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A TRIP VIA

Chesapeake & Ohio Ry.

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IS A PERPETUAL PANORAMA The scenery along the entire route is entrancing, surpassing in variety, beauty and grandeur anything to be seen east of the Rocky Mountains. The 160 miles beside the beautiful Ohio, on whose surface steamers and odd craft are sighted every few minutes, are succeeded by miles of graceful curves along the banks of the Big Kanawha, and then come the canons of the New River with their awful wildness and grandeur; the gentle Greenbrier with its pastoral loveliness; the heart of the Alleghenies with its matchless beauty of scenery; the famous Springs Resorts; the renowned Snenandoah Valley ; the towering Blue Ridge; the wonwar; and the surf of the Atlantic at Old Point, or the beauty and interest of Washington—just as one's destination may be.

Stop-over will be allowed at Covington, Va., where branch train is taken for Hot Springs on all first-class une-way tickets and on return portions of all round-trip tickets. When ready to resume journey ticket agent at Hot Springs derful panorama of the Piedmont Valley; the famous battlefields of the late will exchange tickets which have expired.

A Delightful Sea Trip to and
from New York Via the

Old Dominion Steamship Co. Magnificent steamers sail from Old Point Comfort at 4:30 p. m. daily except Sunday, and from Norfolk at 7 p. m. daily except Sunday, arriving at New York next afternoon about 3 p. m. 1. P. SPINING, N. W. P. A., C. & O. RY.

238 Clark St, Chicago.

Similar rates from other points. Tickets sold daily from March 1 to March 15, 1905 Ask nearest agent for full information regarding choice of route, stop-overs, etc. via Southern Pacific, or write W. G. NEIMYER, G. A. 193 Clark St., Chicago.

Southern

Pacific

THE ROAD TO CALIFORNIA

Galifornia

Winter Tourist

Tickets

TO POINTS IN

Tens of thousands will spend their winter vacations in California; will you? There you can pick flowers and enjoy outdoor life all the year 'round. California is quickly and comfortably reached by the through train service of the

FLORIDA

AND THE SOUTHLAND

NOW ON SALE VIA THE

Ghicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul

Railway.

BIG 4 ROUTE

The Overland Limited runs via this line, is electric lighted throughout and offers the best of service and equipment. Choice of routes going and returning. Booklets free. the nearest ticket agent of this company for additional information, or write to

At all Coupon Ticket Offices in the Northwest. If you wish the best of everything see that your tickets

read via “BIG FOUR” from Chicago. Get full information from Agents or address J. C. Tucker, G. N. A., or Chas. S. La Follette, T. P. A., 238 Clark St., Chicago.

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NEW YORK.

ALABAMA.
Mrg. Harriet M. Johnson, Birmingham,

& pt. United Charity Society.

CALIFORNIA,
Hon. F. J. Muraskey, San Francisco,

Judge Juvenile Court.
F. M. Todd, San Francisco,

Merchant's Association.
Mias Catherine Felton, San Francisco,

Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

Hon. Willard H. Olmsted, New York,

Judge Juvenile Court.
E. Fellows Jenkins, New York,

Chief Probation Officer, Juvenile Courta
Thos. M. Mulry, New York,

Saint Vincent De Paul Society.
Hon. Robert J. Wilkin, Brooklyn,

Judge Juvenile Court.
Hon. Thos. Murphy, Buffalo,

Judge Juvenile Court.
Frederick Almy, Buffalo,

Sec. Charity Organization Society.

COLORADO. Hon, B. B. Lindsey, Denver,

Judge Juvenile Court.

OHIO.
Chas. A. Allen, Dayton,

Sec. Associated Charities.
C. M. Hubbard, Cincinnati,

Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

CONNECTICUT.
Ohas, P. Kellogg, Waterbury,

Sec. State Board Charities.
Mrs. Francis Sheldon Bolton, New Haven,

Editor Mother's Journal.

PENNSYLVANIA.

Hon. Judge Braze, Philadelphia,
Judge Juvenile Court.

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KANSAS.
J. D. Faxon, Lawrence,

Sec. Associated Charities.
J. E. Howard, Wichita,
Pres. Associated Charities.

KENTUCKY.
George L. Sehon.

Supt. Children's Home Society of Kentucky.
Miss Mary Bryson, Covington,
Gen. Sec. Associated Charities,

LOUISIANA.
E. L. Rodenberg, New Orleans,

Charity Organization Society.
James J. McLoughlin, New Orleans,
Society Prevention Cruelty to Children.

MARYLAND.
Hon. Charles W. Heuisler, Baltimore,

Judge Juvenile Court.
Jeffrey R. Bracket, Baltimore,
President National Conference Charities and
Correction.

