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vance, practically, of other states in this Along the same line and holding that a court for the time being acting as its cusunion in the matter of child-saving work place of this kind is not a penal institution, todian." and there are great numbers of the best men and is not a place of confinement in the While these cases, this one especially, goes and women of this state who are working sense of being a place for punishment, is the further perhaps than our own, still with realong the lines for the advancement and in- case, of The State of Tennessee ex rel. Bethel gard to the decision that this school is not terests of the children. I know there is a v. Kilvington, 100 Tenn., p. 227, 41 L. R. A.,

a place of imprisonment it seems to be in present sentiment or disposition to treat p. 284, where the court say: "A child can- accord with our own decisions. As a matter children with more consideration than they not arbitrarily be taken from its parents, or of fact, any detention or interference with the have been treated in the past in an endeavor custodians selected by its parents; and if freedom of personal movement of another is to bring out of the child the qualities of good proper application had been made for the an imprisonment, and is so considered in citizenship, which will be of use to the com- release of the child before she reached the munity, and which will prevent them from institution it woud have been granted. Here onment; but in a case where there is a right

cases involving the question of false imprisbecoming charges upon the community in the we have a case, however, where a child of to restrict, such as the right of a parent way of pauperism, degeneracy and crime. tender years is an inmate of a state institu

over his child, and such as the right of the I think that the question of the custody ends set forth in the act regulating it, and subjects to its jurisdiction, such detention tion, having for its objects the charitable

state over the children which are properly of the child in a case of this kind is a little sought to be taken therefrom by its mother. broader than the mere question of the right It is held in People v. New York Juvenile it may take on the character of imprisonment,

or restraint is not imprisonment, although of the parent as against the state. prepared to concede that

, everything being Asylum, 12 Abb. Prac. 92, that when a child but it is not penal in any sense, and in the

has been submitted to a public institution meaning of the cases reported is not conequal, the parent has the right of the cus

as prescribed by statute, the court wil not, sidered as being imprisonment.
tody of the child; that the state has no ar-
bitrary right of taking the possession of the

on proceedings by habeas corpus, insti-
tuted by the parent to recover the child, in-

The Supreme Court in the 139th Indiana person of the child and saying through its agent that the course of the life of the child quire into the regularity, legality or suffi- Reports, page 268, 31 L. R. A. 740, anshall be thus and so; the question is wider ciency of the proceedings before the magis- nounces the power of the Circuit Court of

trate which resulted in such committal. chancery over children in the following

, the possession of the child, or abstract right beas corpus is intended to procure and pre- of general jurisdiction. If it was not clothed in the child. Of course, the father has always been considered as having a species

serve the personal liberty of the citizen and with all the jurisdiction of the English Court of property in his child; in the earliest days,

not to enforce a parent's right to property of Chancery, it is within a branch of the when he had the power of life and death, the either in the person or services of the child. cquity powers of the Circuit Courts of this power of disposition of his person, down to Lea. v. White, 4 Sneed, 73.

state, that they have the superintendence of the present time, when the father has the “The court will not in such cases be con- infants, idiots and lunatics. McCord, Exr.,

v. Ochiltree, 8 Blackf. 15. right of the custody of the child, and a right trolled alone by the wishes of the child, nor

“The power to appoint guardians for into its wages, where the parent is limited by the ties of the parental relation, but will in regard to the treatment of his child. hold the welfare of the child superior to both fants, idiots and lunatics, conferred by the There is one feature of the jurisdiction of the wishes of the child and the affections statute, is merely declaratory of the power the Circuit Court in relation to children that of such parents as can not show themselves they already possessed. (Citing eight Indi

ana cases.) seems to me has been ignored a great deal qualified to properly care for, educate and in the discussion as to the right of the court, train them.” (Citing cases.) “Due regard

