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ILLINOIS CHILDREN'S. HOME AND AID SOCIETY
The annual meeting of the Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society took place at the Y. M. C. A. January 30. Mr. S. C. Kingsley, Superintendent of the Relief and Aid Society gave the principal address on "Ideals and Methods in Child Saving Work," excellent presentation whose guiding thought was, the need for real knowledge of child nature by those who would `assume to direct the destiny of children.
ing it in the first rank of the child saving agencies of the United Sates. This award has great significance because our exhibit competed with those of the great child saying institutions of the City of New York, and other leading cities, and because the jury of awards was made up of such eminent an1 impartial specialists as Dr. Edward T. Devine, Secretary of the New York Charity Organization Society; Dr. Charles R. Henderson, of the Chicago University and Hon. Timothy C. Nicholson, a well known member of the Indiana State Board of Charities.
OBJECTS AND AIMS OF THE
1. "To seek out homeless and neglected children, establish and maintain temporary homes, to place children in approved family homes, and to maintain guardianship and watchcare until the children reach their majority or are legally adopted, returned to friends, or otherwise disposed of."
These objects are accomplished through the Placing Out Department.
2. It is a rule of the Society that any person in Illinois who is in trouble about a child may make application and an effort will be made to solve that 'trouble, whatever it may be. It may be to compose a family quarrel, to reform a drunken father, to .reclaim an erring mother, to provide temporary care while the parents are in temporary distress, to secure medical or surgical treatment, to secure commitment to an institution for deaf, blind, feeble-minded or cripple children, to send to friends at a distance or to secure protection through the courts.
This work is accomplished through the Children's Aid Department which employs the entire time of four agents and a portion of the time of others.
In seeking to attain these objects the Society aims: to ascertain in every case just what ought to be done for the benefit of the child in question and then to accomplish, if possible, that desirable thing.
This aim involves a high ideal, both of wisdom and of insight, to discover the best thing to be done, and of skill, energy and patience to accomplish it. This means that
the workers of the Society shall be men and Superintendent H. H. Hart at His Desk.
women of consecration, intelligence and
common sense. This it not a work for deSUPERINTENDENT'S ADDRESS. ing Out Department 528 different children cayed clergymen, worn out school-mistresses, The year nineteen hundred and four has and has also found situations for 104 mothers and unsucessful business men, or inexperibeen the most prosperous and successful one with children. The total number of children enced young people. It demands people of
received from the beginning has reached high grade, who are wanted in other fields, in the history of the Illinois Children's Home 5,300, of whom 2,200 still remain under the competent to act promptly, without error, in majority, having reached the age of twenty
care of the Society as wards. The expenses matters affecting the whole future of the
Besides its placing out work child. In taking on new employes the quesone years. Looking back upon the evolution the Society now carries on a large "Aid tion of efficiency, consecration, unselfishness of the past twenty-one years we can only Department", in which during the year 1904 and faithfulness is the determining one. No
, ?" In 1883, our founder, the Reverend Martin of 1767 children, of whom 611 were referred harmonious and faithful band of workers
such applications were received in behalf charitable organization has a more devoted, Van Buren Van Arsdale, began this work, to other agencies, 46 were turned over to the than the Illinois Children's Home and Aid moved by a great thought of beneficence Placing Out Department and 1,114 were Society. towards neglected little ones, upheld by cared for by the Aid Department.
THE STANDARDS RISING. faith in God and inspired by a steadfast In 1883 the Society was without standing ness and tenacity of purpose, worthy of his among the child saving agencies of the In the evolution of the Society during the sturdy Dutch ancestors.
United States. In 1893 it made an exhibit past 21 years, there has been a gradual eleIn 1884, at the end of the first year, the So- in the World's Columbia Exposition, which vation of the standard of the Society. Methciety had received and cared for forty chil- was awarded a bronze medal, placing it in ods which seemed good, ten or fifteen years dren and had expended perhaps $1,000. In the third rank of the child saving agencies ago, have been discarded; plans which proved 1894 it cared for 332 children, the total of the United States. In 1904 the Society good have been steadily improved and new number from the beginning had reached made an exhibit in the Louisiana Purchase forms of work have been gradually devel2,016, and the expenditures for the year were Exposition at St. Louis, which was awarded oped. For example: The Society formerly $15,800. In 1904 it has handled in its Plac- the "Grand Prize”, the highest award, plac- placed children on recommendation of refer
of the young woman provided furniture and live stock. The young people were happily married and cared for their own child. The Society received no money but accomplished the best possible results.
