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Juvenile Court Record report the President is proved to be right when he sur

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The JUVENILE COURT RECORD is published monthly, except in the month
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The JUVENILE COURT RECORD is the official organ of and published
by the Visitation and Aid Society and will deal with social problems in
Wild-saving work and give an account of the workings of the Juvenile Court.
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mised that conditions in Washington as they related to juvenile crime needed to be looked into.

It seems strange that here, of all places, there should be no juvenile court law, that in the place where wisdom reigneth, in the nation's law-making center, this great subject, the conservation of the moral life of our young people, should have been left unconsidered in one of its most important aspects.

Legislation in regard to taxation, ship subsidies, coinage, etc., taking months of discussion are bitter mockery if during the time they are in progress the boys and girls in the legislators' very midst are allowed to develop fast into criminals. “Twice as many thieves among children as adults.” “More than one-fourth of all arrests (omitting drunks, vags and disorderlies) in the City of Washington last year were among its youth, the boys and girls." These facts, for facts they are, taken from the city's own statistics, demand attention and remedying of the causes that make them possible. Judge Lindsey deserves the gratitude of the whole people for pointing out to them so convincingly this very sore spot in its civic anatomy. Washington should, as the President said in his last inaugural address, be a model city in every respect. The people will willingly consent to any expenditure that will help to make it so, and it cannot be so until all possible safeguards against the downfall of our young citizens are established.

EDITORIAL

SOMETHING ACCOMPLISHED.

JUVENILE CRIME.

The Juvenile Court Record feels proud that it has Popular education must be tested by social standards. helped another Juvenile Court law to be passed—this

The most delicate and accurate of these is its effect upon time in Minnesota, and with the direct aid and influence

the progress of crime. If it does not serve to raise the of the editor of the Record. A few months ago Justice general standard of society, or at least to bring people

generally to adopt the prevailing standard, it has missed Hurley at the request of the agitators in the Juvenile its chief function. Court Movement of the northwest, travelled to Faribault, There are, of course, other social tests. Society deMinnesota and addressed a large gathering at the Min- mands trained workers, not merely craftsmen, but men nesota State Conference of Charities. The enthusiasm

and women trained intellectually and in the discipline, aroused led to other meetings in St. Paul and Minneapolis they shall be so trained in order to secure the qualities of

which a school system accustoms them to. It needs that where Justice Hurley, Judges Tuthill and Mack and Dr.

steadiness and persistency as well as accuracy and faithH. H. Hart of our sister society, the Children's Home fulness. and Aid, made important addresses urging the great need

It needs also to train men and women to wealth proand value of a law governing the care and treatment of

ducers and to care for the interests of homes, upon the

character of which the nation stands or falls. But all dependent, delinquent and defective children. The Rec

these are subsidiary to the moral influences that must be ord has kept up the agitation from the first. Our pride brought to prevail in the lives of the people. It is often comes as a result of a righteous satisfaction in having had asserted that education only shifts off vice; that the edua part in a movement whose fruitage means so much to cated classes produce as many rogues as the illiterate, and present helpless and unfortunate boys and girls. We con

that the crimes of the former are the more serious. To

whatever extent this is true, it is a proper arraignment gratulate Dr. Hart and the Judges upon this success of popular education, the main purpose of which is to which has come partly through their fine efforts in the make good citizens, on the presumption that they will cause.

then be useful citizens.

Every once in a while_indeed, almost continually

society is shocked by instances of juvenile crime. One JUVENILE OFFENDERS.

infant is a burglar, another a murderer, another a clever

forger, and so on until it is difficult to distinguish between It is a serious indictment which Judge Lindsey brings the crimes of the precocious criminals and the mature. against our nation's capital in his report of an investi- This is the most sensitive point of popular education. It gation of juvenile crime, made at the request of President is preeminently responsible for the moral ideas of the Roosevelt. It is an indictment showing gross neglect in

children under its care. Ethics by indirection can never instituting, for the saving of young life to future honor

counteract evil by direct instigation. So long as evil is a

prevalent and a pressing fact in life it is a social quantum and usefulness, those measures proved to be sound, not

that ought to be considered by society in the care which only as corrective but as preventive influences. By this it assumes of the youth.