"We therefore hold that the Circuit Court and that is the general chancery jurisdiction must, in every instance, be paid to the rights had ample power to deal with and adjudithat has been exercised from time immemo- of parents and of the child, but this rule cate upon the subject of the guardianship, rial and represents the supreme power of must be enforced and construed when the custody and control of minors. The Circuit the state to care for and protect and further child is brought into court in the interest Court therefore had jurisdiction of the subthe interests of its minor subjects; and it and for the benefit of the child; and when ject.” Then they go on to discuss the quesseems to me that, considering the charac- the detention is manifestly for the welfare tion of notice to minors. ter of the proceedings in the Juvenile Court of the child it will be allowed and required Our own Supreme Court, in the 103d Illithat that proceeding, where it comes under

to remain in the institution.” Ball v. Mc- nois, page 371, refers to this power, and in this statute, is in reality a chancery proceed- Lain, 4 Ga. 159 ; People v. N. Y. Cath. Pro- connection with the question there, of a ing and is the exercise of the jurisdiction tectory, 38 Hun. 127; Com. v. St. J. Orp. commitment to the industrial school, in the of that court as a chancellor. We can find Asylum, 9 Phila. 571; Farnham v. Pierce, following language: many declarations regarding the power of 141 Mass. 203 ; In re Ferrier, 42 Am. Rep. “The power conferred under the act in the state exercised through its court of 10, 103 Ill. 367; Mil. Ind. S. v. Sup. Milw. Co., question upon the County Court is but of chancery.

40 Wis. 382; Ex parte Crouse, 4 Whart. 9. the same character of the jurisdiction exerThe Supreme Court, in the case of Coun

"In these cases it is said in substance such cised by the court of chancery over the ty of McLean v. Humphreys, 104 Ill., page

statutes are not penal and the commitment persons and property of infants, having 383, say:

"It is the unquestioned right and is not in the nature of punishment. Such foundation in the prerogative of the crown, imperative duty of every enlightened gov

an institution is a house of refuge; a school, flowing from its general power and duty, as ernment in its character of parens patrioe, to

not a prison. The object is the upbuilding parens patrioe, to protect those who have no protect and provide for the comfort and of the inmate by industrial training. by ed- other lawful protector. (2 Story's Eq. Jur., well-being of such of its citizens as, by rea

acation, and instilling principles of moral- sec. 1333.) That jurisdiction extends to the son of infancy, defective understanding, or

ity and religion, and above all by separat- care and person of the infant so far as is other misfortune or infirmity, are unable to ing them from the corrupting influences of necessary for his protection and education, take care of themselves. The performance improper associates. In this case it clear- and upon this ground that court interferes of this duty is justly regarded as one of the ly appears that the mother and grandmoth with the ordinary rights of parents in remost important of governmental functions,

er of this girl are both of ill repute, that gard to the custody and care of their chiland all constitutional limitations must be so they are now living in disreputable locali- dren; for although, in general, parents are understood and construed as not to inter- ties, and the girl, if restored to them, or intrusted with the custody of the persons fere with its proper and legitimate exercise."

either of them, will be subjected to and and the education of their children, yet this And in deciding this case, which was a case

surrounded by evil associates and corrupt is done upon the natural presumption that involving a commitment to the industrial ing influences. Ordinarily the parent is en- the children will be properly taken care of school for girls at South Evanston, and the titled to the custody, companionship and and will be brought up with a due educaconstitutionality of the act under which the care of the child and should not be deprived tion. But whenever this presumption is recommitment was made, the court further except by the process of law. It is a na- moved, and the parent is grossly unfit, and say: “It would be difficult to conceive of a tural right, but not an inalienable one. The fails in this respect, the court of chancery class of persons that more imperatively de- parents are tusted with the custody of the will interfere, and deprive him of the cusmands the interposition of the state in their child upon the idea that under the instincts tody of his children, and appoint a suitable behalf than those we have just enumerated, of parental devotion it is best for the child person to act as guardian and to take care and for whose benefit the act under consid- But when it clearly appears that it is not of them, and to superintend their education. eration was adopted, and it would be a sad for the welfare of the state of the child that (Ibid., sec. 1341.)” commentary on our state government if it is it should be taken from such an institution, While there are many

cases along this true, as is contended, there is no constitu- the court will not so direct, but will leave line, I have not taken the trouble to refer tional power in the legislature to nrovide, the child where its safety, purity and well- to them all or to review them all. It is by suitable legislation, for their education, being requires; and this without regard to sufficient for me to refer to the rule as it control and protection."

