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meritts I trust only to be saved and have remission of my sins. And I will my bodye to be in honnest manner buried and if I decease in the citie of London then I will me to be buried in the parishe of St. Michaells in Bassingehawe in London by the discretion of my executors. Also I give and bequethe to threescore pore men threescore gownes of the value of xxvis and viiia a pece. And to fortie pore women fortie gownes of the value of xx* a pece, the gownes to be delivered to every of them reddy made, the self same day that my bodye shall be buried, and I will the making thereof to be paid at my costs and charges. And if it fortune me to decease without the citie of London then I will that my bodye be buried within that parishe Churche where it shall fortune me to decease, by the advice of my Executors. And after my buriall I will that all such debts and duties as I have of right or conscience shall be truly contented and paid, and after my debts are paid and my funeral expenses fynished and don, I will and my mynde is that all such blacke gownes and golde ringes as I have bequethed by my will to any person shall be deducte out of my hole goodes cattalls and substaunce or ever any parte thereof be devided and this I charge my Executors to do before they make any portion or division of my saide goodes.
And I will that aftre the said deductions made that then all and singular my goodes marchandizes cattalls plate juells household stuff and debts whatsoever and wheresoever they be shall be devided into three equall partes and porcions according to the laudable use and custome of the citie of London, whereof I leave to Dame Katherine my wyffe one parte, also one other third parte I give to my children unmarried equally to be devided to be delivered to them at their age of xxi yeres or day of marriage, and the other thirde parte of all my goodes and cattalls I reserve unto myselfe and to my Executors towards payment and performance of my legacies and bequests hereaftre following except before excepte. That is to say First I give and bequethe unto the high aulter of the parish Churche of our Lady in Aldermanbury where of late I was a parishioner for my tithes forgotten or withholden negligently x®, and more to the reparations and amending of all things that doth appertain to the parish Church of Aldermanbury vili xiiis and iiiia the same to be paid to the Churchwardens there. Item I give and bequethe to the buildings and reparacion in the parish church of St. Mary Magdalene in Milkstrete where I was sometime a parishioner twentie marcs to be bestowed by the discretion of the churchwardens and parishioners. Item I give towards the buying of ornaments and other necessaries for the parish Churche of Bassies Hawe where I am a parishioner xvii xiiis & ii. Item I give to be distributed and delte among the pore housholders of the xxiv. wardes in London ccxlli that is to say to every warde xli. Item to poor maydens marriages within the citie of London cli whereof I will every of them shall have x® Item to vii. prison houses hereafter named i.e. Ludgate Newgate the Marshalsea, the Kinges Benche and the two Compters and the convicte house at Westminster xiiili among
the prisoners of every of them xls. Item to the pore people of every one of the five lazer howses next aboutte the citie of London xxs a pece i.e. every house xx$ Also to the newe erected hospitall called St. Barthelmew's Spittell in London of the foundation of King Henry VIII. the sum of lxvili xiiiis & inid. Also to the hospitall lately founded within the late howse called the Gray friers and nowe Christes Church lli to be paid within three months after my decease. Item to the repairg and amending of highways being most noysome and foule within xx miles compasse of the citie of London and especially Southwards l" by the discretion of my Executors.
Item to my brother Thomas Gresham priest xxli and a black gowne. To my sister Margaret King wyffe to Henry King gurdeler xxiii'i vis & viiid and to every childe she now hath xxli at the age of xx yeres or day of marriage. And if they all decease then my sister to have the said sum. And by this my will I remitt and forgive unto the said Henry King all such debts as he shall owe me at the time of my decease. Item I bequethe to and amonges the daughters children of myne Uncle William Gresham late of Walsingham Co. Norfolk which shall be living at the time of my decease xxli to be divided among them equally. Item To my kynnswoman's daughter Thomas Candler's sister sometyme dwelling with Mystris Cres
well widdowe gli to her marriage. Also to Thomas Candler my apprentice x!. Also to be delte and distributed among pore people housholders dwelling within the towne and parish of Holte Market Co. Norfolk xxiiili vis viiid at the discretion of my Executors, to be understaunde I will that every such pore housholder shall have x® or more if it so arise.