Often the parents are in temporary distress and can care properly for their children if temporary provision can be made for them. The Children's Home and Aid Society does not undertake this temporary care, but is able to secure it, either by finding a boarding place in a private family or by invoking the co-operation of the manual training schools, the Industrial Schools, the Orphan Asylums or the Children's Homes which are now given up largely to the important work of furnishing such temporary care. If the parents of the child are able they are expected to pay for a portion of the expense of boarding the child, but if they are unable to pay, the child will be cared for by any of these institutions for a reasonable time without payment.
In many cases the child is orphaned or abandoned, the parents may be vicious, immoral or incompetent and it becomes necessary for the Society to accept the child. In such cases it is necessary, for the future protection of the child, that the legal custody shall be conveyed to the Society. This is done either by a voluntary surrender of all rights by the parents or guardian, or by action of the county or circuit court under the Juvenile Court law. It is very important that the legal requirements shall be strictly complied with, in order that the child may be protected from further interference by the parents, and in order that its rights may be secured in case of legal adoption by the foster parents. This is peculiarly important for the reason that defects in the proceedings are likely to be overlooked and not to be discovered until years afterwards, when it may be impossible to correct mistakes.
THE RECEIVING HOMES. When a child is accepted by the Society, it is usually tranferred immediately to one of its three Receiving Homes, in Chicago, in Rantoul, 100 miles south of Chicago, or in Shelbyville, 200 miles south of Chicago. The Society has maintained a fourth Home
at Du Quoin, 300 miles south of Chicago, A Pillow for a Weary Head.
which is temporarily closed awaiting a new building.
Each of these Homes is small, providing
l'or about 25 children. It is the policy of the ences selected by the applicant, or by the the circumstances in order to ascertain what Society not to increase materially the size Society. Now it requires in addition the 'ought to be done.
of these Homes, but to preserve in them the personal visit of a trained employe; formerly Our best work is accomplished when, by family atmosphere and conditions. Each illegitimate children were received soon after counsel or persuasion, or by assistance se- Home is under the charge of a matron, carebirth, with little question, on request of the cured by some local individual or agency, the fully selected with reference to her special mother; now every effort is made to induce parents or relatives of the child are led to fitness. Although these Homes are small the mother to care for the child, at least meet the necessity. For example: A young they need matrons as competent as those during the nursing period; formerly the man came to a district superintendent and of large Orphan Asylums, on account of the Society confined its efforts almost exclusive- said, “I want you to make provision for a character of the work required of them. ly to the work of placing children in family child not yet born. I will give your Society Children come to them neglected, crude, unhomes, but during the past seven years it $150 or $200 to provide a good home for the taught and ill-mannered. In a few weeks' has developed an Aid Department, which is child.” On inquiry, the district superinten- time they are expected to reduce them to rapidly becoming a leading feature in the dent learned that two farmers living on ad- orderliness, politeness, obedience and good work.