the formalities of the commitment, the undoubtedly exists in this state, that chan

am

cery has complete jurisdiction with regard large number of authorities. That is, that cific and plain, and any petition urging new to the custody of the minors within the state. where there has been an adjudication and a conditions, or urging a reformed state in this And whenever a parent fails or whenever subsequent effort to review, there must-be- girl as reasons why she should be released the child requires this fostering care of the fore the court will interfere upon habeas under this reservation of jurisdiction would state, it may be exercised by the court of corpus in a subsequent proceeding—there not be presented here, but would have to be chancery, and such an exercise is not an must have arisen new facts or a new state presented at the juvenile court as a juvenile imprisonment, even if it results in the phys; of things which makes new matter for the judge. It is not an appropriate proceeding ical detention of the child, or the control court to pass upon.

to test a commitment which seems regular on of the freedom of its movements, so far as "If the question here presented were one its face, to proceed by habeas corpus. The going elsewhere is concerned.

between the individual seeking his liberty relief must be by writ or error or by a subI take it that upon this record the Circuit from an alleged unlawful restraint, and the sequent application to the juvenile court. Court had jurisdiction of the subject matter, people of the state insisting upon such re- That, of course, would be something that and of the person; that there was a charge straint, then, by an unbroken line of decisions would move the discretion or judgment of made in the petition which I have already in this state we would be free, and bound that court. referred to, upon which charge a finding to hold that an order in one proceeding be

While I started on the consideration of was made by the jury and confirmed by the fore either a court or a judge thereof is not this case with some misgivings as to the exsentence of the court, and which I a final order from which an appeal or a writ tent of the power exercised by the Juvenile bound to conclude was a fact, namely, that of error would lie, and could not be pleaded Court in this and in other cases, as I have she frequents the company of vicious per- as a bar to another or further proceeding.” looked into it, I have become satisfied that sons, and remains away from home late at (P. 524)., I don't think that applies. I don't the chancery powers of the Circuit Court in nights, and can not be controlled by her think it has any application to the custody the matter of the custody of delinquent chilparents. Now, if we say that is a fact of the child considered in connection with dren are almost supreme and sovereign powand for the purpose of this proceeding, I the question of the delinquency of the child ers, and that when there has been an adjudithink it is competent as a fact—then the and the necessity for state interference or

cation in the manner provided for by law next conclusion which follows is, that the control of it. As between the people of the finding a person delinquent, and judgment parents failed, whether wilfully, or whether state and a man in the county jail, or a man

upon it, a commitment upon the judgment they lacked the control, the parents failed in the penitentiary, then the proposition re

becomes of such a character as that a writ in the matter of control, failed to keep her ferred to has full application; but in this of habeas corpus does not permit the taking at home nights, and keep her out of vicious case I don't think it has any application at of that child out of a charitable institution, company, and keep her under the necessary all, and the adjudication by the Circuit Court the purpose of which is the reformation and discipline that a parent should exercise. If in its juvenile branch is just as much a

not the punishment of the child. So I shall we say that is a fact, then in view of all the conclusive adjudication of the fact that this order that the relatrix be remanded to the decisions, it is the duty of the state, not child was delinquent, and that her parents custody of Miss Amigh, and that is the order merely the right, but the duty that is im- had failed in their duties as parents, willfully which will be entered. posed upon government, to care for the child, or otherwise, as though it were an adjudicaand the proceedings were under a statute tion of so many dollars between a plaintiff ELIJAH N. ZOLINE, for relatrix. enacted to fulfill that duty which rests on and a defendant; because the statute is spe- WILLIAM O. LA MONTE, for respondent. all civilized governments, and which was recognized by the legislature when it enacted a law establishing a home for girls, an indus

JIM'S STORY. trial training school for girls, a procedure under which neglected or vicious or delinquent girls might be brought into that home.