OREGON JUVENILE

JUVENILE COURT LAW

SENATE BILL NO. 74.

gathering alms (whether actually begging or under the pretext

of selling or offering for sale anything), or being in any street, Introduced by Senator Holman, and read first time January road, or public place for the purpose so begging, gathering, 16, 1905.

or receiving alms; roman or who is found living in any disorA BILL

derly house, bawdy house, or house of ill fame, or with any

vicious or disreputable person, or whose home, by reason of For an Act to provide for the punishment of persons respon.

neglect, cruelty, or depravity on the part of its parents, guardian sible for, or contributing to, the delinquency of children; to

or other person in whose care it may be, is an unfit place for such give justices of the peace jurisdiction under this act; and

a child; and any child under the age of twelve (12) years who to declare an emergency.

is found begging, peddling or selling any article, or singing or Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon, playing any musical instrument upon the street, or giving any Be it enacted by the People of the State of Oregon:. public entertainment, or who accompanies or is used in aid of

any person so doing. The words “delinquent child" shall include Section 1. In all cases where any child shall be a delinquent any child under the age of sixteen (16) years who violates any child or a juvenile delinquent person, as defined by any statute of law of this state or any city or village ordinance; or who is this state, the parent or parents, legal guardian or person having incorrigible; or who is a persistent truant from school; or who the custody of such child, or any other person responsible for, associates with criminals, or reputed criminals, or vicious or imor by any act encouraging, causing or contributing to the delin- moral persons; or who is growing up in idleness or crime; or who quency of such child, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon frequents, visits, or is found in any disorderly house, bawdy trial and conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not to exceed house or house of ill fame, or any house or place where fornica$1,000, or imprisoned in the county jail for a period not exceeding tion is enacted, or in any saloon, barroom or drinking shop or one year, or by such fine and imprisonment. The court may place, or any place where spirituous liquors, or wine, or intoxicatimpose conditions upon any person found guilty under this act, ing or malt liquors are sold at retail, exchanged, or given away; and so long as such person shall comply therewith, to the satis- or who patronizes, frequents, visits, or is found in any gaming faction of the court, the sentence imposed may be suspended. house, or in any place where any gaming device is or shall be

Section 2. The words "delinquent child” shall include any operated. The word "child" or "children” may mean one or child under the age of sixteen (16) years who violates any law more children, and the word "parent” or “parents” may be held of this state or any city or viilage ordinance; or who is incorrigi- to mean one or both parents, when consistent with the intent of ble; or who is a persistent truant from school; or who asso- this act. The word "association” shall include any corporation ciates with criminals, or reputed criminals, or vicious or immoral which includes in its purposes the care or disposition of children persons; or who is growing up in idleness or crime; or who coming within the meaning of this act. frequents, visits, or is found in any disorderly house, bawdy Section 2. JURISDICTION.) The circuit court of the several house or house of ill fame, or any house or place where fornica- judicial districts in this state, to which this act applies, shall tion is enacted, or in any saloon, barroom or drinking shop or have original jurisdiction in all cases coming within the terms place, or any place where spirituous liquors, or wine, or intoxi- of this act. In all trials under this act any person interested cating or malt liquors are sold at retail, exchanged, or given therein may demand a jury of six or the judge of his own motion away; or who patronizes, frequents, visits, or is found in may order a jury to try the case. any gaming house, or in any place where any gaming device Section 3. JUVENILE COURt.) The judges of the circuit is or shall be operated. The word "child” or “children" may court in each judicial district containing one hundred thousand, mean one or more children, and the word "parent" or "parents” or more, inhabitants shall at such times as they shall determine may be held to mean one or both parents, when consistent with designate one or more of their number whose duty it shall be to the intent of this act.

hear all cases coming under this act. All cases coming under the Section 3. Justices of the peace shall have concurrent juris- provisions of this act shall be heard at a special session of the diction with the circuit court in all prosecutions under this act.