joining farms had become involved in a behavior. Our Englewood Nursery in Chi
boundary dispute which resulted in a feud. cago, with a capacity of 25 children, enrolled METHODS OF WORK. The son of one family and the daughter 350 different children in 1904 whose average
of the other were lovers, but the parents stay was less then two months. The Children's Home and Aid Society is forbade their union. This prohibition result The conditions are specially trying to the brought into action, first by an application ed in an illicit relation, and the consequent matrons, for the reason that the choicest in behalf of a child presented by its father, application to the Society. Our agent visited and best children are constantly being sent mother or relative, by a compassionate the father of the young man; exhorted him; out for placement in family homes, awaiting neighbor, by a probation officer of the Juve- rebuked him; argued with him; prayed with them, while the stupid, ill-mannered and nile Court, or by a member of one of our him; spending most of the night. Finally, disobedient are left on hand. Consequently 640 local Advisory Boards. This application the father admitted that he was in the wrong the matrons, however efficient and successis presented at the central office of the So- and promised to endeavor to right it. The ful, can never make a fine showing of the ciety in Chicago, or to one of our ten dis- agent then visited the other father, who children on hand. In an old-fashioned trict superintendents scattered through the yielded more readily. The farmers were rec- asylum, where the stay of the children averstate. The agent to whom the application onciled. The father of the young man ages perhaps two years instead of two is presented makes immediate inquiry into purchased a farm in Kansas and the father months, the children can be reduced to a
our Receiving Homes. As a result the death provided satisfactory arrangements can be
We estimate that suitable buildings on the
Note. After the presentation of this reThe matron, Mrs. Jennie Fraser, on being port, Mrs. M. A. Garrett, the President of the awakened, hurried to the seat of the fire, Englewood Nursery Association, announced and then went from room to room rousing that the ladies of the Association had voted the children. The children were sent down to request the Society to take immediate steps the stairway without confusion. When every to build a new Receiving Home. She stated child was safely out of the building Mrs. that they proposed to sell their present propFraser went to the telephone and gave the erty and to devote the proceeds to building alarm. The fire department was promptly one of the cottages for the new Receiving on the ground and people hurried from every Home. direction, forming a large crowd. The children and employes had escaped
SELECTION OF HOMES. in their night dresses and were gathered in a little group on the opposite side of the home, to become the permanent abiding place
The next step is the selection of a family street. Two little boys, Alfred Peterson and of the child. Applications for children are Charles Peters, aged 6 and 9 years respective, received either by a personal call of the aply, shivering in the chilly morning air and plicant, or by correspondence. Many appliashamed in their scant nightwear, slipped cations are seen at once to be undesirable.
through the crowd unnoticed, entered the Some applicants want a child for base 'purAs Received.
building, and mounted the stairs in order to
poses, for beggary or prostitution or
Some fine state of discipline and training, so as
were not missed until the firemen discov- applicants want children to be passed to delight the eyes of the visitor.
ered them, suffocated, in the dormitory.
off upon a husband or other people as their An essential feature of the Receiving Homes is the physical renovation of the
immediately to the superintendent of the made the statement that he had given three children. Nearly one-half of the children
Children's Home and Aid Society in Chi- children in succession to the same woman, that come into our care are in need of medi
cago, who telephoned a request for an im- all of whom were believed by her husband to cal or surgical treatment, having been badly mediate inquest. The coroner summoned a
be their own off-spring. Some people denourished, having disorders of the blood, jury of the best citizens in Shelbyville, including two physicians. After a rigid in- fication, A young woman of seventeen, mar
sire children for their own pleasure or gratieczema, catarrh, or adenoid growths, or being in need of some surgical operation or quiry the jury found that the lamentable dis. ried to a man of fifty, applied to the Chiltreatment of the eyes or ears.
aster was not due to any fault on the part dren's Home and Aid Society for a girl of The Society enjoys the gratuitous sery
of the matron, or any one else, that every seven and cried like a spoiled child when her ice of excellent physicians. The Rantoul precaution had been taken and that no one application was refused. Many good people Home has the services of a medical staff was to blame.
desire children from mixed motives, partly composed of the local physicians who min
NEW BUILDING REQUIRED.
selfish and partly benevolent. They want a ister the children in turn; the Middlesworth
child who can be helpful or can furnish comHome enjoys the voluntary skillful services The Receiving Homes of the Society at pany,, or who will adorn their home by its of Dr. T. L. Catherwood; the Engle- Rantoul and Shelbyville are very satisfactory. beauty or intelligence; yet they have a sinwood Nursery_in Chicago has the efficient We are expending about $1,000 at Shelby- cere purpose to benefit the child. care of Dr. Frances M. Allen, while the ville in making good the loss sustained by A comparatively small number of people ablest specialists render their services gra- the unfortunate fire which visited that Home are actuated by pure benevolence. They are tuitously, and most of the hospitals of Chi- in October, 1904. The amount received from willing to take a sickly, deformed, crippled, cago throw open their doors without charge the Insurance Company will restore the propto the afflicted wards of the Society.