Mary Hathaway. On the question of the right of this court in a habeas corpus proceedings to review the

(Continued from November Number.) judgment of the Circuit Court in the juve

We started about three o'clock, and I tell to put my water wheel and then we went nile branch thereof as an original proceed

you it was great. Kathleen went like a bird, on at a pretty good pace. We left the horses ing, I take it that the position of counsel and the new troop horse soon settled down to at the stable and I thanked him for the finest for relatrix is based on a misapprehension business. We went to Medicine Butte, and kind of a ride, and went home and told Kitty that the law of this state, which has been picketed our horses at the foot of the steep all about it. She said the lake was not very applied in the matter of disputes between part and climbed to the top. It was bully up pretty and Jerry had not gone very well. different relatives of children, or between

there, lying on the grass with the sun shin- A few days after that my water wheel was possession of the child, does not apply in a ing and the wind blowing. It was very quiet, ready to take down to the creek. It didn't different claimants as individuals for the not like the dead quiet of the night when you work very well at home; that's the trouble case of this kind. In the 211th Illinois, page v.ake up and can't get comfortable to go to with inventing anything of that kind; you 521, Cormack v. Marshall, the rule is laid sleep again till you hear the sentinel call, are not sure it will work till you get it where down as follows: "In the absense of sta- "All's well;" but there were little, far-away it belongs. It went pretty well when Kitty tutory provisions on the subject the refusal live noises. Mr. Warren told me about when poured water on it out of the water-pot, to discharge one restrained of his liberty does te was a little boy, and about his brothers but she doesn't seem to have time to help 1100 bar issuance of a second writ by another and how he tried to do everything they did, me just now. Then I tried to get a steady court or officer.

But in conten- and how they ought to have a sister. And I stream on it by boring a little hole in one of tions arising over the custody of a child, be- told him how I did not remember my little the water-barrels on the kitchen porch, but tween the parents or other parties asserting brothers and how I wished sometimes that somehow that seemed to make trouble berights thereto, the proceeding is held to be Kitty was a boy, and other times I was glad tween the cook and the Quartermaster Serbut å private suit in which the public is not she was the right kind of a girl. There was geant and I thought best to go somewhere concerned, and upon this question the au

that night when we were down by the river else. I went down to the creek and just as thorities are so uniform that it can hardly and the aurora borealis was so bright and I got it in place a lot of horses splashed be said that the question is open. It is not everything was so quiet and so queer, I just tirough the ford and I had to stop work. It regarded in the light of the infant contend slid my hand in Kitty's and she held it tight was a riding party and they stopped at the ing for his own liberty, but in the true light thing, and it was a great comfort. Mr. War- go;

and didn't say anything and I didn't say any- creek to talk about which way they should of other persons interested, or claiming to

ren said he was glad, too that she was the Mr. Warren was riding Kathleen and she be, contending for the custody of the infant, and until the infant arrives at the age of right kind of a girl; and he began to say didn't behave so well as she had a few days

ili a queer kind of a low voice," "Do you before with me. I don't believe she liked to go discretion his wishes are neither considered

think that she—"and then he jumped up and out with a party or that Mr. Warren did eithnor consulted. Adopting this view of the said, “Do you see that coyote down there?

He rode down stream to where I was nature of the proceeding, the courts, and the We could shoot him if we had my new and said, “Hullo, Jim, how does it work?" text writers as well, have uniformly taken rifle," and he was quite excited about it; "Pretty well,” I said. “Are you going to the view that in such proceedings the order of his face got red under the tan.

Medicine Butte?" the court or judge having competent juris- We talked about hunting after that, and

He said he didn't know, and I said there diction is a final order, and is binding upon scouting and camping and all sorts of things, wasn't room for a lot of people up there, the parties under the same facts and so long and after a while we went down and got the and he said no, there wasn't, and looked as the same conditions exist as did at the horses and started for home. At the creek glum. Kitty was riding with the new Doctime of the hearing and order.” Citing a I showed him the place where I was going tor.