court, and no matter other than cases under this act shall be Section 4. It is hereby adjudged and declared that existing

on the calendar, or shall be heard at such session, nor shall there conditions are such that this act is necessary for the immediate

be permitted to be present at such special session any person on preservation of the public peace, health and safety, and expected

trial, or awaiting trial, who does not come under the provisions from the exercise of the power of the referendum, and, owing to

of this act. The finding of the court shall be entered in a book or the urgent necessity of providing for the punishment of persons

books to be kept for that purpose, and known as the “Juvenile responsible for or contributing to the delinquency of children,

Record" and the court may for convenience be called the "Juvenile an emergency is hereby declared to exist, and this act shall take Court." effect and be in full force and effect from and after its approval

Section 4. PETITION TO THE COURT.] Any reputable perby the governor.

son being a resident in the county, having knowledge of a child in his county who appears to be either dependent or

delinquent, may file with the clerk of a court having jurisSENATE BILL NO. 73.

diction in the matter a petition in writing, setting forth the

facts verified by affidavit. It shall be sufficient that the affidaIntroduced by Senator Holman, and read first time January vit is upon information and belief. 16, 1905.

Section 5. CITATION.) Upon the filing of the petition a A BILL

citation or notice shall issue requiring the person having cusFor an Act to define and to regulate the treatment and control

tody or control of the child or with whom the child may be, of dependent, neglected, and delinquent children; to provide

to appear with the child at a place and time stated in the

citation or notice, which time shall not be less than twentyfor their disposition, care, education, protection, support, main

four hours after service. The parents of the child, if living, tenance, and punishment, and for their guardianship and adop

and their residence, if known, or its legal guardian, if one tion; to prescribe the powers and duties of courts with respect thereto; to establish juvenile courts in judicial districts con

there be, or if there is neither parent nor guardian, or if his taining one hundred thousand or more inhabitants, and to

or her residence is not known, then some relative, if there be

cne and his residenec is known, shall be notified of the proprescribe their jurisdiction and powers and the procedure there

ceedings and in any case the judge may appoint some suitable in; to provide for the appointment of probation officers by such courts and to prescribe their duties and powers; to provide for

person to act in behalf of the child. If the person summoned

as herein provided shall fail without reasonable cause to appear the separation of children from adults when confined in jails

and abide the order of the court, or bring the child, he may he or other institutions; to provide for the supervision and con- proceeded against as in case of contempt of court. In case the trol of corporations, institutions, societies, and associations

citation can not be served or the party served fails to obey the receiving children under this act; and to declare an emergency. same, and in any case when it shall be made to appear to the Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon;

court that such citation or notice will be ineffectual, a warrant

may issue on the order of the court, either against the parent or Be it enacted by the People of the State of Oregon: guardian or the person having custody of the child or with whom Section 1. DEFINITION.) This act shall apply only to chil- the child may be or against the child itself. On the return of dren under the age of sixteen (16) years. For the purpose of

the citation or notice or other process, or as soon thereafter this act the words “dependent child” shall mean any child who as may be, the court shall proceed to hear and dispose of the for any reason is destitute or homeless or abandoned; or depend

in a summary manner. Pending the final disposition of ent upon the public for support; or has not proper parental care

any case, the child may be retained in the possession of the or guardianship; or who is found begging, or receiving or

person having the charge of the same, or may be kept in sor

case

or

A pro

suitable place provided by the city or county authorities, or may be held otherwise, as the court may direct.

Section 6. The circuit courts of the several judicial districts to which this act applies shall have authority to appoint or designate one more discreet persons of good moral character, of either sex, to serve as probation officers, during the pleasure of the court making the appointnemt; said probation officers to receive no compensation from the public treasury. When more than one probation officer is appointed, the court may designate one of the probation officers as chiet probation officer and the others as deputy probation officers, and it shall be the duty of the chief probation officer to see that the deputies properly perform their duties. In case a probation officer be appointed by the court it shall be the duty of the clerk of the court, if practicable, to notify the said probation officer when any child is to be brought before the court; it shall be the duty of such probation officer to make investigation of such case; to be present in court to represent the interest of the child when the case is heard; to furnish the court such information and assistance as the court or judge may require, and to take charge of any child before and after the trial as may be directed by the court. bation officer or deputy probation officer under this act shall have as to any child committed to his care the power of a peace officer.