And where I was Executor of William Bottery citizen and mercer of London whereby among other things he devised cell among pore maydes marriages dwelling within the parishe of Thorpe Co. Norfolk and other towns thereto adjoining which held or did owe any sute and service to the Manor of Thorpe Markett whereof I have already paid lxxli and cxxx' remain unpaid I will that myne Executors shall within one yere after my decease paye and distribute the said cxxxli among pore maydens marriages i.e. to every mayde xl until the said cxxxli be paide. Item I bequethe to every of the persons here ensuing i.e. First to my cosen Paule Gresham and to my cosen his wyffe to every of them a ringe of golde of the value of xls a pece, to Ann Bower a blacke gowne and a ringe of golde price xls, to Xtopher Mering William Southwode Thomas Pierson scrivener and William Bowyer to every of them a ringe of golde value xl%. To my lady Gresham my sister a blacke gowne and a ringe of golde price iijli vis & viiia. Item to Henrriche Foster one of the clerks of the mercers of the Citie of London a blacke gowne and a ringe of golde value xls. To my well beloved nephew Thomas Gresham and his wiffe to every of them a blak gowne and a golde ringe of xls a pece To my sonne in lawe William Uvedale and Hellyn his wife, to Thomas Leveson my sonne in law and Ursula his wiffe, to every of them a blak gowne and a ringe of gold price xls, to the said Thomas and Ursula xxli and to their sonne nowe living xxli, and to olde Mrs. Leveson a ringe of golde price xls and to the parson of Bassingehawe a ringe of golde price iili vis & vina Item to the late wiffe of my brother William Harding a ringe of golde value xls and in like manner another to Mr. Warner her husband, to Richard Kemsall and Robert Rowett my servants a black cote of twoo yardes a pece, to James Skynner a ringe of gold of liili vis & viiiand to his wiffe another of xls, to John Southcot Esq. a ringe of golde of iiili vis & viiid and in redy monye xvili xiiis & iiia And to his wiffe a ringe value xl. Also to my cosen Crafford's wyffe widdowe a ringe value xls, and to John Harlowe one of the clerks of the compter a blak gowne and a ringe of gold value xls.
Item to the Worshippful Company of the Mercers in London to the intent to have a dynner amongis them in their common hall called the Mercers Hall xiiili vis & vinid desiring them after dynner to have my soule in remembrance with theire prayers, and if the saide dynner extende above xiiili vis & viii, then I will that myne Executors shall consent and paye the same so that the said dynner amountith not above vili xiiis & iiiia besides the xiiili vis & viiid. Item to every of myne apprentices that now be a blake gowne and vill xiiis & ivd a pece, and to every of them which have been my apprentices in tyme past a blacke gowne. To Katherine Fuller and Joane Kemsell vli and a blacke gowne. To Ellyn .... fourtie shillings and a blak gowne. To Ellyn Thomkyns and Mary Lynedowne my servants pli to either of them. Item to William Gaye and Richard Gaye my porters sonnes to either of them x'i at their full age. To William Ache my servant a blak gowne.
Item I give to Philipp Reynoldes of Tittsey the bailywicke of Lymesfelde and Brodham and make him my Rentgatherer of Lymesfelde and of Oxted with a fee of iiil vis & viiid to be paid during his naturall liffe, going out of my Mannors of Lymesfelde and Brodham. Item to Brian Mylles James Cooke Hughe Cooke John Johnson Richard Giles William Gay my porter a blak gowne and xls. To my cosen John Marshe and his wiffe to either a blak gowne, and to the said John a ringe of golde of vli and to his wiffe a ringe of xls. To Agnes Richardson my maide vili xiiis & iiiid at the day of her marriage. To Elizabeth Gresham ali over and above her portion to be paid at her day of marriage or full age. To my daughter Ellyn Uvedall wyffe of William Uvedall c mares upon the condition that if the said William Uvedall do make any brabling or other demaunde of myne Executors and doth denye at the payment thereof to make them a general acquittance, then this gifte to be of none effect. And if it shall fortune me to dye any of my children
being orphauntes then I will that myne Executors or other who shall have my orphaunt's porcions or money in occupying, by consent of my Lord Mayor to putt in sufficient suerties, as well for the legacie money as for the orphanage, to the chamber of London in the courte of orphanage before the said Lorde Mayor for the same, and if the said orphans decease before they are married or come to age then I will that the other shall have the hole 100li of him or her deceased and if they both decease then I will that Ellyn Uvedale have xxxiiili vis & viiid and Cicelly Jermyn the other xxxiiili vis & viia. To Elizabeth Gresham wyffe of my sonne John Gresham fifty marcs. To Mary Rowe my daughter lxvii xiiis ijiid to Thomas Rowe her husband fifty marcs, to every child that my sonne Roo has xx" at their lawful age or marriage. Also to every child that my sonne William Gresham hath alive at my departing out of this world 1" a pece at their lawful age or marriage.