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Pretty soon they all started along, and because she had stopped him on the road for One of the things I like about Mr. Warren when Mr. Warren saw which way they were a long walk. Well, this time Kitty hated it is the way he behaves when a fellow has anygoing he said, 'Oh-bother!"

particularly, and, she said things, and Mrs. thing the matter with him. I had an awful I told him, "Why, you said you wanted to Ogilvie came out with a redder face than toothache one day and some people laughed take Kitty up there," and he stopped looking usual and went down the steps pretty fast, at my swelled face and some of them said, cross long enough to laugh at me, though I and Kitty ran upstairs with her eyes just "What's the matter? Toothache? Oh, well, had not said anything funny, and then he snapping. I was afraid she might cry next; that'll go off soon;" and some of them poorrode away and I finished putting up my she had done that several times lately; but boyed me till I was sick of it. Mr. Warren wheel.

when Mr. Corey came to take her to the hop came along and said, "Got a toothache? Most of the riding party were people who she came downstairs looking great in a pink That's bad. I have them myself,” and then he had come down from Fort Hooker to visit dress that matched her cheeks and with her began to talk about his new shotgun, and I at our post, and Kitty and the other girls hair all fluffed up. I don't like Mr. Corey, went to see it and was so interested that I were busy getting up things to amuse them. because he has one kind of voice when he forgot to remember the toothache till it was There was a hop that night, but Kitty didn't talks to girls and another kind when he almost gone. So to-day I didn't ask him seem to want to go very much she said she swears at his men at drill, and Kitty never liow he felt, but just said, “I hear that it was was tired, which surprised me, for she liked seemed to like him much either, till that a fine hop last night.” to go to hops and she hadn't taken a very night. Well, they went to the hop and I sup- He looked more depressed than ever and long ride. Perhaps it was because there was pose they had a good time according to their said that he saw people enjoying it. so many in the party and they wanted to do ideas, and I went to bed.

I said cheerfully that I supposed that the things that she didn't want to; it is very The next morning Kitty was tireder than girls had a good time when they got so tired tiring to be polite and let people think that Father asked her at breakfast if she dancing that they couldn't teach arithmetic you like the things that they like.

enjoyed herself and she said she thought she next morning. Mrs. Ogilvie came in early, before the hop, was getting too old for hops. She is almost He said, “Miss Stanton certainly seemed to to ask how mother was, and she stayed a twenty-one, but that isn't really too old to have a good time." long time to talk to Kitty. Mrs. Ogilvie is dance. After breakfast she attended to things I asked did he dance with her and he said, fat, and after she had come up our steps she and then we began our lessons, but every- "Once,” and began to talk about the new puffs a good deal, but it doesn't interfere with thing went wrong. Kitty was cross and I targets. her talking. I was in the hall with an in- didn't know my lessons because I had some- And a while I saw Mr. French and that teresting book, so I didn't hear much of thing on my mind; I had just thought of Miss Middleton he has just got engaged to what she said, but she began, “Now, my dear, something to do to my water wheel, which riding down the road, and I said, “You know you are young and inexperienced, and your needed lead, and I wanted to go out to the they are engaged.” poor mother, being an invalid, doesn't know target butts to dig bullets before the men Mr. Warren looked at them and said, “I what is going on, so I feel it my duty," and began to shoot in the afternoon. So I got wonder how he did it.” then her chair creaked and she talked low, cross and banged my books round and Kitty I said, "She had to help him." and I knew she was giving advice, and if cried and said she knew she was horrid, Then he laughed and asked, “How do you there is anything Kitty hates it is that. She everybody thought so, and I hugged her and know about such things?” has her own way most of the time and has to told her I was sorry, and she said we'd take “I don't know anything about them,” I decide things because mother is sick, and a holiday and feel better to-morrow.

said, "but Mrs. Ogilvie says that most men sometimes father says she is spoiled, but he So I went out to the rifle range to dig have to be helped and girls ought to think thinks, and so do I, that she has more sense lead, and there I found Mr. Warren, with of that and not make it too hard for them.” than most girls. That's the reason she hates two or three men, putting up a new target. He said that Mrs. Ogilvie's remarks were to have people like Mrs. Ogilvie advise her. He didn't say "Hullo, youngster" in that nice both interesting and valuable, so I told him Mrs. Ogilvie's mind is like a hen's; father way he has; he only nodded and looked de- some more things she had said; how a man said so one day when he was late to dinner pressed, so I felt it my duty to cheer him up. lihed to know beforehand if was going to

