SOCIETY
ing one of the most important features of and homes is found the spirit that gave Kenthe Society's work. The Society does all in tucky its reputation for hospitality, a people its power to keep the family together rather though unsophisticated and sometimes crude than separate them, and it is only in the in nature, clannish and independent of the extreme cases where the children are taken outside world, yet big-hearted and sympafrom the custody and control of the parents. thetic, had for a century adhered to the cus
Geo. L. Sehon, who is the head of the tom of caring for their own destitute chilorganization working in Kentucky, is a dren until the Kentucky Children's Home humanitarian in the fullest sense of the term, Society gained their confidence. The method and is familiar with the work being accom- of caring for the offspring of their unfortuplished throughout Kentucky. He is in full nate people was to take into their homes sympathy with the child-saving movement in those little ones when occasion required. all its phases, and the organization of which Their means of gathering them into their he is the head, if not already, is rapidly homes was to attend the funeral of their becoming the most effective wide-reaching neighbor, and if the relatives were too poor and systematic movement in this country. to care for the children lett fatherless and Mr. Sehon is recognized as an authority in motherless, they would divide them up among such philanthropy and his success, under the those at the grave, take them into their own direst difficulties for the first few years of homes and give them a place with their own his work in Kentucky, has been phenomenal. family. So true' were they to their self
In beginning the work of the Children's imposed trust that the stranger-child saw no
ideals until now he has gained the confidence ety has proven to these sturdy people that it GEORGE L. SEHON,
of the Commonwealth's people to the fullest. is worthy of their confidence and that it State Superintendent.
When the Society began its work ten years gives the destitute children every advantage
ago, its every move was one of difficulty; in life, the old custom is no longer followed, One of the most aggressive works in childsaving is being accomplished by the Kentucky Children's Home Society, the headquarters of which are in Louisville, Ky. This Society, organized nearly ten years ago, now stands guard over an army of children, gathered throughout the length and breadth of Kentucky by its watchful agents, and its Advisory Boards are each week adding to its list of wards. That a child is destitute and unfortunate is sufficient to enlist the sympathy and aid of the Society.
In addition to caring for its own wards, the Society is ever on the alert to aid and protect innocent and defenseless children from abuses at the hands of unscrupulous persons who, believing that because an orphan is friendless, there is no one who will fight its battles for it.
The agents of the Kentucky Children's Home Society are moving about the State at all times, and are ever watchful to detect
* * instances where friendless little ones are imposed upon, and when such an instance is found, no trouble nor expense is spared to aid the sufferer and punish to the fullest extent the person or persons guilty of the abuse. The Society's agents are instructed to take aggressive steps to protect defenseless children wherever found, whether they are wards of the Society or not, and many instances of such aid have in the past few
Receiving Home, 2112 Von Borries Avenue, Louisville,
and Mrs. Jennie H. Miller, Matron. years endeared the organization to the people of Kentucky. The Kentucky Children's Home Society not only takes under its wing it was necessary to move slowly in the organ- but instead the Society is notified that a the destitute children of the Commonwealth, ization of the chosen work and at every turn family of children needs its help and the littaking them from the unwholesome environ- there was an obstacle, obstacles that to less tle ones are soon well cared for in the homes ments thrown about them by destitution and determined men would have appeared insur- of the best people of the Commonwealth. poverty and placing them in conditions where mountable; but undaunted in his determina The State of Kentucky, through the abovethey may have a chance in life, but if they tion, unswerving in his purpose and spurred mentioned custom, was probably the first find parents in misfortune who are worthy on by his own sympathy for the destitute State to begin the work of placing the child in every respect and who cannot care for the children and fathers and mothers, Mr. Sehon in an individual home. The methods of the family, and yet who love their children as forged ahead until now his Society has the Society in keeping closely in touch with its devotedly as parents in more fortunate cir- confidence of the people, is substantial and wards is most thoroughly complete. There cumstances, the Society extends to these par- effective in its work and rapidly approaching is not a single ward whose record is not ents such aid as will enable them to keep an era when it will hold a foremost place complete in the office, and his whereabouts their children with them. However, these among the child-saving movements of the and general condition known. The visiting children are under the watchful care of the age.
system followed by the Society is such that Society, and it is distinctly understood that Among the many instances of the growing not a single child escapes the watchful eye they are to go to school and receive the very confidence of Kentucky people in the work of some of its agents and there is little best moral training and are to associate with is the fact that it has already altered condi- chance that a ward may be mistreated or illy a class of people who will fit them for a bet- tions in the Kentucky mountains that have cared for that the fact does not soon reach ter life. This part of the work, known as been in vogue for the past hundred years. the office, when immediate steps are taken to the Aid Department, is very rapidly becom- The sturdy mountaineers, in whose hearts remedy the trouble.
