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for it was by no means usual for villagers to visit the castle.

When supper time came the people filed How Sousa Got His Name

Story of a Bad Pen

into the great hall of the castle, and there Someone has "discovered" how John Philip Senator Pettus of Alabama was writing they saw a table laden with the richest of Sousa got his name. The story comes from with a noisy, spluttering pen. Laying the provisions and costly plate; and another Washington, where the musician was born pen down, he smiled and said :

large table with many plates, on each of and educated. Originally, it is said, bis “Once I was spending the evening with a which was a piece of hard bread, a cold poname was John Philip So. When he entered friend of mine in Selma. We sat in the din- tato, or a handful of meal. On one plate lay the employ of the government as leader of ing room, and from the kitchen came a dread- nothing. the Marine band he proudly appended the ini- ful scratching sound.

Straightway the lady of the castle came tials "U. S. A," for United States army, so “ 'Martha,' said my friend to the maid, into the room, and said, “I was your ill-clad

beggar. I was anxious at this time, when that his full signature read "John Philip, So, 'what is that scratching in the kitchen? It

the poor are in such pinched circumstances, U. S. A." A stranger, congratulating him must be the dog trying to get in.'

to test your spirit of charity. These two upon a performance of the band, addressed ""Huh!' said Martha, 'dat's no dwag poor people gave me as much as they coulj. him as “Mr. John Philip Sousa,” and his scratchin' de do.' Dat's de cook writin' a

They shall eat with me this evening at this

small table; and every day I intend to give name has been Sousa ever since. love letter to her honeysuckle.'”

them a piece of gold. All the others may take

-From the Boston Herald. back the gifts you gave so grudgingly, and A Good One on Irving

as you go home think that you will perhaps When Stanley Worked in a Cellar some future day be treated likewise in the Mrs. Roger A. Pryor tells a story of Wash

world to come.” ington Irving, whom she knew as a very old

Henry M. Stanley sometimes, but not often, man. “One would never think him old,” she spoke to me of his life as a boy, says a

NEW EQUIPMENT FOR THE ROCK says, “so keen and alert was he, but for his writer in "Scribner's.” I remember, in 1890,

ISLAND. trick of suddenly falling asleep for a minute when we were staying in Cincinnati together, or two in the middle of a conversation. A his asking me one afternoon to go for a

It has just been announced that to provide

for the increased volume of traffic on Rock whisper, 'sh-h-h,' would pass from one to an- walk with him. He took me through ob

Island lines, a large amount of new equip other, 'Mr. Irving is asleep'; and in a moment scure back streets and down dirty alleys ment will be delivered, during the month of he would wake up, rub his bands and exclaim, until we reached a wharf on the banks of the March, on orders placed several months ago. 'Well, as we were saying,' taking up the con- Ohio River. He stopped at the bottom of It is indicative of the industrial and com

mercial prosperity of Rock Island states that, versation just where he had left it." a street which ran steeply down to the river,

even before the receipt of the new equipment, and pointed out a lad who was rolling a it has been found necessary to place another He Got His loterview

large cask of tallow from a cellar down to large order for delivery in the early summer. the wharf. He said: "I have brought you

The rolling stock which will be placed in In New York recently a reporter made sev

here because I wanted to show you this service this month includes twenty new pateral vain attempts to see J. Pierpont Morgan,

tern passenger cars from the Pullman shops, place. both at his office and his residence. Finally

It was in this street that I worked which embody so many comfort-contributing

as a boy. I was doing exactly the same devices that they make a distinct advance in his opportunity came. He was interviewing another financier and, incidentally, came into

work as that lad, and, if I mistake not, that day passenger equipment. This new depar. is the same cellar in which I worked."

ture will come as a surprise to the western possession of the latter's card. He kept it,

traveling public. Ten of the cars will be then, going to Morgan's residence, sent in his

seventy foot chair cars, furnished with sixtyTHE BEGGAR WOMAN

four twin reclining chairs, seating as many own card in company with that of the finan.

people. The interior finish is Mexican macier. The ruse was successful and he was

hogany; decoration is olive green, with plain shown into Morgan's presence.