OBJECTS OF THE JUVENILE COURT RECORD The object of the JUVENILE COURT RECORD is to dis- of the rights of the child, assumed a serious responsiseminate the principles of the Juvenile Court throughout bility. Every child has a right to education and physical the United States, and, in fact, the entire world. care. Primarily, this duty lies with the parents. This

When the Juvenile Court was first established the obligation should be enforced wherever possible. The sociologists of the entire country stood by watching society arise from demoralized homes. It is the duty

family is the unit of society, and most of the evils of anxiously the outcome of this new departure in child

of the State to co-operate with the family as long as possaving methods. It was realized that a medium was

sible and help hold it up. If, however, for any reason needed whereby the results accomplished by the Juvenile

the family fails, then a new home is necessary until such Court might be set forth in an intelligent manner. The

time as the family may again be brought together. If JUVENILE COURT RECORD stepped into the breach and

the family proves recreant and abdicates its functions has devoted its pages exclusively to news of the various juvenile courts. As a result of the publicity thus given altogether, it is the duty of the State to secure as nearly

normal conditions for the children under its care and to the foundation principles and routine work of the Cook County Juvenile Court other States have passed custody as may be in its power. The home is the normal

place for a child's education and training. juvenile court laws, and bills are being prepared in

The fact that children are to be placed in homes prenearly every State in the Union to be presented at the next sessions of the Legislatures of the various States

supposes the idea that some agency will be at hand to find

a childless home for a homeless child. To the limit of providing for similar legislation.

its resources the Juvenile Court RECORD assists in findThe foundation thought and idea of the Juvenile Court ing homes for the homeless, helpless little waifs drifting law is that children should be kept in the home to the about the country. These little unfortunates need an greatest extent possible. The child's own home is pre- advocate, and the JUVENILE Court Record acts in this ferred by the Court, but in lieu of that it is intended that capacity, standing side by side with them, pointing the any good home where proper care and training will be way to a brighter, happier life, where the weeds of evil given shall be provided for the child.

will be choked out of existence and the flowers of hope The State, in assuming its relationship as the guardian will bloom in their place.

Returning from

California

get "yes" or "no" and how he liked to have dances saved for him and how a girl needn't act standoffish when all the garrison knew about the affair. He said Mrs. Ogilvie was beginning early with me, and I told him it wasn't me she told all this to, it was Kitty.

He burst out, "Did that infernal old gossip—" and then he said anxiously, "And Kitty?"

I said Kitty spoke right out and said she liked to see a man up to his job and not sneaking round looking for a soft snapwell, the words were politer, but she was so mad that it sounded like that.

Mr. Warren asked, "When did this happen?” And I told him last night just before the hop.

Then he said thoughtfully, "Just before the hop-of course—and I was a fool.”

He looked awful queer, mad and upset and cheerful all at once, and then the cheerfulness came out on top and he looked as if he wanted to hug me, but he shook hands instead. He said I was a trump and the best friend a fellow ever had, and then he called the orderly to bring his horse and he shook hands again and mounted and rode off in a hurry. He acted awful queer, almost crazy, but there's no use worrying over people, so I went to work and dug lead.

When I got home Kitty called me into her room. She looked kind of mixed up, as if she had been crying and all sorts of things, but she had cheerfulness on top, too. She hugged me like everything, though I was very dirty, and told me I was the dearest brother a girl ever had. I'm glad she feels better, but there's a good deal I don't understand, and don't see why they both appreciate me so much to-day. There's no use talking, people are queer, even sensible ones like Kitty and Mr. Warren.