Also I will that thirty loads of carte coles shall be distributed among pore inhabitants of St. Michaell in Bassingehawe where I nowe dwell by three loads every year, for the space of ten yeres. And I will that there be delte to the pore prysonners of Newgate every yere between Hallowtyde and Christmas three loades of coles till twelve yeres be past. And I will that myne Executors pay xxvli for making of Alexander Cornwell my servant free of the staplers at such time as he shall be made free of the said Company. And of this my present and last will I make
executors John Greshame my sonne Dame Katherine my wyffe, my sonne in lawe Thomas Roo and my sonne Edmund Gresham having trust in them to perform my will. To my sonne in law Thomas Rowe for like intent fifty marcs. To every of my Executors and their wifes a black gowne to every of them and a ringe of gold of value iiili vis & viiid. And Overseers of this my last wille I make Sir Rowland Hill and Sir Andrew Judd Kts and aldermen of the citie of London and my well beloved nephew Thomas Gresham. To Sir Rowland Hill and Sir Andrew Judd xlli a pece and a blacke gowne and to my nephew xyli desyring and praying them to take such pains for me my wiffe and children as they wolde other men should do for them and I desire and pray them to call upon my Executors to bring in my Inventory of all my goodes juells and plate in the Counsell chambre before my Lord Mayor and his brethern and in no wise to drive and prolong the tyme as we have done my
brother Richard Gresham.
And if my Lord Mayor please to call it within six weeks I will he have for his pains xls and a black gowne. Item I bequethe to the right heir of Lytkin Vivolde Jenewaies which sometime did dwell in London in discharge of my conscience of xx peces of good kersies valued to be wourthe xle a pece, xl" in ready money to be paid to his right heir.
And the residue of my goodes &c. I will to be disposed of in dedes of charitie and pittie to pore hoseholders by the discretion of myne executours and especially if any of my own children shall hereafter in decay.
Signed and witnessed by the same witnesses as the former will.
WILLIAM GRESHAM, Esq., 1572. In the name of God Amen. The xx of Maie 1572 I William Gresham of Tittesey Co. Surrey Esquire son and heire of Sir John Gresham Knight and late Alderman of London deceased, being of hole mynd and in good and perfecte memory thanks be unto God doe make and ordeine this my presente Testament conteyning herein my last Will touchinge the order and disposicion of my goodes cattells and debts to me owing in manner and forme following that is to say.
First and principally I commende my soule to Almighty God my Master and to his onely sonne Jesus Christ my Savior and Redemer in whome and by the merits of whose most blessed death and passion ys all my hole trust of clere remission and forgiveness of all my synnes. And my bodye to be buried in the Parish Church of Tittesey aforesaid in such place as yt shall please God to provide for me.
Item I will that all such debts and duetyes as I owe of right or in conscience to any person shall as shortly after my decease as may be be well and truly contented and paid by my Executrix hereunder named.
Item I will and my mynd and intent is that within six days after my decease a good just true and perfect inventory valuacion and appraisement be had made and taken of all and singular my goodes moveables cattells plate and debts (all ceilings and portalls of waynscot remayning in any or every of my houses onely excepted) by such discrete honest and indifferent persones as my well beloved frends Thomas Bayerd and William Rowe my cosen shall thereunto appoint and think most meete. And after the said valuacion and appraisement thereof had I will that the said Thomas Bayerd and William Rowe shall with as much convenient expedicion as may be make and ingrosse or cause to be made and ingrossed into parchment the said Inventory of all the said goodes cattells leases plate redy money, and debts, tripartite indented, one parte I will shall remain with Beatrice my well beloved wief and th’other two partes th’one to remain with Thomas Bayerd th’other with W Rowe. And after said Inventory made and all debts and funerall charges paid I will that the said goodes Cattells leases Plate and debts shall be equally divided into three equall partes and porcions, whereof one equall parte and porcion I will and bequeath to said Beatrice my wief to her own use in the name of her reasonable partes and porcions of my said goodes and cattells. And the two other equall partes and porcions thereof I will, give, and bequeath unto such of my children who I shall hereafter name and expresse and to no other that is to say to my two youngest daughters Elizabeth Gresham and Cicely Gresham my children except out of the said equall partes and porcions such legacyes and bequests as I have hereafter willed and bequeathed. And I will that yf it shall fortune the said Elizabeth Gresham or Ciceley Gresham before they shall accomplish and come to their dayes of marriage or lawful ages of twenty one yeres to decease and departe out of this vaine and transitory worlde that then the partes and porcions of her so deceasing shall be and remain to the survivor of them and yf they both decease then their partes and porcions shall be to Thomas Gresham my sonne and Mary Gresham my daughter equally to he distributed parte and porcion alike. And with the said two equall partes and porcions of my said