When the re-
PROF. NORMAN C. SCHLICHTER.

green lines and the chairs are upholstered in porter bad stated his reason for the call the

green. The cars are equipped for lighting · financier said: “Do you know, young man,

There was once a great famine in the land. both by Pintsch gas and electricity and are

One cold, windy day came that at least ten reporters have tried to see

a poor ill-clad

fitted with electric fans, for ventilation and

cooling. me today with reference to this question? I woman into the little village, and asked for

The other ten cars are seventy-foot vestihave declined to see all of them." The re

a gift. No one knew her as she went about buled coaches, with seating capacity for eighty. porter smiled and replied: "Yes, sir, I know

with a shawl pulled over her head to protect The seats are upholstered in maroon plush; herself as best she could from the thick snow

otherwise the decorations are the same as in that, for I was the whole ten." He got his

the chair cars. All the cars have very large interview. Aakes which fell. In her right hand she held

double plate glass windows and are equipped a long staff, and on her arm hung a basket. with Pullman standard six-wheel trucks. The Traveler's Returns”

At most of the houses she was given a The Rock Island received, during March, 65 poor little bit of this or that out of the. win

new locomotives of various kinds, including Johnny Poe, of the "Tiger Poes, of Mary.

twenty Pacific type passenger, ten Atlantic dow, and from one rich home she was sent

type passenger, fifteen freight and twenty land and Princeton," is the authority for a

empty handed with stinging words of scorn. switch engines. An additional order for fifty brand-new "return-trip" story, which, he says, One very poor peasant, however, invited her locomotives will be placed in the near future, was played out in the Baltimore Station of

for delivery in the summer. into the room, and after warming her, gave the Pennsylvania Road between the ticket

This new equipment, which is to be added to her a large piece of fresh cake which bis

from time to time, places the Rock Island in agent and a very provident colored man. The

wife had just baked. This was the last house the front rank among western railroads in latter had asked what it would cost to send that she visited.

the matter of transportation facilities. The a corpse out to Birmingham, Alabama.

On the following day all the people who adequately providing for, the exigencies of in

foresight manifested in thus meeting, and “The same as we charge an adult live perhad been visited by the beggar received an

creased traffic, is characteristic of the proson," was the reply.

invitation to come to the castle nearby for gressive policy of the Rock Island manageThe negro studied a moment and then asked, supper. They were all very much surprised, ment. “Say, Boss, whut wuld hit cost fer a retu'n ticket?" F. W. Biebinger, Pres. Wm. Heinrichshofen, Vice-Pres.

L. W. Schonebeck, Sec'y & Treas. “A return?” queried the surprised official. "We don't usually sell returns in such cases, but, if you really want one, it would be thirtytwo dollars—just as it would for a live adult.

OF ST. LOUIS But why in the world do you want a return

Merchants Exchange Building, 317 Chestnut Street for a corpse ?"

"Well, suh," explained the colored man, FIRE INSURANCE ON MUTUAL AND CASH PLAN “hit's dis a-way: I's bin a-wonderin' wheder

DIRECTORS hit wouldn't be cheaper to took hit down dar,

F. W'. Biebinger, Wm. Reipschlaeger, Julius Winkelmeyer, Fred. E. Zelle, Christoph Hilke, an' let all de folks hab a look, an' den bring

Henry Griesedieck Jr., H. H. Biermann, Henry Droste, Aug. Klasing, Fritz Goebel, hit back, rudder dan hab 'em all up hyar a

Ernest Hartmann, William Heinrichshofen. Oito F. Stifel, boa'din' on me fer a week.”Lippincott's.

JEFFERSON MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE CO.

TWO RIGHTS OF CHILDHOOD

BY MARION G. OGDEN.

It would seem as though the right to learn experimentally the result of his mistakes, and the equal right to be helped and guided into a position where he need not repeat them, were the natural heritage of every child. What a world of trouble would be saved to probation officers and to many other people as well, if these two rights of childhood were only observed and guarded!

The fond mother who finds fault with her boy from morning till night, pronouncing him useless and hopeless and then savagely turns an hurls her wrath upon anyone else who ventures to correct him, is too common a figure to need special portrayal. Would that every such mother might for the small part of a minute see herself in her true relation to the whole difficulty! She is not only incapable of teaching her child to avoid his blunders, but when in the natural order of events, the child would learn* from circumstance, she must needs also step in and hinder the course of natural law. She takes upon herself the defensive attitude, and declares the whole world amiss for bringing about the results that had formed the basis of her threats. And the child; what is he to think? His real welfare seems to have dropped quite out of the question. Therefore the probation officer,

Small Joe is a school-boy. Perhaps because he is not faith

ful; perhaps because he is not really equal to his task, or is for some reason misfit, he is a poor scholar, and at home he is constantly reminded of the fact. He is scolded, threatened, warned of failure, until life becomes a burden, but it is all of no avail, and when the end of the year comes he fails, and is told at school that he must repeat his work. This event has been foretold and the child would accept it without question. Outward cause and result are plain before him. Now if someone will step in and patiently, kindly, study the source of difficulty and remove it, the experience will not be in vain. A boy who has done poor work, be the cause what it may, cannot go on to higher planes until he has learned to do good work on the low ones. This is a broad lesson whose significance extends far beyond the limits of childhood.