Use the Shasta-Northern Pacific Route. Magnificent scenery

all the way. Attentive employes, luxurious trains, and the com

forts of a well-appointed club. Rates are low and diverse routes
are permitted going and returning. A postal card will bring all
the information you may request. You have only to ask

For Comfort's Sake

USE THE

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JON

Send for

Officers
Thos. F. Keeley, Pres. Wm.J. Kerwin, Treas.
Frank E. Willard, V.-Pres. George Essig, Sec'y

Directors
Thos. F. Keeley, President of Keeley Brewing Co.
M.J. Naghten, of John Naghten & Co.
Z. P. Brosseau, of Brosseau & Co., Board of Trade.
Edward Cluff, Pres. Union Casualty & Surety Co.,

St. Louis.
James I. Naghten, of John Naghten & Co.
Frank E. Willard, Sec. and Treas. of Willard Sons

& Bell Co.
Peter Fortune, Pres. of Fortune Bros. Brewing Co.
M. W. Kerwin, Capitalist.
Eugene M. Keeley, Sec. Treas. Keeley Brewing Co.

Wonderland 1905

A. M. CLELAND General Passenger Agent

St. Paul, Minn.

Six Cents.

YELLOWSTONE PARK LINE

JOHN NAGHTEN & COMPANY
General Managers 159 La Salle St.

A TRIP VIA

Nice Enough. For

Anybody.

Chesapeake & Ohio Ry.

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IS A PERPETUAL PANORAMA The scenery along the entire route entrancing, surpassing in variety, beauty and grandeur anything to be social com of the Rocky Mountains. Tho 160 milou beside the beautiful Ohio, on whovo face steamers and odd craft are righted every few minutes, aro succeeded by milou of graceful curves along the banks of the Big Kanawba, and then come the canou of the New River with their awful wild ness and grandeur; the gentle Greenbrio with its pastoral loveliness; the heart of the Alleghenies with its matchless beauty of scenery; the famous Spring Resorts; the renowned Shenandoah Val ley; the towering Blue Ridge; the won derful panorama of the Piedmont Valley; the famous battlefields of the lato war; and the surf of the Atlantic at Ol Point, or the beauty and interest of Washington—just as one's destination may be.

Stop-over will be allowed at Covington, Va., where branch train is taken for Hot Springs on all first-class one my tickets and on return portions of all round-trip tickets. When ready to ro gume journey ticket agent at Hot Springs will exchange tickets which have expired

A Delightful Sea Trip to and
from New York Via tho

Old Dominion Steamship Co.
Magnificent steamers ball from Old
Point Comfort at 4:30 p. m. daily except
Sunday, and from Norfolk at 7 p.
daily except Sunday, arriving at Now.
York next afternoon about 8 p. m.
I. P. SPINING, N. W. P. A., C. & O. RY.

238 Clark St., Chicago.

The Tourist Girl

Write to Gen. Pass. Agt. A, T. & S. F. Ry.,

Railway Exchange, Chicago

California

This Winter

The Popular

Line

with three elegant trains each

way between Chicago and

LA FAYETTE, INDIANA INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA CINCINNATI, OHIO LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY

The riches of health and the joys of a whole year are in a California winter.

California is not far away.

Fully two days nearer the Atlantic Coast than it was a few years ago. Correspondingly nearer from all Middle West points.

Plan your winter's trip now.
The cost of tickets is the same by all direct lines.
The service, scenery and accommodations are different.

On the Rock Island's Southern route, via El Paso, there are two fast through trains daily from Chicago and St. Louis.

It is the line of lowest altitudes and longest level stretches -the quickest route.

On the Rock Island's Scenic route, through Colorado and Salt Lake City, there are Standard and Tourist Pullmans throughout without change.

and all points in the

SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST

Is the

BIG 4 ROUTE

[blocks in formation]

Buffet Parlor Cars, or Dining Cars on day
trains, and Pullman's finest compartment
and Standard Sleepers on night trains. All
trains run solid, Chicago to Cincinnati. The
only line from Chicago connecting in the
Central Union Depot, Cincinnati, with C.
& O., Q. & C., L. & N. and B. &0. S. W.
R'ys. For reservations, etc., call on or
address

1. P. SPINING, Q. N. A., 238 Clark St., Chicago

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