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Act of June 7, 1832.—This act provides pensions, fo service in the Continental line, State Troops, Volunteers an Militia (not including the French Army), of full pay for tu years' service, at the same rate for less service, not being les than six months, and not to exceed in any case the pay

of Captain, in other words, the half-pay for service not less tha six months nor exceeding two years. To commence on Marc 4, 1831, and to continue for life.

- Service under this act, in the continental line, to b computed up to September 3, 1783, whenever it commence before April 11, 1783.

Whenever a soldier, who would have been entitled to pension under this act, died after March 4, 1931, and befor March 4, 1832, the pension from March 4, 1831, to his death, is payable to his widow or children-see 2d section act July 4, 1836, page 42. .

Act of JULY 4, 1836. (30 Sec.)—This act provides pen sions to the widows of such persons as would have beer entitled to the benefits of the act of June 7th, 1832, whose marriage took place before the expiration of the service o their husbands, at the same rate their husbands would have been entitled to under the act of 1832. To commence on March 4th, 1831, and continuing during widowhood.

Widows of those wars-men who entered the service before April, 1753, are entitled under this act if married before November 3, 1783, but the service is computed only to September 3, 1783, the date of the definite treaty of Peace See act March 3, 1937, page 43; and refer to cases of Dorcas Blake, deceased, of Massachusetts, admitted under act of 1836, and Susanna Holbrook, of Connecticut, admitted under same act.

ACT OF JULY 7, 1935.—This act provides pensions, for similar service and at the same rates, to those widows whose marriage took place before January, 1794, for five years from March 4, 1836; continued under act of March 3d, 1843, from March 4, 1843, for one year; continued under act of June 7, 1844, from March 4, 1844, for four years; and under the act of February 2, 1848, from March 4, 1848, during widowhood.

Joint RESOLUTION, JULY 1, 1849.---This Resolution provides that if the husbands of such widows had been pensioned, the evidence upon which they were pensioned should be considered conclusive of their service; and the widows should be pensioned at the same rate the soldier would be entitled to, if living.

Act or JULY 29, 1815.—This act provides pensions, for similar service, and at the same rates, to those widows whose marriage took place before the year 1800, commencing on March 4, 1843, and to continue during widowhood,

Act or FEBRUARY 3, 1853.—This act provides pensions, for similar service and at the same rates, to widows (whose husbands served in the army) whose marriage took place subsequent to January, 1800, to commence from the date of the act and continue during widowhood.

ARREARS OF PENSIONS, TO WIIOM DUE. Arrears of soldiers' pensions are payable : first, to their widows, if surviving at the time of the allowance (for arrears) being made ; and, second, to their children, and not to grandchildren or other heirs.

If no widow is surviving at the time of the allowance of a soldier's arrears, the fact that the soldier had a wife, and the date of her death, must be proven, as also, the fact that the children claiming were recognized as his.

Arrears of widows' pensions are payable to their children ; but not to grandchildren, or other heirs; and to entitle children to a widow's arrears, it is only necessary to prove that they are her children, and her only children surviving, without regard to their paternity.

Arrears of soldiers' pensions are payable, under the act of 1818, for any fractional period of less than six months between the last semi-annual payment and the date of their death. Under the acts of 1828 and 1932, from the time that the soldier would have been entitled to pension until the day of his death : excepting only such time as he may have drawn his pension. Under the acts granting pensions to widows,

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Eutered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1854, by

CLEMENT W. BENNETT, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the

Southern District of New York.

INTRODUCTION.

Ix presenting this compilation of Laws, Forms, and Instructions relative to Pensions, Bounty Land, Pay of the Army, etc., to the public, the publisher deems but few remarks necessary as an introduction. He has been engaged for many years in the prosecution of claims, and his experience has taught him that a work of its character is wanted by the profession and others engaged in like business at a distance from the seat of government, where the rules of the various offices are not readily obtained, and where the advice of a professional agent cannot be procured, except at great expense, and with much delay.

The works heretofore published, relative to Pensions and Bounty Land, have not been calculated to assist the practitioner in the country, except so far as they contain the Acts of Congress, the rules of the offices, and occasional official forms. In very few instances are the official forms in compliance with the existing rules of the offices; as in most cases, after their adoption, many new rules and decisions have been made relative to proof, etc., to comply with which a new form is generally necessary. Attorneys filing claims prepared in accordance with the original official forms and instructions, in many instances find their claims rejected or suspended for want of compliance with some rule of which they are ignorant, and are thus occasioned delay, trouble, and probably expense.

The object of the publisher has been, to furnish a work, giving in detail all the Laws relative Pensions, Bounty Land, Pay, etc., with the official forms and instructions, as well as the various decisions under them; and to accompany each with such instructions as his experience bas shown him to be necessary to be observed, and original forms, which have been prepared so as to be easily understood, and which comply fully with the rules of the offices as they now exist. In these particulars his work differs from that of any other compilation.

Relative to the portion of the work respecting Pay of the Army, etc., it is simply necessary to state, that no work, containing such information, has ever been published.

In nearly every instance, the forms contained in the work are those which have been used by the publisher in his business with success. It will be observed that the forms for each claim are all that are necessary to complete the case, thus obviating the necessity of frequent references and alteration of other forms.

The Pay Rolls of the Army and Navy of the Revolution, at the close of the war of 1812, and at the present time, have been compiled from the Journals of Congress, and subsequent official sources.

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