MASSACHUSETTS.
Chas. W. Birtwell, Boston,

43 Charity Building.
Leontine Lincoln, Fall River,

State Board Charities.
Miss Z. D. Smith, Boston,
Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

MICHIGAN.
James F Hill, Detroit,
Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children.

MISSOURI.
Hon. Robt. M. Foster, St. Louis,

Judge Juvenile Court.
W. H. McClain, St. Louis,

Supt. Provident Association.
Hon. James Gibson, Kansas City,
Judge Juvenile Court.

MINNESOTA.
A. W. Gutridge, St. Paul,

Sec. Associated Charities.
Edwin D. Solenberger, Minneapolis,
Manager Associated Charities.

NEBRASKA.
Floyd M. Smith, Omaha.

Sec. Associated Charities.
G. W. Clark, Omaha,
Supt. Child Saving Institute.

NEW JERSEY.
Hugh F. Fox, Plainfield,

Pres. Board of Children's Guardians.
Mrs. E. E. Williamson, Elizabeth,

State Board of Children's Guardians.

WASHINGTON.
H, Wirt Steele, Seattle,

Gen. Scc. Charity Organization Society.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Chas. F. Weller, Washington,

Gen. Supt. Charity Society.

WISCONSIN.
Hon. N. B. Neelen, Milwaukee,

Judge Juvenile Court.
G. Frellson, Milwaukee,

Agent Associated Charities.

ILLINOIS. Hon. R. 8. Tuthill,

Judge Juvenile Court of Chicago. Dr. H. H. Hart, Chicago, Ill.

Supt. Children's Home and Aid Society,
E. P. Bicknell, Chicago, Ill.

Supt. Bureau of Charities.
Prof. O. R. Henderson, Chicago, Ill.

Pres. Nat'l Children's Home Society.
Hon. G. W. Murray, Springfield, IIL

Judge Juvenile Court.

RHODE ISLAND. Miss M. K. Conyngton, Providence,

Sec. Society for Organizing Charity.

TENNESSEE.
Miss M. F. Battle, Nashville,

Sec. United Charities.
John Boring, Chattanooga,

Supt. Associated Charities.

INDIANA.
A. W. Butler, Indianapolis,

State Board Charities.
Hon. Geo. W. Stubbs, Indianapolis,

Judge Juvenile Court.
0. E. Mohler, Fort Wayne,
Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

TEXAS.
Miss F. Saylor, Dallas,

Sec. United Charities.

IOWA.

CANADA.

Elmer R. Park, Keokuk,

Gor. Sec. Associated Charities John Beardsley, Des Moines,

Gen. Sec. Associated Charities.

J. J. Kelso, Toronto.

Supt. Children's Aid Society.

Juvenile Court Record

PUBLISHED BY THB VISITATION AND AID SOCIETY

T. D. HURLEY, Editor, 79 Dearborn Street, Chicago, Ill.

J. L. CLARK, Business Manager
Bastern Office, 53 W. 24th Street, New York City

Boston Office, 147 Milk St., Boston, Mass.

The JUVENILE COURT RECORD is published monthly, except in the month of July. Single copies, 10 cents. Subscription price, $i per year.

Entered at Postofice, Chicago, as second-class matter.

The JUVENILE COURT RECORD is the official organ of and published by the Visitation and Aid Society and will deal with social problems in child-saving work and give an account of the workings of the Juvenile Court.

NEW SUBSCRIPTIONS can commence with current number,

WHEN RENEWING, always give the name of the postoffice to which your paper is now being sent. Your name cannot be found on our books unless this is done. Four weeks are required after the receipt of money by us before the date opposite your name on your paper, which shows to what time your subscription is paid, can be changed. This will show that your remittance was received,

CHANGE OF ADDRESS. --Always give both your old and your new address when you ask us to change.

PAYMENT FOR THE PAPER, when sent by mail, should be made in a postoffice money order, bank check or draft, or

an express money order. When neither of these can be procured, send 2-cent United States postage stamps; only this kind can be received.

LETTERS should be addressed and checks and drafts made payable to
JUVENILE COURT RECORD, 79 Dearborn Street, Chicago.
ADVERTISING RATES made known on application.

AGENTS are authorized to sell single copies and take subscriptions, who bear credentials signed by the President and Secretary of the Visitation and Aid Society.

OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY-1904-5.

T. D. HURLEY, President.
James F. Bowers, Treasurer.
Emma Quinlan, Recording Secretary.
May Mallanny, Corresponding Secretary.
Esther J. Mercer, Financial Secretary.

Heads of Departments
Finance

John Cudahy
Men's Auxiliary

. Michael Cudahy Women's Auxiliary...Mrs. William P. Nelson Office .....