At any time in his own discretion such officer may bring such child before the court committing such child to his care and custody, for such further or other action as the court may see fit.

Section 7. DEPENDENT CHILDREN.) When any child under the age of sixteen (16) years shall be found to be dependent or neglected, within the meaning of this act, the court may make an order committing the child to the care of some suitable state institution, or to the care of some reputable citizen of good, moral character, or to the care of some institution as may be provided by law, or to the care of some suitable association willing to receive it, embracing in its objects the purpose of caring or obtaining homes for, dependent or neglected children, The court may thereafter set aside, change, or modify such order. The court may, when the health or condition of the child shall require it, cause the child to be placed in a public hospital or institution for treatment or special care, or in a private hospital or institution which will receive it for like purpose without charge.

Section 8. GUARDIANSHIP.) In any case where the court shall award a child to the care of any association or individual in accordance with the provisions of this act, the child shall, unless otherwise ordered become a ward, and be subject to the guardianship of the association individual to whose care it is committed. Such association or individual shall have authority to place such child in a family home, with or without indenture, and may be made party to any, proceeding for the legal adoption of the child, and may by its or his attorney or agent appear in any court where such proceedings are pending and assent to such adoption. And such assent shall be sufficient to authorize the court to enter the proper order or decree of adoption. Such guardianship shall not include the guardianship of any estate of the child.

Section 9. DISPOSITION OF DELINQUENT CHILDREN.] In the case of a delinquent child the court may continue the hear. ing from time to time, and may commit the child to the care or custody of a probation officer, and may allow said child to remain in its own home, subject to the visitation of the probation officer; such child to report to the probation officer as often

may be required, and subject to be returned to the court for further other proceedings whenever such action may appear to be necessary; or the court may cause the child to be placed in a suitable family home, subject to the friendly supervision of a probation officer and the further order of the court or it may authorize the child to be boarded out in some suitable family home, in case provision is made by voluntary contribution or otherwise for the payment of the board of such child, until a suitable provision may be made for the child in a home without such payment; or the court may commit the child to any institution incorporated wder the laws in this state, that may care for delinquent children, or be provided by a city or county, suitable for the care of such children, or to any state institution which may be established for the care of delinquent children. The court may thereafter set aside, change, or modify such order. In no case shall a child be committed beyond his or her minority. A child committed to such an institution shall be subject to the control of the board of managers thereof; and the court shall, on the recommendation of the board, have power to discharge such child from custody whenever, in the judgment of the court, his or her reformation is complete; or the court may commit the child to the care and custody of some suitable association that will receive it, embracing in its objects

the care of neglected or dependent children. Any child who shall have committed a misdemeanor or felony and shall have been found by the court to be a delinquent child within the meaning of this act and committed hereunder, and who shall thereafter be found by the court to be incorrigible and incapable of reformation, or dangerous to the welfare of the community, may, in the discretion of the court, be remanded to the proper court of the county in which such crime was committed and be proceeded against and tried for such crime, and, if found guilty of the commission thereof, be subjected to judgment therefor in the same manner as if he had been over the age of sixteen (16) years when such crime was committed.

Section 10. TRANSFER FROM JUSTICES AND POLICE MAGISTRATES.] When a child under the age of sixteen (16) years is arrested with or without warrant, such a child may, instead of being taken before a justice of the peace, or police magistrate, be taken directly before such court; or if the child is taken before a justice of the peace, or police magistrate, it shall be the duty of such justice of the peace or police magistrate, to transfer the case to such court, and the officer having the child in charge to take the child before that court, and in any case the court may proceed to hear and dispose of the case in the same manner as if the child had been brought before the court upon petition, as herein provided. In any case the court shall require notice to be given and investigation to be made as in other cases under this act, and may adjourn the hearing from time to time for the purpose.