goodes and cattells I will the said Thomas Bayerd and William Rowe to have the use occupying employment and advancement to the use of my said children until they shall attain their said age of twenty one yeres or dayes of marriage if the said Thomas Bayerd and William Rowe do so long live and that my Executrix shall make full and whole delivery of the same within convenient time after my decease unto the said Thomas and William to the intent that the said Thomas and William shall give and deliver to the said Elizabeth and Ciceley Gresham and the survivor of them when they shall accomplish the age of 21 yeres or dayes of marriage the two said equall partes and porcions of my said goods cattells plate ready money and debts (except before excepted) and also such reasonable parte and porcion of the encrease and gaines that shall arise come and growe by reason of the ymployment and occupation of the said two equall partes as to their good consideration wisdom and discretion shall thincke and seme good. Item I will
that yf the said Thomas Bayerd or William Rowe doe depart out of this worlde before my said children shall accomplish their lawful ages or dayes of marriage that then the Executor or Administrator of the said Bayerd and Rowe shall within two months after their decease not only make and declare in writing a juste true and perfect accounte and reckoning of all and every the premises but also make true payment and delivery of all the said two equall partes of my goodes cattells &c. and the increase and gaines of the same as then shall be in their hande or shall before that have come to the hands and possessions of the said Bayerd and Rowe and then being and remaining unpaid, unto the Right Worshipfull the Master and Wardens of the Company of Mercers in London unto which said Co. I will and give by this my presente Testament lawfull power and authority to recover receive and take all the said two equall partes and porcions of the said goodes Cattells debts and all other things to my said children before bequeathed or so much as shall be unpaid at the decease of the said Bayerd and Rowe out of the hands of the Executors or Administrators of the said Bayerd and Rowe. And then I will that the said two equall partes and porcions of my said children or so much as shall be then unpaid, to remain in the use occupying and advancement of the said Master and Wardens until my said Children shall come to their lawful ages or dayes of marriage, and that then the said Master and Wardens shall deliver and pay to my said children, the said two partes and porcions of my goods cattells plate ready money and debts (except before excepted) and also of the increase and gaines of the same that shall arise come and grow by reason of the ymployment and occupation of the said two equall parts. And that the said Master and Wardens shall do the same well truly and effectually and according to the true meaning of this my last Will and Testament I will that the said Master and Wardens shall have and take out of the two said equall partes of my goods the sum of three poundes six shillings and eight pence to be bestowed upon a dynner for their travell and pains therein. Provided always and my mind and will is that the said Master and Wardens shall become bounden and putt in sufficient suertyes unto Beatrice my wief or unto her Exors or Assigns for the answering paying and delivering of the said two equall partes and portions of said goods and cattells to my said children bequeathed when they shall accomplish their lawful ages or days of marriage as is before declared.
And further I will and my mynd and intent is that the ceelings and portalls of Waynscott before excepted shall remaine and appertayne to the fee simple of my said houses as parte and parcell thereof and to discend and goe as annexed unto the inheritance thereof and not to be severed from the same in any wise.
Also I will that John Plomley shall be my bayly of my Mannors of Westerham and Stonegrave in Eatonbridge during his lief naturall and he to collecte and gather all such rents Herriotts and other things of the same coming and growing and shall yeld and give a just and perfecte Accompte and well and truly pay his receipts thereof once in every yeare and he to have for his labour and paines therein fortie shillings yearely during his naturall lief out of the said Mannor of Westerham.
Also I will that John Constable shall have the bayly-weeke of my Mannors of Lymsfeld and Brodeham during his naturall lief and shall make a juste and true accompte yerely of all the revenues and proffitts of the said Mannors and to make true payments of the receipts thereof and he to have for his fee yearly fortie shillings during his naturall lief out of the said Manor of Lymsfeld.
Also I will that John Burton my smithe shall have the house forge and ground that he hath now in his occupation during his lief paying therefore yearely xx® and he shall keep it in sufficient reparacions.
Also I will that William Bentlye have after my decease the house and land that one Alice Hurtling Widowe now dwelleth in the parishi of Tittesey during his naturall lief paying such yerely rent as the said Hurtling now payeth and that he do kepe the houses in good reparacions and shall well and sufficiently repaire and amend all the hedges closes and fences belonging to the said ground during his naturall lief and shall doe. nether stripe nor wast and that he shall looke well to my pondes and kepe them cleane and in good order.