.T. D. Hurley Institutions

Thomas Breen Library

.Mary Hummelshein Children

.James F. Bowers

Board of Directors
Three Years
Two Years

One Year
James F. Bowers Chas. A, Mair John Cudahy
Esther J. Mercer R. J. Reynolds Thomas Breen
Michael Roden D. F. Bremner T. D. Hurley
A. H. Weir

R. M. Prendergast May Mallanny Mrs. Emma Quinlan Mary Hummelsheim Michael Cudahy Josephine B. Hughes Mrs. Robert Whelan W. P. Henneberr May Norton John F. Barrett John W. Walsd

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What can a boy do, and where can a boy stay,
If he is always to stay out of the way?
He cannot sit here, and he must not stand there,
The cushions that cover that fine rocking chair
We put there, of course, to be seen and admired:
A boy has no business to ever be tired.
The beautiful roses and flowers that bloom
On the floor of the darkened and delicate room,
Are made not to walk on—at least, not by boys;
The house is no place, anyway, for their noise.
Yet boys must walk somewhere; and if their feet,
Sert out of our house, sent into the street,
Should step round the corner and pause at the door,
Where other boys' feet have paused often before;
Shouid pass through the gateway of glittering light,
Where jokes that are merry and songs that are bright
Ring out a warm welcome with flattering voice,
And temptingly say, "Here's a place for the boys."
Ah, what if they should? What if your boy or mine
Should cross o'er the threshold which marks out the line
'Twixt virtue and vice, 'twixt pureness and sin,
And leave all his innocent boyhood within ?
O, what if they should, because you and I,
While the days and the months and the years hurry by,
Arc too busy with care and with life's fleeting joys
To make round our hearthstone a place for the boys?
There's a place for the boys. They'll find it somewhere;
And if our own homes are too daintily fair
For the touch of their fingers, the tread of their feet.
They'll find it, and find it, alas, in the street,
'Mij the gildings of sin and the glitter of vice,
And with heart aches and longings we pay a dear price
For the getting of sin that our lifetime employs,
If we fail to provide a good place for the boys.

– Boston Transcript.

JUVENILE COURT NOTES

TENNESSEE A Bill-For a Juvenile Court Law for Tennessee has been introduced in the legislature.

This Bill has met with favor throughout the state.
The County judges will have matters in their hands.

NEW YORK Senator Armstrong of Rochester, has introduced two important measures in the New York legislature affecting juvenile courts and probation. There is a strong movement in Rochester for the establishment of a separate juvenile court and these bills originated with the friends of that movement. They have been prepared after consultation with the attorney-general, representatives of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, the State Charities Aid Association, and others.

CINCINNATI Nearly 300 juvenile cases have been disposed of by Judge Caldwell since the establishment of the court, and 220 children have been set on the path toward correct training.

"The court is progressing nicely,” said Judge Caldwell, "and for so young an institution it has done considerable work."

NEBRASKA

(From a Staff Carrespondent.) Lincoln, Jan. 26.—(Special).— The senate in the committee of the whole court has recommended the juvenile court bill, S. F. 6, for passage. The measure was not discussed, two unimportant amendments being adopted without debate.

DETROIT James F. Hill, attorney for the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and a candidate for police justice, has drafted a bill for the establishment of a juvenile court in Detroit and Grand Rapids, to be presided over by one of the circuit judges chosen by the entire bench, and for a similar court under the jurisdiction of the probate judges in the other counties.

It provides that a child who has committed only one or two unlawful acts will be tried apart from the hardened criminals and registered as a delinquent. A probation officer will then take charge and report the child's conduct to the court.

PHILADELPHIA The Juvenile Courts of Philadelphia recently suggested that instead of arresting children for stealing coal from the railroads, that the parents should be arrested. Hundreds of parents are too cowardly to steal, but are perfectly willing that their children should take the risk and the goods.

COLUMBUS, O. Samuel L. Black, Probate Judge of Franklin county, has been selected as Judge of Juvenile Court in Columbus. Another step in the operation of the juvenile court demonstrating that it is in full operation, developed Saturday morning when a little colored girl, the first offender brought to the attention of the court, appeared before Probation Officer Dresbach, with her initial report, consisting of a letter from the principal of the school the child attends, stating that she had been a regular attendant at school during the last week and that her behavior had been good. These reports, under the rule of Judge Black, are to be made every Saturday morning by those who have been before the court and have been given a suspended sentence.

INDIANAPOLIS The Delinquent Children Bill is favored by a majority of the Senators, providing for the punishment of parents and others who are responsible for delinquency in children.

This bill has the sanction of many judges of the courts of the State and it is believed by its friends that the bill, it it becomes a law, will correct many evils that are now deplored.

The bill was reported from committee today and there was a strong recommendation accompanying the report made by the committee that the bill be passed.

children have been turned over to the matron of the Lagrange street station, pending their hearing in court, but President Knisely of the safety board believes there is no authority for this procedure

Investigation of the law seems to show that there is no provision for confinement of the lads and lassies, but it is often necessary to detain them, so Probation Officer Beecher has placed them in the Lagrange street institution.