But Joe's parents have no mind to let him learn life's lessons in this unsatisfactory manner. With all their threats they never intended that his advancement and the family pride should suffer in this way. Joe must go on a grade whether or no. "His examinations may not have been fair; he will do better work; he must do better work." And so, if they have their way, the lesson, life's lesson, is utterly lost and poor Joe is pushed into farther failure and farther moral perplexity. If unconsciously, he looks for a fixed guiding motive on the part of his parents, he searches in vain. Their wish is their guiding motive, but it is not fixed.

“Consistency, thou art a jewel.”

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IS A PERPETUAL PANORAMA The scenery along the entire route is entrancing, surpassing in variety, beauty and grandeur anything to be seen east of the Rocky Mountains. The 160 miles beside the beautiful Ohio, on whose surface steamers and odd craft are sighted every few minutes, are succeeded by miles of graceful curves along the banks of the Big Kanawba, and then come the canons of the New River with their awful wildness and grandeur; the gentle Greenbrier with its pastoral loveliness; the heart of the Alleghenies with its matchless beauty of scenery; the famous Springs Resorts; the renowned Shenandoab Val ley; the towering Blue Ridge; the wonderful panorama of the Piedmont Valley; the famous battlefields of the late war; and the surf of the Atlantic at Old Point, or the beauty and interest of Washington-just as one's destination

California

$50 from NEW YORK $33 from CHICAGO $32 from ST. PAUL $25 from KANSAS CITY

may be.

Similar rates from other points. Tickets sold daily from March 1 to March 15, 1905 Ask nearest agent for full information regarding choice of route, stop-overs, etc. via Southern Pacific, or write W. G. NEIMYER, G. A. 193 Clark St., Chicago.

Stop-over will be allowed at Covington, Va., where branch train is taken for Hot Springs on all first-class one-way tickets and on return portions of all round-trip tickets. When ready to resume journey ticket agent at Hot Springs will exchange tickets which have expired.

A Delightful Sea Trip to and
from New York Via the

Old Dominion Steamship Co.
Magnificent steamers sail from Old
Point Comfort at 4:30 p. m. daily except
Sunday, and from Norfolk at 7 p. m.
daily except Sunday, arriving at New
York next afternoon about 3 p. m.
I. P. SPINING, N. W. P. A., C. & O. RY.

238 Clark St., Chicago.

Southern Pacific

THE ROAD TO CALIFORNIA

METROPOLITAN FIRE INSURANCE

COMPANY

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OF CHICAGO, ILL.

ILLINOIS

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with three elegant trains each

way between Chicago and LA FAYETTE, INDIANA INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA CINCINNATI, OHIO LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

Organized, Officered and Owned by residents of this city.

It should, therefore, receive the encouragement of the insuring public of Chicago.

STATEMENT DEC. 31, 1904:
CASH CAPITAL

$100,000.00
NET SURPLUS

20,122.86 TOTAL ASSETS 166,047.87

and all points in the

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St. Louis

SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST

is the

BIG 4 ROUTE

Officers Thos. F. Keeley, Pres. Wm. J. Kerwin, Treas, Frank E. Willard, V..Pres. George Essig, Sec'y

Directors Thos. F. Keeley, President of Keeley Brewing Co. M. J. Naghten, of John Naghten & Co. Z. P. Brosseau, of Brosseau & Co., Board of Trade. Edward Cluff, Pres. Union Casualty & Surety Co.,

St. Louis. James I. Naghten, of John Naghten & Co. Frank E. Willard, Sec. and Treas, of Willard Sons

& Bell Co. Peter Fortune, Pres. of Fortune Bros. Brewing Co. M. W. Kerwin, Capitalist. Eugene M. Keeley, Sec. Treas. Keeley Brewing Co.

Buffet Parlor Cars, or Dining Cars on day trains, and Pullman's finest compariment and Stani'ard Sleepers on night trains. All trains run solid, Chicago to Cincinnati. The only line from Chicago connecting in the Central Union Depot, Cincinnati, with C. &0., Q. & C., L. & N. and B. & 0. S. W. R’ys. For reservations, etc., call on or address

Green, Gold and Brown “Daylight Special"
-elegant fast day train.
“Diamond Special"-fast night train-unsur-
passed for convenience and comfort.

Buffet-library cars, complete dining cars,
parlor cars, drawing room and buffet

sleeping cars, reclining chair cars. Through tickets, rates, etc., of I. C. R. R.

agents and those of connecting lines. A. H. HANSON, GEN'L PASS'R ACT., CHICAGO.