The District Superintendents are inen ing parents of children turned over to the gerous to take undue advantage of or abuse selected carefully to accomplish the work Society as in the case of Mr. Holly, whose in any manner an orphan or helpless child, entrusted to them. They are students of picture appears herewith in a group with his whether that child is a ward of the organizahuman nature, are experienced in the detec- children. This man was an object of mis- tion or not. It is distinctly understood that tion of true condition and a misfit condition fortune until the organization took charge of every destitute child has a champion in the rarely ever escapes them. Their reports are his children after the death of the mother. organization which will go its length to noted on reaching the office and in every He had never been able to earn more than avenge a wrong perpetrated upon it, and the instance where a case requires attention, this nine dollars a month prior to that time. Society is revered and respected for its good attention is given at once, often being rem- Soon after his children were taken in charge work in this branch as well as in all others edied before the agent reporting it gets in a position was secured for him by the Soci- in which it stands in the saving of destitute from the field.
ety, for which he received a wage of $1 per children. Following the plan of perfecting its sys- day until he became more useful
. He is Among the various methods of the organtem of records, the Society has recently doing well, has rented a neat cottage and ization in keeping in touch with its wards equipped its District Superintendents with furnished it nicely and his oldest daughter and the foster parents with whom they are cameras, with which photographs are made has been returned to him as his housekeeper, placed is the reunion custom which has been of all children as they are visited. These after spending several years as ward of the in vogue several years. The Kentucky Chilphotographs are filed with the children's rec- institution, during which time she became dren's Home Society does not deem it right ords in the office. The pictures serve varied entirely capable of the charge now imposed to place children secretly in families, but purposes, chief among which is that they upon her." The remaining children are still thinks that the child should understand from reflect the rearing of the children, at the the Society's wards and are all doing well. the very start that it is not a member of the same time keeping their appearance fresh in As an indication of promptness with which family and that this fact should be generally the memory of the Society's officials. The the Society takes up a case where a ward known. This method for placing children is record of each ward of the institution is com- is abused
or it is suspected that such is the certainly an advantage as far as supervision plete. To find any information regarding a case, the following instance may be recorded: is concerned, for everyone knows that the child requires but an instant's time.
A District Superintendent was en route child is a ward of the Society, and if As proof of the Society's vigil over its to a portion of the field with a child, to be abused do not hesitate to report same as hundreds of charges throughout the State a placed in a home. The agent had instruc- quickly as possible. On Saturday, the 19th few instances of recent occurrence may be tions to place the child and go into another of August, a reunion was held on the famous stated. A few weeks ago representatives of section on other business. However, after Blue Lick battlegrounds in Fleming County, the Society were in a county of the State, his departure from the office a letter, in All the children in that section of the State placing a number of children. While there which it was hinted that a girl was being attended this reunion, the feature of which the fact reached their ears that a girl, less abused in the eastern section of the State, was on old-fashioned barbecue and basket than twelve years of age and an orphan, reached the hands of the State Superintend- dinner, spread under the shade of the forest was being imposed upon in a shameful man- ent. The fact that none of the District trees. Speeches were made by several promner. Though the child was not a ward of Superintendents were in the office at the inent citizens of Kentucky. Several officers the Kentucky Children's Home Society, the time made it necessary to reach one of them of the Society were there. Mr. Sehon never agents at once began a quiet investigation. by wire. The one en route to place the fails to attend these annual gatne rings, where This inquiry resulted in uncovering a shame- child was already 100 miles away and mov- he meets the children and their foster parful state of affairs, followed by the arrest of ing still further as rapidly as a fast train ents. By this means the children learn to four persons, three of them negroes, on the could carry him. At a certain point, how- love and respect their benefactors and are charge of having carnal knowledge of a ever, the conductor came through the car annually reminded that they have a part to female under twelve years of age. The case with a message for him, which read, “Leave play in their welfare and that they are conwas so strongly presented that all four pris- child in home and return to office at once." stantly under the watchful care of an instioners waived examining trial. Two of them The District Superintendent lost no time in tution which is protecting them in their pleaded guilty and accepted sentences to the reporting back to headquarters, where the infancy. At these gatherings the little grierSchool of Reform on account of their tender case was laid before him and he was soon ances that arise during the year are adjudiage. The remaining two asked to be allowed away to unearth the facts hinted at in the cated and arbitrated, and though the gatherto plead guilty and take a Reform School letter.
ings are sometimes expensive, the benefits sentence, but being adults were not allowed This aggressive spirit pervades every fea- accruing therefrom are great. These runions to do so. The statutory punishment for ture of the Society's work and is rapidly giv- are held at various points throughout the such a crime in Kentucky is from ten to ing it a place in the foremost ranks of child- State, each year bringing together a large twenty years' penal servitude.
saving movements in the world. Through- per cent. of the children annually in a body Another instance where aid is extended to out Kentucky, the Society's chosen field, it at the reunion, thus welding a closer tie persons not wards of the institution is assist- is now generally understood that it is dan- between them, their foster parents and the