crty to nearly as good condition as before We aim to send out children from the the fire. Receiving Homes well clothed, with change We are expending at the Rantoul Home of underwear, night dress, brush and comb, about $1,000 in repairs and improvements, etc., and renovated in mind, body and morals, building a hennery and fire escapes, concretin order that they may receive a heartying the basement, decorating most of the inwelcome in their new home.
terior, laying hard wood floors, furnishing Formerly we maintained schools in our the children's playroom, providing shower Receiving Homes, but we have found it bet- baths, etc. ter to send the children to public schools
The old Du Quoin Children's Home was where they are generously received, not- destroyed by fire in 1904. Plans have been withstanding the inconvenience caused by drawn for a new Home to be built on the frequent changes.
outskirts of Du Quoin at a cost of $7,500. Formerly young infants were kept in our
It is hoped to realize $1,500 to $2,000 from
the sale of the old property, and the peo-
The Englewood Nursery in Chicago has
Englewood Infant Nursery Association, aux-
iliary to the Illinois Children's Home and
Aid Society. This association has generously tions the death rate among such infants was furnished the house, rent free, with furniture, unwarrantably high. Young infants are so crockery, bedding and clothing for the chilsusceptible that any disorder is speedily com- dren. The Nursery Association has intimunicated. In November, 1903, we aban- mated its willingness to sell this property doned the policy of keeping nursing babies in and invest the proceeds in a new home
A Happy Change.
homely or unruly child, and through years of patient endurance to develop the child into supervision is maintained partly by corres- portant were the Juvenile Court, Home for intelligence, helpfulness and independence. pondence, partly by the voluntary offices of the Friendless, Chicago Half-Orphan AsyMany such people have been richly rewarded our 640 Local Advisory Boards, in the cities lum, Hephzibah Home, Chicago Orphan for their self-sacrifice by the unexpected de- and villages of the state, and partly by the Asylum, Foundlings Home, Illinois Industrivelopment of the child in beauty, devotion visits of the district superintendents and vis- al School at Woodstock, Illinois Manual and gratitude. A gentleman in Ohio took iting agents of the Society. These agents Training School Farm, Allendale Farm, an unpromising and unwanted boy, trained give detailed reports, showing the condition Girl's Industrial School at Evanston, Meth-. him patiently, bore with his faults, stimulat- of the home as to comfort
, order, neatness, odist Deaconess Orphange, Salvation Army, ed him to endeavor. The boy developed into etc., and the condition of the child as tó Women's and Children's Protective Agency a strong manhood and finally went to Con- niorals, manners, health, education, religion, and the Visitation and Aid Society. We gress. The father through the misconduct care, etc. In case of complaint from the have found the children's Institutions and of his own children, lost his property and foster parent, the neighbors, the Local Ad- agencies ready to respond promptly and was reduced to poverty in his old age. The visory Board, or from the child himself, indi- heartily to appeals in behalf of children comcongressman came to him, redeemed the cating that all is not well, if the difficulty ing within their province. homestead, notified the local merchants to cannot readily be remedied by correspond It is a most unsatisfactory task to attempt supply his needs at his expense and finally ence, a judicious agent is sent to visit the to reduce the work of the Children's Aid Degave him honorable burial.
child. Much depends upon the wisdom, dis- partment to statistics. When we say that a It is the work of the Society to sift out cretion and tact of the agent. Failure to case has been “investigated" it may mean that the applications received, discriminating be- discern the actual situation, an unwise or a clerk has stepped across the hall to the tween those which are inspired by a spirit hasty word may result in the child's losing Bureau of Charities, and in one minute has of love for little children, and those which the home and being subject to a hazardous obtained the required information from their are inspired by selfish love of the applicants replacement. The agent is alone, far from records; or it may mean that an agent has for themselves. This discrimination is ac- headquarters, and must decide these import- spent days in time and has traveled scores complished partly by study of the applica- ant and difficult questions by himself. The. or even hundreds of miles; has interviewed tion; partly by correspondence with reliable difficulty and delicacy of the tasks laid upon from one to ten persons and has had reacquaintances, but chiefly by the judicious the district superintendents and agents again peated consultation with his superior officers. inquiry of a trained visitor, who will often emphasizes the necessity for securing men When we say that a case has been rediscover essential facts which do not appear and women of the highest consecration and ferred to the Juvenile Court, it may mean either in the application or in the written of first-class ability.