90

08 అందం

JOHN NAGHTEN & COMPANY General Managers 159 La Salle St.

J. C. TUCKER, G. N. A., 238 Clark St., Chicago

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ALABAMA. Mrs. Harriet M. Johnson, Birmingham,

Shipt. United Charity Society.

CALIFORNIA,
Hon. F. J. Muraskey, San Francisco,

Judge Juvenile Court,
T. U. Todd, San Francisco,

Merchant's Association.
Mio Catherine Felton, San Francisco,

Gen. Sec. Associated Oharities.

NEW YORK.
Hon. Willard H. Olmsted, New York,

Judge Juvenile Court.
E. Fellows Jenkins, New York,

Chief Probation Officer, Juvenile Court, Thos. M. Mulry, New York,

Saint Vincent De Paul Society.
Hon. Robert J. Wilkin, Brooklyn,

Judge Juvenile Court.
Hon. Thos. Murphy, Buffalo,

Judge Juvenile Court.
Frederick Almy, Buffalo,

Sec. Charity Organization Society.

COLORADO. Lon. B. B. Lindsey, Denver,

Judge Juvenile Court.

OHIO.

Chas. A. Allen, Dayton,

Sec. Associated Charities. 0. M. Hubbard, Cincinnati,

Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

OONNEOTIOUT. Ohas P. Kellogg, Waterbury.

Soc. State Board Charities. Ing. Francis Sheldon Bolton, New Haven,

Editor Mother's Journal.

PENNSYLVANIA.

Hon. F. A. Bregy, Philadelphia,

Judge Juvenile Court.

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KANSAS.
J. D. Faxon, Lawrence,

Sec. Asociated Charities.
J. E. Howard, Wichita,
Pres. Associated Charities.

KENTUCKY.
George L. Sehon,

Supt. Children's Home Society of Kentucky.
Miss Mary Bryson, Covington,
Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

LOUISIANA.
E. L. Rodenberg, New Orleans,

Charity Organization Society.
James J. McLoughlin, New Orleans,
Society Prevention Cruelty to Children.

MARYLAND.
Hon. Charles W. Heuisler, Baltimore,

Judge Juvenile Court.
Jeffrey R. Bracket, Baltimore,
President National Conference Charities and
Correction.

MASSACHUSETTS. Chag. W. Birtwell, Boston,

43 Charity Building. Leontine Lincoln, Fall River,

State Board Oharities.
Miss Z. D. Smith, Boston,
Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

MICHIGAN.
James F Hill, Detroit,
Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children.

MISSOURI. Hon. Judge Wentworth,

Judge Juvenile Court. W. H. McClain, St. Louis,

Supt. Provident Association. Hon. James Gibson, Kansas City, Judge Juvenile Court.

MINNESOTA.
A. W. Gutridge, St. Paul,

Sec. Associated Charities.
Edwin D. Solenberger, Minneapolis,
Manager Associated Charities.

NEBRASKA.
Floyd M. Smith, Omaha,

Sec. Associated Charities.
G. W. Clark, Omaha,
Supt. Child Saving Institute.

NEW JERSEY.
Hugh F. Fox, Plainfield,

Pres. Board of Children's Guardians. Mrs. E. E. Williamson, Elizabeth,

State Board of Children's Guardians.

WASHINGTON. H. Wirt Steele, Seattle,

Gen. Sec. Charity Organization Society.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Ohas. F. Weller, Washington,

Gen. Supt. Charity Society.

WISCONSIN. Hon. N. B. Neelen, Milwaukee,

Judge Juvenile Court. G. Frellson, Milwaukee,

Agent Associated Charities.

ILLINOIS. Hon. R. S. Tuthill,

Judge Juvenile Court of Chicago. Dr. H. H. Hart, Chicago, Ill.

Supt. Children's Home and Aid Society. E. P. Bicknell, Chicago, Ill.

Supt. Bureau of Charities.
Prof. O. R. Henderson, Chicago, Ill.

Pres. Nat'l Children's Home Society. Hon. G. W. Murray, Springfield, nl.

Judge Juvenile Court.

RHODE ISLAND. Miss V. K. Conyngton, Providence,

Sec. Society for Organizing Charity.

TENNESSEE. Mise M. F. Battle, Nashville,

Sec, United Charities. John Boring, Chattanooga,

Supt. Associated Charities.

INDIANA. A. W. Butler, Indianapolis,

State Board Charities. Hon. Geo. W. Stubbs, Indianapolis,

Judge Juvenile Court. 0. E. Mohler, Fort Wayne,

Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

TEXAS.

Migg F. Saylor, Dallas,

Sec. United Charities.

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