Section 11. CHILDREN UNDER TWELVE YEARS NOT TO BE COMMITTED TO Jail) No court or magistrate shall commit a child under twelve (12) years of age to a jail or police station, but if such a child unable to give bail it may be committed to the care of the sheriff, police officer, or probation officer, who shall keep such child in some suitable place provided by the city or county outside of the enclosure of any jail or police station, or it may be held otherwise, as the court may direct.

When any such child shall be sentenced to confinement in any institution to which adult convicts are sentenced, it will be unlawful to confine such child in the same building with such adult convicts, or to confine such child in the same yard or enclosure with such adult convicts, or to bring such child into any yard or building in which adult convicts may be present.

Section 12. The court may, at any time, require from any association receiving or desiring to receive children under the provisions of this act, such reports, information and statements as the judge shall deem proper or necessary for his action, and the court shall in no case be required to commit a child to any association whose standing, conduct or care of children, or ability to care for the same, is not satisfactory to the court.

Section 13. SURRENDER OF DEPENDENT CHILDREN—ADOPTION.) It shall be lawful for the parents, parent, guardian, or other person having the right to dispose of a dependent or neglected child to enter into an agreement with any association or institution incorporated under any public or private law of this state for the purpose of aiding, caring for or placing in home such children, for the surrender of such child to such association or institution, to be taken and cared for by such association or institution or put into a family home. Such agreement may contain any and all proper stipulations to that end, and may authorize the association or institution, by its attorney or agent, to appear in any proceeding for the legal adoption of such child, and consent to its adoption, and the order of the court made upon such consent shall be binding upon the child and its parents or guardian or other person the same as if such person were personally in court and consented thereto, whether made party to the proceedings or not.

Section 14. COUNTY BOARDS OF VISITORS.) The county judge of each county may appoint a board of six reputable inhabitants, who will serve without compensation, to constitue a board of visitation, whose duty it shall be to visit, as often as once a year, all institutions, societies and associations receiving children under this act; said visits shall be made by riot less than two of the members of the board, who shall go together or make a joint report; the said board of visitors shall report to the court, from time to time, the condition of children received by or in the charge of such associations and institutions, and shall make an annual report to the court in such form as the court may prescribe. The county board may, at their discretion, make appropriations for the payment of the actual and necessary expenses incurred by the visitors in the discharge of their official duties.

Section 15. CRIMINAL AND OTHER Laws Not AFFECTED.) Nothing in this act shall be construed to repeal any portion of the criminal law of this state, nor of any law concerning or affecting minors, except such portions thereof as are in con

or

as

or

flict with the provisions of this act concerning the jurisdiction of the courts in this state over children coming within the meaning of this act, and all such portions thereof are hereby repealed. And in all commitments to institutions acts in reference to said institutions shall govern the same.

Section 16. In any case in which the court shall find a child neglected, dependent or delinquent, it may, in the same or subsequent proceeding, upon the parents of said child, or either of them, being duly summoned or voluntarily appearing, proceed to inquire into the ability of such parent or parents to support the child or contribute to its support, and if the court shall find such parent or parents able to support the child or contribute thereto, the court may enter such order or decree as shall be according to equity in the premises, and may enforce the same by execution, or in any way in which a court of equity may enforce its orders or decrees.

Section 17. CONSTRUCTION OF THE Act.] This act shall be liberally construed to the end that its purpose may be carried out, to wit: That the care, custody and discipline of a child shall approximate as nearly as may be that which should be given by its parents, and in all cases where it can properly be done, the child to be placed in an approved family home and become a member of the family by legal adoption or otherwise.

Section 18. EMERGENCY.] It is hereby adjudged and declared that existing conditions are such that this act is nec. essary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety, and excepted from the exercise of the power of the referendum, and, owing to the urgent necessity of providing for the care, protection and control of dependent, neglected and delinquent children in thickly populated communities, an emergency is hereby declared to exist, and this act shall take effect and be in full force and effect from and after its aproval by the governor.

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CRIME AMONG THE YOUTH OF WASHINGTON, D. C.