that a parent has been sent with a line of recommendations. When the home is accepted, there comes THE WORK OF THE CHILDREN'S AID at an expense to us of five minutes' time;
introduction to the chief probation officer the still more delicate task of fitting a child
or it may mean that a probation officer of to the home. We find that in placing col
either Society has spent two days in studying ored children in colored homes, it is often est phase of the evolution of the Children's tory, and then that the Society's attorney
The Children's Aid Department is the lat- the case and has prepared an elaborate hisHome and Aid Society. Logically, it comes has laboriously prepared the petition, the
summons, notices to relatives and the court order and has caused the papers to be served upon the proper party, by the Society's probation officer. It may mean, also, that the probation officer has brought the child into court with the necessary witnesses, one, two or three times.
The truth is that statistical methods do not readily apply to work done for immortal souls. How shall we record the tears of a heart-broken mother, the foot-steps of a wandering father, the griefs of an unhappy and neglected child, the anxious thought and study of a conscientious probation officer, the swift, but skillful and decisive judgment of the court. It is easy to array and set in order rows of figures, but how little they can ex
press in the attempt to measure such tasks Homes Wanted!
as these. Invalid mother can no longer care for these WESTERN AGENCY OF THE NEW two sisters and their little brother.
YORK JUVENILE ASYLUM.
first, for it is the office of the Children's Aid
The New York Juvenile Asylum is one of necessary to match the shade. A child was behalf of little children, to conduct the neces- the established institutions of the City of indignantly rejected by an excellent colored sary inquiries with reference to their needs, New York. It maintains in its asylum from woman because he was a few shades too and to decide what is the most practical thing 900 to 1,000 children. For many years it light. A little reflection convinced us that to be done, and in many cases to accomplisi has been accustomed to send a limited numthe objection was valid. In a similar man- that thing.' In Chicago the work of the Aid ber of children for placement in western ner it is our task to match shades of ances- Department, the Placing-Out Department asylum owns a small receiving home in Chi
homes, mainly in Illinois and Iowa. The try, shades of temperament, shades of capa-' and the Soliciting Department are separbility. A dull and stolid child will not fit ated, and are performed by different per
Cago, where its children have been temporariinto a home of refinement and culture; a sons, but in the outlying districts of the ly. cared for. A Western agent has been bright and capable child will be miserable state all three of these functions necessarily in the home of good, but uncultivated peo- devolve upon each district superintendent, ple. One child is fit for the farm, another adding to the burden and the complexity of for the village, another for the city. One the work. child should be trained for a teacher, an The work of the Children's Aid Departather for a mechanic, another for a domestic ment has assumed large proportions. Our or a laborer. No wisdom or experience can last report showed 975 cases for the year. insure infallibility in adapting children to This report shows 1,767 cases for the year: homes. It is often the case of "cut and try.” 961 boys and 806 girls. Of these cases 1,156 Sometimes a child will be returned four and were cared for by this Society as follows: five times in succession as unsatisfactory, Advised 559, investigated 341, boarding places and will finally fit into a home and do well found 50, situations found (mothers with ever afterwards.
children) 104, returned to relatives 24, transAfter the child is placed, comes the work ferred to Home Department 46, pending Deof supervision. Unless the child is legally cember 31st, 32 cases. Six hundred and elevadopted it remains a ward, subject to the en children's cases were referred to 52 differguardianship of the Society. This friendly ent organizations, of which the most im
An Adopted Boy.
TEXAS and LOUISIANA
Making total number of place
Dec. 31. 1904, as against $9,374 in 1903, ments and replacements
132 $8,798 in 1902 and $5,661 in 1901.
The expenditures of this society keep We have visited New York Children as close pace with the income for the reason follows:
that there is a constant pressure upon us to Children visited once
undertake new and needed work, as fast a second time 34
as our income increases. a third time 5
This society is now expending the income
of $1,000,000, or more; yet it is thus far Total number of visits
462 without a dollar of endowment. With the It was feared that this work might in gradual recognition of the value and im
some way prove detrimental to the Illinois portance of its work, and with the steady Eugene Brown and Florence Pate.