The board of public safety has been paying for the keep of the youngsters confined there, and it is to this expense that it objects. Mr. Knisely conferred with Prosecuting Attorney Ulery, and was told that he was right in his opinion that children cannot be fed at the city's expense in the sub-station.

The problem of caring for wayward children until their cases are heard, is difficult. If they are under twelve years of age, it is unlawful to confine them in any jail or police station. If they are above 12, it is legal to do so, but the law does not specify any particular place.

Probation treatment, which consists of placing a refractory child on his honor to reform, has worked successfully in many cases, but in some it is absolutely necessary that bad boys be deprived of their liberty. Who is to pay for their care is a question to be settled. Somebody will have to feed and clothe them.

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NEW ORLEANS The report of Superintendent Agnew is printed in the pamphlet of the society, and is devoted principally to narratives of cases where the society has taken care of children and provided homes and comforts and taken them out of all sorts of evil and squalid surroundings. There have been 620 cases, involving 2,300 children. Children under sixteen are no longer detained in police stations unless the charge is very serious, but are paroled, and the society notified, when the child is taken charge of by an officer. The Waifs' Shelter is not a permanent home, but cares for children only until homes can be provided for them.

Touching on the question of juvenile courts the superintendent said in his report that the society wanted a court separate from the recorders' courts, where the children could not be brought into contact with other prisoners, and where no one could be present except those interested in the cases. This matter was under discussion under the head of new business or something similar when the question was asked regarding the possibility of a civil judge having jurisdiction of the cases of children. J. J. McLoughlin replied that a civil judge could very well handle the cases and it would not take much of his time. He said in other States such cases were handled by the probate judge, who is a civil judge entirely. Mr. McLoughlin said the society was contemplating the framing of such a law.

SPOKANE On Feb. 1st the principal measure passed by the house was the Vilas act to provide for the apprehension, detention, trial, treatment and control of delinquent children, and establishments in counties of the first and second class of juvenile courts. The provisions of the act encompass children under the age of 17 years. A bill providing for the punishment of parents responsible for the delinquency of children was also passed.

Mr. Vilas spoke briefly in support of the two measures. He explained that the juvenile court bill was the product of the state bar association, and that the system had been adopted in other large cities with marked success. The danger of con. tamination of children by bringing them in contact with criminal classes, as under the present system when children are brought up in the police court, was described by the member from King, and in conclusion he stated that two petitions, signed by more than 1,000 persons, had been filed in support of such law.

TEXAS

Members of the Woman's club in El Paso are deeply in terested in the juvenile court bill which will soon be presented to the legislature by Hon. Curtis Hancock, representative of Dallas county.

Through Miss Campbell, one of the officers of the local or. ganization, the club is working hard for the passage of the bill. Letters are being sent from here to all the representatives requesting their support. The women are also giving the matter publicity through the state press.

Mrs. E. P. Turner of Dallas, president of the Texas Federation of Women's clubs, is in communication with all the clubs and is urging that the women give attention to the matter.

The proposed law does not create a new court with necessary expense, but amplifies the powers of the county and district courts in the matter of handling children. The law concerns itself with two classes, the neglected or dependent child or the delinquent child.

CHICAGO The value of the Juvenile court law of 1899 has been demonstrated. It has kept thousands of Chicago children out of the police courts and the jail, and prevented their becoming criminals. The public familiar with what has been accomplished will approve of all that may be done to add to the efficiency of a beneficent law.

Its successful operation depends mainly on the employment of good probation officers. There are now about half as many as are needed, and their small salaries are paid by a private organization. The law which authorizes their appointment makes no provision for their payment. This is a defect which should be remedied, and a bill for that purpose is before the legislature.

It makes provision for the payment by the county of a number of probation officers to be determined by the judges of the Circuit court. These officers are to be appointed under the county civil service law, so that they may not be mere political appointees and hence good for little or nothing. The authority the judges now have to appoint probation officers who serve without pay, other than what they may receive from private funds, is not taken away. The old probation officers will remain in service, but will be reinforced by those who will be paid by the county.

At present each probation officer is looking after more than a hundred cases. That is twice as many as he ought to have in charge. Philanthropy and true economy dictate an increase in the number of officers, so that a smaller number of children may grow up to be criminals and prey upon the community.

The Illinois Supreme Court has handed down a decision sustaining the Juvenile Court in sending boys to the parental school without a trial by jury.

TOLEDO Where to imprison the unfortunate boys and girls who fall into the hands of the law, through Juvenile court, is a question agitating the members of the board of public safety. Since the juvenile branch was added to the judiciary of Lucas county,

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