The following is a report which President Roosevelt asked The juvenile court system offers a remedy and a very effectual
Judge Lindsey to make on Juvenile offenders in the City of one, to help correct such frightful conditions.
Washington during his visit to that city:
TOTAL NUMBER OF ARRESTS FOR STEALING (petit CHICAGO BUREAU OF JUSTICE

larceny).
White Colored Total

REPORT OF WORK FOR MARCH, 1905.
Over 21 years of age,

393
725 1,118

90 Claims for wages withheld, Under 21 years of age and over 16,.. 157 251

408

Claims for other money, as support, board bills, etc., L’nder 16 years of age,

115
253
368

1 Complaint of employe against employer, It will be seen that more than two-thirds of all the actual 37 Matters involving disputes between husband and wife, arrests for stealing in Washington last year were among the

Cases of misunderstanding between attorney and client,

25 boys and girls, 675 boys and 101 girls out of a total number

Cases of disputes between landlord and tenant,

20 of 776 minors, and, as there are about four times more aduits

Cases where property was wrongfully withheld,

9 than minors, it follows that, in proportion to the population

Cases of persecution by suits or threats of suits, or in Washington City, there are more than twice as many so

levies on unjust claims, called thieves among the children as the adults. If you need

12 Cases where unearned wages had been assigned, criminal courts and tens of thousands annually in money to

Cases involvino transactions in real property, punish the criminals, we say it is worth while to spend a

3 Cases where we obtained the support of adult depend

ents, little money and time for a new and commonsense method to

67 Cases requiring active work, advice in personal injury save the children.

suits, etc., Other figures, equally demonstrating the importance of

11 Cases of advice and active work on lawful suits deenlightened preventive measures to save the citizenship of to

mands, levies, etc., morrow could be shown by this report. It fairly teems with them and Washington seems to have more incipient crimi

8 Complaints of exemptions threatened, nality among its youth than any city I ever investigated. For

Chattel Mortgage cases were presented, and

Of these were settled as follows: instance, ihere were, according to this report, 5,112 minors

$120.85 Demanded by the mortgagees, among the arrests last year and 23,359 adults (over 26,000 born in the United States—110t foreigners). Eliminate the

$206.00 paid, and

$214.85 Saved to our clients in these 8 cases. drunks, vags and disorderlies from both adults and minors and take offenses against the property and person of others

Wages collected during March

. $206.22 Support collected during month

118.75 and we have :

Other money collected

59.00 ADULTS. Costs advanced by clients

24.00 Money received to settle mortgages, etc.

988.75 Total arrests,

23,359
Donated by clients

29.95 Among which there were for

556 New Matters received attention at the offices of the BuDisorderly conduct,

4,950

reau during the last month. This is in addition to matters Intoxication

3,122

carried over and cases still pending from previous months. Intoxication and disorderly

1,732

This number exceeds the new Vagrancy

cases of February, this 1,796

year, by 20. Among adults, 11,606 11,606

FREE PRINTED MATTER ON CHARITY MINORS. Between 16 and 21

3,460

Many of our readers may not know that they can have for Under 16

the asking copies of several little publications on charity matters 1,652

which the Bureau of Charities has issued in the past. Those on Total arrests of minors,

hand now are: “The New Charity is Old," an article by Mr.

5,112 Among which there were for disorderly conduct, in

Alexander Johnson, secretary of the National Conference of toxication and vagrancy a total of

Charity; "The Fence or the Ambulance," a booklet of interest

1,927 Total arrests among minors for other offenses than

ing tales of cases treated by the Bureau, and illustrative of its disorderly conduct, intoxication and vagrancy,....