Society, but we have not been able to dis- increase of confidence on the part of the good cover any injury to our work; on the con- endowments will be provided to guard the
people of Illinois, it is hoped that adequate The foster parents wanted a boy and a girl. trary there have been some decided advan; society against disaster from commercial employed to place children in homes and to good understanding between the friends of panics and periods of depression all of which oversee them. They have about 400 children homeless children in the east and those in
is respectfully submitted in western homes, of whom about 150 are the west. Second: The New York work is
Hastings H. HART, in Illinois, about 200 in Iowa and the re not longer in any sense competitive with the
State Superintendent. mainder in other states.
Illinois work. Third :. There has been some In the Fall of 1903, the superintendent of financial advantage to the Illinois society in the New York Juvenile Asylum wrote that dividing the expense of office rents, clerithey were contemplating a change and in- cal service, etc. quired whether the Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society would be willing to assume
THE COST OF SUPERVISING their western agency. We replied suggest
CHILDREN. ing that they make a careful investigation of our methods and facilities, which they In performing this work for the New York did. We finally consented to assume charge Juvenile Asylum, we have learned incidentof their wards in the state of Illinois, about ally what it costs to care for children in fam150 in number. A satisfactory mutual agree- ily homes. During the year 1904 we had ment was made and the children were placed under our care about 400 New York chilin our charge October 6, 1903. The arrange- dren. The actual expense to the New York ment proved unexpectedly satisfactory on Juvenile Asylum of caring for these children
Asylum of caring for these children The Great East and West Line both sides. The New York Asylum was unwas $6,329, or a little over $15 per child. This
Across the Entire States of able to make satisfactory arrangements with rate of expense agrees closely with that of other agencies and renewed its request that other societies which have kept careful acwe should assume charge of all of its west-count. ern wards, which we did March 8, 1904. Heretofore we have been unable to asThe Illinois Children's Home and Aid So- certain the cost per child of supervising chil
THE ciety assumes the entire responsibility for dren for the reason that our accounts could these children, except in the matter of adop- not be separated. The expense of carrying tion and indentures, visiting, supervising, on our Aid Dept., receiving children and
PACIFIC placing and replacing children as need arises. The work of caring for the children is done partly by the regular agents of the Children's
No trouble to answer questions. society for all expenses incurred, including
New Dining Cars (meals a la carte) between Texas salary of agents, traveling expenses, board
and St. Louis and clothing of children, office rent, stationery, postage, telegraphing, etc.
e. P. TURNER, General Passenger Agent, Dallas, Texas The following is a STATEMENT OF NEW YORK CHILDREN.
With Her Foster Brother. Committed to our charge, al
Only 20%2 Hours from Chicago ready placed in homes
370 Received from New York, raising money was inextricably involved with
VIA THE during the 15 months, Oc
the expense of supervising the children. In tober 6, 1903,—Dec. 31, 1904
former years the expense of caring for a
child from the time when it comes under the Total ...
care of the society until its majority was 428
roughly estimated at $50. It is now evident There have died
You can leave Chicago daily at Returned to New York
11:30 A. M., on the 6
that the actual expense of caring for a child, Stricken from the roll, (18 when under our care, is much nearer $100
BANNER BLUE LIMITED years of age)
than $50; but even that amount is only a 47 fraction of the cost involved in the old-fash
the finest train on earth, and ioned plan of bringing up children in orphan
connect in Union Station, St. asylums. Leaving in our Charge Dec.
Louis, with the Hot Springs
Special on the Iron Mountain, 31, 1904 ....
reaching Hot Springs next We have made placements as follows:
morning at 8 o'clock. A statement is submitted herewith show
Write for free Booklet telling Children received from New ing the financial operations of the siciety
all about this popular health York ... 57 for the past year:
and pleasure resort. Children already in the west 35 The income of the society has been
Ticket Office, 97 Adams St. $46,201; expenses $44,718 leaving a surplus 92 of $1,483. For the year ending Dec. 31,
CHICAGO Of these 92 children we have 1903, there was a surplus of $581 and for
C. S. CRANE, • F. A. PALMER, Replaced once ...
G. P. &T. A., St. Louis. A. G. P. A. Chicago. a second time
showing a steady improvement.
Write for the new book on Texas. FREE.
HOT SPRINGS, ARK