principles; “Ideals and Methods of Co-operation," reprint of 3,135

an address given at the 1904 National Conference of Charities It will thus be seen that, eliminating drunks, vags and dis- at Portland, Me., by Mr. F. H, McLean, General District Secorderlies and counting serious offenses against the person and retary of the Bureau; and “Suggestions Regarding Co-operation property, more than one-fourth of all arrests in the city of Between Charities,” a summary of Mr. McLean's address. Washington last year were among its youth, the boys and girls, It may be mentioned in this connection that at the General and when we figure that the ratio of population under 21 is Office, where the above printed matter may be had, our friends about one to four over 21 years of age, the authorities are may also consult at any time reports of very many local and arresting more children and youth than men and women, with outside charitable societies and institutions as well as the reports no adequate laws or system affording real correction and pro- of the Illinois and National conferences of Charity which are tection. I doubt if Congress has any knowledge of these facts. on file. Address Chicago Bureau of Charities for any of the above,

NEW HOME FOR JUVENILE PRISONERS

In the transformation of Tracy home into the first juvenile detention home in Iowa, outside of the state reformatory institutions, the juvenile court law will receive its first real test in Iowa. This building for a number of years was the detention hospital for contagious diseases. As its location finally grew too central and the city built up around it the presence of dangerous diseases in that part of the city became a menace to the neighborhood and a site was purchased farther out in the suburbs and a new detention hospital built.

Since that time the Tracy home has remained vacant. It has been used for a time by free tenants who in exchange for the privilege watched the building and guarded it from vandals.

Now after untiring efforts Mrs. Isaac L. Hillis and others equally interested in the progress of the juvenile court law, have secured the building for the next two years for the purpose of testing the real merits of the juvenile court law. Here will be maintained a school where the manual trades will be taught, rooms where mothers can come and learn sewing and cooking

in order to make home a place meaning something to their children and a ward where refractory boys and girls will be kept after being sentenced by the judge of the juvenile court.

The detention home is in some respects an experiment. No other such institution has been attempted in the state and will serve in the capacity of a short term industrial school. It will provide a place for youngsters who used to be locked up in cells with toughened prisoners and serve to reform rather than punish the youthful offender. Sentences will be imposed under the provisions of the present juvénile law.

At present it will be under the charge of a board of managers, five in number, who will be appointed by the judges of the district court. The service will be gratuitous.

Tracy home is located at Fourth and Ascension street, but a short distance from the business center of the city, but far enough removed to make it quiet and a fit place for the care and guidance of incorrigible children. The remodeling and change incident to the opening of the new institution will be completed by May 1st when the home will be opened with fitting ceremonies.

[graphic][merged small][merged small]

square foot

a

GREATNESS IN THE BOY.

has done everything that he ever saw things, and candy! He'd be in "a sight

or heard of another boy doing, he will better business” if he would drop in A boy is great for many reasons- turn in and invent some new thing to some work-things! The kindergarten here are five of them: do, and do it.

people are getting their eyes open to this 1. A boy is great because he is made 4. A boy is great because he has fact, and they will tell you that the chilof the stuff men are made of. The only

more energy and hustle in him to the dren are more delighted with their square inch than a

man has to the workthings, than they are with their man who was never a boy to begin with

.

playthings. turned out badly. Somebody once asked

5. A boy is great because he would Even a little chap six years old is old a Sunday-school why Adam was made a rather work than play.

enough to work, if some one would only man to begin with, and never was “What!”

give him something to work at. Don't little baby, and there wasn't a teacher That is what we said, and we don't you believe it? Then catch him playing in the whole school who could tell, but mind saying it again, that a boy would ball or marbles and ask him if he won't Mr. Peck's good, smart boy said, “Be- rather work than play. He is glad to come and hold the horse for you, or cause there wasn't anybody to nurse play, because he must do something! drive him around to the barn, and see him!”

But he is proud to work and show what how quick he drops the ball; or tell him 2. A boy is great because he is so he can do. The world has gone about you'll give him a nickel if he will fill interesting. Why, even a dog delights crazy trying to invent "playthings” for the wood-box for you, and then watch in his company!

children. Even old Santa Claus him- him work! 3. A boy is great because he can do self, who ought to have learned better It is literally true that thousands of so many things. He will learn to "skin by this time, doesn't know any better boys are "spoiling for a job," a job of the cat" if he has to skin himself a than to cram the children's stockings work, with pay in it. Perhaps the dozen times in the effort. And when he full of playthings, playthings, play- proudest day in a boy's life is the day he

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